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  1. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) such as ischemic heart disease and stroke is the leading causes of death and disability globally with a growing burden in low and middle-income countries. A credible way of managin...

    Authors: Tonny B. Muthee, Derick Kimathi, Georgia C. Richards, Anthony Etyang, David Nunan, Veronika Williams and Carl Heneghan
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:57
  2. Cross-system interventions can help integrate services across different service delivery systems but require organizations to establish strong collaborative relationships for implementation. Contingency theory...

    Authors: Alicia C. Bunger, Emmeline Chuang, Amanda Girth, Kathryn E. Lancaster, Fawn Gadel, Marla Himmeger, Lisa Saldana, Byron J. Powell and Gregory A. Aarons
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:55
  3. Reducing the need for antibiotics is crucial in addressing the global threat of antimicrobial resistance. Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is one of the most frequent device-related infectio...

    Authors: Lou Atkins, Anna Sallis, Tim Chadborn, Karen Shaw, Annegret Schneider, Susan Hopkins, Amanda Bunten, Susan Michie and Fabiana Lorencatto
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:44
  4. Enacting knowledge translation (KT) in healthcare settings is a complex process that requires organizational facilitation. In addition to addressing organizational-level barriers, targeting individual-level fa...

    Authors: Christine Provvidenza, Ashleigh Townley, Joanne Wincentak, Sean Peacocke and Shauna Kingsnorth
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:54
  5. There are complex issues in understanding and categorizing implementation science theories, models, and frameworks. Systematic reviews of these models are important undertakings for synthesizing current knowle...

    Authors: Russell E. Glasgow, Paul A. Estabrooks and Marcia G. Ory
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:53

    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2020 15:52

  6. The study purpose was to compare the effectiveness of monthly or quarterly peer reminder knowledge translation interventions, with monthly or quarterly paper-based reminders, to sustain a mobility innovation, ...

    Authors: Susan E. Slaughter, Misha Eliasziw, Carla Ickert, C. Allyson Jones, Carole A. Estabrooks and Adrian S. Wagg
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:51
  7. Nudge interventions are those that seek to modify the social and physical environment to enhance capacity for subconscious behaviours that align with the intrinsic values of an individual, without actively res...

    Authors: Sze Lin Yoong, Alix Hall, Fiona Stacey, Alice Grady, Rachel Sutherland, Rebecca Wyse, Amy Anderson, Nicole Nathan and Luke Wolfenden
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:50
  8. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Numerous VTE prevention clinical practice guidelines are available but not consistently implemented. This sy...

    Authors: Juliana Abboud, Abir Abdel Rahman, Lara Kahale, Martin Dempster and Pauline Adair
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:49
  9. In 2018, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) issued Notice 2018-08 requiring facilities to complete “case reviews” for Veterans identified in the Stratification Tool for Opioid Risk Mitigation (STORM) dash...

    Authors: Shari S. Rogal, Matthew Chinman, Walid F. Gellad, Maria K. Mor, Hongwei Zhang, Sharon A. McCarthy, Genna T. Mauro, Jennifer A. Hale, Eleanor T. Lewis, Elizabeth M. Oliva, Jodie A. Trafton, Vera Yakovchenko, Adam J. Gordon and Leslie R. M. Hausmann
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:48
  10. Public policy has tremendous impacts on population health. While policy development has been extensively studied, policy implementation research is newer and relies largely on qualitative methods. Quantitative...

    Authors: Peg Allen, Meagan Pilar, Callie Walsh-Bailey, Cole Hooley, Stephanie Mazzucca, Cara C. Lewis, Kayne D. Mettert, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Jonathan Purtle, Maura M. Kepper, Ana A. Baumann and Ross C. Brownson
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:47
  11. Laboratory tests and transfusions are sometimes ordered inappropriately, particularly in the critical care setting, which sees frequent use of both. Audit and Feedback (A&F) is a potentially useful interventio...

    Authors: Madison Foster, Justin Presseau, Nicola McCleary, Kelly Carroll, Lauralyn McIntyre, Brian Hutton and Jamie Brehaut
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:46
  12. National audit is a key strategy used to improve care for patients with dementia. Audit and feedback has been shown to be effective, but with variation in how much it improves care. Both evidence and theory id...

    Authors: Michael Sykes, Richard Thomson, Niina Kolehmainen, Louise Allan and Tracy Finch
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:45
  13. Bridging factors are relational ties (e.g. partnerships), formal arrangements (e.g. contracts or polices) and processes (e.g. data sharing agreements) linking outer and inner contexts and are a recent evolutio...

