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  1. Statistical tests of mediation are important for advancing implementation science; however, little research has examined the sample sizes needed to detect mediation in 3-level designs (e.g., organization, prov...

    Authors: Nathaniel J. Williams, Kristopher J. Preacher, Paul D. Allison, David S. Mandell and Steven C. Marcus
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:66
  2. Healthcare costs are rising, and a substantial proportion of medical care is of little value. De-implementation of low-value practices is important for improving overall health outcomes and reducing costs. We ...

    Authors: Aleksi J. Raudasoja, Petra Falkenbach, Robin W. M. Vernooij, Jussi M. J. Mustonen, Arnav Agarwal, Yoshitaka Aoki, Marco H. Blanker, Rufus Cartwright, Herney A. Garcia-Perdomo, Tuomas P. Kilpeläinen, Olli Lainiala, Tiina Lamberg, Olli P. O. Nevalainen, Eero Raittio, Patrick O. Richard, Philippe D. Violette…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:65
  3. In response to the US opioid epidemic, significant national campaigns have been launched to expand access to `opioid use disorder (MOUD). While adoption has increased in general medical care settings, specialt...

    Authors: James H. Ford II, Hannah Cheng, Michele Gassman, Harrison Fontaine, Hélène Chokron Garneau, Ryan Keith, Edward Michael and Mark P. McGovern
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:64
  4. For people living with dementia (PLWD) the overuse of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) remains a persistent problem. De-prescribing trials in the elderly have mixed results. Clinician champions may...

    Authors: Michael L. Parchman, Jennifer Perloff and Grant Ritter
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:63
  5. The Practical, Robust Implementation and Sustainability Model (PRISM) was developed in 2008 as a contextually expanded version of the broadly used Reach, Adoption, Effectiveness, Implementation, and Maintenanc...

    Authors: Borsika A. Rabin, Julie Cakici, Caitlin A. Golden, Paul A. Estabrooks, Russell E. Glasgow and Bridget Gaglio
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:62
  6. Authors: Aaron M. Woolsey, Ryan A. Simmons, Meley Woldeghebriel, Yunji Zhou, Oluwatosin Ogunsola, Sarah Laing, Tayo Olaleye, Joseph Kipkoech, Bomar Mendez Rojas, Indrani Saran, Mercy Odhiambo, Josephine Malinga, George Ambani, Emmah Kimachas, Chizoba Fashanu, Owens Wiwa…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:61

    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2021 16:14

  7. Reducing the rate of stillbirth is an international priority. At least half of babies stillborn in high-income countries are small for gestational-age (SGA). The Growth Assessment Protocol (GAP), a complex ant...

    Authors: Sophie Relph, Kirstie Coxon, Matias C. Vieira, Andrew Copas, Andrew Healey, Alessandro Alagna, Annette Briley, Mark Johnson, Deborah A. Lawlor, Christoph Lees, Neil Marlow, Lesley McCowan, Jessica McMicking, Louise Page, Donald Peebles, Andrew Shennan…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:60
  8. This study will explore implementation mechanisms through which a single implementation strategy and a multifaceted implementation strategy operate to affect the implementation outcome, which is fidelity to the G...

    Authors: Lydia Kwak, Anna Toropova, Byron J. Powell, Rebecca Lengnick-Hall, Irene Jensen, Gunnar Bergström, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Kjerstin Stigmar, Charlotte Wåhlin and Christina Björklund
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:59
  9. Implementation Mapping is an organized method to select implementation strategies. However, there are 73 Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (ERIC) strategies. Thus, it is difficult for implementati...

    Authors: Florian R. Schroeck, A. Aziz Ould Ismail, David A. Haggstrom, Steven L. Sanchez, DeRon R. Walker and Lisa Zubkoff
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:58
  10. Evidence-based interventions that optimize physical function for disabled and older adults living in the community who have difficulty with daily living tasks are available. However, uptake has been limited, p...

    Authors: Sandra L. Spoelstra, Monica Schueller, Viktoria Basso and Alla Sikorskii
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:57
  11. Efforts to generate evidence for implementation strategies are frustrated by insufficient description. The Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (ERIC) compilation names and defines implementation str...

