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  1. Content type: Methodology

    As the field of D&I (dissemination and implementation) science grows to meet the need for more effective and timely applications of research findings in routine practice, the demand for formalized training pro...

    Authors: Margaret Padek, Nageen Mir, Rebekah R. Jacob, David A. Chambers, Maureen Dobbins, Karen M. Emmons, Jon Kerner, Shiriki Kumanyika, Christine Pfund, Enola K. Proctor, Kurt C. Stange and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:18

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  2. Content type: Research

    Despite our progress in understanding the organizational context for implementation and specifically the role of leadership in implementation, its role in sustainment has received little attention. This paper ...

    Authors: Mark G. Ehrhart, Elisa M. Torres, Amy E. Green, Elise M. Trott, Cathleen E. Willging, Joanna C. Moullin and Gregory A. Aarons

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:17

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Antimicrobial stewardship to combat the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria has become a national priority. This project focuses on reducing inappropriate use of antimicrobials for asymptomatic bacteriuria...

    Authors: Barbara W. Trautner, Pooja Prasad, Larissa Grigoryan, Sylvia J. Hysong, Jennifer R. Kramer, Suja Rajan, Nancy J. Petersen, Tracey Rosen, Dimitri M. Drekonja, Christopher Graber, Payal Patel, Paola Lichtenberger, Timothy P. Gauthier, Steve Wiseman, Makoto Jones, Anne Sales…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:16

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    While sepsis-related mortality decreased substantially in other developed countries, mortality of severe sepsis remained as high as 44% in Germany. A recent German cluster randomized trial was not able to impr...

    Authors: Daniel Schwarzkopf, Hendrik Rüddel, Matthias Gründling, Christian Putensen and Konrad Reinhart

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:15

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Pediatric obesity is a multi-faceted public health concern that can lead to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and early mortality. Small changes in diet, physical activity, or BMI can significantly reduce the ...

    Authors: Justin D. Smith, Cady Berkel, Neil Jordan, David C. Atkins, Shrikanth S. Narayanan, Carlos Gallo, Kevin J. Grimm, Thomas J. Dishion, Anne M. Mauricio, Jenna Rudo-Stern, Mariah K. Meachum, Emily Winslow and Meg M. Bruening

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:11

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  6. Content type: Research

    Evidence supports magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) for women at risk of imminent birth at < 32–34 weeks to reduce the likelihood of cerebral palsy in the child. MAGnesium sulphate for fetal neuroprotection to preven...

    Authors: Dane A. De Silva, Anne R. Synnes, Peter von Dadelszen, Tang Lee, Jeffrey N. Bone and Laura A. Magee

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:8

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  7. Content type: Research

    In Belgium, the debate about the effect of the national academic detailing service (ADS) on prescribing quality in general practice is ongoing. In order to evaluate both the implementation strategies of the AD...

    Authors: Robin Bruyndonckx, Veronique Verhoeven, Sibyl Anthierens, Koen Cornelis, Katelijne Ackaert, Birgit Gielen and Samuel Coenen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:6

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  8. Content type: Research

    Drug expenditures are responsible for an increasing proportion of health costs, accounting for $1.1 trillion in annual expenditure worldwide. As hundreds of billions of dollars are being spent each year on ove...

    Authors: Robyn Tamblyn, Nancy Winslade, Christina J. Qian, Teresa Moraga and Allen Huang

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:7

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  9. Content type: Research

    A substantial literature has established the role of the inner organizational setting on the implementation of evidence-based practices in community contexts, but very little of this research has been extended...

    Authors: Aaron R. Lyon, Clayton R. Cook, Eric C. Brown, Jill Locke, Chayna Davis, Mark Ehrhart and Gregory A. Aarons

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:5

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    This study examines how system-wide (i.e., region, district, and school) mechanisms such as leadership support, training requirements, structure, collaboration, and education affect the use of evidence-based p...

    Authors: Aubyn C. Stahmer, Jessica Suhrheinrich, Patricia L. Schetter and Elizabeth McGee Hassrick

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:3

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:59

  11. Content type: Research

    Sweden has a policy of supporting older people to live a normal life at home for as long as possible. Therefore, it is often the oldest, most frail people who move into nursing homes. Nursing home staff are ex...

    Authors: Per Nilsen, Birgitta Wallerstedt, Lina Behm and Gerd Ahlström

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:1

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Web-based interventions to support people to manage long-term health conditions are available and effective but rarely used in clinical services. The aim of this study is to identify critical factors impacting...

