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  1. Content type: Correction

    Following the publication of this article [1], the authors reported a number of errors which are given below.

    Authors: T. J. Stephens, C. J. Peden, R. M. Pearse, S. E. Shaw, T. E. F. Abbott, E. L. Jones, D. Kocman and G. Martin

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:148

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2018 13:142

  2. Content type: Research

    Evidence-based guidelines for the management of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in the emergency department (ED) are now widely available, and yet, clinical practice remains inconsistent with the guidelines...

    Authors: Duncan Mortimer, Marije Bosch, Joanne E. Mckenzie, Simon Turner, Marisa Chau, Jennie L. Ponsford, Jonathan C. Knott, Russell L. Gruen and Sally E. Green

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:147

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  3. Content type: Research

    The original British instrument the Normalization Process Theory Measure (NoMAD) is based on the four core constructs of the Normalization Process Theory: Coherence, Cognitive Participation, Collective Action,...

    Authors: Marie Elf, Sofi Nordmark, Johan Lyhagen, Inger Lindberg, Tracy Finch and Anna Cristina Åberg

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:146

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Men with prostate cancer are often castrated with long-acting injectable drugs termed androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Although many benefit, ADT is also used in patients with little or nothing to gain. The...

    Authors: Ted A. Skolarus, Sarah T. Hawley, Daniela A. Wittmann, Jane Forman, Tabitha Metreger, Jordan B. Sparks, Kevin Zhu, Megan E. V. Caram, Brent K. Hollenbeck, Danil V. Makarov, John T. Leppert, Jeremy B. Shelton, Vahakn Shahinian, Sriram Srinivasaraghavan and Anne E. Sales

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:144

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Dissemination of evidence-based practices that can reduce morbidity and mortality is important to combat the growing opioid overdose crisis in the USA. Research and expert consensus support reducing high-dose ...

    Authors: Amanda M. Midboe, Steve Martino, Sarah L. Krein, Joseph W. Frank, Jacob T. Painter, Michael Chandler, Allison Schroeder, Brenda T. Fenton, Lara Troszak, Taryn Erhardt, Robert D. Kerns and William C. Becker

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:145

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  6. Content type: Research

    Theories, models, and frameworks (TMF) are foundational for generalizing implementation efforts and research findings. However, TMF and the criteria used to select them are not often described in published art...

    Authors: Sarah A. Birken, Catherine L. Rohweder, Byron J. Powell, Christopher M. Shea, Jennifer Scott, Jennifer Leeman, Mary E. Grewe, M. Alexis Kirk, Laura Damschroder, William A. Aldridge II, Emily R. Haines, Sharon Straus and Justin Presseau

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:143

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  7. Content type: Research

    Health care practice needs to be underpinned by high quality research evidence, so that the best possible care can be delivered. However, evidence from research is not always utilised in practice. This study u...

    Authors: Kate Seers, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Karen Cox, Nicola Crichton, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Ann Catrine Eldh, Carole A. Estabrooks, Gill Harvey, Claire Hawkes, Carys Jones, Alison Kitson, Brendan McCormack, Christel McMullan, Carole Mockford, Theo Niessen, Paul Slater…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:137

    Published on:

    The Research to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:138

    The Research to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:141

  8. Content type: Research

    Facilitation is a promising implementation intervention, which requires theory-informed evaluation. This paper presents an exemplar of a multi-country realist process evaluation that was embedded in the first ...

    Authors: Jo Rycroft-Malone, Kate Seers, Ann Catrine Eldh, Karen Cox, Nicola Crichton, Gill Harvey, Claire Hawkes, Alison Kitson, Brendan McCormack, Christel McMullan, Carole Mockford, Theo Niessen, Paul Slater, Angie Titchen, Teatske van der Zijpp and Lars Wallin

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:138

    Published on:

    The Research to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:137

    The Research to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:141

  9. Content type: Research

    The ‘Facilitating Implementation of Research Evidence’ study found no significant differences between sites that received two types of facilitation support and those that did not on the primary outcome of docu...

