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  1. Study protocol

    Structural analysis of health-relevant policy-making information exchange networks in Canada

    Health systems worldwide struggle to identify, adopt, and implement in a timely and system-wide manner the best—evidence-informed—policy-level practices. Yet, there is still only limited evidence about individ...

    Damien Contandriopoulos, François Benoît, Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Annie Carrier, Nancy Carter, Raisa Deber, Arnaud Duhoux, Trisha Greenhalgh, Catherine Larouche, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Adrian Levy, Ruth Martin-Misener, Katerina Maximova, Kimberlyn McGrail, Candace Nykiforuk, Noralou Roos…

    Implementation Science 2017 12:116

    Published on: 20 September 2017

  2. Research

    Development of a complex intervention to promote appropriate prescribing and medication intensification in poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus in Irish general practice

    Poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can be seen as failure to meet recommended targets for management of key risk factors including glycaemic control, blood pressure and lipids. Poor control of r...

    Mark E. Murphy, Molly Byrne, Atieh Zarabzadeh, Derek Corrigan, Tom Fahey and Susan M. Smith

    Implementation Science 2017 12:115

    Published on: 16 September 2017

  3. Research

    What hinders the uptake of computerized decision support systems in hospitals? A qualitative study and framework for implementation

    Advanced Computerized Decision Support Systems (CDSSs) assist clinicians in their decision-making process, generating recommendations based on up-to-date scientific evidence. Although this technology has the p...

    Elisa G. Liberati, Francesca Ruggiero, Laura Galuppo, Mara Gorli, Marien González-Lorenzo, Marco Maraldi, Pietro Ruggieri, Hernan Polo Friz, Giuseppe Scaratti, Koren H. Kwag, Roberto Vespignani and Lorenzo Moja

    Implementation Science 2017 12:113

    Published on: 15 September 2017

  4. Research

    Designing an implementation intervention with the Behaviour Change Wheel for health provider smoking cessation care for Australian Indigenous pregnant women

    Indigenous smoking rates are up to 80% among pregnant women: prevalence among pregnant Australian Indigenous women was 45% in 2014, contributing significantly to the health gap for Indigenous Australians. We a...

    Gillian S. Gould, Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Lou Atkins, Maree Gruppetta, Marilyn J Clarke and Billie Bonevski

    Implementation Science 2017 12:114

    Published on: 15 September 2017

  5. Research

    Barriers and facilitators to implementation of VA home-based primary care on American Indian reservations: a qualitative multi-case study

    Veterans Health Affairs (VA) home-based primary care (HBPC) is an evidence-based interdisciplinary approach to non-institutional long-term care that was developed in urban settings to provide longitudinal care...

    B. Josea Kramer, Sarah D. Cote, Diane I. Lee, Beth Creekmur and Debra Saliba

    Implementation Science 2017 12:109

    Published on: 2 September 2017

  6. Research

    Developing a comprehensive definition of sustainability

    Understanding sustainability is one of the significant implementation science challenges. One of the big challenges in researching sustainability is the lack of consistent definitions in the literature. Most i...

    Julia E. Moore, Alekhya Mascarenhas, Julie Bain and Sharon E. Straus

    Implementation Science 2017 12:110

    Published on: 2 September 2017

  7. Research

    Psychometric assessment of three newly developed implementation outcome measures

    Implementation outcome measures are essential for monitoring and evaluating the success of implementation efforts. Yet, currently available measures lack conceptual clarity and have largely unknown reliability...

    Bryan J. Weiner, Cara C. Lewis, Cameo Stanick, Byron J. Powell, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Alecia S. Clary, Marcella H. Boynton and Heather Halko

    Implementation Science 2017 12:108

    Published on: 29 August 2017

  8. Systematic review

    An exploration of group-based HIV/AIDS treatment and care models in Sub-Saharan Africa using a realist evaluation (Intervention-Context-Actor-Mechanism-Outcome) heuristic tool: a systematic review

    It is increasingly acknowledged that differentiated care models hold potential to manage large volumes of patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Various group-based models of ART service delivery aimed at d...

    Ferdinand C. Mukumbang, Sara Van Belle, Bruno Marchal and Brian van Wyk

    Implementation Science 2017 12:107

    Published on: 25 August 2017

  9. Research

    Random or predictable?: Adoption patterns of chronic care management practices in physician organizations

    Theories, models, and frameworks used by implementation science, including Diffusion of Innovations, tend to focus on the adoption of one innovation, when often organizations may be facing multiple simultaneou...

    Isomi M. Miake-Lye, Emmeline Chuang, Hector P. Rodriguez, Gerald F. Kominski, Elizabeth M. Yano and Stephen M. Shortell

    Implementation Science 2017 12:106

    Published on: 24 August 2017

  10. Research

    Increasing the provision of preventive care by community healthcare services: a stepped wedge implementation trial

    Although clinical guidelines recommend the provision of care to reduce client chronic disease risk behaviours, such care is provided sub-optimally by primary healthcare providers. A study was undertaken to det...

    John Wiggers, Kathleen McElwaine, Megan Freund, Libby Campbell, Jenny Bowman, Paula Wye, Luke Wolfenden, Danika Tremain, Daniel Barker, Carolyn Slattery, Karen Gillham and Kate Bartlem

    Implementation Science 2017 12:105

    Published on: 22 August 2017

  11. Debate

    Building capacity for dissemination and implementation research: one university’s experience

    While dissemination and implementation (D&I) science has grown rapidly, there is an ongoing need to understand how to build and sustain capacity in individuals and institutions conducting research. There are t...

