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  1. Research

    Teasing apart “the tangled web” of influence of policy dialogues: lessons from a case study of dialogues about healthcare reform options for Canada

    The knowledge exchange literature suggests that policy dialogues are intended to enhance short-, medium- and long-term capacities of individuals, organizations and health systems to use evidence to inform poli...

    Gillian Mulvale, Samantha A. McRae and Sandra Milicic

    Implementation Science 2017 12:96

    Published on: 28 July 2017

  2. Research

    Implementation findings from a hybrid III implementation-effectiveness trial of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA)

    The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is an effective lifestyle intervention to reduce incidence of type 2 diabetes. However, there are gaps in knowledge about how to implement DPP. The aim of this study was t...

    Laura J. Damschroder, Caitlin M. Reardon, Mona AuYoung, Tannaz Moin, Santanu K. Datta, Jordan B. Sparks, Matthew L. Maciejewski, Nanette I. Steinle, Jane E. Weinreb, Maria Hughes, Lillian F. Pinault, Xinran M. Xiang, Charles Billington and Caroline R. Richardson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:94

    Published on: 26 July 2017

  3. Research

    General practitioners’ views and preferences about quality improvement feedback in preventive care: a cross-sectional study in Switzerland and France

    Feedback is widely used as a strategy to improve the quality of care in primary care settings. As part of a study conducted to explore the quality of preventive care, we investigated general practitioners’ (GP...

    Paul Sebo, Hubert Maisonneuve, Jean-Pascal Fournier, Nicolas Senn and Dagmar M. Haller

    Implementation Science 2017 12:95

    Published on: 26 July 2017

  4. Systematic review

    Quality improvement, implementation, and dissemination strategies to improve mental health care for children and adolescents: a systematic review

    Some outcomes for children with mental health problems remain suboptimal because of poor access to care and the failure of systems and providers to adopt established quality improvement strategies and interven...

    Valerie L. Forman-Hoffman, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Joni L. McKeeman, Leyla F. Stambaugh, Robert B. Christian, Bradley N. Gaynes, Heather Lynne Kane, Leila C. Kahwati, Kathleen N. Lohr and Meera Viswanathan

    Implementation Science 2017 12:93

    Published on: 24 July 2017

  5. Research

    Broadening measures of success: results of a behavioral health translational research training program

    While some research training programs have considered the importance of mentoring in inspiring professionals to engage in translational research, most evaluations emphasize outcomes specific to academic produc...

    Julie A. Baldwin, Heather J. Williamson, Emery R. Eaves, Bruce L. Levin, Donna L. Burton and Oliver T. Massey

    Implementation Science 2017 12:92

    Published on: 24 July 2017

  6. Research

    Competing for space in an already crowded market: a mixed methods study of why an online community of practice (CoP) for alcohol harm reduction failed to generate interest amongst the group of public health professionals at which it was aimed

    Improving mechanisms for knowledge translation (KT) and connecting decision-makers to each other and the information and evidence they consider relevant to their work remains a priority for public health. Virt...

    Ruth Ponsford, Jennifer Ford, Helena Korjonen, Emma Hughes, Asha Keswani, Triantafyllos Pliakas and Matt Egan

    Implementation Science 2017 12:91

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  7. Research

    Effects of the EQUIP quasi-experimental study testing a collaborative quality improvement approach for maternal and newborn health care in Tanzania and Uganda

    Quality improvement is a recommended strategy to improve implementation levels for evidence-based essential interventions, but experience of and evidence for its effects in low-resource settings are limited. W...

    P Waiswa, F Manzi, G Mbaruku, A. K. Rowe, M Marx, G Tomson, T Marchant, B. A. Willey, J Schellenberg, S Peterson and C Hanson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:89

    Published on: 18 July 2017

  8. Study protocol

    A mixed methods protocol for developing and testing implementation strategies for evidence-based obesity prevention in childcare: a cluster randomized hybrid type III trial

    Despite the potential to reach at-risk children in childcare, there is a significant gap between current practices and evidence-based obesity prevention in this setting. There are few investigations of the imp...

