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  1. Content type: Research

    “Making Every Contact Count” (MECC), a public health policy in the UK, compels healthcare professionals to deliver opportunistic health behaviour change interventions to patients during routine medical consult...

    Authors: Chris Keyworth, Tracy Epton, Joanna Goldthorpe, Rachel Calam and Christopher J. Armitage

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:122

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  2. Content type: Research

    Elected officials (e.g., legislators) are an important but understudied population in dissemination research. Audience segmentation is essential in developing dissemination strategies that are tailored for leg...

    Authors: Jonathan Purtle, Félice Lê-Scherban, Xi Wang, Paul T. Shattuck, Enola K. Proctor and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:121

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Depressive and anxiety disorders affect 20–30% of school-age youth, most of whom do not receive adequate services, contributing to poor developmental and academic outcomes. Evidence-based practices (EBPs) such...

    Authors: Amy M. Kilbourne, Shawna N. Smith, Seo Youn Choi, Elizabeth Koschmann, Celeste Liebrecht, Amy Rusch, James L. Abelson, Daniel Eisenberg, Joseph A. Himle, Kate Fitzgerald and Daniel Almirall

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:119

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  4. Content type: Research

    Educational outreach visits are meant to improve the practice of health professionals by promoting face-to-face visits to deliver educational contents. They have been shown to change prescription behavior, but...

    Authors: Daniel Pinto, Bruno Heleno, David S. Rodrigues, Ana Luísa Papoila, Isabel Santos and Pedro A. Caetano

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:120

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected persons and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for uninfected persons are extraordinarily effective strategies for HIV prevention. In Africa, the region which shoulde...

    Authors: Kenneth K. Mugwanya, Elizabeth Irungu, Elizabeth Bukusi, Nelly R. Mugo, Josephine Odoyo, Elizabeth Wamoni, Kenneth Ngure, Jennifer F. Morton, Kathryn Peebles, Sarah Masyuko, Gena Barnabee, Deborah Donnell, Ruanne Barnabas, Jessica Haberer, Gabrielle O’Malley and Jared M. Baeten

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:118

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  6. Content type: Methodology

    Significant resources are required to write de novo clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). There are many freely-available CPGs internationally, for many health conditions. Developing countries rarely have the r...

    Authors: K. Grimmer, Q. Louw, J. M. Dizon, S-M van Niekerk, D. Ernstzen and C. Wiysonge

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:117

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  7. Content type: Short report

    The Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale (EBPAS) is a widely used tool, but it has not been adapted and validated for use in schools, the most common setting where youth access behavioral health services. Th...

    Authors: Clayton R. Cook, Chayna Davis, Eric C. Brown, Jill Locke, Mark G. Ehrhart, Gregory A. Aarons, Madeline Larson and Aaron R. Lyon

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:116

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    More research on sustainment of interventions is needed, especially return on investment (ROI) studies to determine cost-benefit trade-offs for effort required to sustain and how much is gained when effective ...

    Authors: Jennifer E. Johnson, Shannon Wiltsey-Stirman, Alla Sikorskii, Ted Miller, Amanda King, Jennifer L. Blume, Xuan Pham, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ellen Poleshuck, Rebecca Weinberg and Caron Zlotnick

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:115

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  9. Content type: Research

    Implementation strategies are needed to ensure that evidence-based healthcare interventions are adopted successfully. However, strategies are generally poorly described and those used in everyday practice are ...

    Authors: S. McHugh, C. Sinnott, E. Racine, S. Timmons, M. Byrne and P. M. Kearney

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:113

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite clinical guideline recommendations, implementation of antenatal care addressing alcohol consumption by pregnant women is limited. Implementation strategies addressing barriers to such care may be effec...

    Authors: Melanie Kingsland, Emma Doherty, Amy E. Anderson, Kristy Crooks, Belinda Tully, Danika Tremain, Tracey W. Tsang, John Attia, Luke Wolfenden, Adrian J. Dunlop, Nicole Bennett, Mandy Hunter, Sarah Ward, Penny Reeves, Ian Symonds, Chris Rissel…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:112

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  11. Content type: Systematic review

    Computerised clinical decision support (CDS) can potentially better inform decisions, and it can help with the management of information overload. It is perceived to be a key component of a learning health car...

    Authors: Stijn Van de Velde, Annemie Heselmans, Nicolas Delvaux, Linn Brandt, Luis Marco-Ruiz, David Spitaels, Hanne Cloetens, Tiina Kortteisto, Pavel Roshanov, Ilkka Kunnamo, Bert Aertgeerts, Per Olav Vandvik and Signe Flottorp

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:114

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  12. Content type: Systematic review

    Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRCs) were funded by NIHR in England in 2008 and 2014 as partnerships between universities and surrounding health service organisations, fo...

