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  1. The Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) is a unique quality improvement program designed to connect health services researchers to Veterans Health Administration (VHA) management and operations, as...

    Authors: Thomas J Craig and Robert Petzel
    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:8
  2. Disparities in health and healthcare are extensively documented across clinical conditions, settings, and dimensions of healthcare quality. In particular, studies show that ethnic minorities and persons with l...

    Authors: Lisa A Cooper, Debra L Roter, Lee R Bone, Susan M Larson, Edgar R Miller III, Michael S Barr, Kathryn A Carson and David M Levine
    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:7
  3. The use of guidelines in general practice is not optimal. Although evidence-based methods to improve guideline adherence are available, variation in physician adherence to general practice guidelines remains r...

    Authors: Jasper Trietsch, Trudy van der Weijden, Wim Verstappen, Rob Janknegt, Paul Muijrers, Ron Winkens, Ben van Steenkiste, Richard Grol and Job Metsemakers
    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:6
  4. There are challenges to timely adoption of, and ongoing adherence to, evidence-based practices known to improve patient care in the intensive care unit (ICU). Quality improvement initiatives using a collaborat...

    Authors: Damon C Scales, Katie Dainty, Brigette Hales, Ruxandra Pinto, Robert A Fowler, Neill KJ Adhikari and Merrick Zwarenstein
    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:5
  5. Enhanced relapse prevention (ERP) is a psychological intervention delivered by mental health professionals to help individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) recognise and manage early warning signs for mania and ...

    Authors: Eleanor Pontin, Sarah Peters, Fiona Lobban, Anne Rogers and Richard K Morriss
    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:4
  6. Despite important improvements in available prevention and treatment, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Not all high-risk patients and patients with CVD have h...

    Authors: Michel Wensing, Sabine Ludt, Stephen Campbell, Jan van Lieshout, Eckhard Volbracht and Richard Grol
    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:3
  7. Patient complexity is not incorporated into quality of care comparisons for glycemic control. We developed a method to adjust hemoglobin A1c levels for patient characteristics that reflect complexity, and exam...

    Authors: Monika M Safford, Michael Brimacombe, Quanwu Zhang, Mangala Rajan, Minge Xie, Wesley Thompson, John Kolassa, Miriam Maney and Leonard Pogach
    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:2
  8. Little is known about effective strategies for disseminating and implementing complex clinical innovations across large healthcare systems. This paper describes processes undertaken and tools developed by the ...

    Authors: Jeffrey L Smith, John W Williams Jr, Richard R Owen, Lisa V Rubenstein and Edmund Chaney
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:59
  9. In the setting of coronary angiography, generic consent forms permit highly variable communication between patients and physicians. Even with the existence of multiple risk models, clinicians have been unable ...

    Authors: Carole Decker, Suzanne V Arnold, Olawale Olabiyi, Homaa Ahmad, Elizabeth Gialde, Jamie Luark, Lisa Riggs, Terry DeJaynes, Gabriel E Soto and John A Spertus
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:58
  10. Decision support technologies (DSTs, also known as decision aids) help patients and professionals take part in collaborative decision-making processes. Trials have shown favorable impacts on patient knowledge,...

    Authors: Glyn Elwyn, France Légaré, Trudy van der Weijden, Adrian Edwards and Carl May
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:57
  11. Previous efforts to produce case descriptions have typically not focused on the organizations that produce research evidence and support its use. External evaluations of such organizations have typically not b...

    Authors: John N Lavis, Ray Moynihan, Andrew D Oxman and Elizabeth J Paulsen
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:56
  12. Only a small number of previous efforts to describe the experiences of organizations that produce clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), undertake health technology assessments (HTAs), or directly support the us...

    Authors: John N Lavis, Andrew D Oxman, Ray Moynihan and Elizabeth J Paulsen
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:55
  13. Previous surveys of organizations that support the development of evidence-informed health policies have focused on organizations that produce clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) or undertake health technology...

    Authors: John N Lavis, Elizabeth J Paulsen, Andrew D Oxman and Ray Moynihan
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:54
  14. Organizations have been established in many countries and internationally to support the use of research evidence by producing clinical practice guidelines, undertaking health technology assessments, and/or di...

    Authors: John N Lavis, Andrew D Oxman, Ray Moynihan and Elizabeth J Paulsen
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:53
  15. Foot ulcers are a significant problem for people with diabetes. Comprehensive assessments of risk factors associated with diabetic foot ulcer are recommended in clinical guidelines to decrease complications su...