    Taren Swindle, Susan L. Johnson, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell and Geoffrey M. Curran

    Implementation Science 2017 12:90

    Published on: 18 July 2017

  9. Research

    Development of a theory-informed implementation intervention to improve the triage, treatment and transfer of stroke patients in emergency departments using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF): the T3 Trial

    Theoretical frameworks and models based on behaviour change theories are increasingly used in the development of implementation interventions. Development of an implementation intervention is often based on th...

    Louise E. Craig, Natalie Taylor, Rohan Grimley, Dominique A. Cadilhac, Elizabeth McInnes, Rosemary Phillips, Simeon Dale, Denise O’Connor, Chris Levi, Mark Fitzgerald, Julie Considine, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Richard Gerraty, N. Wah Cheung, Jeanette Ward and Sandy Middleton

    Implementation Science 2017 12:88

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  10. Research

    Barriers and facilitators to reducing frequent laboratory testing for patients who are stable on warfarin: a mixed methods study of de-implementation in five anticoagulation clinics

    Patients on chronic warfarin therapy require regular laboratory monitoring to safely manage warfarin. Recent studies have challenged the need for routine monthly blood draws in the most stable warfarin-treated...

    Geoffrey D. Barnes, Sevan Misirliyan, Scott Kaatz, Elizabeth A. Jackson, Brian Haymart, Eva Kline-Rogers, Jay Kozlowski, Gregory Krol, James B. Froehlich and Anne Sales

    Implementation Science 2017 12:87

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  11. Study protocol

    Testing feedback message framing and comparators to address prescribing of high-risk medications in nursing homes: protocol for a pragmatic, factorial, cluster-randomized trial

    Audit and feedback (AF) interventions that leverage routine administrative data offer a scalable and relatively low-cost method to improve processes of care. AF interventions are usually designed to highlight ...

    Noah M. Ivers, Laura Desveaux, Justin Presseau, Catherine Reis, Holly O. Witteman, Monica K. Taljaard, Nicola McCleary, Kednapa Thavorn and Jeremy M. Grimshaw

    Implementation Science 2017 12:86

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  12. Study protocol

    Prioritising Responses Of Nurses To deteriorating patient Observations (PRONTO) protocol: testing the effectiveness of a facilitation intervention in a pragmatic, cluster-randomised trial with an embedded process evaluation and cost analysis

    Vital signs are the primary indicator of physiological status and for determining the need for urgent clinical treatment. Yet, if physiological signs of deterioration are missed, misinterpreted or mismanaged, ...

    Tracey K. Bucknall, Gill Harvey, Julie Considine, Imogen Mitchell, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Ian D. Graham, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Jennifer Watts and Alison M. Hutchinson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:85

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  13. Study protocol

    The evaluation of enhanced feedback interventions to reduce unnecessary blood transfusions (AFFINITIE): protocol for two linked cluster randomised factorial controlled trials

    Blood for transfusion is a frequently used clinical intervention, and is also a costly and limited resource with risks. Many transfusions are given to stable and non-bleeding patients despite no clear evidence...

    Suzanne Hartley, Robbie Foy, Rebecca E. A. Walwyn, Robert Cicero, Amanda J. Farrin, Jill J. Francis, Fabiana Lorencatto, Natalie J. Gould, John Grant-Casey, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Liz Glidewell, Susan Michie, Stephen Morris and Simon J. Stanworth

    Implementation Science 2017 12:84

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  14. Study protocol

    Evaluation of a knowledge transfer scheme to improve policy making and practices in health promotion and disease prevention setting in French regions: a realist study protocol

    Evidence-based decision-making and practice are pivotal in public health. However, barriers do persist and they relate to evidence properties, organisations and contexts. To address these major knowledge trans...

    Linda Cambon, Audrey Petit, Valery Ridde, Christian Dagenais, Marion Porcherie, Jeanine Pommier, Chrisine Ferron, Laetitia Minary and François Alla

    Implementation Science 2017 12:83

    Published on: 29 June 2017

  15. Study protocol

    Searching for management approaches to reduce HAI transmission (SMART): a study protocol

    Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) impact patients’ lives through prolonged hospitalization, morbidity, and death, resulting in significant costs to both health systems and society. Central line-associate...