    Authors: Roman Kislov, Paul M. Wilson, Sarah Knowles and Ruth Boaden

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:111

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    About 40% of HIV-positive women in sub-Saharan Africa become pregnant post-diagnosis. Despite about half of their pregnancies being planned, safer conception methods (SCM) are underutilized among serodiscordan...

    Authors: Kathy Goggin, Emily A. Hurley, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Violet Gwokyalya, Sarah Finocchario-Kessler, Josephine Birungi, Deborah Mindry, Rhoda K. Wanyenze and Glenn J. Wagner

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:110

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  14. Content type: Research

    The prevalence of childhood obesity poses an urgent global challenge. The World Health Organization (WHO) Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity recommends the provision of appropriate family-based, lifestyle ...

    Authors: Helen A. Vidgen, Penelope V. Love, Sonia E. Wutzke, Lynne A. Daniels, Chris E. Rissel, Christine Innes-Hughes and Louise A. Baur

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:109

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  15. Content type: Research

    Few training opportunities are available for implementation practitioners; we designed the Practicing Knowledge Translation (PKT) to address this gap. The goal of PKT is to train practitioners to use evidence ...

    Authors: Julia E. Moore, Shusmita Rashid, Jamie S. Park, Sobia Khan and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:106

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Experts recommend that alcohol-related care be integrated into primary care (PC) to improve prevention and treatment of unhealthy alcohol use. However, few healthcare systems offer such integrated care. To add...

    Authors: Joseph E. Glass, Jennifer F. Bobb, Amy K. Lee, Julie E. Richards, Gwen T. Lapham, Evette Ludman, Carol Achtmeyer, Ryan M. Caldeiro, Rebecca Parrish, Emily C. Williams, Paula Lozano and Katharine A. Bradley

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:108

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  17. Content type: Research

    Evidence for recommended interventions to reduce population salt intake come from high-income countries, but it is unknown if these can be successfully replicated in low- and middle-income countries. This proc...

    Authors: Kathy Trieu, Jacqui Webster, Stephen Jan, Silvia Hope, Take Naseri, Merina Ieremia, Colin Bell, Wendy Snowdon and Marj Moodie

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:107

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  18. Content type: Research

    Many state Medicaid programs are implementing pharmacist-led medication management programs to improve outcomes for high-risk beneficiaries. There are a limited number of studies examining implementation of th...

    Authors: Kea Turner, Justin G. Trogdon, Morris Weinberger, Angela M. Stover, Stefanie Ferreri, Joel F. Farley, Neepa Ray, Michael Patti, Chelsea Renfro and Christopher M. Shea

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:105

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  19. Content type: Research

    Audit and feedback interventions may be strengthened using social interaction. With this in mind, the Calgary office of the Alberta Physician Learning Program developed a process for audit and group feedback for ...

    Authors: Lara J. Cooke, Diane Duncan, Laura Rivera, Shawn K. Dowling, Christopher Symonds and Heather Armson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:104

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  20. Content type: Systematic review

    The third sector is becoming a growing provider of public, social, and health services. However, there is little evidence on the effectiveness of third sector organisations (TSOs), and their capacity to implem...

    Authors: Anders Malthe Bach-Mortensen, Brittany C. L. Lange and Paul Montgomery

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:103

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  21. Content type: Research

    Implementation of evidence into practice is inadequate in many low-income countries, contributing to the low-quality care of mothers and newborns. This study explored strategies used in a facilitation interven...

    Authors: E. Pallangyo, C. Mbekenga, P. Olsson, L. Eriksson and A. Bergström

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:102

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  22. Content type: Research

    Successful implementation depends on the transfer of knowledge and expertise among clinicians, which can occur when professionals seek advice from one another. This study examines advice-seeking patterns among...

    Authors: Alicia C. Bunger, Nathan Doogan, Rochelle F. Hanson and Sarah A. Birken

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:101

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  23. Content type: Systematic review

    To identify the strategies and contextual factors that enable optimal engagement of patients in the design, delivery, and evaluation of health services.

    Authors: Yvonne Bombard, G. Ross Baker, Elaina Orlando, Carol Fancott, Pooja Bhatia, Selina Casalino, Kanecy Onate, Jean-Louis Denis and Marie-Pascale Pomey

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:98

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Peripheral venous catheters are the most commonly used invasive devices in hospitals worldwide. Patients can experience multiple adverse events during the insertion, maintenance, and management of these device...

    Authors: Ian Blanco-Mavillard, Miquel Bennasar-Veny, Joan Ernest De Pedro-Gómez, Ana Belén Moya-Suarez, Gaizka Parra-Garcia, Miguel Ángel Rodríguez-Calero and Enrique Castro-Sánchez

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:100

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  25. Content type: Systematic review

    Depression is a common mental health disorder for which clinical practice guidelines have been developed. Prior systematic reviews have identified complex organizational interventions, such as collaborative ca...