    Authors: Wendy A Gifford, Barbara Davies, Ian D Graham, Nancy Lefebre, Ann Tourangeau and Kirsten Woodend
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:51
  16. The results of randomised controlled trials can be usefully illuminated by studies of the processes by which they achieve their effects. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) offers a framework for conducting ...

    Authors: Jillian J Francis, Martin P Eccles, Marie Johnston, Paula Whitty, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Eileen FS Kaner, Liz Smith and Anne Walker
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:50
  17. It has been argued that science and society are in the midst of a far-reaching renegotiation of the social contract between science and society, with society becoming a far more active partner in the creation ...

    Authors: Carole A Estabrooks, Linda Derksen, Connie Winther, John N Lavis, Shannon D Scott, Lars Wallin and Joanne Profetto-McGrath
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:49
  18. There are a growing number of dietary treatment options to choose from for the management of many chronic diseases. Shared decision making represents a promising approach to improve the quality of the decision...

    Authors: Sophie Desroches, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sylvie Tapp and France Légaré
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:48
  19. The study examined the extent to which components based on a modified version of the theory of planned behavior explained employee participation in a new clinical office program designed to reduce patient wait...

    Authors: David C Mohr, Carol VanDeusen Lukas and Mark Meterko
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:47
  20. In 2004 a UK charity, The Health Foundation, established the 'Engaging with Quality Initiative' to explore and evaluate the benefits of engaging clinicians in quality improvement in healthcare. Eight projects ...

    Authors: Bryony Soper, Martin Buxton, Stephen Hanney, Wija Oortwijn, Amanda Scoggins, Nick Steel and Tom Ling
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:46
  21. Patient information has been viewed as a key component of self-management. However, little attention has been given to methods of dissemination or implementation of effective information strategies. Previous p...

    Authors: Joanne Protheroe, Anne Rogers, Anne P Kennedy, Wendy Macdonald and Victoria Lee
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:44
  22. In the last decades, a sustained increment of Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) production in the world has been accompanied by a growing concern about their quality. Many studies related to quality assessmen...

    Authors: María Eugenia Esandi, Zulma Ortiz, Evelina Chapman, Marcelo García Dieguez, Raúl Mejía and Ricardo Bernztein
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:43
  23. Most quality improvement programs in diabetes care incorporate aspects of clinician education, performance feedback, patient education, care management, and diabetes care teams to support primary care physicia...

    Authors: Liesbeth Borgermans, Geert Goderis, Carine Van Den Broeke, Chantal Mathieu, Bert Aertgeerts, Geert Verbeke, An Carbonez, Anna Ivanova, Richard Grol and Jan Heyrman
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:42
  24. There is an emerging knowledge base on the effectiveness of strategies to close the knowledge-practice gap. However, less is known about how attributes of an innovation and other contextual and situational fac...

    Authors: Shannon D Scott, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Nandini Karunamuni, Raphaël Bize and Wendy Rodgers
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:41
  25. Few individuals with depression treated in the primary care setting receive care consistent with clinical treatment guidelines. Interventions based on the chronic care model (CCM) have been promoted to address...

    Authors: Rachel Mosher Henke, Ann F Chou, Johann C Chanin, Amanda B Zides and Sarah Hudson Scholle
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:40
  26. In the past two decades, scientific publications in Iran have considerably increased their medical science content, and the number of articles published in ISI journals has doubled between 1997 and 2001. The a...

    Authors: Saharnaz Nedjat, Reza Majdzadeh, Jaleh Gholami, Sima Nedjat, Katayoun Maleki, Mostafa Qorbani, Mostafa Shokoohi and Mahnaz Ashoorkhani
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:39
  27. Evidence shows that the standard process for obtaining informed consent in clinical trials can be inadequate, with study participants frequently not understanding even basic information fundamental to giving i...

    Authors: Jamie C Brehaut, Alison Lott, Dean A Fergusson, Kaveh G Shojania, Jonathan Kimmelman and Raphael Saginur
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:38
  28. In an effort to ensure that all physicians have access to valid and reliable evidence on drug effectiveness, the Italian Drug Agency sponsored a free-access e-learning system, based on Clinical Evidence, called E...

    Authors: Lorenzo Moja, Ivan Moschetti, Michela Cinquini, Valeria Sala, Anna Compagnoni, Piergiorgio Duca, Christian Deligant, Roberto Manfrini, Luca Clivio, Roberto Satolli, Antonio Addis, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Pietro Dri and Alessandro Liberati
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:37
  29. There is an important gap between the implications of clinical research evidence and the routine clinical practice of healthcare professionals. Because individual decisions are often central to adoption of a c...