    Ann Scheck McAlearney, Jennifer L. Hefner, Cynthia J. Sieck, Daniel M. Walker, Alison M. Aldrich, Lindsey N. Sova, Alice A. Gaughan, Caitlin M. Slevin, Courtney Hebert, Erinn Hade, Jacalyn Buck, Michele Grove and Timothy R. Huerta

    Implementation Science 2017 12:82

    Published on: 28 June 2017

  16. Short report

    Rapid sociometric mapping of community health workers to identify opinion leaders using an SMS platform: a short report

    Using opinion leaders to accelerate the dissemination of evidence-based public health practices is a promising strategy for closing the gap between evidence and practice. Network interventions (using social ne...

    Thomas A. Odeny, Maya Petersen, Charles T. Muga, Jayne Lewis-Kulzer, Elizabeth A. Bukusi and Elvin H. Geng

    Implementation Science 2017 12:80

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  17. Study protocol

    An audience research study to disseminate evidence about comprehensive state mental health parity legislation to US State policymakers: protocol

    A large proportion of the US population has limited access to mental health treatments because insurance providers limit the utilization of mental health services in ways that are more restrictive than for phy...

    Jonathan Purtle, Félice Lê-Scherban, Paul Shattuck, Enola K. Proctor and Ross C. Brownson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:81

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  18. Research

    Implementation science for ambulatory care safety: a novel method to develop context-sensitive interventions to reduce quality gaps in monitoring high-risk patients

    Missed evidence-based monitoring in high-risk conditions (e.g., cancer) leads to delayed diagnosis. Current technological solutions fail to close this safety gap. In response, we aim to demonstrate a novel met...

    Kathryn M. McDonald, George Su, Sarah Lisker, Emily S. Patterson and Urmimala Sarkar

    Implementation Science 2017 12:79

    Published on: 24 June 2017

  19. Methodology

    A guide to using the Theoretical Domains Framework of behaviour change to investigate implementation problems

    Implementing new practices requires changes in the behaviour of relevant actors, and this is facilitated by understanding of the determinants of current and desired behaviours. The Theoretical Domains Framewor...

    Lou Atkins, Jill Francis, Rafat Islam, Denise O’Connor, Andrea Patey, Noah Ivers, Robbie Foy, Eilidh M. Duncan, Heather Colquhoun, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Rebecca Lawton and Susan Michie

    Implementation Science 2017 12:77

    Published on: 21 June 2017

  20. Systematic review

    Pediatric eMental healthcare technologies: a systematic review of implementation foci in research studies, and government and organizational documents

    Researchers, healthcare planners, and policymakers convey a sense of urgency in using eMental healthcare technologies to improve pediatric mental healthcare availability and access. Yet, different stakeholders...

    Nicole D. Gehring, Patrick McGrath, Lori Wozney, Amir Soleimani, Kathryn Bennett, Lisa Hartling, Anna Huguet, Michele P. Dyson and Amanda S. Newton

    Implementation Science 2017 12:76

    Published on: 21 June 2017

  21. Research

    Predicting evidence-based treatment sustainment: results from a longitudinal study of the Adolescent-Community Reinforcement Approach

    Implementation support models are increasingly being used to enhance the delivery of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) in routine care settings. Little is known about the extent to which these models lead to co...

    Sarah B. Hunter, Bing Han, Mary E. Slaughter, Susan H. Godley and Bryan R. Garner

    Implementation Science 2017 12:75

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  22. Systematic review

    Health professionals’ views on the barriers and enablers to evidence-based practice for acute stroke care: a systematic review

    Adoption of contemporary evidence-based guidelines for acute stroke management is often delayed due to a range of key enablers and barriers. Recent reviews on such barriers focus mainly on specific acute strok...

    Leonard Baatiema, Michael E. Otim, George Mnatzaganian, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Judith Coombes and Shawn Somerset

    Implementation Science 2017 12:74

    Published on: 5 June 2017

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