    Authors: Gill Harvey, Brendan McCormack, Alison Kitson, Elizabeth Lynch and Angie Titchen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:141

    Published on:

    The Research to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:138

    The Research to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:137

  10. Content type: Research

    Improving the quality and safety of perioperative care is a global priority. The Enhanced Peri-Operative Care for High-risk patients (EPOCH) trial was a stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial of a quality impr...

    Authors: T. J. Stephens, C. J. Peden, R. M. Pearse, S. E. Shaw, T. E. F. Abbott, E. L. Jones, D. Kocman and G. Martin

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:142

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:148

  11. Content type: Research

    A computerised, multifaceted quality improvement (QI) intervention for cardiovascular disease (CVD) management in Australian primary healthcare was evaluated in a cluster randomised controlled trial. The inter...

    Authors: Bindu Patel, Tim Usherwood, Mark Harris, Anushka Patel, Kathryn Panaretto, Nicholas Zwar and David Peiris

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:140

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  12. Content type: Research

    While clinical pathways have the potential to improve patient outcomes and reduce healthcare costs, their true impact has been limited by variable implementation strategies and suboptimal research designs. Thi...

    Authors: Mona Jabbour, Amanda S. Newton, David Johnson and Janet A. Curran

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:139

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  13. Content type: Research

    Audit and feedback interventions may be strengthened using social interaction. The Calgary office of the Alberta Physician Learning Program (CPLP) developed a process for audit and group feedback for physicians. ...

    Authors: Lara J. Cooke, Diane Duncan, Laura Rivera, Shawn K. Dowling, Christopher Symonds and Heather Armson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:136

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  14. Content type: Research

    The uptake of eRehabilitation programs in stroke care is insufficient, despite the growing availability. The aim of this study was to explore which factors influence the uptake of eRehabilitation in stroke reh...

    Authors: B. Brouns, J. J. L. Meesters, M. M. Wentink, A. J. de Kloet, H. J. Arwert, T. P. M. Vliet Vlieland, L. W. Boyce and L. van Bodegom-Vos

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:133

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  15. Content type: Research

    Implementing evidence-based care requires healthcare practitioners to do less of some things (de-implementation) and more of others (implementation). Variations in effectiveness of behaviour change interventio...

    Authors: Andrea M. Patey, Catherine S. Hurt, Jeremy M. Grimshaw and Jill J. Francis

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:134

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  16. Content type: Research

    Health practice guidelines (HPGs) are important tools for the translation of evidence into practice. Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in HealThcare (RIGHT) checklist provides guidance on reporting healt...

    Authors: Ružica Tokalić, Marin Viđak, Ivan Buljan and Ana Marušić

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:135

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  17. Content type: Research

    Community organizations can have difficulty implementing evidence-based prevention programs. More research is needed on implementation support interventions designed to help these organizations implement progr...

    Authors: Matthew Chinman, Patricia Ebener, Patrick S. Malone, Jill Cannon, Elizabeth J. D’Amico and Joie Acosta

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:131

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  18. Content type: Systematic review

    Chlamydia is a major public health concern, with high economic and social costs. In 2016, there were over 200,000 chlamydia diagnoses made in England. The highest prevalence rates are found among young people....

    Authors: Lorraine K McDonagh, John M Saunders, Jackie Cassell, Tyrone Curtis, Hamad Bastaki, Thomas Hartney and Greta Rait

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:130

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  19. Content type: Research

    In recent years, the incidence of several pathogens of public health importance (measles, mumps, pertussis and rubella) has increased in Europe, leading to outbreaks. This has included England, where GP practi...

    Authors: Tim Crocker-Buque, Michael Edelstein and Sandra Mounier-Jack

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:132

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  20. Content type: Research

    Passive dissemination of information in healthcare refers to the publication or mailing of newly established guidelines or recommendations. It is one of the least costly knowledge translation activities. This ...

    Authors: Isabelle Vedel, Melanie Le Berre, Nadia Sourial, Geneviève Arsenault-Lapierre, Howard Bergman and Liette Lapointe

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:129

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  21. Content type: Research

    In a large statewide initiative, New York State implemented collaborative care (CC) from 2012 to 2014 in 32 primary care settings where residents were trained and supported its sustainability through payment r...