    Authors: Fiona Lobban, Victoria Appleton, Duncan Appelbe, Johanna Barraclough, Julie Bowland, Naomi R Fisher, Sheena Foster, Sonia Johnson, Elizabeth Lewis, Céu Mateus, Barbara Mezes, Elizabeth Murray, Puffin O’Hanlon, Vanessa Pinfold, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Ron Siddle…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:152

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  13. Content type: Research

    Few measures of research use in health policymaking are available, and the reliability of such measures has yet to be evaluated. A new measure called the Staff Assessment of Engagement with Evidence (SAGE) inc...

    Authors: Steve R. Makkar, Anna Williamson, Catherine D’Este and Sally Redman

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:149

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  14. Content type: Debate

    Better use of research evidence (one form of “knowledge”) in health systems requires partnerships between researchers and those who contend with the real-world needs and constraints of health systems. Communit...

    Authors: Janet Jull, Audrey Giles and Ian D. Graham

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:150

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  15. Content type: Research

    Informed by our prior work indicating that therapists do not feel recognized or rewarded for implementation of evidence-based practices, we tested the feasibility and acceptability of two incentive-based imple...

    Authors: Rinad S. Beidas, Emily M. Becker-Haimes, Danielle R. Adams, Laura Skriner, Rebecca E. Stewart, Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Alison M. Buttenheim, Nathaniel J. Williams, Patricia Inacker, Elizabeth Richey and Steven C. Marcus

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:148

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Laboratory testing is an important clinical act with a valuable role in screening, diagnosis, management and monitoring of diseases or therapies. However, inappropriate laboratory test ordering is frequent, bu...

    Authors: Nicolas Delvaux, An De Sutter, Stijn Van de Velde, Dirk Ramaekers, Steffen Fieuws and Bert Aertgeerts

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:147

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    The effectiveness of many interventions to promote health and prevent disease has been well established. The imperative has therefore shifted from amassing evidence about efficacy to scale-up to maximise popul...

    Authors: Kathleen P. Conte, Sisse Groen, Victoria Loblay, Amanda Green, Andrew Milat, Lina Persson, Christine Innes-Hughes, Jo Mitchell, Sarah Thackway, Mandy Williams and Penelope Hawe

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:146

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  18. Content type: Systematic review

    A range of evidence informs decision-making on innovation in health care, including formal research findings, local data and professional opinion. However, cultural and organisational factors often prevent the...

    Authors: Simon Turner, Danielle D’Lima, Emma Hudson, Stephen Morris, Jessica Sheringham, Nick Swart and Naomi J. Fulop

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:145

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  19. Content type: Research

    Although the importance of evaluating implementation fidelity is acknowledged, little is known about heterogeneity in fidelity over time. This study aims to generate insight into the heterogeneity in implement...

    Authors: Femke Hoekstra, Marjolein A. G. van Offenbeek, Rienk Dekker, Florentina J. Hettinga, Trynke Hoekstra, Lucas H. V. van der Woude and Cees P. van der Schans

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:143

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  20. Content type: Systematic review

    Care bundles are a set of three to five evidence-informed practices performed collectively and reliably to improve the quality of care. Care bundles are used widely across healthcare settings with the aim of p...

    Authors: Jacqueline F. Lavallée, Trish A. Gray, Jo Dumville, Wanda Russell and Nicky Cullum

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:142

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  21. Content type: Research

    In 2011, Manitoba implemented a province-wide program of physician detailing and free sampling for generic atorvastatin to increase use of this generic statin. We examined the impact of this unique combined pr...

    Authors: Heather C. Worthington, Lucy Cheng, Sumit R. Majumdar, Steven G. Morgan, Colette B. Raymond, Stephen B. Soumerai and Michael R. Law

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:141

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  22. Content type: Systematic review

    One of the key strategies to successful implementation of effective health-related interventions is targeting improvements in stakeholder engagement. The discrete choice experiment (DCE) is a stated preference...

    Authors: Ramzi G. Salloum, Elizabeth A. Shenkman, Jordan J. Louviere and David A. Chambers

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:140

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  23. Content type: Systematic review

    While an extensive array of existing evidence-based practices (EBPs) have the potential to improve patient outcomes, little is known about how to implement EBPs on a larger scale. Therefore, we sought to ident...

    Authors: Ali Ben Charif, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Annie LeBlanc, Léa Langlois, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong, Christopher M. Williams, Roxanne Lépine and France Légaré

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:139

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  24. Content type: Research

    The recent growth in organized efforts to advance dissemination and implementation (D & I) science suggests a rapidly expanding community focused on the adoption and sustainment of evidence-based practices (EB...

    Authors: Doyanne Darnell, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Abigail Melvin, Jonathan Chi, Aaron R. Lyon and Cara C. Lewis

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:137

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  25. Content type: Research

    Implementation strategies are imperative for the successful adoption and sustainability of complex evidence-based public health practices. Creating a learning collaborative is one strategy that was part of a r...

