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  1. Content type: Systematic review

    Shared decision-making (SDM) is poorly implemented in routine care, despite being promoted by health policies. No reviews have solely focused on an in-depth synthesis of the literature around organizational- a...

    Authors: Isabelle Scholl, Allison LaRussa, Pola Hahlweg, Sarah Kobrin and Glyn Elwyn

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:40

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  2. Content type: Research

    Numerous studies emphasize the importance of context in implementation. Successful implementation across the health care system depends on conditions and requirements that are often presented to health profess...

    Authors: Sara Fokdal Lehn, Jette Thuesen, Gitte Bunkenborg, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler and Morten Hulvej Rod

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:38

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    The U.S. opioid epidemic has been driven by the high volume of opioids prescribed by healthcare providers. U.S. states have recently enacted four types of laws designed to curb high-risk prescribing practices,...

    Authors: Emma E. McGinty, Elizabeth A. Stuart, G. Caleb Alexander, Colleen L. Barry, Mark C. Bicket and Lainie Rutkow

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:37

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  4. Content type: Systematic review

    Translation of evidence-based interventions into hospital systems can provide immediate and substantial benefits to patient care and outcomes, but successful implementation is often not achieved. Existing lite...

    Authors: Liesbeth Geerligs, Nicole M. Rankin, Heather L. Shepherd and Phyllis Butow

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:36

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    The American College of Surgeons mandates universal screening for alcohol misuse and delivery of an intervention for those screening positive as a requirement for certification as a level 1 trauma center. Thou...

    Authors: Michael J. Mello, Sara J. Becker, Julie Bromberg, Janette Baird, Mark R. Zonfrillo and Anthony Spirito

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:35

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  6. Content type: Research

    Poor dissemination of research findings may hamper the reach and impact of scientific discoveries. One key emerging platform for research dissemination is social media, including Twitter. While Twitter and oth...

    Authors: Caitlin G. Allen, Brittany Andersen, David A. Chambers, Jacob Groshek and Megan C. Roberts

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:34

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  7. Content type: Research

    Audit and feedback aims to guide health professionals in improving aspects of their practice that need it most. Evidence suggests that feedback fails to increase accuracy of professional perceptions about clin...

    Authors: Wouter T. Gude, Marie-José Roos-Blom, Sabine N. van der Veer, Dave A. Dongelmans, Evert de Jonge, Jill J. Francis, Niels Peek and Nicolette F. de Keizer

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:33

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  8. Content type: Methodology

    Interpreting evaluations of complex interventions can be difficult without sufficient description of key intervention content. We aimed to develop an implementation package for primary care which could be deli...

    Authors: Liz Glidewell, Thomas A. Willis, Duncan Petty, Rebecca Lawton, Rosemary R. C. McEachan, Emma Ingleson, Peter Heudtlass, Andrew Davies, Tony Jamieson, Cheryl Hunter, Suzanne Hartley, Kara Gray-Burrows, Susan Clamp, Paul Carder, Sarah Alderson, Amanda J. Farrin…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:32

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  9. Content type: Research

    It is unclear how to engage a wide range of knowledge users in research. We aimed to map the evidence on engaging knowledge users with an emphasis on policy-makers, health system managers, and policy analysts ...

    Authors: Andrea C. Tricco, Wasifa Zarin, Patricia Rios, Vera Nincic, Paul A. Khan, Marco Ghassemi, Sanober Diaz, Ba’ Pham, Sharon E. Straus and Etienne V. Langlois

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:31

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:56

  10. Content type: Systematic review

    Developed countries, such as the USA, have achieved significant decreases in cervical cancer burden since the introduction of Pap smear-based programs in the 1960s. Due to implementation barriers and limited r...

    Authors: Lauren G. Johnson, Allison Armstrong, Caroline M. Joyce, Anne M. Teitelman and Alison M. Buttenheim

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:28

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  11. Content type: Correction

    The authors would like to correct errors in the original article [1] that may have lead readers to misinterpret the scope, evidence base and target population of VHA Handbook 1004.03 “Life-Sustaining Treatment...

    Authors: Anne E. Sales, Mary Ersek, Orna K. Intrator, Cari Levy, Joan G. Carpenter, Robert Hogikyan, Helen C. Kales, Zach Landis-Lewis, Tobie Olsan, Susan C. Miller, Marcos Montagnini, Vyjeyanthi S. Periyakoil and Sheri Reder

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:29

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    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2016 11:132

  12. Content type: Methodology

    It is challenging to interpret the results of multifaceted interventions due to complex program theories that are difficult to measure in a quantifiable manner. The aims of this paper were, first, to develop a...

