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  1. Content type: Research

    Few measures of research use in health policymaking are available, and the reliability of such measures has yet to be evaluated. A new measure called the Staff Assessment of Engagement with Evidence (SAGE) inc...

    Authors: Steve R. Makkar, Anna Williamson, Catherine D’Este and Sally Redman

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:149

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  2. Content type: Research

    Informed by our prior work indicating that therapists do not feel recognized or rewarded for implementation of evidence-based practices, we tested the feasibility and acceptability of two incentive-based imple...

    Authors: Rinad S. Beidas, Emily M. Becker-Haimes, Danielle R. Adams, Laura Skriner, Rebecca E. Stewart, Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Alison M. Buttenheim, Nathaniel J. Williams, Patricia Inacker, Elizabeth Richey and Steven C. Marcus

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:148

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Laboratory testing is an important clinical act with a valuable role in screening, diagnosis, management and monitoring of diseases or therapies. However, inappropriate laboratory test ordering is frequent, bu...

    Authors: Nicolas Delvaux, An De Sutter, Stijn Van de Velde, Dirk Ramaekers, Steffen Fieuws and Bert Aertgeerts

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:147

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    The effectiveness of many interventions to promote health and prevent disease has been well established. The imperative has therefore shifted from amassing evidence about efficacy to scale-up to maximise popul...

    Authors: Kathleen P. Conte, Sisse Groen, Victoria Loblay, Amanda Green, Andrew Milat, Lina Persson, Christine Innes-Hughes, Jo Mitchell, Sarah Thackway, Mandy Williams and Penelope Hawe

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:146

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  5. Content type: Systematic review

    A range of evidence informs decision-making on innovation in health care, including formal research findings, local data and professional opinion. However, cultural and organisational factors often prevent the...

    Authors: Simon Turner, Danielle D’Lima, Emma Hudson, Stephen Morris, Jessica Sheringham, Nick Swart and Naomi J. Fulop

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:145

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  6. Content type: Research

    Although the importance of evaluating implementation fidelity is acknowledged, little is known about heterogeneity in fidelity over time. This study aims to generate insight into the heterogeneity in implement...

    Authors: Femke Hoekstra, Marjolein A. G. van Offenbeek, Rienk Dekker, Florentina J. Hettinga, Trynke Hoekstra, Lucas H. V. van der Woude and Cees P. van der Schans

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:143

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  7. Content type: Systematic review

    Care bundles are a set of three to five evidence-informed practices performed collectively and reliably to improve the quality of care. Care bundles are used widely across healthcare settings with the aim of p...

    Authors: Jacqueline F. Lavallée, Trish A. Gray, Jo Dumville, Wanda Russell and Nicky Cullum

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:142

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  8. Content type: Research

    In 2011, Manitoba implemented a province-wide program of physician detailing and free sampling for generic atorvastatin to increase use of this generic statin. We examined the impact of this unique combined pr...

    Authors: Heather C. Worthington, Lucy Cheng, Sumit R. Majumdar, Steven G. Morgan, Colette B. Raymond, Stephen B. Soumerai and Michael R. Law

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:141

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  9. Content type: Systematic review

    One of the key strategies to successful implementation of effective health-related interventions is targeting improvements in stakeholder engagement. The discrete choice experiment (DCE) is a stated preference...

    Authors: Ramzi G. Salloum, Elizabeth A. Shenkman, Jordan J. Louviere and David A. Chambers

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:140

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  10. Content type: Systematic review

    While an extensive array of existing evidence-based practices (EBPs) have the potential to improve patient outcomes, little is known about how to implement EBPs on a larger scale. Therefore, we sought to ident...

    Authors: Ali Ben Charif, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Annie LeBlanc, Léa Langlois, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong, Christopher M. Williams, Roxanne Lépine and France Légaré

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:139

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  11. Content type: Research

    The recent growth in organized efforts to advance dissemination and implementation (D & I) science suggests a rapidly expanding community focused on the adoption and sustainment of evidence-based practices (EB...

    Authors: Doyanne Darnell, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Abigail Melvin, Jonathan Chi, Aaron R. Lyon and Cara C. Lewis

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:137

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  12. Content type: Research

    Implementation strategies are imperative for the successful adoption and sustainability of complex evidence-based public health practices. Creating a learning collaborative is one strategy that was part of a r...

    Authors: Carla L. DeSisto, Cameron Estrich, Charlan D. Kroelinger, David A. Goodman, Ellen Pliska, Christine N. Mackie, Lisa F. Waddell and Kristin M. Rankin

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:138

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Overdoses due to non-medical use of prescription opioids and other opiates have become the leading cause of accidental deaths in the USA. Buprenorphine and extended-release naltrexone are key evidence-based ph...