    Authors: Carla L. DeSisto, Cameron Estrich, Charlan D. Kroelinger, David A. Goodman, Ellen Pliska, Christine N. Mackie, Lisa F. Waddell and Kristin M. Rankin

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:138

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Overdoses due to non-medical use of prescription opioids and other opiates have become the leading cause of accidental deaths in the USA. Buprenorphine and extended-release naltrexone are key evidence-based ph...

    Authors: Todd Molfenter, Hannah K. Knudsen, Randy Brown, Nora Jacobson, Julie Horst, Mark Van Etten, Jee-Seon Kim, Eric Haram, Elizabeth Collier, Sanford Starr, Alexander Toy and Lynn Madden

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:135

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  27. Content type: Research

    Guideline implementation tools (GI tools) can improve clinician behavior and patient outcomes. Analyses of guidelines published before 2010 found that many did not offer GI tools. Since 2010 standards, framewo...

    Authors: Laurel Liang, Jhoni Abi Safi and Anna R. Gagliardi

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:136

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  28. Content type: Methodology

    Individuals with severe mental illness (e.g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) die 10–25 years earlier than the general population, primarily from premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Contributing factors a...

    Authors: Christina Mangurian, Grace C. Niu, Dean Schillinger, John W. Newcomer, James Dilley and Margaret A. Handley

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:134

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  29. Content type: Research

    Leadership style and specific organizational climates have emerged as critical mechanisms to implement targeted practices in organizations. Drawing from relevant theories, we propose that climate for implement...

    Authors: Erick G. Guerrero, Karissa Fenwick and Yinfei Kong

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:133

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  30. Content type: Systematic review

    The aim of this mixed-methods, systematic literature review was to develop an understanding of the factors affecting the implementation of tobacco and substance use intervention programmes in the secondary sch...

    Authors: Gillian Waller, Tracy Finch, Emma L. Giles and Dorothy Newbury-Birch

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:130

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  31. Content type: Systematic review

    It is widely acknowledged that health policy and management decisions rarely reflect research evidence. Therefore, it is important to determine how to improve evidence-informed decision-making. The primary aim...

    Authors: Mitchell N. Sarkies, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Elizabeth H. Skinner, Romi Haas, Haylee Lane and Terry P. Haines

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:132

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  32. Content type: Commentary

    Implementing research findings into healthcare practice and policy is a complex process occurring in diverse contexts; it invariably depends on changing human behaviour in many parts of an intricate implementa...

    Authors: Susan Michie and Marie Johnston

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:131

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    A large and compelling clinical evidence base has shown that integrated TB and HIV services leads to reduction in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- and tuberculosis (TB)-associated mortality and morbidity. D...

    Authors: Kogieleum Naidoo, Santhanalakshmi Gengiah, Nonhlanhla Yende-Zuma, Nesri Padayatchi, Pierre Barker, Andrew Nunn, Priashni Subrayen and Salim S. Abdool Karim

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:129

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  34. Content type: Research

    Organizational readiness to change healthcare practice is a major determinant of successful implementation of evidence-based interventions. However, we lack of comprehensive, valid, and reliable instruments to...

    Authors: Gonzalo Grandes, Paola Bully, Catalina Martinez and Marie-Pierre Gagnon

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:128

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    The Enhancing Mental and Physical health of Women through Engagement and Retention or EMPOWER program represents a partnership with the US Department of Veterans Health Administration (VA) Health Service Resea...

    Authors: Alison B. Hamilton, Melissa M. Farmer, Tannaz Moin, Erin P. Finley, Ariel J. Lang, Sabine M. Oishi, Alexis K. Huynh, Jessica Zuchowski, Sally G. Haskell and Bevanne Bean-Mayberry

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:127

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  36. Content type: Research

    To improve management of severely ill hospitalized patients in low-income settings, the World Health Organization (WHO) established a triage tool called “Quick Check” to provide clinicians with a rapid, standa...

    Authors: Matthew J. Cummings, Elijah Goldberg, Savio Mwaka, Olive Kabajaasi, Eric Vittinghoff, Adithya Cattamanchi, Achilles Katamba, Nathan Kenya-Mugisha, Shevin T. Jacob and J. Lucian Davis

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:126

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  37. Content type: Debate

    Strategies are central to the National Institutes of Health’s definition of implementation research as “the study of strategies to integrate evidence-based interventions into specific settings.” Multiple schol...

    Authors: Jennifer Leeman, Sarah A. Birken, Byron J. Powell, Catherine Rohweder and Christopher M. Shea

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:125

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  38. Content type: Short report

    Theories provide a synthesizing architecture for implementation science. The underuse, superficial use, and misuse of theories pose a substantial scientific challenge for implementation science and may relate ...