    Authors: Linnea Ferm, Charlotte Diana Nørregaard Rasmussen and Marie Birk Jørgensen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:26

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  13. Content type: Research

    Although the management of patients presenting with vertigo and dizziness in primary care has been reported to be inefficient, little is known about the primary care providers’ (PCPs) perspectives, needs, and ...

    Authors: Anna-Janina Stephan, Eva Kovacs, Amanda Phillips, Jörg Schelling, Susanne Marlene Ulrich and Eva Grill

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:25

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:82

  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Integrated healthcare delivered by work groups in nontraditional service settings is increasingly common, yet contemporary implementation frameworks typically assume a single organization—or organizational uni...

    Authors: Aaron R. Lyon, Kelly Whitaker, Jill Locke, Clayton R. Cook, Kevin M. King, Mylien Duong, Chayna Davis, Mark D. Weist, Mark G. Ehrhart and Gregory A. Aarons

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:24

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite many initiatives to enhance the rational use of antibiotics, there remains substantial room for improvement. The overall aim of this study is to optimise the appropriate use of antibiotics in German am...

    Authors: Martina Kamradt, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Edith Andres, Tonia Brand, Anja Klingenberg, Katharina Glassen, Regina Poß-Doering, Lorenz Uhlmann, Katharina Hees, Dorothea Weber, Andreas Gutscher, Veit Wambach, Joachim Szecsenyi and Michel Wensing

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:23

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Health research is conducted with the expectation that it advances knowledge and eventually translates into improved health systems and population health. However, research findings are often caught in the kno...

    Authors: Ian D. Graham, Anita Kothari and Chris McCutcheon

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:22

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  17. Content type: Research

    This paper reports on the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of an innovative implementation strategy named “systems consultation” aimed at improving adherence to clinical guidelines for opioid pres...

    Authors: Andrew Quanbeck, Randall T. Brown, Aleksandra E. Zgierska, Nora Jacobson, James M. Robinson, Roberta A. Johnson, Brienna M. Deyo, Lynn Madden, Wen-Jan Tuan and Esra Alagoz

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:21

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  18. Content type: Introduction

    The GRADE-CERQual (‘Confidence in the Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative research’) approach provides guidance for assessing how much confidence to place in findings from systematic reviews of qualitative re...

    Authors: Simon Lewin, Andrew Booth, Claire Glenton, Heather Munthe-Kaas, Arash Rashidian, Megan Wainwright, Meghan A. Bohren, Özge Tunçalp, Christopher J. Colvin, Ruth Garside, Benedicte Carlsen, Etienne V. Langlois and Jane Noyes

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13(Suppl 1):2

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  19. Content type: Method

    The GRADE-CERQual (Confidence in Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative research) approach has been developed by the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) Working Group. The a...

    Authors: Andrew Booth, Simon Lewin, Claire Glenton, Heather Munthe-Kaas, Ingrid Toews, Jane Noyes, Arash Rashidian, Rigmor C. Berg, Brenda Nyakang’o and Joerg J. Meerpohl

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13(Suppl 1):12

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  20. Content type: Systematic review

    An estimated 2.6 million newborns died in 2016; over 98.5% of deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Neonates born preterm and small for gestational age are particularly at risk given the...

    Authors: Nabila Zaka, Emma C. Alexander, Logan Manikam, Irena C. F. Norman, Melika Akhbari, Sarah Moxon, Pavani Kalluri Ram, Georgina Murphy, Mike English, Susan Niermeyer and Luwei Pearson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:20

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  21. Content type: Method

    The GRADE-CERQual (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation-Confidence in Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative research) approach has been developed by the GRADE working group. The app...

    Authors: Christopher J. Colvin, Ruth Garside, Megan Wainwright, Heather Munthe-Kaas, Claire Glenton, Meghan A. Bohren, Benedicte Carlsen, Özge Tunçalp, Jane Noyes, Andrew Booth, Arash Rashidian, Signe Flottorp and Simon Lewin

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13(Suppl 1):13

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  22. Content type: Method

    The GRADE-CERQual (Confidence in Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative research) approach has been developed by the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) Working Group. The a...

    Authors: Simon Lewin, Meghan Bohren, Arash Rashidian, Heather Munthe-Kaas, Claire Glenton, Christopher J. Colvin, Ruth Garside, Jane Noyes, Andrew Booth, Özge Tunçalp, Megan Wainwright, Signe Flottorp, Joseph D. Tucker and Benedicte Carlsen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13(Suppl 1):10

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  23. Content type: Method

    The GRADE-CERQual (Confidence in Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative research) approach has been developed by the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) Working Group. The a...

