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  1. There is a paucity of translational research programmes to improve implementation of evidence-based care in drug and alcohol settings. This systematic review aimed to provide a synthesis and evaluation of the ...

    Authors: Eva Louie, Emma L. Barrett, Andrew Baillie, Paul Haber and Kirsten C. Morley
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:22
  2. Care transitions of older persons between multiple care settings are frequently hampered by various issues such as discontinuous care delivery or poor information transfer among healthcare providers. Therefore...

    Authors: Amal Fakha, Lindsay Groenvynck, Bram de Boer, Theo van Achterberg, Jan Hamers and Hilde Verbeek
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:21
  3. Decreasing ineffective or harmful healthcare practices (de-implementation) may require different approaches than those used to promote uptake of effective practices (implementation). Few psychological theories...

    Authors: Andrea M. Patey, Jeremy M. Grimshaw and Jill J. Francis
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:20
  4. Audit and feedback (A&F) often successfully enhances health professionals’ intentions to improve quality of care but does not consistently lead to practice changes. Recipients often cite data credibility and l...

    Authors: Laura Desveaux, Noah Michael Ivers, Kim Devotta, Noor Ramji, Karen Weyman and Tara Kiran
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:19
  5. The fields of implementation science and knowledge translation have evolved somewhat independently from the field of policy implementation research, despite calls for better integration. As a result, implement...

    Authors: Heather L. Bullock, John N. Lavis, Michael G. Wilson, Gillian Mulvale and Ashleigh Miatello
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:18
  6. The application of economic analysis within implementation science is still developing and the cost of intervention development, which differs markedly from the costs of initial implementation and maintenance,...

    Authors: Susan Ahern, Fiona Riordan, Aileen Murphy, John Browne, Patricia M. Kearney, Susan M. Smith and Sheena M. McHugh
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:17
  7. Despite wide recognition that clinical care should be informed by the best available evidence, this does not always occur. Despite a myriad of theories, models and frameworks to promote evidence-based populati...

    Authors: Ann Dadich, Annika Piper and Dominiek Coates
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:16

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2021 16:79

  8. Like in many settings, implementation of evidence-based practices often fall short in pediatric intensive care units (PICU). Very few prior studies have applied implementation science frameworks to understand ...

    Authors: Katherine M. Steffen, Laura M. Holdsworth, Mackenzie A. Ford, Grace M. Lee, Steven M. Asch and Enola K. Proctor
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:15
  9. A large proportion of artemisinin-combination therapy (ACT) anti-malarial medicines is consumed by individuals that do not have malaria. The over-consumption of ACTs is largely driven by retail sales in high m...

    Authors: Aaron M. Woolsey, Ryan A. Simmons, Meley Woldeghebriel, Yunji Zhou, Oluwatosin Ogunsola, Sarah Laing, Tayo Olaleye, Joseph Kipkoech, Bomar Mendez Rojas, Indrani Saran, Mercy Odhiambo, Josephine Malinga, George Ambani, Emmah Kimachas, Chizoba Fashanu, Owens Wiwa…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:14

    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2022 17:61

    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2021 16:27

  10. Research use in policymaking is multi-faceted and has been the focus of extensive study. However, virtually no quantitative studies have examined whether the determinants of research use vary according to the ...

    Authors: Jonathan Purtle, Katherine L. Nelson, Sarah Mc Cue Horwitz, Mary M. McKay and Kimberly E. Hoagwood
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:13
  11. Family planning (FP) can lengthen birth intervals and potentially reduce the risk of foetal death, low birthweight, prematurity, and being small for gestational age. Effective FP is most easily achieved throug...

    Authors: Jayne Webster, Shari Krishnaratne, Jenna Hoyt, Shiferaw Dechasa Demissie, Nathaly Spilotros, Justine Landegger, Misozi Kambanje, Shannon Pryor, Easterlina Moseti, Seth Marcus, Marius Gnintoungbe, Dora Curry and Jessie K. Hamon
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:12
  12. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Rebecca Garr Whitaker, Nina Sperber, Michael Baumgartner, Alrik Thiem, Deborah Cragun, Laura Damschroder, Edward J. Miech, Alecia Slade and Sarah Birken
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:11

    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2020 15:108

  13. Public or patient versions of guidelines (PVGs) are derivative documents that “translate” recommendations and their rationale from clinical guidelines for health professionals into a more easily understandable...

    Authors: Xiaoqin Wang, Yaolong Chen, Elie A. Akl, Ružica Tokalić, Ana Marušić, Amir Qaseem, Yngve Falck-Ytter, Myeong Soo Lee, Madelin Siedler, Sarah L. Barber, Mingming Zhang, Edwin S. Y. Chan, Janne Estill, Joey S. W. Kwong, Akiko Okumura, Qi Zhou…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:10
  14. The prescribing of high-risk medications to older adults remains extremely common and results in potentially avoidable health consequences. Efforts to reduce prescribing have had limited success, in part becau...