    Authors: Sheena McHugh, Justin Presseau, Courtney T. Luecking and Byron J. Powell
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:56
  12. Implementation science is at a sufficiently advanced stage that it is appropriate for the field to reflect on progress thus far in achieving its vision, with a goal of charting a path forward. In this debate, ...

    Authors: Rinad S. Beidas, Shannon Dorsey, Cara C. Lewis, Aaron R. Lyon, Byron J. Powell, Jonathan Purtle, Lisa Saldana, Rachel C. Shelton, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman and Meghan B. Lane-Fall
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:55
  13. Authors: Shawna N. Smith, Daniel Almirall, Seo Youn Choi, Elizabeth Koschmann, Amy Rusch, Emily Bilek, Annalise Lane, James L. Abelson, Daniel Eisenberg, Joseph A. Himle, Kate D. Fitzgerald, Celeste Liebrecht and Amy M. Kilbourne
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:54

    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2022 17:42

  14. The field of dissemination and implementation (D&I) research has grown immensely in recent years. However, the field of dissemination research has not coalesced to the same degree as the field of implementatio...

    Authors: Ana A. Baumann, Cole Hooley, Emily Kryzer, Alexandra B. Morshed, Cassidy A. Gutner, Sara Malone, Callie Walsh-Bailey, Meagan Pilar, Brittney Sandler, Rachel G. Tabak and Stephanie Mazzucca
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:53
  15. Implementation strategies are aimed at improving guideline adherence. Both effect and process evaluations are conducted to provide insights into the success or failure of these strategies. In our study, we eva...

    Authors: Julie E. M. Swillens, Quirinus J. M. Voorham, Reinier P. Akkermans, Iris D. Nagtegaal and Rosella P. M. G. Hermens
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:52
  16. Interventions are often adapted; some adaptations may provoke more favorable outcomes, whereas some may not. A better understanding of the adaptations and their intended goals may elucidate which adaptations p...

    Authors: Jodi Summers Holtrop, Dennis Gurfinkel, Andrea Nederveld, Phoutdavone Phimphasone-Brady, Patrick Hosokawa, Claude Rubinson, Jeanette A. Waxmonsky and Bethany M. Kwan
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:51
  17. Guidelines aim to support evidence-informed practice but are inconsistently used without implementation strategies. Our prior scoping review revealed that guideline implementation interventions were not select...

    Authors: Sanne Peters, Krithika Sukumar, Sophie Blanchard, Akilesh Ramasamy, Jennifer Malinowski, Pamela Ginex, Emily Senerth, Marleen Corremans, Zachary Munn, Tamara Kredo, Lucia Prieto Remon, Etienne Ngeh, Lisa Kalman, Samia Alhabib, Yasser Sami Amer and Anna Gagliardi
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:50
  18. Academic institutions building capacity for implementation scholarship are also well positioned to build capacity in real world health and human service settings. How practitioners and policy makers are includ...

    Authors: Lisa A. Juckett, Alicia C. Bunger, Molly M. McNett, Monica L. Robinson and Sharon J. Tucker
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:49
  19. Strategic implementation leadership is a critical determinant of successful implementation, hypothesized to create a more supportive implementation climate conducive to the adoption and use of evidence-based p...

    Authors: Aaron R. Lyon, Catherine M. Corbin, Eric C. Brown, Mark G. Ehrhart, Jill Locke, Chayna Davis, Elissa Picozzi, Gregory A. Aarons and Clayton R. Cook
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:48
  20. Successful guideline implementation depends both on factors extrinsic to guidelines and their intrinsic features. In the Guideline Implementability for Decision Excellence Model (GUIDE-M), “communicating” cont...

    Authors: Samir Gupta, Rosalind Tang, Kadia Petricca, Ivan D. Florez and Monika Kastner
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:47
  21. Participatory design methods are a key component of designing tailored implementation strategies. These methods vary in the resources required to execute and analyze their outputs. No work to date has examined...

    Authors: Emily M. Becker-Haimes, Brinda Ramesh, Jacqueline E. Buck, Heather J. Nuske, Kelly A. Zentgraf, Rebecca E. Stewart, Alison Buttenheim and David S. Mandell
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:46
  22. Despite improvement, sepsis mortality rates remain high, with an estimated 11 million sepsis-related deaths globally in 2017 (Rudd et. al, Lancet 395:200-211, 2020). Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) ar...