    Authors: Todd Molfenter, Hannah K. Knudsen, Randy Brown, Nora Jacobson, Julie Horst, Mark Van Etten, Jee-Seon Kim, Eric Haram, Elizabeth Collier, Sanford Starr, Alexander Toy and Lynn Madden

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:135

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  14. Content type: Research

    Guideline implementation tools (GI tools) can improve clinician behavior and patient outcomes. Analyses of guidelines published before 2010 found that many did not offer GI tools. Since 2010 standards, framewo...

    Authors: Laurel Liang, Jhoni Abi Safi and Anna R. Gagliardi

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:136

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  15. Content type: Methodology

    Individuals with severe mental illness (e.g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) die 10–25 years earlier than the general population, primarily from premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Contributing factors a...

    Authors: Christina Mangurian, Grace C. Niu, Dean Schillinger, John W. Newcomer, James Dilley and Margaret A. Handley

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:134

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  16. Content type: Research

    Leadership style and specific organizational climates have emerged as critical mechanisms to implement targeted practices in organizations. Drawing from relevant theories, we propose that climate for implement...

    Authors: Erick G. Guerrero, Karissa Fenwick and Yinfei Kong

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:133

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  17. Content type: Systematic review

    The aim of this mixed-methods, systematic literature review was to develop an understanding of the factors affecting the implementation of tobacco and substance use intervention programmes in the secondary sch...

    Authors: Gillian Waller, Tracy Finch, Emma L. Giles and Dorothy Newbury-Birch

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:130

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  18. Content type: Systematic review

    It is widely acknowledged that health policy and management decisions rarely reflect research evidence. Therefore, it is important to determine how to improve evidence-informed decision-making. The primary aim...

    Authors: Mitchell N. Sarkies, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Elizabeth H. Skinner, Romi Haas, Haylee Lane and Terry P. Haines

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:132

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  19. Content type: Commentary

    Implementing research findings into healthcare practice and policy is a complex process occurring in diverse contexts; it invariably depends on changing human behaviour in many parts of an intricate implementa...

    Authors: Susan Michie and Marie Johnston

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:131

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    A large and compelling clinical evidence base has shown that integrated TB and HIV services leads to reduction in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- and tuberculosis (TB)-associated mortality and morbidity. D...

    Authors: Kogieleum Naidoo, Santhanalakshmi Gengiah, Nonhlanhla Yende-Zuma, Nesri Padayatchi, Pierre Barker, Andrew Nunn, Priashni Subrayen and Salim S. Abdool Karim

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:129

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  21. Content type: Research

    Organizational readiness to change healthcare practice is a major determinant of successful implementation of evidence-based interventions. However, we lack of comprehensive, valid, and reliable instruments to...

    Authors: Gonzalo Grandes, Paola Bully, Catalina Martinez and Marie-Pierre Gagnon

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:128

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    The Enhancing Mental and Physical health of Women through Engagement and Retention or EMPOWER program represents a partnership with the US Department of Veterans Health Administration (VA) Health Service Resea...

    Authors: Alison B. Hamilton, Melissa M. Farmer, Tannaz Moin, Erin P. Finley, Ariel J. Lang, Sabine M. Oishi, Alexis K. Huynh, Jessica Zuchowski, Sally G. Haskell and Bevanne Bean-Mayberry

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:127

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  23. Content type: Research

    To improve management of severely ill hospitalized patients in low-income settings, the World Health Organization (WHO) established a triage tool called “Quick Check” to provide clinicians with a rapid, standa...

    Authors: Matthew J. Cummings, Elijah Goldberg, Savio Mwaka, Olive Kabajaasi, Eric Vittinghoff, Adithya Cattamanchi, Achilles Katamba, Nathan Kenya-Mugisha, Shevin T. Jacob and J. Lucian Davis

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:126

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  24. Content type: Debate

    Strategies are central to the National Institutes of Health’s definition of implementation research as “the study of strategies to integrate evidence-based interventions into specific settings.” Multiple schol...

    Authors: Jennifer Leeman, Sarah A. Birken, Byron J. Powell, Catherine Rohweder and Christopher M. Shea

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:125

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  25. Content type: Short report

    Theories provide a synthesizing architecture for implementation science. The underuse, superficial use, and misuse of theories pose a substantial scientific challenge for implementation science and may relate ...

    Authors: Sarah A. Birken, Byron J. Powell, Christopher M. Shea, Emily R. Haines, M. Alexis Kirk, Jennifer Leeman, Catherine Rohweder, Laura Damschroder and Justin Presseau

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:124

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Adapting promising health care interventions to local settings is a critical component in the dissemination and implementation process. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) rural transitions nurse program ...

