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  1. Routine evidence-based tobacco use treatment minimizes cancer-specific and all-cause mortality, reduces treatment-related toxicity, and improves quality of life among patients receiving cancer care. Few cancer...

    Authors: Brian P. Jenssen, Robert Schnoll, Rinad Beidas, Justin Bekelman, Anna-Marika Bauer, Callie Scott, Sarah Evers-Casey, Jody Nicoloso, Peter Gabriel, David A. Asch, Alison Buttenheim, Jessica Chen, Julissa Melo, Lawrence N. Shulman, Alicia B. W. Clifton, Adina Lieberman…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:72
  2. When complex health services interventions are implemented in real-world settings, adaptations are inevitable. Adaptations are changes made to an intervention, implementation strategy, or context prior to, dur...

    Authors: Michaela S. McCarthy, Lexus L. Ujano-De Motta, Mary A. Nunnery, Heather Gilmartin, Lynette Kelley, Ashlea Wills, Chelsea Leonard, Christine D. Jones and Borsika A. Rabin
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:71
  3. The long-term care setting poses unique challenges and opportunities for effective knowledge translation. The objectives of this review are to (1) synthesize barriers and facilitators to implementing evidence-...

    Authors: Caitlin McArthur, Yuxin Bai, Patricia Hewston, Lora Giangregorio, Sharon Straus and Alexandra Papaioannou
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:70
  4. First-level leadership is uniquely positioned to support evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation for behavioral health due to first-level leaders’ access to and relationship with service providers. First-...

    Authors: Rosemary D. Meza, Noah S. Triplett, Grace S. Woodard, Prerna Martin, Alya N. Khairuzzaman, Gabrielle Jamora and Shannon Dorsey
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:69
  5. Despite international guideline recommendations, low back pain (LBP) imaging rates have been increasing over the last 20 years. Previous systematic reviews report limited effectiveness of implementation interv...

    Authors: Amanda Hall, Helen Richmond, Andrea Pike, Rebecca Lawrence, Holly Etchegary, Michelle Swab, Jacqueline Y. Thompson, Charlotte Albury, Jill Hayden, Andrea M. Patey and James Matthews
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:68
  6. Qualitative approaches, alone or in mixed methods, are prominent within implementation science. However, traditional qualitative approaches are resource intensive, which has led to the development of rapid qua...

    Authors: Andrea L. Nevedal, Caitlin M. Reardon, Marilla A. Opra Widerquist, George L. Jackson, Sarah L. Cutrona, Brandolyn S. White and Laura J. Damschroder
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:67
  7. Implementation researchers are increasingly using economic evaluation to explore the benefits produced by implementing evidence-based practices (EBPs) in healthcare settings. However, the findings of typical e...

    Authors: Alex R. Dopp, Suzanne E. U. Kerns, Laura Panattoni, Jeanne S. Ringel, Daniel Eisenberg, Byron J. Powell, Roger Low and Ramesh Raghavan
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:66
  8. The Onset PrevenTIon of urinary retention in Orthopaedic Nursing and rehabilitation, OPTION, project aims to progress knowledge translation vis-à-vis evidence-based bladder monitoring in orthopaedic care, to d...

    Authors: Ann Catrine Eldh, Eva Joelsson-Alm, Per Wretenberg and Maria Hälleberg-Nyman
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:65
  9. Over 5000 community anti-drug coalitions operating in the USA serve as a cornerstone of federal drug prevention. These coalitions, however, have demonstrated effectiveness in preventing substance use only when...

    Authors: Louis D. Brown, Sarah M. Chilenski, Rebecca Wells, Eric C. Jones, Janet A. Welsh, Jochebed G. Gayles, Maria E. Fernandez, Damon E. Jones, Kimberly A. Mallett and Mark E. Feinberg
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:64
  10. The implementation of evidence-based practices in critical care faces specific challenges, including intense time pressure and patient acuity. These challenges result in evidence-to-practice gaps that diminish...

    Authors: Meghan B. Lane-Fall, Athena Christakos, Gina C. Russell, Bat-Zion Hose, Elizabeth D. Dauer, Philip E. Greilich, Bommy Hong Mershon, Christopher P. Potestio, Erin W. Pukenas, John R. Kimberly, Alisa J. Stephens-Shields, Rebecca L. Trotta, Rinad S. Beidas and Ellen J. Bass
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:63
  11. Sustainment has been defined as the sustained use or delivery of an intervention in practice following cessation of external implementation support. This review aimed to identify and synthesise factors (barrie...