    Authors: Sarah A. Birken, Byron J. Powell, Christopher M. Shea, Emily R. Haines, M. Alexis Kirk, Jennifer Leeman, Catherine Rohweder, Laura Damschroder and Justin Presseau

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:124

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Adapting promising health care interventions to local settings is a critical component in the dissemination and implementation process. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) rural transitions nurse program ...

    Authors: Chelsea Leonard, Emily Lawrence, Marina McCreight, Brandi Lippmann, Lynette Kelley, Ashlea Mayberry, Amy Ladebue, Heather Gilmartin, Murray J. Côté, Jacqueline Jones, Borsika A. Rabin, P. Michael Ho and Robert Burke

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:123

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    Behaviour change is key to addressing both the challenges facing human health and wellbeing and to promoting the uptake of research findings in health policy and practice. We need to make better use of the vas...

    Authors: Susan Michie, James Thomas, Marie Johnston, Pol Mac Aonghusa, John Shawe-Taylor, Michael P. Kelly, Léa A. Deleris, Ailbhe N. Finnerty, Marta M. Marques, Emma Norris, Alison O’Mara-Eves and Robert West

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:121

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    The rates of diabetes and prediabetes in the USA are growing, significantly impacting the quality and length of life of those diagnosed and financially burdening society. Premature death and disability can be ...

    Authors: Renee G. Parks, Rachel G. Tabak, Peg Allen, Elizabeth A. Baker, Katherine A. Stamatakis, Allison R. Poehler, Yan Yan, Marshall H. Chin, Jenine K. Harris, Maureen Dobbins and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:122

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  42. Content type: Research

    The Checklist for the Reporting of Updated Guidelines (CheckUp) was recently developed. However, so far, no systematic assessment of the reporting of updated clinical guidelines (CGs) exists. We aimed to exami...

    Authors: Robin W.M. Vernooij, Laura Martínez García, Ivan Dario Florez, Laura Hildago Armas, Michiel H.F. Poorthuis, Melissa Brouwers and Pablo Alonso-Coello

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:120

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:64

  43. Content type: Systematic review

    In health, organizational participatory research (OPR) refers to health organization members participating in research decisions, with university researchers, throughout a study. This non-academic partner cont...

    Authors: Paula L. Bush, Pierre Pluye, Christine Loignon, Vera Granikov, Michael T. Wright, Jean-François Pelletier, Gillian Bartlett-Esquilant, Ann C. Macaulay, Jeannie Haggerty, Sharon Parry and Carol Repchinsky

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:119

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  44. Content type: Short report

    Advancing implementation research and practice requires valid and reliable measures of implementation determinants, mechanisms, processes, strategies, and outcomes. However, researchers and implementation stak...

    Authors: Byron J. Powell, Cameo F. Stanick, Heather M. Halko, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Bryan J. Weiner, Melanie A. Barwick, Laura J. Damschroder, Michel Wensing, Luke Wolfenden and Cara C. Lewis

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:118

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  45. Content type: Research

    Audit and feedback (A&F) is a common strategy for helping health providers to implement evidence into practice. Despite being extensively studied, health care A&F interventions remain variably effective, with ...

    Authors: Heather L. Colquhoun, Kelly Carroll, Kevin W. Eva, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Noah Ivers, Susan Michie, Anne Sales and Jamie C. Brehaut

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:117

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    Health systems worldwide struggle to identify, adopt, and implement in a timely and system-wide manner the best—evidence-informed—policy-level practices. Yet, there is still only limited evidence about individ...

    Authors: Damien Contandriopoulos, François Benoît, Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Annie Carrier, Nancy Carter, Raisa Deber, Arnaud Duhoux, Trisha Greenhalgh, Catherine Larouche, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Adrian Levy, Ruth Martin-Misener, Katerina Maximova, Kimberlyn McGrail, Candace Nykiforuk, Noralou Roos…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:116

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  47. Content type: Research

    Poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can be seen as failure to meet recommended targets for management of key risk factors including glycaemic control, blood pressure and lipids. Poor control of r...

    Authors: Mark E. Murphy, Molly Byrne, Atieh Zarabzadeh, Derek Corrigan, Tom Fahey and Susan M. Smith

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:115

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  48. Content type: Research

    Indigenous smoking rates are up to 80% among pregnant women: prevalence among pregnant Australian Indigenous women was 45% in 2014, contributing significantly to the health gap for Indigenous Australians. We a...

    Authors: Gillian S. Gould, Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Lou Atkins, Maree Gruppetta, Marilyn J Clarke and Billie Bonevski

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:114

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