    Authors: Chelsea Leonard, Emily Lawrence, Marina McCreight, Brandi Lippmann, Lynette Kelley, Ashlea Mayberry, Amy Ladebue, Heather Gilmartin, Murray J. Côté, Jacqueline Jones, Borsika A. Rabin, P. Michael Ho and Robert Burke

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:123

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Behaviour change is key to addressing both the challenges facing human health and wellbeing and to promoting the uptake of research findings in health policy and practice. We need to make better use of the vas...

    Authors: Susan Michie, James Thomas, Marie Johnston, Pol Mac Aonghusa, John Shawe-Taylor, Michael P. Kelly, Léa A. Deleris, Ailbhe N. Finnerty, Marta M. Marques, Emma Norris, Alison O’Mara-Eves and Robert West

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:121

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    The rates of diabetes and prediabetes in the USA are growing, significantly impacting the quality and length of life of those diagnosed and financially burdening society. Premature death and disability can be ...

    Authors: Renee G. Parks, Rachel G. Tabak, Peg Allen, Elizabeth A. Baker, Katherine A. Stamatakis, Allison R. Poehler, Yan Yan, Marshall H. Chin, Jenine K. Harris, Maureen Dobbins and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:122

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  29. Content type: Research

    The Checklist for the Reporting of Updated Guidelines (CheckUp) was recently developed. However, so far, no systematic assessment of the reporting of updated clinical guidelines (CGs) exists. We aimed to exami...

    Authors: Robin W.M. Vernooij, Laura Martínez García, Ivan Dario Florez, Laura Hildago Armas, Michiel H.F. Poorthuis, Melissa Brouwers and Pablo Alonso-Coello

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:120

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:64

  30. Content type: Systematic review

    In health, organizational participatory research (OPR) refers to health organization members participating in research decisions, with university researchers, throughout a study. This non-academic partner cont...

    Authors: Paula L. Bush, Pierre Pluye, Christine Loignon, Vera Granikov, Michael T. Wright, Jean-François Pelletier, Gillian Bartlett-Esquilant, Ann C. Macaulay, Jeannie Haggerty, Sharon Parry and Carol Repchinsky

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:119

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  31. Content type: Short report

    Advancing implementation research and practice requires valid and reliable measures of implementation determinants, mechanisms, processes, strategies, and outcomes. However, researchers and implementation stak...

    Authors: Byron J. Powell, Cameo F. Stanick, Heather M. Halko, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Bryan J. Weiner, Melanie A. Barwick, Laura J. Damschroder, Michel Wensing, Luke Wolfenden and Cara C. Lewis

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:118

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  32. Content type: Research

    Audit and feedback (A&F) is a common strategy for helping health providers to implement evidence into practice. Despite being extensively studied, health care A&F interventions remain variably effective, with ...

    Authors: Heather L. Colquhoun, Kelly Carroll, Kevin W. Eva, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Noah Ivers, Susan Michie, Anne Sales and Jamie C. Brehaut

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:117

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Health systems worldwide struggle to identify, adopt, and implement in a timely and system-wide manner the best—evidence-informed—policy-level practices. Yet, there is still only limited evidence about individ...

    Authors: Damien Contandriopoulos, François Benoît, Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Annie Carrier, Nancy Carter, Raisa Deber, Arnaud Duhoux, Trisha Greenhalgh, Catherine Larouche, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Adrian Levy, Ruth Martin-Misener, Katerina Maximova, Kimberlyn McGrail, Candace Nykiforuk, Noralou Roos…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:116

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  34. Content type: Research

    Poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can be seen as failure to meet recommended targets for management of key risk factors including glycaemic control, blood pressure and lipids. Poor control of r...

    Authors: Mark E. Murphy, Molly Byrne, Atieh Zarabzadeh, Derek Corrigan, Tom Fahey and Susan M. Smith

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:115

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  35. Content type: Research

    Advanced Computerized Decision Support Systems (CDSSs) assist clinicians in their decision-making process, generating recommendations based on up-to-date scientific evidence. Although this technology has the p...

    Authors: Elisa G. Liberati, Francesca Ruggiero, Laura Galuppo, Mara Gorli, Marien González-Lorenzo, Marco Maraldi, Pietro Ruggieri, Hernan Polo Friz, Giuseppe Scaratti, Koren H. Kwag, Roberto Vespignani and Lorenzo Moja

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:113

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  36. Content type: Research

    Indigenous smoking rates are up to 80% among pregnant women: prevalence among pregnant Australian Indigenous women was 45% in 2014, contributing significantly to the health gap for Indigenous Australians. We a...