    Authors: Nathalie Moise, Ravi N. Shah, Susan Essock, Amy Jones, Jay Carruthers, Margaret A. Handley, Lauren Peccoralo and Lloyd Sederer

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:128

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  22. Content type: Systematic review

    Leadership by point-of-care and senior managers is increasingly recognized as critical to the acceptance and use of research evidence in practice. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the lead...

    Authors: Wendy A. Gifford, Janet E. Squires, Douglas E. Angus, Lisa A. Ashley, Lucie Brosseau, Janet M. Craik, Marie-Cécile Domecq, Mary Egan, Paul Holyoke, Linda Juergensen, Lars Wallin, Liquaa Wazni and Ian D. Graham

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:127

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  23. Content type: Systematic review

    Adaptations of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) often occur. However, little is known about the reasons for adaptation, the adaptation process, and outcomes of adapted EBIs. To address this gap, we conducte...

    Authors: Cam Escoffery, E. Lebow-Skelley, R. Haardoerfer, E. Boing, H. Udelson, R. Wood, M. Hartman, M. E. Fernandez and P. D. Mullen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:125

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    The emergence of dissemination and implementation (D&I) science has driven a rapid increase in studies of how new scientific discoveries are translated and developed into evidence-based programs and policies. ...

    Authors: Rebecca Vitale, Timothy Blaine, Elizabeth Zofkie, Sarah Moreland-Russell, Todd Combs, Ross C. Brownson and Doug A. Luke

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:126

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Dissemination of clinical practice guidelines alone is insufficient to create meaningful change in clinical practice. Quality improvement collaborative models have potential to address the evidence-practice ga...

    Authors: Monica Cations, Maria Crotty, Janna Anneke Fitzgerald, Susan Kurrle, Ian D. Cameron, Craig Whitehead, Jane Thompson, Billingsley Kaambwa, Kate Hayes, Lenore de la Perrelle, Gorjana Radisic and Kate E. Laver

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:123

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  26. Content type: Research

    A prominent strategy to engage private sector health providers in low- and middle-income countries is clinical social franchising, an organisational model that applies the principles of commercial franchising ...

    Authors: Loveday Penn-Kekana, Timothy Powell-Jackson, Manon Haemmerli, Varun Dutt, Isabelle L. Lange, Aniva Mahapatra, Gaurav Sharma, Kultar Singh, Sunita Singh, Vasudha Shukla and Catherine Goodman

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:124

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  27. Content type: Research

    “Making Every Contact Count” (MECC), a public health policy in the UK, compels healthcare professionals to deliver opportunistic health behaviour change interventions to patients during routine medical consult...

    Authors: Chris Keyworth, Tracy Epton, Joanna Goldthorpe, Rachel Calam and Christopher J. Armitage

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:122

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  28. Content type: Research

    Elected officials (e.g., legislators) are an important but understudied population in dissemination research. Audience segmentation is essential in developing dissemination strategies that are tailored for leg...

    Authors: Jonathan Purtle, Félice Lê-Scherban, Xi Wang, Paul T. Shattuck, Enola K. Proctor and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:121

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Depressive and anxiety disorders affect 20–30% of school-age youth, most of whom do not receive adequate services, contributing to poor developmental and academic outcomes. Evidence-based practices (EBPs) such...

    Authors: Amy M. Kilbourne, Shawna N. Smith, Seo Youn Choi, Elizabeth Koschmann, Celeste Liebrecht, Amy Rusch, James L. Abelson, Daniel Eisenberg, Joseph A. Himle, Kate Fitzgerald and Daniel Almirall

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:119

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  30. Content type: Research

    Educational outreach visits are meant to improve the practice of health professionals by promoting face-to-face visits to deliver educational contents. They have been shown to change prescription behavior, but...