    Authors: Eric R. Pedersen, Lisa Rubenstein, Ryan Kandrack, Marjorie Danz, Bradley Belsher, Aneesa Motala, Marika Booth, Jody Larkin and Susanne Hempel

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:99

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  26. Content type: Research

    While several efficacy trials have demonstrated diabetes risk reduction through targeting key lifestyle behaviours, there is a significant evidence gap in relation to the successful implementation of such inte...

    Authors: Zahra Aziz, Elezebeth Mathews, Pilvikki Absetz, Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, John Oldroyd, Sajitha Balachandran, Suman S. Shetty, K. R. Thankappan and Brian Oldenburg

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:97

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Each year, human papillomavirus (HPV) causes 30,000 cancers in the USA despite the availability of effective and safe vaccines. Uptake of HPV vaccine has been low and lags behind other adolescent vaccines. Thi...

    Authors: Lila J. Finney Rutten, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Jennifer L. St. Sauver, Ivana T. Croghan, Debra J. Jacobson, Patrick M. Wilson, Jeph Herrin and Robert M. Jacobson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:96

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  28. Content type: Research

    Financial incentives are often used to influence professional practice, yet the factors which influence their effectiveness and their behavioural mechanisms are not fully understood. In keeping with clinical g...

    Authors: Wendy Gnich, Andrea Sherriff, Debbie Bonetti, David I. Conway and Lorna M. D. Macpherson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:95

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    There is a lack of evidence concerning the effectiveness of different strategies to engage healthcare professionals in collaborative processes that seek to optimise clinical practice. The PREDIAPS project aims...

    Authors: Alvaro Sanchez, Gonzalo Grandes, Susana Pablo, Maite Espinosa, Artemis Torres and Arturo García-Alvarez

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:94

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  30. Content type: Research

    Organizational culture and climate are considered key factors in implementation efforts but have not been examined as moderators of implementation strategy comparative effectiveness. We investigated organizati...

    Authors: Shawna N. Smith, Daniel Almirall, Katherine Prenovost, David E. Goodrich, Kristen M. Abraham, Celeste Liebrecht and Amy M. Kilbourne

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:93

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  31. Content type: Research

    Computerised clinical decision support (CCDS) has been shown to improve processes of care in some healthcare settings, but there is little evidence related to its use or effects in pre-hospital emergency care....

    Authors: Alison Porter, Jeremy Dale, Theresa Foster, Pip Logan, Bridget Wells and Helen Snooks

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:91

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  32. Content type: Research

    Pay-for-performance (P4P) has been recommended as a promising strategy to improve implementation of high-quality care. This study examined the incremental cost-effectiveness of a P4P strategy found to be highl...

    Authors: Bryan R. Garner, Aung K. Lwin, Gail K. Strickler, Brooke D. Hunter and Donald S. Shepard

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:92

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  33. Content type: Methodology

    Evidence for the effectiveness of psychological treatments in low- and middle-income countries is increasing. However, there is a lack of systematic approaches to guide implementation in government health syst...

    Authors: Byamah B. Mutamba, Brandon A. Kohrt, James Okello, Janet Nakigudde, Bernard Opar, Seggane Musisi, William Bazeyo and Joop de Jong

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:90

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  34. Content type: Research

    Implementation is proposed to be a multiphase, multilevel process. After a period of exploration, an adoption decision is made, typically at the upper management or policy level. Nevertheless, movement through...

    Authors: Joanna C. Moullin, Mark G. Ehrhart and Gregory A. Aarons

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:89

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  35. Content type: Research

    Information communication technology (ICT) is a critical enabler of integrated models of community-based primary health care; however, little is known about how existing technologies have been used to support new

    Authors: Carolyn Steele Gray, Jan Barnsley, Dominique Gagnon, Louise Belzile, Tim Kenealy, James Shaw, Nicolette Sheridan, Paul Wankah Nji and Walter P. Wodchis

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:87

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  36. Content type: Systematic review

    Improving the public’s health in different countries requires the consideration of diverse health care systems and settings. For evidence-based public health, decision-makers need to consider the transferabili...

    Authors: Tamara Schloemer and Peter Schröder-Bäck

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:88

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  37. Content type: Research

    Computerised decision support (CDS) based on trustworthy clinical guidelines is a key component of a learning healthcare system. Research shows that the effectiveness of CDS is mixed.

    Authors: Stijn Van de Velde, Ilkka Kunnamo, Pavel Roshanov, Tiina Kortteisto, Bert Aertgeerts, Per Olav Vandvik and Signe Flottorp

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:86

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  38. Content type: Research

    Behavioral health organizations are characterized by multiple organizational climates, including molar climate, which encompasses clinicians’ shared perceptions of how the work environment impacts their person...