    Authors: Rebecca Lengnick-Hall, Cathleen Willging, Michael Hurlburt, Karissa Fenwick and Gregory A. Aarons
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:43
  14. The emergence of SARS-CoV-2/Covid-19 affects all of us and is associated with rapid and massive changes in healthcare and societies. As a response, a range of interventions for patients and populations have be...

    Authors: Michel Wensing, Anne Sales, Rebecca Armstrong and Paul Wilson
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:42
  15. Health care professionals (HCPs) use clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to make evidence-informed decisions regarding patient care. Although a large number of cancer-related CPGs exist, it is unknown which CP...

    Authors: Jennifer R. Tomasone, Kaitlyn D. Kauffeldt, Rushil Chaudhary and Melissa C. Brouwers
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:41

    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2021 16:59

  16. Extensive efforts have been made to train mental health providers in evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs); there is increasing attention focused on the methods through which providers are trained to deliver E...

    Authors: Helen Valenstein-Mah, Nancy Greer, Lauren McKenzie, Lucas Hansen, Thad Q. Strom, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Timothy J. Wilt and Shannon M. Kehle-Forbes
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:40
  17. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) synthesize the best available evidence to guide clinician and patient decision making. There are a multitude of barriers and facilitators to clinicians adhering to CPGs; how...

    Authors: Mia Bierbaum, Frances Rapport, Gaston Arnolda, Brona Nic Giolla Easpaig, Klay Lamprell, Karen Hutchinson, Geoff P. Delaney, Winston Liauw, Richard Kefford, Ian Olver and Jeffrey Braithwaite
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:39
  18. In the last decade, there is an increasing focus on detecting and compiling lists of low-value nursing procedures. However, less is known about effective de-implementation strategies for these procedures. Ther...

    Authors: Tessa Rietbergen, Denise Spoon, Anja H. Brunsveld-Reinders, Jan W. Schoones, Anita Huis, Maud Heinen, Anke Persoon, Monique van Dijk, Hester Vermeulen, Erwin Ista and Leti van Bodegom-Vos
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:38
  19. Nutrition and physical activity policies have the potential to influence lifestyle patterns and reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases. In the world of health-related guidelines, GRADE (Grading of Reco...

    Authors: Jasmin Zähringer, Lukas Schwingshackl, Ani Movsisyan, Jan M. Stratil, Sara Capacci, Jürgen M. Steinacker, Sarah Forberger, Wolfgang Ahrens, Daniela Küllenberg de Gaudry, Holger J. Schünemann and Joerg J. Meerpohl
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:37
  20. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Monika Becker, Jessica Breuing, Monika Nothacker, Stefanie Deckert, Marie Brombach, Jochen Schmitt, Edmund Neugebauer and Dawid Pieper
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:36

    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2019 14:71

  21. The implementation of complex interventions experiences challenges that affect the extent to which they become embedded and scaled-up. Implementation at scale in complex environments like community settings de...

    Authors: J. Ellis, R. Band, K. Kinsella, T. Cheetham-Blake, E. James, S. Ewings and A. Rogers
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:35
  22. ‘Implementation interventions’ refer to methods used to enhance the adoption and implementation of clinical interventions such as diabetic retinopathy screening (DRS). DRS is effective, yet uptake is often sub...

    Authors: Fiona Riordan, Emmy Racine, Eunice T. Phillip, Colin Bradley, Fabiana Lorencatto, Mark Murphy, Aileen Murphy, John Browne, Susan M. Smith, Patricia M. Kearney and Sheena M. McHugh
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:34

    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2020 15:61

  23. Hospital drug formularies are reduced lists of drugs designed to optimise inpatient care. Adherence to the drugs included in such formularies is not always 100% but is generally very high. Little research has ...

    Authors: Raquel Vázquez-Mourelle, Eduardo Carracedo-Martínez and Adolfo Figueiras
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:33
  24. A community-based dengue fever intervention was implemented in Burkina Faso in 2017. The results achieved vary from one area to another. The objective of this article is to analyze the implementation of this i...

    Authors: Issa Sombié, Stéphanie Degroote, Paul André Somé and Valéry Ridde
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:32
  25. Ghana significantly reduced maternal and newborn mortality between 1990 and 2015, largely through efforts focused on improving access to care. Yet achieving further progress requires improving the quality and ...

    Authors: Caitlin R. Williams, Stephanie Bogdewic, Medge D. Owen, Emmanuel K. Srofenyoh and Rohit Ramaswamy
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:31
  26. There is a continued need to evaluate training programs in dissemination and implementation (D&I) research. Scientific products yielded from trainees are an important and objective measure to understand the ca...