    Authors: Adam Shoesmith, Alix Hall, Luke Wolfenden, Rachel C. Shelton, Byron J. Powell, Hannah Brown, Sam McCrabb, Rachel Sutherland, Serene Yoong, Cassandra Lane, Debbie Booth and Nicole Nathan
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:62
  12. Knowledge about the development of organizational readiness for implementation (ORI) is limited. ORI, referred to as the willingness and capacity of all relevant stakeholders to change practice, is critical fo...

    Authors: Sigal Vax, Marianne Farkas, Zlatka Russinova, Kim T. Mueser and Mari-Lynn Drainoni
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:61
  13. Over 1100 veterans work in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) as peer specialists (PSs)—those with formal training who support other veterans with similar diagnoses. A White House Executive Action mandat...

    Authors: Matthew Chinman, Richard Goldberg, Karin Daniels, Anjana Muralidharan, Jeffrey Smith, Sharon McCarthy, Deborah Medoff, Amanda Peeples, Lorrianne Kuykendall, Natalie Vineyard and Lan Li
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:60
  14. The most efficient procedures to engage and guide healthcare professionals in collaborative processes that seek to optimize practice are unknown. The PREDIAPS project aims to assess the effectiveness and feasi...

    Authors: Alvaro Sanchez, Susana Pablo, Arturo Garcia-Alvarez, Silvia Dominguez and Gonzalo Grandes
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:58
  15. A high proportion of hypertensive patients remain above the target threshold for blood pressure, increasing the risk of adverse health outcomes. A digital intervention to facilitate healthcare practitioners (h...

    Authors: Kate Morton, Laura Dennison, Rebecca Band, Beth Stuart, Laura Wilde, Tara Cheetham-Blake, Elena Heber, Joanna Slodkowska-Barabasz, Paul Little, Richard J. McManus, Carl R. May, Lucy Yardley and Katherine Bradbury
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:57
  16. Our team has developed a decision aid to help pregnant women and their partners make informed decisions about Down syndrome prenatal screening. However, the decision aid is not yet widely available in Quebec’s...

    Authors: Titilayo Tatiana Agbadjé, Matthew Menear, Marie-Pierre Gagnon and France Légaré
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:56
  17. The Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injury (OASI) Care Bundle comprises four primary and secondary prevention practices that target the rising rates of severe perineal tearing during childbirth, which can have severe...

    Authors: Magdalena Jurczuk, Posy Bidwell, Dorian Martinez, Louise Silverton, Jan Van der Meulen, Daniel Wolstenholme, Ranee Thakar, Ipek Gurol-Urganci and Nick Sevdalis
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:55
  18. Vietnam has a high burden of undetected tuberculosis (TB). The Vietnamese National TB Strategic Plan highlights active case-finding (ACF) as one strategy to find people with TB who are currently unreached by t...

    Authors: Olivia Biermann, Phuong Bich Tran, Rachel Jeanette Forse, Luan Nguyen Quang Vo, Andrew James Codlin, Kerri Viney, Maxine Caws and Knut Lönnroth
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:54
  19. Using frameworks such as the Behaviour Change Wheel to develop behaviour change interventions can be challenging because judgement is needed at various points in the process and it is not always clear how unce...

    Authors: Cintia L. Faija, Judith Gellatly, Michael Barkham, Karina Lovell, Kelly Rushton, Charlotte Welsh, Helen Brooks, Kerry Ardern, Penny Bee and Christopher J. Armitage
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:53
  20. Conversation aids can facilitate shared decision-making and improve patient-centered outcomes. However, few examples exist of sustained use of conversation aids in routine care due to numerous barriers at clin...

    Authors: Danielle Schubbe, Renata W. Yen, Catherine H. Saunders, Glyn Elwyn, Rachel C. Forcino, A. James O’Malley, Mary C. Politi, Julie Margenthaler, Robert J. Volk, Karen Sepucha, Elissa Ozanne, Sanja Percac-Lima, Ann Bradley, Courtney Goodwin, Maria van den Muijsenbergh, Johanna W. M. Aarts…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:51
  21. COVID-19 has presented challenges to healthcare systems and healthcare professionals internationally. After one year of the pandemic, the initial evidence on health system responses begins to consolidate, and ...

    Authors: Simon Turner, Natalia Botero-Tovar, Maria Alejandra Herrera, Juan Pablo Borda Kuhlmann, Francisco Ortiz, Jean Carlo Ramírez and Luisa Fernanda Maldonado
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:50
  22. Together, We Inspire Smart Eating (WISE) is an intervention for the early care and education setting to support children’s exposure to and intake of fruits and vegetables. WISE emphasizes 4 evidence-based prac...