    Ross C. Brownson, Enola K. Proctor, Douglas A. Luke, Ana A. Baumann, Mackenzie Staub, Matthew T. Brown and Mallory Johnson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:104

    Published on: 16 August 2017

  12. Study protocol

    Implementing the teen marijuana check-up in schools—a study protocol

    Substance misuse is now encountered in settings beyond addiction specialty care, with schools a point-of-contact for student access to behavioral health services. Marijuana is a leading impetus for adolescent ...

    Bryan Hartzler, Aaron R. Lyon, Denise D. Walker, Lauren Matthews, Kevin M. King and Kathryn E. McCollister

    Implementation Science 2017 12:103

    Published on: 10 August 2017

  13. Systematic review

    Specification of implementation interventions to address the cascade of HIV care and treatment in resource-limited settings: a systematic review

    The global response to HIV has started over 18 million persons on life-saving antiretroviral therapy (ART)—the vast majority in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC)—yet substantial gaps remain: up to 40% of...

    Matthew D. Hickey, Thomas A. Odeny, Maya Petersen, Torsten B. Neilands, Nancy Padian, Nathan Ford, Zachary Matthay, David Hoos, Meg Doherty, Chris Beryer, Stefan Baral and Elvin H. Geng

    Implementation Science 2017 12:102

    Published on: 8 August 2017

  14. Research

    How do stakeholders from multiple hierarchical levels of a large provincial health system define engagement? A qualitative study

    Engaging stakeholders from varied organizational levels is essential to successful healthcare quality improvement. However, engagement has been hard to achieve and to measure across diverse stakeholders. Furth...

    Jill M. Norris, Deborah E. White, Lorelli Nowell, Kelly Mrklas and Henry T. Stelfox

    Implementation Science 2017 12:98

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  15. Research

    Facilitated interprofessional implementation of a physical rehabilitation guideline for stroke in inpatient settings: process evaluation of a cluster randomized trial

    The Stroke Canada Optimization of Rehabilitation by Evidence-Implementation Trial (SCORE-IT) showed that a facilitated knowledge translation (KT) approach to implementing a stroke rehabilitation guideline was ...

    Nancy M. Salbach, Sharon Wood-Dauphinee, Johanne Desrosiers, Janice J. Eng, Ian D. Graham, Susan B. Jaglal, Nicol Korner-Bitensky, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Nancy E. Mayo, Carol L. Richards, Robert W. Teasell, Merrick Zwarenstein and Mark T. Bayley

    Implementation Science 2017 12:100

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  16. Study protocol

    Supporting prescribing in older people with multimorbidity and significant polypharmacy in primary care (SPPiRE): a cluster randomised controlled trial protocol and pilot

    Multimorbidity, defined as the presence of at least two chronic conditions, becomes increasingly common in older people and is associated with poorer health outcomes and significant polypharmacy. The National ...

    Caroline McCarthy, Barbara Clyne, Derek Corrigan, Fiona Boland, Emma Wallace, Frank Moriarty, Tom Fahey, Carmel Hughes, Paddy Gillespie and Susan M. Smith

    Implementation Science 2017 12:99

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  17. Research

    Teasing apart “the tangled web” of influence of policy dialogues: lessons from a case study of dialogues about healthcare reform options for Canada

    The knowledge exchange literature suggests that policy dialogues are intended to enhance short-, medium- and long-term capacities of individuals, organizations and health systems to use evidence to inform poli...

    Gillian Mulvale, Samantha A. McRae and Sandra Milicic

    Implementation Science 2017 12:96

    Published on: 28 July 2017

  18. Research

    General practitioners’ views and preferences about quality improvement feedback in preventive care: a cross-sectional study in Switzerland and France

    Feedback is widely used as a strategy to improve the quality of care in primary care settings. As part of a study conducted to explore the quality of preventive care, we investigated general practitioners’ (GP...

    Paul Sebo, Hubert Maisonneuve, Jean-Pascal Fournier, Nicolas Senn and Dagmar M. Haller

    Implementation Science 2017 12:95

    Published on: 26 July 2017

  19. Research

    Implementation findings from a hybrid III implementation-effectiveness trial of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA)

    The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is an effective lifestyle intervention to reduce incidence of type 2 diabetes. However, there are gaps in knowledge about how to implement DPP. The aim of this study was t...

    Laura J. Damschroder, Caitlin M. Reardon, Mona AuYoung, Tannaz Moin, Santanu K. Datta, Jordan B. Sparks, Matthew L. Maciejewski, Nanette I. Steinle, Jane E. Weinreb, Maria Hughes, Lillian F. Pinault, Xinran M. Xiang, Charles Billington and Caroline R. Richardson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:94

    Published on: 26 July 2017

  20. Research

    Broadening measures of success: results of a behavioral health translational research training program

    While some research training programs have considered the importance of mentoring in inspiring professionals to engage in translational research, most evaluations emphasize outcomes specific to academic produc...

    Julie A. Baldwin, Heather J. Williamson, Emery R. Eaves, Bruce L. Levin, Donna L. Burton and Oliver T. Massey

    Implementation Science 2017 12:92

    Published on: 24 July 2017

  21. Systematic review

    Quality improvement, implementation, and dissemination strategies to improve mental health care for children and adolescents: a systematic review

    Some outcomes for children with mental health problems remain suboptimal because of poor access to care and the failure of systems and providers to adopt established quality improvement strategies and interven...

    Valerie L. Forman-Hoffman, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Joni L. McKeeman, Leyla F. Stambaugh, Robert B. Christian, Bradley N. Gaynes, Heather Lynne Kane, Leila C. Kahwati, Kathleen N. Lohr and Meera Viswanathan

    Implementation Science 2017 12:93

    Published on: 24 July 2017

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