    Authors: Rebekah R. Jacob, Angeline Gacad, Margaret Padek, Graham A. Colditz, Karen M. Emmons, Jon F. Kerner, David A. Chambers and Ross C. Brownson
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:30
  27. Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women in the United States (US) remains a complex public health crisis. Women who experience IPV are among the most vulnerable patients seen in primary care. Screening i...

    Authors: Katherine M. Iverson, Melissa E. Dichter, Kelly Stolzmann, Omonyêlé L. Adjognon, Robert A. Lew, LeAnn E. Bruce, Megan R. Gerber, Galina A. Portnoy and Christopher J. Miller
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:29
  28. Implementation strategies increase the adoption of evidence-based practices, but they require resources. Although information about implementation costs is critical for decision-makers with budget constraints,...

    Authors: Zuleyha Cidav, David Mandell, Jeffrey Pyne, Rinad Beidas, Geoffrey Curran and Steven Marcus
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:28
  29. Quality improvement collaboratives are widely used to improve health care in both high-income and low and middle-income settings. Teams from multiple health facilities share learning on a given topic and apply...

    Authors: Karen Zamboni, Ulrika Baker, Mukta Tyagi, Joanna Schellenberg, Zelee Hill and Claudia Hanson
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:27
  30. Rates of opioid prescribing tripled in the USA between 1999 and 2015 and were associated with significant increases in opioid misuse and overdose death. Roughly half of all opioids are prescribed in primary ca...

    Authors: Andrew Quanbeck, Daniel Almirall, Nora Jacobson, Randall T. Brown, Jillian K. Landeck, Lynn Madden, Andrew Cohen, Brienna M. F. Deyo, James Robinson, Roberta A. Johnson and Nicholas Schumacher
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:26
  31. Delays in diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) remain common in high-burden countries. To improve case detection, substantial investments have been made to scale-up Xpert MTB/RIF (Xpert), a cartridge-b...

    Authors: Tania F. Reza, Talemwa Nalugwa, Katherine Farr, Mariam Nantale, Denis Oyuku, Annet Nakaweesa, Johnson Musinguzi, Moksha Vangala, Priya B. Shete, Austin Tucker, Olivia Ferguson, Katherine Fielding, Hojoon Sohn, David Dowdy, David A. J. Moore, J. Lucian Davis…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:24
  32. Efforts to improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of health care provision have often focused on changing approaches to the way services are organized and delivered. Continuous quality improvement (CQI), ...

    Authors: James E. Hill, Anne-Marie Stephani, Paul Sapple and Andrew J. Clegg
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:23
  33. The need to build capacity for health policy and systems research (HPSR) in low- and middle-income countries has been underscored as this encompasses the processes of decision-making at all levels of the healt...

    Authors: Obinna Onwujekwe, Chinyere Mbachu, Enyi Etiaba, Nkoli Ezumah, Uchenna Ezenwaka, Ifeyinwa Arize, Chinyere Okeke, Chikezie Nwankwor and Benjamin Uzochukwu
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:22
  34. Understanding the mechanisms of implementation strategies (i.e., the processes by which strategies produce desired effects) is important for research to understand why a strategy did or did not achieve its int...

    Authors: Cara C. Lewis, Meredith R. Boyd, Callie Walsh-Bailey, Aaron R. Lyon, Rinad Beidas, Brian Mittman, Gregory A. Aarons, Bryan J. Weiner and David A. Chambers
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:21
  35. Low-value care initiatives are rapidly growing; however, it is not clear how members of the public should be involved. The objective of this scoping review was to systematically examine the literature describi...

    Authors: Emma E. Sypes, Chloe de Grood, Fiona M. Clement, Jeanna Parsons Leigh, Liam Whalen-Browne, Henry T. Stelfox and Daniel J. Niven
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:20
  36. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported a typo in the title of the article.

    Authors: Sarah Gimbel, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Kristjana Ásbjörnsdóttir, Joana Coutinho, Leonel Andela, Bonifacio Cebola, Heidi Craine, Jonny Crocker, Leecreesha Hicks, Sarah Holte, Rodrigues Hossieke, Edgar Itai, Carol Levin, Nelia Manaca, Filipe Murgorgo, Miguel Nhumba…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:19

    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2020 15:15

  37. Effective implementation strategies might facilitate patient-centered medical home (PCMH) uptake and spread by targeting barriers to change. Evidence-based quality improvement (EBQI) is a multi-faceted impleme...

    Authors: Susan E. Stockdale, Alison B. Hamilton, Alicia A. Bergman, Danielle E. Rose, Karleen F. Giannitrapani, Timothy R. Dresselhaus, Elizabeth M. Yano and Lisa V. Rubenstein
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:18
  38. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) is a determinants framework that may require adaptation or contextualization to fit the needs of implementation scientists in low- and middle-incom...