    Authors: Taren Swindle, Nicole M. McBride, James P. Selig, Susan L. Johnson, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Janna Martin, Audra Staley and Geoffrey M. Curran
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:48
  23. Behavioural medicine is characterised by findings for the effectiveness and efficacy of complex behaviour change interventions. Comparatively, scant attention has been paid to key intervention components or me...

    Authors: Alison K. Beck, Amanda L. Baker, Gregory Carter, Laura Robinson, Kristen McCarter, Christopher Wratten, Judith Bauer, Luke Wolfenden and Benjamin Britton
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:46
  24. Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) result in approximately 28,000 deaths and approximately $2.3 billion in added costs to the U.S. healthcare system each year, and yet, many of these infe...

    Authors: Staci S. Reynolds, Patricia Woltz, Edward Keating, Janice Neff, Jennifer Elliott, Daniel Hatch, Qing Yang and Bradi B. Granger
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:45
  25. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is a clinical intervention used to address alcohol and illicit drug use. SBIRT use has resulted in positive health and social outcomes; however,...

    Authors: Alyson Keen, Kelli Thoele, Ukamaka Oruche and Robin Newhouse
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:44
  26. Guidelines recommend both acetylsalicylic acid and ticagrelor following acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but appropriate prescription practices lag. We analyzed the impact of government medication approval, nati...

    Authors: Saurabh Gupta, Emilie P. Belley-Cote, Adam Eqbal, Charlotte McEwen, Ameen Basha, Nicole Wu, Joshua O. Cerasuolo, Shamir Mehta, Jon-David Schwalm and Richard P. Whitlock
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:42
  27. Safer conception counseling (SCC) to promote the use of safer conception methods (SCM) is not yet part of routine family planning or HIV care. Guidelines for the use of SCM have been published, but to date the...

    Authors: Glenn J. Wagner, Rhoda K. Wanyenze, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Violet Gwokyalya, Emily Hurley, Deborah Mindry, Sarah Finocchario-Kessler, Mastula Nanfuka, Mahlet G. Tebeka, Uzaib Saya, Marika Booth, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Sebastian Linnemayr, Vincent S. Staggs and Kathy Goggin
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:41
  28. Numerous implementation strategies to improve utilization of statins in patients with hypercholesterolemia have been utilized, with varying degrees of success. The aim of this systematic review is to determine...

    Authors: Laney K. Jones, Stephanie Tilberry, Christina Gregor, Lauren H. Yaeger, Yirui Hu, Amy C. Sturm, Terry L. Seaton, Thomas J. Waltz, Alanna K. Rahm, Anne Goldberg, Ross C. Brownson, Samuel S. Gidding, Marc S. Williams and Michael R. Gionfriddo
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:40
  29. Maternal immunization is a key strategy for reducing morbidity and mortality associated with infectious diseases in mothers and their newborns. Recent developments in the science and safety of maternal vaccina...

    Authors: Nancy A. Otieno, Fauzia A. Malik, Stacy W. Nganga, Winnie N. Wairimu, Dominic O. Ouma, Godfrey M. Bigogo, Sandra S. Chaves, Jennifer R. Verani, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Andrew D. Wilson, Irina Bergenfeld, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova and Saad B. Omer
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:39
  30. The National Chest Pain Center Accreditation Program (CHANGE) is the first hospital-based, multifaceted, nationwide quality improvement (QI) initiative, to monitor and improve the quality of the ST segment ele...

    Authors: Shuduo Zhou, Xuejie Dong, Fangjing Liu, Yan Zhang, Dahai Yue, Qiang Zhou, Yinzi Jin and Zhi-Jie Zheng
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:38
  31. Middle-level managers (MLMs; i.e., healthcare professionals who may fill roles including obtaining and diffusing information, adapting information and the intervention, mediating between strategy and day-to-da...

    Authors: Sarah A. Birken and Graeme Currie
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:37

    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2021 16:43

  32. Implementation strategies are necessary to ensure that evidence-based practices are successfully incorporated into routine clinical practice. Such strategies, however, are frequently modified to fit local popu...

    Authors: Christopher J. Miller, Miya L. Barnett, Ana A. Baumann, Cassidy A. Gutner and Shannon Wiltsey-Stirman
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:36
  33. Audit and feedback (A&F) is a widely used implementation strategy. Understanding mechanisms of action of A&F increases the likelihood that the strategy will lead to implementation of an evidence-based practice...

    Authors: Mellanie V. Springer, Anne E. Sales, Nishat Islam, A. Camille McBride, Zach Landis-Lewis, Michael Tupper, Casey L. Corches, Maria Cielito Robles and Lesli E. Skolarus
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:35
  34. Bridging factors are relational ties, formal arrangements, and processes that connect outer system and inner organizational contexts. They may be critical drivers of evidence-based practice (EBP) implementatio...