    Authors: Julie C. Lauffenburger, Thomas Isaac, Lorenzo Trippa, Punam Keller, Ted Robertson, Robert J. Glynn, Thomas D. Sequist, Dae H. Kim, Constance P. Fontanet, Edward W. B. Castonguay, Nancy Haff, Renee A. Barlev, Mufaddal Mahesri, Chandrashekar Gopalakrishnan and Niteesh K. Choudhry
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:9
  15. Healthcare workers perform clinical behaviours which impact on patient diagnoses, care, treatment and recovery. Some methods of supporting healthcare workers in changing their behaviour make use of social norm...

    Authors: Mei Yee Tang, Sarah Rhodes, Rachael Powell, Laura McGowan, Elizabeth Howarth, Benjamin Brown and Sarah Cotterill
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:8
  16. First articulated by Schwartz and Lellouch (1967), randomized controlled trials (RCTs) can be conceptualized along a continuum from more explanatory to more pragmatic. The purpose and intent of the former is t...

    Authors: Wynne E. Norton, Kirsty Loudon, David A. Chambers and Merrick Zwarenstein
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:7
  17. Alcohol is a leading risk factor contributing to the global burden of disease. Several national and international agencies recommend that screening and brief interventions (SBI) should be routinely delivered i...

    Authors: Frederico Rosário, Maria Inês Santos, Kathryn Angus, Leo Pas, Cristina Ribeiro and Niamh Fitzgerald
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:6
  18. The misuse of and addiction to opioids is a national crisis that affects public health as well as social and economic welfare. There is an urgent need for strategies to improve opioid use disorder treatment qu...

    Authors: Megan A. O’Grady, Patricia Lincourt, Belinda Greenfield, Marc W. Manseau, Shazia Hussain, Kamala Greene Genece and Charles J. Neighbors
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:5
  19. Improving quality of care is a key priority to reduce neonatal mortality and stillbirths. The Safe Care, Saving Lives programme aimed to improve care in newborn care units and labour wards of 60 public and pri...

    Authors: Karen Zamboni, Samiksha Singh, Mukta Tyagi, Zelee Hill, Claudia Hanson and Joanna Schellenberg
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:4
  20. More than two-thirds of youth experience trauma during childhood, and up to 1 in 5 of these youth develops posttraumatic stress symptoms that significantly impair their functioning. Although trauma-focused cog...

    Authors: Aaron R. Lyon, Michael D. Pullmann, Shannon Dorsey, Carol Levin, Larissa M. Gaias, Stephanie K. Brewer, Madeline Larson, Catherine M. Corbin, Chayna Davis, Ian Muse, Mahima Joshi, Rosemary Reyes, Nathaniel J. Jungbluth, Rachel Barrett, David Hong, Michael D. Gomez…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:3
  21. Thirty-three US states and Washington, D.C., have enacted medical cannabis laws allowing patients with chronic non-cancer pain to use cannabis, when recommended by a physician, to manage their condition. Howev...

    Authors: Emma E. McGinty, Kayla N. Tormohlen, Colleen L. Barry, Mark C. Bicket, Lainie Rutkow and Elizabeth A. Stuart
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:2
  22. Despite the known benefits of healthy eating in childhood, few Australian childcare services provide food that is consistent with dietary guidelines. The effectiveness of a web-based menu planning intervention...

    Authors: Penny Reeves, Kim Edmunds, Zoe Szewczyk, Alice Grady, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden, Rebecca Wyse, Meghan Finch, Fiona Stacey, John Wiggers and Andrew Searles
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:1
  23. Authors: Noura Bawab, Joanna C. Moullin, Olivier Bugnon, Clémence Perraudin, April Morrow, Priscilla Chan, Emily Hogden, Natalie Taylor, Mark Pearson, Daniele Carrieri, Karen Mattick, Chrysanthi Papoutsi, Simon Briscoe, Geoff Wong, Mark Jackson, Alita Rushton…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15(Suppl 4):105

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 4

  24. Theory-based methods to support the uptake of evidence-based practices (EBPs) are critical to improving mental health outcomes. Implementation strategy costs can be substantial, and few have been rigorously ev...

    Authors: Andria B. Eisman, David W. Hutton, Lisa A. Prosser, Shawna N. Smith and Amy M. Kilbourne
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:109
  25. Implementation of multifaceted interventions typically involves many diverse elements working together in interrelated ways, including intervention components, implementation strategies, and features of local ...