    Authors: Daniel Pinto, Bruno Heleno, David S. Rodrigues, Ana Luísa Papoila, Isabel Santos and Pedro A. Caetano

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:120

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected persons and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for uninfected persons are extraordinarily effective strategies for HIV prevention. In Africa, the region which shoulde...

    Authors: Kenneth K. Mugwanya, Elizabeth Irungu, Elizabeth Bukusi, Nelly R. Mugo, Josephine Odoyo, Elizabeth Wamoni, Kenneth Ngure, Jennifer F. Morton, Kathryn Peebles, Sarah Masyuko, Gena Barnabee, Deborah Donnell, Ruanne Barnabas, Jessica Haberer, Gabrielle O’Malley and Jared M. Baeten

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:118

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  32. Content type: Methodology

    Significant resources are required to write de novo clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). There are many freely-available CPGs internationally, for many health conditions. Developing countries rarely have the r...

    Authors: K. Grimmer, Q. Louw, J. M. Dizon, S-M van Niekerk, D. Ernstzen and C. Wiysonge

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:117

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  33. Content type: Short report

    The Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale (EBPAS) is a widely used tool, but it has not been adapted and validated for use in schools, the most common setting where youth access behavioral health services. Th...

    Authors: Clayton R. Cook, Chayna Davis, Eric C. Brown, Jill Locke, Mark G. Ehrhart, Gregory A. Aarons, Madeline Larson and Aaron R. Lyon

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:116

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    More research on sustainment of interventions is needed, especially return on investment (ROI) studies to determine cost-benefit trade-offs for effort required to sustain and how much is gained when effective ...

    Authors: Jennifer E. Johnson, Shannon Wiltsey-Stirman, Alla Sikorskii, Ted Miller, Amanda King, Jennifer L. Blume, Xuan Pham, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ellen Poleshuck, Rebecca Weinberg and Caron Zlotnick

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:115

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  35. Content type: Research

    Implementation strategies are needed to ensure that evidence-based healthcare interventions are adopted successfully. However, strategies are generally poorly described and those used in everyday practice are ...

    Authors: S. McHugh, C. Sinnott, E. Racine, S. Timmons, M. Byrne and P. M. Kearney

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:113

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite clinical guideline recommendations, implementation of antenatal care addressing alcohol consumption by pregnant women is limited. Implementation strategies addressing barriers to such care may be effec...

    Authors: Melanie Kingsland, Emma Doherty, Amy E. Anderson, Kristy Crooks, Belinda Tully, Danika Tremain, Tracey W. Tsang, John Attia, Luke Wolfenden, Adrian J. Dunlop, Nicole Bennett, Mandy Hunter, Sarah Ward, Penny Reeves, Ian Symonds, Chris Rissel…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:112

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  37. Content type: Systematic review

    Computerised clinical decision support (CDS) can potentially better inform decisions, and it can help with the management of information overload. It is perceived to be a key component of a learning health car...

    Authors: Stijn Van de Velde, Annemie Heselmans, Nicolas Delvaux, Linn Brandt, Luis Marco-Ruiz, David Spitaels, Hanne Cloetens, Tiina Kortteisto, Pavel Roshanov, Ilkka Kunnamo, Bert Aertgeerts, Per Olav Vandvik and Signe Flottorp

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:114

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  38. Content type: Systematic review

    Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRCs) were funded by NIHR in England in 2008 and 2014 as partnerships between universities and surrounding health service organisations, fo...

    Authors: Roman Kislov, Paul M. Wilson, Sarah Knowles and Ruth Boaden

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:111

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    About 40% of HIV-positive women in sub-Saharan Africa become pregnant post-diagnosis. Despite about half of their pregnancies being planned, safer conception methods (SCM) are underutilized among serodiscordan...

    Authors: Kathy Goggin, Emily A. Hurley, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Violet Gwokyalya, Sarah Finocchario-Kessler, Josephine Birungi, Deborah Mindry, Rhoda K. Wanyenze and Glenn J. Wagner

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:110

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  40. Content type: Research

    The prevalence of childhood obesity poses an urgent global challenge. The World Health Organization (WHO) Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity recommends the provision of appropriate family-based, lifestyle ...