    Authors: Jane Noyes, Andrew Booth, Simon Lewin, Benedicte Carlsen, Claire Glenton, Christopher J. Colvin, Ruth Garside, Meghan A. Bohren, Arash Rashidian, Megan Wainwright, Özge Tunςalp, Jacqueline Chandler, Signe Flottorp, Tomas Pantoja, Joseph D. Tucker and Heather Munthe-Kaas

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13(Suppl 1):4

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  24. Content type: Method

    The GRADE-CERQual (Confidence in Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative research) approach has been developed by the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) working group. The a...

    Authors: Claire Glenton, Benedicte Carlsen, Simon Lewin, Heather Munthe-Kaas, Christopher J. Colvin, Özge Tunçalp, Meghan A. Bohren, Jane Noyes, Andrew Booth, Ruth Garside, Arash Rashidian, Signe Flottorp and Megan Wainwright

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13(Suppl 1):14

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  25. Content type: Method

    The GRADE-CERQual (Confidence in Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative research) approach has been developed by the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) Working Group. The a...

    Authors: Heather Munthe-Kaas, Meghan A. Bohren, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Jane Noyes, Özge Tunçalp, Andrew Booth, Ruth Garside, Christopher J. Colvin, Megan Wainwright, Arash Rashidian, Signe Flottorp and Benedicte Carlsen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13(Suppl 1):9

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  26. Content type: Research

    Workplace-based clinical supervision as an implementation strategy to support evidence-based treatment (EBT) in public mental health has received limited research attention. A commonly provided infrastructure ...

    Authors: Shannon Dorsey, Suzanne E. U. Kerns, Leah Lucid, Michael D. Pullmann, Julie P. Harrison, Lucy Berliner, Kelly Thompson and Esther Deblinger

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:19

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  27. Content type: Methodology

    As the field of D&I (dissemination and implementation) science grows to meet the need for more effective and timely applications of research findings in routine practice, the demand for formalized training pro...

    Authors: Margaret Padek, Nageen Mir, Rebekah R. Jacob, David A. Chambers, Maureen Dobbins, Karen M. Emmons, Jon Kerner, Shiriki Kumanyika, Christine Pfund, Enola K. Proctor, Kurt C. Stange and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:18

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  28. Content type: Research

    Despite our progress in understanding the organizational context for implementation and specifically the role of leadership in implementation, its role in sustainment has received little attention. This paper ...

    Authors: Mark G. Ehrhart, Elisa M. Torres, Amy E. Green, Elise M. Trott, Cathleen E. Willging, Joanna C. Moullin and Gregory A. Aarons

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:17

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Antimicrobial stewardship to combat the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria has become a national priority. This project focuses on reducing inappropriate use of antimicrobials for asymptomatic bacteriuria...

    Authors: Barbara W. Trautner, Pooja Prasad, Larissa Grigoryan, Sylvia J. Hysong, Jennifer R. Kramer, Suja Rajan, Nancy J. Petersen, Tracey Rosen, Dimitri M. Drekonja, Christopher Graber, Payal Patel, Paola Lichtenberger, Timothy P. Gauthier, Steve Wiseman, Makoto Jones, Anne Sales…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:16

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    While sepsis-related mortality decreased substantially in other developed countries, mortality of severe sepsis remained as high as 44% in Germany. A recent German cluster randomized trial was not able to impr...

    Authors: Daniel Schwarzkopf, Hendrik Rüddel, Matthias Gründling, Christian Putensen and Konrad Reinhart

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:15

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Pediatric obesity is a multi-faceted public health concern that can lead to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and early mortality. Small changes in diet, physical activity, or BMI can significantly reduce the ...

    Authors: Justin D. Smith, Cady Berkel, Neil Jordan, David C. Atkins, Shrikanth S. Narayanan, Carlos Gallo, Kevin J. Grimm, Thomas J. Dishion, Anne M. Mauricio, Jenna Rudo-Stern, Mariah K. Meachum, Emily Winslow and Meg M. Bruening

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:11

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  32. Content type: Research

    Evidence supports magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) for women at risk of imminent birth at < 32–34 weeks to reduce the likelihood of cerebral palsy in the child. MAGnesium sulphate for fetal neuroprotection to preven...

    Authors: Dane A. De Silva, Anne R. Synnes, Peter von Dadelszen, Tang Lee, Jeffrey N. Bone and Laura A. Magee

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:8

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  33. Content type: Research

    In Belgium, the debate about the effect of the national academic detailing service (ADS) on prescribing quality in general practice is ongoing. In order to evaluate both the implementation strategies of the AD...

    Authors: Robin Bruyndonckx, Veronique Verhoeven, Sibyl Anthierens, Koen Cornelis, Katelijne Ackaert, Birgit Gielen and Samuel Coenen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:6

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  34. Content type: Research

    Drug expenditures are responsible for an increasing proportion of health costs, accounting for $1.1 trillion in annual expenditure worldwide. As hundreds of billions of dollars are being spent each year on ove...