    Authors: Arianna Rubin Means, Christopher G. Kemp, Marie-Claire Gwayi-Chore, Sarah Gimbel, Caroline Soi, Kenneth Sherr, Bradley H. Wagenaar, Judith N. Wasserheit and Bryan J. Weiner
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:17
  39. New opportunities to record, collate, and analyze routine patient data have prompted optimism about the potential of learning health systems. However, real-life examples of such systems remain rare and few hav...

    Authors: Mary Dixon-Woods, Anne Campbell, Trillium Chang, Graham Martin, Alexandros Georgiadis, Veronica Heney, Sarah Chew, Aricca Van Citters, Kathryn A. Sabadosa and Eugene C. Nelson
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:16
  40. Across sub-Saharan Africa, evidence-based clinical guidelines to screen and manage hypertension exist; however, country level application is low due to lack of service readiness, uneven health worker motivatio...

    Authors: Sarah Gimbel, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Kristjana Ásbjörnsdóttir, Joana Coutinho, Leonel Andela, Bonifacio Cebola, Heidi Craine, Jonny Crocker, Leecreesha Hicks, Sarah Holte, Rodrigues Hossieke, Edgar Itai, Carol Levin, Nelia Manaca, Filipe Murgorgo, Miguel Nhumba…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:15

    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2020 15:19

  41. While there is an ample literature on the evaluation of knowledge translation interventions aimed at healthcare providers, managers, and policy-makers, there has been less focus on patients and their informal ...

    Authors: Evelina Chapman, Michelle M. Haby, Tereza Setsuko Toma, Maritsa Carla de Bortoli, Eduardo Illanes, Maria Jose Oliveros and Jorge O. Maia Barreto
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:14
  42. In the context of task shifting, a promoted approach to healthcare delivery in resource-poor settings, trained community health workers (CHWs) have been shown to be effective in delivering quality care of mala...

    Authors: Oluwatomi Adeoti, Donna Spiegelman, Chinenye Afonne, Catherine O. Falade, Ayodele S. Jegede, Frederick O. Oshiname, Melba Gomes and IkeOluwapo O. Ajayi
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:13
  43. Innovations to improve quality and safety in healthcare are increasingly complex, targeting multiple disciplines and organizational levels, and often requiring significant behavior change by those delivering c...

    Authors: Laura M. Holdsworth, Nadia Safaeinili, Marcy Winget, Karl A. Lorenz, Mary Lough, Steve Asch and Elizabeth Malcolm
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:12
  44. Application of knowledge translation (KT) theories, models, and frameworks (TMFs) is one method for successfully incorporating evidence into clinical care. However, there are multiple KT TMFs and little guidan...

    Authors: Rosmin Esmail, Heather M Hanson, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Sage Brown, Lisa Strifler, Sharon E Straus, Daniel J. Niven and Fiona M. Clement
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:11
  45. Implementation theory suggests that first-level leaders, sometimes referred to as middle managers, can increase clinicians’ use of evidence-based practice (EBP) in healthcare settings by enacting specific lead...

    Authors: Nathaniel J. Williams, Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Emily M. Becker-Haimes and Rinad S. Beidas
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:10
  46. Tobacco use remains the leading cause of death and disability in the USA and is disproportionately concentrated among low socioeconomic status (SES) populations. Community Health Centers (CHCs) are a key venue...

    Authors: Maria E. Fernandez, Chelsey R. Schlechter, Guilherme Del Fiol, Bryan Gibson, Kensaku Kawamoto, Tracey Siaperas, Alan Pruhs, Tom Greene, Inbal Nahum-Shani, Sandra Schulthies, Marci Nelson, Claudia Bohner, Heidi Kramer, Damian Borbolla, Sharon Austin, Charlene Weir…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:9
  47. De-implementation or abandonment of ineffective or low-value healthcare is becoming a priority research field globally due to the growing empirical evidence of the high prevalence of such care and its impact i...

    Authors: Alvaro Sanchez, Jose Ignacio Pijoan, Susana Pablo, Marta Mediavilla, Rita Sainz de Rozas, Itxasne Lekue, Susana Gonzalez-Larragan, Gaspar Lantaron, Jon Argote, Arturo García-Álvarez, Pedro Maria Latorre, Christian D. Helfrich and Gonzalo Grandes
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:8
  48. User-centered design (UCD) methods are well-established techniques for creating useful artifacts, but few studies illustrate their application to clinical feedback reports. When used as an implementation strat...

    Authors: Zach Landis-Lewis, Jennifer Kononowech, Winifred J. Scott, Robert V. Hogikyan, Joan G. Carpenter, V. S. Periyakoil, Susan C. Miller, Cari Levy, Mary Ersek and Anne Sales
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:7

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