    Authors: Nathaniel J. Williams, Mark G. Ehrhart, Gregory A. Aarons, Steven C. Marcus and Rinad S. Beidas

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:85

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  39. Content type: Research

    Systematic reviews are infrequently used by health care managers (HCMs) and policy-makers (PMs) in decision-making. HCMs and PMs co-developed and tested novel systematic review of effects formats to increase t...

    Authors: Christine Marquez, Alekhya Mascarenhas Johnson, Sabrina Jassemi, Jamie Park, Julia E. Moore, Caroline Blaine, Gertrude Bourdon, Mark Chignell, Moriah E. Ellen, Jacques Fortin, Ian D. Graham, Anne Hayes, Jemila Hamid, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Michael Hillmer, Bev Holmes…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:84

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  40. Content type: Research

    Efforts to integrate substance use disorder treatment into primary care settings are growing. Little is known about how well primary care settings can sustain treatment delivery to address substance use follow...

    Authors: Sarah B. Hunter, Allison J. Ober, Colleen M. McCullough, Erik D. Storholm, Praise O. Iyiewuare, Chau Pham and Katherine E. Watkins

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:83

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  41. Content type: Research

    The use of clinical practice guidelines envisages augmenting quality and best practice in clinical outcomes. Generic guidelines that are not adapted for local use often fail to produce these outcomes. Adaptati...

    Authors: Nyawira Mwangi, Muchai Gachago, Michael Gichangi, Stephen Gichuhi, Kibata Githeko, Atieno Jalango, Jefitha Karimurio, Joseph Kibachio, Lawrence Muthami, Nancy Ngugi, Carmichael Nduri, Patrick Nyaga, Joseph Nyamori, Alain Nazaire Mbongo Zindamoyen, Covadonga Bascaran and Allen Foster

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:81

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  42. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the original article [1] it was brought to the authors’ attention that a sentence was missing in the acknowledgement section. The full acknowledgement is included in this Correction article:

    Authors: Anna-Janina Stephan, Eva Kovacs, Amanda Phillips, Jörg Schelling, Susanne Marlene Ulrich and Eva Grill

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:82

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    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2018 13:25

  43. Content type: Research

    Implementation tools (iTools) may enhance uptake of guidelines. However, little evidence exists on their use by primary care clinicians. This study explored which iTools clinicians used and how often; how sati...

    Authors: Heather Armson, Stefanie Roder, Tom Elmslie, Sobia Khan and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:79

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  44. Content type: Research

    Normalization Process Theory (NPT) identifies, characterises and explains key mechanisms that promote and inhibit the implementation, embedding and integration of new health techniques, technologies and other ...

    Authors: Carl R. May, Amanda Cummings, Melissa Girling, Mike Bracher, Frances S. Mair, Christine M. May, Elizabeth Murray, Michelle Myall, Tim Rapley and Tracy Finch

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:80

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  45. Content type: Research

    Primary care clinics present challenges to implementing evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) for depression and anxiety, and frontline providers infrequently adopt these treatments. The current study explored...

    Authors: Joseph Mignogna, Lindsey Ann Martin, Juliette Harik, Natalie E. Hundt, Michael Kauth, Aanand D. Naik, Kristen Sorocco, Justin Benzer and Jeffrey Cully

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:76

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  46. Content type: Research

    Sustaining evidence-based interventions (EBIs) is an ongoing challenge for dissemination and implementation science in public health and social services. Characterizing the relationship among human resource ca...

    Authors: Virginia R. McKay, Lee D. Hoffer, Todd B. Combs and M. Margaret Dolcini

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:77

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  47. Content type: Short report

    Organizational change initiatives in health care frequently achieve only partial implementation success. Understanding an organizational readiness for change (ORC) may be a way to develop more effective and ef...

    Authors: Marie Höjriis Storkholm, Pamela Mazzocato, Mesfin Kassaye Tessma and Carl Savage

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:78

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  48. Content type: Research

    A community-based intervention known as Safe Motherhood Action Groups (SMAGs) was implemented to increase coverage of maternal and neonatal health (MNH) services among the poorest and most remote populations i...

    Authors: Choolwe Jacobs, Charles Michelo and Mosa Moshabela

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:74

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  49. Content type: Research

    The uptake and use of clinical guidelines is often insufficient to change clinical behaviour and reduce variation in practice. As a consequence of diverse organisational contexts, the simple provision of guide...

    Authors: Amy Grove, Aileen Clarke and Graeme Currie

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:75

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  50. Content type: Research

    Audit and feedback has been shown to be instrumental in improving quality of care, particularly in outpatient settings. The mental model individuals and organizations hold regarding audit and feedback can mode...

    Authors: Sylvia J. Hysong, Kristen Smitham, Richard SoRelle, Amber Amspoker, Ashley M. Hughes and Paul Haidet

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:73

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