    Authors: Rebecca Garr Whitaker, Nina Sperber, Michael Baumgartner, Alrik Thiem, Deborah Cragun, Laura Damschroder, Edward J. Miech, Alecia Slade and Sarah Birken
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:108

    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2021 16:11

  26. With the global shortage of skilled health workers estimated at 7.2 million, outpatient tuberculosis (TB) care is commonly task-shifted to lay health workers (LHWs) in many low- and middle-income countries whe...

    Authors: Lisa M. Puchalski Ritchie, Monique van Lettow, Austine Makwakwa, Ester C. Kip, Sharon E. Straus, Harry Kawonga, Jemila S. Hamid, Gerald Lebovic, Kevin E. Thorpe, Merrick Zwarenstein, Michael J. Schull, Adrienne K. Chan, Alexandra Martiniuk and Vanessa van Schoor
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:107
  27. In low- and middle-income countries, there is an increasing attention towards community approaches to deal with the growing burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, few studies have explored the implem...

    Authors: Rawlance Ndejjo, Rhoda K. Wanyenze, Fred Nuwaha, Hilde Bastiaens and Geofrey Musinguzi
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:106
  28. Clinical leadership is fundamental in facilitating service improvements in healthcare. Few studies have attempted to understand or model the different approaches to leadership which are used when promoting the...

    Authors: Amy Grove, Aileen Clarke, Graeme Currie, Andy Metcalfe, Catherine Pope and Kate Seers
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:104
  29. Although comprehensive reporting guidelines for implementation strategy use within implementation research exist, they are rarely used by clinical (i.e., efficacy and effectiveness) researchers. In this debate...

    Authors: Brittany N. Rudd, Molly Davis and Rinad S. Beidas
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:103
  30. The true burden of tuberculosis in children remains unknown, but approximately 65% go undetected each year. Guidelines for tuberculosis clinical decision-making are in place in Kenya, and the National Tubercul...

    Authors: Jacquie Narotso Oliwa, Jacinta Nzinga, Enos Masini, Michaël Boele van Hensbroek, Caroline Jones, Mike English and Anja van’t Hoog
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:102
  31. Compliance with clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) remains insufficient around the world, despite frequent updates and continuing efforts to disseminate and implement these guidelines through a variety of str...

    Authors: Noriko Sasaki, Naohito Yamaguchi, Akiko Okumura, Masahiro Yoshida, Hiroyuki Sugawara, Jung-ho Shin, Susumu Kunisawa and Yuichi Imanaka
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:101
  32. Inappropriate laboratory test ordering poses an important burden for healthcare. Clinical decision support systems (CDSS) have been cited as promising tools to improve laboratory test ordering behavior. The ob...

    Authors: Nicolas Delvaux, Veerle Piessens, Tine De Burghgraeve, Pavlos Mamouris, Bert Vaes, Robert Vander Stichele, Hanne Cloetens, Josse Thomas, Dirk Ramaekers, An De Sutter and Bert Aertgeerts
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:100
  33. The implementation of evidence-based protocols for stroke management in the emergency department (ED) for the appropriate triage, administration of tissue plasminogen activator to eligible patients, management...

    Authors: Elizabeth McInnes, Simeon Dale, Louise Craig, Rosemary Phillips, Oyebola Fasugba, Verena Schadewaldt, N. Wah Cheung, Dominique A. Cadilhac, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Chris Levi, Julie Considine, Patrick McElduff, Richard Gerraty, Mark Fitzgerald, Jeanette Ward, Catherine D’Este…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:99
  34. Despite being one of the few evidence-based treatments for acute ischemic stroke, intravenous thrombolysis has low implementation rates—mainly due to a narrow therapeutic window and the health system changes r...

    Authors: Md Golam Hasnain, John R. Attia, Shahinoor Akter, Tabassum Rahman, Alix Hall, Isobel J. Hubbard, Christopher R. Levi and Christine L. Paul
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:98
  35. The field of dissemination and implementation (D&I) science has grown significantly over recent years. Alongside this, an increased demand for training in D&I from researchers and implementers has been seen. R...

    Authors: Rachel Davis and Danielle D’Lima
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:97
  36. Screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) not only detects disease early when treatment is more effective but also prevents cancer by finding and removing precancerous polyps. Because many of our nation’s most dis...

    Authors: Karen Kim, Blasé Polite, Donald Hedeker, David Liebovitz, Fornessa Randal, Manasi Jayaprakash, Michael Quinn, Sang Mee Lee and Helen Lam
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:96
  37. Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of pain and disability worldwide. Despite research supporting best practice, evidence-based guidelines are often not followed. Little is known about the implementation of non-...