    Authors: Gillian S. Gould, Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Lou Atkins, Maree Gruppetta, Marilyn J Clarke and Billie Bonevski

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:114

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  37. Content type: Research

    Knowledge produced through applied health research is often of a form not readily accessible to or actionable by policymakers and practitioners, which hinders its implementation. Our aim was to identify resear...

    Authors: Sonya Crowe, Simon Turner, Martin Utley and Naomi J. Fulop

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:112

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  38. Content type: Debate

    Implementing treatments and interventions with demonstrated effectiveness is critical for improving patient health outcomes at a reduced cost. When an evidence-based intervention (EBI) is implemented with fide...

    Authors: Gregory A. Aarons, Marisa Sklar, Brian Mustanski, Nanette Benbow and C. Hendricks Brown

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:111

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  39. Content type: Research

    Veterans Health Affairs (VA) home-based primary care (HBPC) is an evidence-based interdisciplinary approach to non-institutional long-term care that was developed in urban settings to provide longitudinal care...

    Authors: B. Josea Kramer, Sarah D. Cote, Diane I. Lee, Beth Creekmur and Debra Saliba

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:109

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  40. Content type: Research

    Understanding sustainability is one of the significant implementation science challenges. One of the big challenges in researching sustainability is the lack of consistent definitions in the literature. Most i...

    Authors: Julia E. Moore, Alekhya Mascarenhas, Julie Bain and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:110

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  41. Content type: Research

    Implementation outcome measures are essential for monitoring and evaluating the success of implementation efforts. Yet, currently available measures lack conceptual clarity and have largely unknown reliability...

    Authors: Bryan J. Weiner, Cara C. Lewis, Cameo Stanick, Byron J. Powell, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Alecia S. Clary, Marcella H. Boynton and Heather Halko

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:108

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  42. Content type: Systematic review

    It is increasingly acknowledged that differentiated care models hold potential to manage large volumes of patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Various group-based models of ART service delivery aimed at d...

    Authors: Ferdinand C. Mukumbang, Sara Van Belle, Bruno Marchal and Brian van Wyk

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:107

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  43. Content type: Research

    Theories, models, and frameworks used by implementation science, including Diffusion of Innovations, tend to focus on the adoption of one innovation, when often organizations may be facing multiple simultaneou...

    Authors: Isomi M. Miake-Lye, Emmeline Chuang, Hector P. Rodriguez, Gerald F. Kominski, Elizabeth M. Yano and Stephen M. Shortell

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:106

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  44. Content type: Research

    Although clinical guidelines recommend the provision of care to reduce client chronic disease risk behaviours, such care is provided sub-optimally by primary healthcare providers. A study was undertaken to det...

    Authors: John Wiggers, Kathleen McElwaine, Megan Freund, Libby Campbell, Jenny Bowman, Paula Wye, Luke Wolfenden, Danika Tremain, Daniel Barker, Carolyn Slattery, Karen Gillham and Kate Bartlem

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:105

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  45. Content type: Debate

    While dissemination and implementation (D&I) science has grown rapidly, there is an ongoing need to understand how to build and sustain capacity in individuals and institutions conducting research. There are t...

    Authors: Ross C. Brownson, Enola K. Proctor, Douglas A. Luke, Ana A. Baumann, Mackenzie Staub, Matthew T. Brown and Mallory Johnson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:104

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    Substance misuse is now encountered in settings beyond addiction specialty care, with schools a point-of-contact for student access to behavioral health services. Marijuana is a leading impetus for adolescent ...

    Authors: Bryan Hartzler, Aaron R. Lyon, Denise D. Walker, Lauren Matthews, Kevin M. King and Kathryn E. McCollister

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:103

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  47. Content type: Systematic review

    The global response to HIV has started over 18 million persons on life-saving antiretroviral therapy (ART)—the vast majority in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC)—yet substantial gaps remain: up to 40% of...

    Authors: Matthew D. Hickey, Thomas A. Odeny, Maya Petersen, Torsten B. Neilands, Nancy Padian, Nathan Ford, Zachary Matthay, David Hoos, Meg Doherty, Chris Beryer, Stefan Baral and Elvin H. Geng

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:102

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  48. Content type: Study protocol

    Multimorbidity, defined as the presence of at least two chronic conditions, becomes increasingly common in older people and is associated with poorer health outcomes and significant polypharmacy. The National ...

    Authors: Caroline McCarthy, Barbara Clyne, Derek Corrigan, Fiona Boland, Emma Wallace, Frank Moriarty, Tom Fahey, Carmel Hughes, Paddy Gillespie and Susan M. Smith

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:99

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