    Authors: Gaston Godin, Ariane Bélanger-Gravel, Martin Eccles and Jeremy Grimshaw
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:36
  30. The development and implementation of an evidence-based approach to health workforce planning is a necessary step to achieve access to best practice chronic disease management. In its absence, the widely repor...

    Authors: Leonie Segal, Kim Dalziel and Tom Bolton
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:35
  31. Incorporating shared medical appointments (SMAs) or group visits into clinical practice to improve care and increase efficiency has become a popular intervention, but the processes to implement and sustain the...

    Authors: Susan R Kirsh, Renée H Lawrence and David C Aron
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:34
  32. Implementing clinical training in a complex health care system is challenging. This report describes two successive trainings programs in one Veterans Affairs healthcare network and the lessons we drew from th...

    Authors: Greer Sullivan, Dean Blevins and Michael R Kauth
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:33
  33. We sought to determine whether a multi-modal intervention, which included mailing a patient reminder with a colon cancer decision aid to patients and system changes allowing direct access to scheduling screeni...

    Authors: Carmen L Lewis, Alison T Brenner, Jennifer M Griffith and Michael P Pignone
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:32
  34. Organizational context plays a central role in shaping the use of research by healthcare professionals. The largest group of professionals employed in healthcare organizations is nurses, putting them in a posi...

    Authors: Carole A Estabrooks, Shannon Scott, Janet E Squires, Bonnie Stevens, Linda O'Brien-Pallas, Judy Watt-Watson, Joanne Profetto-McGrath, Kathy McGilton, Karen Golden-Biddle, Janice Lander, Gail Donner, Geertje Boschma, Charles K Humphrey and Jack Williams
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:31
  35. The continuing gap between available evidence and current practice in health care reinforces the need for more effective solutions, in particular related to organizational context. Considerable advances have b...

    Authors: Cheryl B Stetler, Lynn McQueen, John Demakis and Brian S Mittman
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:30
  36. Ischemic heart disease (IHD) affects at least 150,000 veterans annually in the United States. Lowering serum cholesterol has been shown to reduce coronary events, cardiac death, and total mortality among high ...

    Authors: Anne Sales, Christian Helfrich, P Michael Ho, Ashley Hedeen, Mary E Plomondon, Yu-Fang Li, Alison Connors and John S Rumsfeld
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:28
  37. The persistent gap between research and practice compromises the impact of multi-level and multi-strategy community health interventions. Part of the problem is a limited understanding of how and why intervent...

    Authors: Barbara L Riley, JoAnne MacDonald, Omaima Mansi, Anita Kothari, Donna Kurtz, Linda I vonTettenborn and Nancy C Edwards
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:27
  38. One strategy to enhance research use and change current practice is to identify barriers and then implement tailored interventions to reduce these barriers. In nursing, the BARRIERS scale has been frequently u...

    Authors: Anne-Marie Boström, Kerstin Nilsson Kajermo, Gun Nordström and Lars Wallin
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:24
  39. How humans think and make decisions is important in understanding behaviour. Hence an understanding of cognitive processes among physicians may inform our understanding of behaviour in relation to evidence imp...

    Authors: Ruth M Sladek, Malcolm J Bond, Luan T Huynh, Derek PB Chew and Paddy A Phillips
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:23
  40. Implementation of research into practice in health care systems is a challenging and often unsuccessful endeavor. The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (...

    Authors: Carolyn M Wallace and Marcia W Legro
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:22
  41. As more quality improvement programs are implemented to achieve gains in performance, the need to evaluate their lasting effects has become increasingly evident. However, such long-term follow-up evaluations a...

    Authors: Candice C Bowman, Elisa J Sobo, Steven M Asch and Allen L Gifford
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:21
  42. The United States (U.S.) Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) has implemented economic analyses in single-site and multi-site clinical trials. To date, no one has...

    Authors: Mark W Smith and Paul G Barnett
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:20
  43. Children with emotional and behavioural disorders should be able to count on receiving care that meets their needs and is based on the best scientific evidence available, however, many do not receive these ser...

    Authors: Melanie A Barwick, Katherine M Boydell, Elaine Stasiulis, H Bruce Ferguson, Karen Blase and Dean Fixsen
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:19
  44. This article describes the process used by the authors in developing an implementation intervention to assist VA substance use disorder clinics in adopting guideline-based practices for treating depression. Th...

    Authors: Geoffrey M Curran, Snigda Mukherjee, Elise Allee and Richard R Owen
    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:17

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