    Authors: Helen A. Vidgen, Penelope V. Love, Sonia E. Wutzke, Lynne A. Daniels, Chris E. Rissel, Christine Innes-Hughes and Louise A. Baur

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:109

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  41. Content type: Research

    Few training opportunities are available for implementation practitioners; we designed the Practicing Knowledge Translation (PKT) to address this gap. The goal of PKT is to train practitioners to use evidence ...

    Authors: Julia E. Moore, Shusmita Rashid, Jamie S. Park, Sobia Khan and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:106

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Experts recommend that alcohol-related care be integrated into primary care (PC) to improve prevention and treatment of unhealthy alcohol use. However, few healthcare systems offer such integrated care. To add...

    Authors: Joseph E. Glass, Jennifer F. Bobb, Amy K. Lee, Julie E. Richards, Gwen T. Lapham, Evette Ludman, Carol Achtmeyer, Ryan M. Caldeiro, Rebecca Parrish, Emily C. Williams, Paula Lozano and Katharine A. Bradley

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:108

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  43. Content type: Research

    Evidence for recommended interventions to reduce population salt intake come from high-income countries, but it is unknown if these can be successfully replicated in low- and middle-income countries. This proc...

    Authors: Kathy Trieu, Jacqui Webster, Stephen Jan, Silvia Hope, Take Naseri, Merina Ieremia, Colin Bell, Wendy Snowdon and Marj Moodie

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:107

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  44. Content type: Research

    Many state Medicaid programs are implementing pharmacist-led medication management programs to improve outcomes for high-risk beneficiaries. There are a limited number of studies examining implementation of th...

    Authors: Kea Turner, Justin G. Trogdon, Morris Weinberger, Angela M. Stover, Stefanie Ferreri, Joel F. Farley, Neepa Ray, Michael Patti, Chelsea Renfro and Christopher M. Shea

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:105

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  45. Content type: Research

    Audit and feedback interventions may be strengthened using social interaction. With this in mind, the Calgary office of the Alberta Physician Learning Program developed a process for audit and group feedback for ...

    Authors: Lara J. Cooke, Diane Duncan, Laura Rivera, Shawn K. Dowling, Christopher Symonds and Heather Armson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:104

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  46. Content type: Systematic review

    The third sector is becoming a growing provider of public, social, and health services. However, there is little evidence on the effectiveness of third sector organisations (TSOs), and their capacity to implem...

    Authors: Anders Malthe Bach-Mortensen, Brittany C. L. Lange and Paul Montgomery

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:103

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  47. Content type: Research

    Implementation of evidence into practice is inadequate in many low-income countries, contributing to the low-quality care of mothers and newborns. This study explored strategies used in a facilitation interven...

    Authors: E. Pallangyo, C. Mbekenga, P. Olsson, L. Eriksson and A. Bergström

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:102

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  48. Content type: Research

    Successful implementation depends on the transfer of knowledge and expertise among clinicians, which can occur when professionals seek advice from one another. This study examines advice-seeking patterns among...

    Authors: Alicia C. Bunger, Nathan Doogan, Rochelle F. Hanson and Sarah A. Birken

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:101

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  49. Content type: Systematic review

    To identify the strategies and contextual factors that enable optimal engagement of patients in the design, delivery, and evaluation of health services.

    Authors: Yvonne Bombard, G. Ross Baker, Elaina Orlando, Carol Fancott, Pooja Bhatia, Selina Casalino, Kanecy Onate, Jean-Louis Denis and Marie-Pascale Pomey

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:98

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  50. Content type: Study protocol

    Peripheral venous catheters are the most commonly used invasive devices in hospitals worldwide. Patients can experience multiple adverse events during the insertion, maintenance, and management of these device...

    Authors: Ian Blanco-Mavillard, Miquel Bennasar-Veny, Joan Ernest De Pedro-Gómez, Ana Belén Moya-Suarez, Gaizka Parra-Garcia, Miguel Ángel Rodríguez-Calero and Enrique Castro-Sánchez

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:100

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