    Authors: Rebecca Lengnick-Hall, Nicole A. Stadnick, Kelsey S. Dickson, Joanna C. Moullin and Gregory A. Aarons
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:34
  35. Practice facilitation is a multicomponent implementation strategy used to improve the capacity for practices to address care quality and implementation gaps. We sought to assess whether practice facilitators u...

    Authors: Theresa L. Walunas, Jiancheng Ye, Jennifer Bannon, Ann Wang, Abel N. Kho, Justin D. Smith and Nicholas Soulakis
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:33
  36. Antimicrobial resistance is an increasingly serious threat to global public health and patient safety. Overuse of antibiotics has aggravated this issue. Around 7% of all antibiotics in Scotland are prescribed ...

    Authors: Beatriz Goulao, Claire Scott, Irene Black, Jan Clarkson, Lee McArthur, Craig Ramsay, Linda Young and Eilidh Duncan
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:32
  37. The criminal justice system is the largest provider of mental health services in the USA. Many jurisdictions are interested in reducing the use of the justice system for mental health problems. The national St...

    Authors: Jennifer E. Johnson, Jill Viglione, Niloofar Ramezani, Alison E. Cuellar, Maji Hailemariam, Rochelle Rosen, Alex Breno and Faye S. Taxman
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:31
  38. Knowledge brokering is a knowledge translation approach that has been gaining popularity in Canada although the effectiveness is unknown. This study evaluated the effectiveness of generalised, exclusively emai...

    Authors: Nadia Minian, Sheleza Ahad, Anna Ivanova, Scott Veldhuizen, Laurie Zawertailo, Arun Ravindran, Claire de Oliveira, Dolly Baliunas, Carol Mulder, Corneliu Bolbocean and Peter Selby
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:30
  39. Antibiotic-resistant infections have become a public health crisis that is driven by the inappropriate use of antibiotics. In the USA, antibiotic stewardship programs (ASP) have been established and are requir...

    Authors: Sara Malone, Virginia R. McKay, Christina Krucylak, Byron J. Powell, Jingxia Liu, Cindy Terrill, Jacqueline M. Saito, Shawn J. Rangel and Jason G. Newland
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:29
  40. There is growing urgency to tackle issues of equity and justice in the USA and worldwide. Health equity, a framing that moves away from a deficit mindset of what society is doing poorly (disparities) to one th...

    Authors: Ross C. Brownson, Shiriki K. Kumanyika, Matthew W. Kreuter and Debra Haire-Joshu
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:28

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2022 17:13

  41. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Aaron M. Woolsey, Ryan A. Simmons, Meley Woldeghebriel, Yunji Zhou, Oluwatosin Ogunsola, Sarah Laing, Tayo Olaleye, Joseph Kipkoech, Bomar Mendez Rojas, Indrani Saran, Mercy Odhiambo, Josephine Malinga, George Ambani, Emmah Kimachas, Chizoba Fashanu, Owens Wiwa…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:27

    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2021 16:14

  42. This study is a systematic literature review of cost analyses conducted within implementation studies on behavioral health services. Cost analysis of implementing evidence-based practices (EBP) has become impo...

    Authors: Diana M. Bowser, Brandy F. Henry and Kathryn E. McCollister
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:26
  43. Virtual Learning Collaboratives (VLC), learning communities focused on a common purpose, are used frequently in healthcare settings to implement best practices. Yet, there is limited research testing the effec...

    Authors: Lisa Zubkoff, Kathleen Doyle Lyons, J. Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Gregory Hagley, Maria Pisu, Andres Azuero, Marie Flannery, Richard Taylor, Elizabeth Carpenter-Song, Supriya Mohile and Marie Anne Bakitas
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:25
  44. Calls have been made for greater application of the decision sciences to investigate and improve use of research evidence in mental health policy and practice. This article proposes a novel method, “decision s...

    Authors: Thomas I. Mackie, Ana J. Schaefer, Justeen K. Hyde, Laurel K. Leslie, Emily A. Bosk, Brittany Fishman and R. Christopher Sheldrick
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:24
  45. Cigarette smoking in people with cancer is associated with negative treatment-related outcomes including increased treatment toxicity and complications, medication side effects, decreased performance status an...

    Authors: Christine L. Paul, Graham Warren, Shalini Vinod, Bettina Meiser, Emily Stone, Daniel Barker, Kate White, James McLennan, Fiona Day, Kristen McCarter, Melissa McEnallay, Jordan Tait, Karen Canfell, Marianne Weber and Catherine Segan
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:23

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