    Authors: Laura Swaithes, Krysia Dziedzic, Andrew Finney, Elizabeth Cottrell, Clare Jinks, Christian Mallen, Graeme Currie and Zoe Paskins
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:95
  38. Substance use disorders (SUDs) lead to tens-of-thousands of overdose deaths and other forms of preventable deaths in the USA each year. This results in over $500 billion per year in societal and economic costs...

    Authors: Veronica M. White, Todd Molfenter, David H. Gustafson, Julie Horst, Rachelle Greller, David H. Gustafson Jr, Jee-Seon Kim, Eric Preuss, Olivia Cody, Praan Pisitthakarm and Alexander Toy
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:94
  39. The use of low-value care (LVC) is widespread and has an impact on both the use of resources and the quality of care. However, few studies have thus far studied the factors influencing the use of LVC from the ...

    Authors: Sara Ingvarsson, Hanna Augustsson, Henna Hasson, Per Nilsen, Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz and Mia von Knorring
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:93
  40. Cirrhosis is a rapidly increasing cause of global mortality. To improve cirrhosis care, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) developed the Hepatic Innovation Team (HIT) Collaborative to support VA Medical...

    Authors: Shari S. Rogal, Vera Yakovchenko, Timothy Morgan, Jasmohan S. Bajaj, Rachel Gonzalez, Angela Park, Lauren Beste, Edward J. Miech, Carolyn Lamorte, Brittney Neely, Sandra Gibson, Patrick S. Malone, Maggie Chartier, Tamar Taddei, Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao, Byron J. Powell…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:92
  41. Studies of clinical effectiveness have demonstrated the many benefits of programmes that avoid unnecessary hospitalisations. Therefore, it is imperative to examine the factors influencing implementation of the...

    Authors: Mitchell Sarkies, Janet C. Long, Chiara Pomare, Wendy Wu, Robyn Clay-Williams, Hoa Mi Nguyen, Emilie Francis-Auton, Johanna Westbrook, Jean-Frédéric Levesque, Diane E. Watson and Jeffrey Braithwaite
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:91
  42. An epidemic of health disorders can be triggered by a collective manifestation of inappropriate behaviors, usually systematically fueled by non-medical factors at the individual and/or societal levels. This st...

    Authors: Leesa Lin, Prima Alam, Elizabeth Fearon and James R. Hargreaves
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:90
  43. Research has the potential to influence US social policy; however, existing research in this area lacks a coherent message. The Model for Dissemination of Research provides a framework through which to synthes...

    Authors: Laura Ellen Ashcraft, Deirdre A. Quinn and Ross C. Brownson
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:89
  44. Implementation science has focused mainly on the initial uptake and use of evidence-based practices (EBPs), with less attention to sustainment—i.e., continuous use of these practices, as intended, over time in...

    Authors: Sarah A. Birken, Emily R. Haines, Soohyun Hwang, David A. Chambers, Alicia C. Bunger and Per Nilsen
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:88
  45. Though the knowledge base on implementation strategies is growing, much remains unknown about how to most effectively operationalize these strategies in diverse contexts. For example, while evidence shows that...

    Authors: Arwen E. Bunce, Inga Gruß, James V. Davis, Stuart Cowburn, Deborah Cohen, Jee Oakley and Rachel Gold
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:87
  46. Authors: Sara J. Landes, Suzanne E. U. Kerns, Meagan R. Pilar, Callie Walsh-Bailey, Stephanie H. Yu, Y. Vivian Byeon, Margaret E. Crane, Madeline Larson, Heather L. Bullock, Ana A. Baumann, Katherine Anne Comtois, Doyanne Darnell, Shannon Dorsey, Phil Fizur, Cara C. Lewis, Joanna C. Moullin…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15(Suppl 3):76

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 3

  47. Failing to account for the resources required to successfully implement public health interventions can lead to an underestimation of costs and budget impact, optimistic cost-effectiveness estimates, and ultim...

    Authors: Hojoon Sohn, Austin Tucker, Olivia Ferguson, Isabella Gomes and David Dowdy
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:86
  48. Mis-implementation—defined as failure to successfully implement and continue evidence-based programs—is widespread in public health practice. Yet the causes of this phenomenon are poorly understood.

    Authors: Joseph T. Ornstein, Ross A. Hammond, Margaret Padek, Stephanie Mazzucca and Ross C. Brownson
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:85
  49. Numerous models, frameworks, and theories exist for specific aspects of implementation research, including for determinants, strategies, and outcomes. However, implementation research projects often fail to pr...

    Authors: Justin D. Smith, Dennis H. Li and Miriam R. Rafferty
    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:84

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2021 16:97

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