    Authors: Robyn Tamblyn, Nancy Winslade, Christina J. Qian, Teresa Moraga and Allen Huang

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:7

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  35. Content type: Research

    A substantial literature has established the role of the inner organizational setting on the implementation of evidence-based practices in community contexts, but very little of this research has been extended...

    Authors: Aaron R. Lyon, Clayton R. Cook, Eric C. Brown, Jill Locke, Chayna Davis, Mark Ehrhart and Gregory A. Aarons

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:5

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    This study examines how system-wide (i.e., region, district, and school) mechanisms such as leadership support, training requirements, structure, collaboration, and education affect the use of evidence-based p...

    Authors: Aubyn C. Stahmer, Jessica Suhrheinrich, Patricia L. Schetter and Elizabeth McGee Hassrick

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:3

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:59

  37. Content type: Research

    Sweden has a policy of supporting older people to live a normal life at home for as long as possible. Therefore, it is often the oldest, most frail people who move into nursing homes. Nursing home staff are ex...

    Authors: Per Nilsen, Birgitta Wallerstedt, Lina Behm and Gerd Ahlström

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:1

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    Web-based interventions to support people to manage long-term health conditions are available and effective but rarely used in clinical services. The aim of this study is to identify critical factors impacting...

    Authors: Fiona Lobban, Victoria Appleton, Duncan Appelbe, Johanna Barraclough, Julie Bowland, Naomi R Fisher, Sheena Foster, Sonia Johnson, Elizabeth Lewis, Céu Mateus, Barbara Mezes, Elizabeth Murray, Puffin O’Hanlon, Vanessa Pinfold, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Ron Siddle…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:152

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  39. Content type: Research

    Few measures of research use in health policymaking are available, and the reliability of such measures has yet to be evaluated. A new measure called the Staff Assessment of Engagement with Evidence (SAGE) inc...

    Authors: Steve R. Makkar, Anna Williamson, Catherine D’Este and Sally Redman

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:149

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  40. Content type: Debate

    Better use of research evidence (one form of “knowledge”) in health systems requires partnerships between researchers and those who contend with the real-world needs and constraints of health systems. Communit...

    Authors: Janet Jull, Audrey Giles and Ian D. Graham

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:150

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  41. Content type: Research

    Informed by our prior work indicating that therapists do not feel recognized or rewarded for implementation of evidence-based practices, we tested the feasibility and acceptability of two incentive-based imple...

    Authors: Rinad S. Beidas, Emily M. Becker-Haimes, Danielle R. Adams, Laura Skriner, Rebecca E. Stewart, Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Alison M. Buttenheim, Nathaniel J. Williams, Patricia Inacker, Elizabeth Richey and Steven C. Marcus

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:148

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Laboratory testing is an important clinical act with a valuable role in screening, diagnosis, management and monitoring of diseases or therapies. However, inappropriate laboratory test ordering is frequent, bu...

    Authors: Nicolas Delvaux, An De Sutter, Stijn Van de Velde, Dirk Ramaekers, Steffen Fieuws and Bert Aertgeerts

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:147

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    The effectiveness of many interventions to promote health and prevent disease has been well established. The imperative has therefore shifted from amassing evidence about efficacy to scale-up to maximise popul...

    Authors: Kathleen P. Conte, Sisse Groen, Victoria Loblay, Amanda Green, Andrew Milat, Lina Persson, Christine Innes-Hughes, Jo Mitchell, Sarah Thackway, Mandy Williams and Penelope Hawe

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:146

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  44. Content type: Systematic review

    A range of evidence informs decision-making on innovation in health care, including formal research findings, local data and professional opinion. However, cultural and organisational factors often prevent the...

    Authors: Simon Turner, Danielle D’Lima, Emma Hudson, Stephen Morris, Jessica Sheringham, Nick Swart and Naomi J. Fulop

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:145

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  45. Content type: Research

    Although the importance of evaluating implementation fidelity is acknowledged, little is known about heterogeneity in fidelity over time. This study aims to generate insight into the heterogeneity in implement...

    Authors: Femke Hoekstra, Marjolein A. G. van Offenbeek, Rienk Dekker, Florentina J. Hettinga, Trynke Hoekstra, Lucas H. V. van der Woude and Cees P. van der Schans

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:143

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  46. Content type: Systematic review

    Care bundles are a set of three to five evidence-informed practices performed collectively and reliably to improve the quality of care. Care bundles are used widely across healthcare settings with the aim of p...

    Authors: Jacqueline F. Lavallée, Trish A. Gray, Jo Dumville, Wanda Russell and Nicky Cullum

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:142

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