    Authors: Lisa M. Puchalski Ritchie, Lemlem Beza, Finot Debebe, Andualem Wubetie, Kathleen Gamble, Gerald Lebovic, Sharon E. Straus, Tigist Zewdu, Aklilu Azazh, Cheryl Hunchak, Megan Landes and Dawit Kebebe Huluka
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:45
  23. The US continues to face public health crises related to both chronic pain and opioid overdoses. Thirty percent of Americans suffer from chronic noncancer pain at an estimated yearly cost of over $600 billion....

    Authors: Ramzi G. Salloum, Lori Bilello, Jiang Bian, Julie Diiulio, Laura Gonzalez Paz, Matthew J. Gurka, Maria Gutierrez, Robert W. Hurley, Ross E. Jones, Francisco Martinez-Wittinghan, Laura Marcial, Ghania Masri, Cara McDonnell, Laura G. Militello, François Modave, Khoa Nguyen…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:44
  24. The USA is undergoing a suicide epidemic for its youngest Veterans (18-to-34-years-old) as their suicide rate has almost doubled since 2001. Veterans are at the highest risk during their first-year post-discha...

    Authors: Joseph C. Geraci, Erin P. Finley, Emily R. Edwards, Sheila Frankfurt, A. Solomon Kurz, Nipa Kamdar, Megan E. Vanneman, Leonard M. Lopoo, Hannah Patnaik, Jean Yoon, Nicholas Armstrong, Ashley L. Greene, Gilly Cantor, Joseph Wrobleski, Erin Young, Matthew Goldsmith…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:43
  25. Schools increasingly provide mental health services to students, but often lack access to implementation strategies to support school-based (and school professional [SP]) delivery of evidence-based practices. ...

    Authors: Shawna N. Smith, Daniel Almirall, Seo Youn Choi, Elizabeth Koschmann, Amy Rusch, Emily Bilek, Annalise Lane, James L. Abelson, Daniel Eisenberg, Joseph A. Himle, Kate D. Fitzgerald, Celeste Liebrecht and Amy M. Kilbourne
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:42

    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2022 17:54

  26. Many strategies aimed at deprescribing benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZRA) in older adults have already been evaluated with various success rates. There is so far no consensus on which strategy components ...

    Authors: Perrine Evrard, Catherine Pétein, Jean-Baptiste Beuscart and Anne Spinewine
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:41
  27. Internationally, government policies mandating schools to provide students with opportunities to participate in physical activity are poorly implemented. The multi-component Physically Active Children in Educatio...

    Authors: Cassandra Lane, Nicole Nathan, Penny Reeves, Rachel Sutherland, Luke Wolfenden, Adam Shoesmith and Alix Hall
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:40
  28. State legislators make policy decisions that influence children’s exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), such as child maltreatment, and their effects on behavioral health. Effective dissemination o...

    Authors: Jonathan Purtle, Katherine L. Nelson, Luwam Gebrekristos, Félice Lê-Scherban and Sarah E. Gollust
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:38
  29. There are increasing efforts for the integration of mental health services into primary care settings in low- and middle-income countries. However, commonly used approaches to train primary care providers (PCP...

    Authors: Brandon A. Kohrt, Elizabeth L. Turner, Dristy Gurung, Xueqi Wang, Mani Neupane, Nagendra P. Luitel, Muralikrishnan R. Kartha, Anubhuti Poudyal, Ritika Singh, Sauharda Rai, Phanindra Prasad Baral, Sabrina McCutchan, Petra C. Gronholm, Charlotte Hanlon, Heidi Lempp, Crick Lund…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:39
  30. Significant investments are being made to close the mental health (MH) treatment gap, which often exceeds 90% in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, limited attention has been paid to patie...

    Authors: Vasco F. J. Cumbe, Alberto Gabriel Muanido, Morgan Turner, Isaias Ramiro, Kenneth Sherr, Bryan J. Weiner, Brian P. Flaherty, Monisha Sharma, Flávia Faduque, Ernesto Rodrigo Xerinda and Bradley H. Wagenaar
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:37
  31. Ischemic heart disease causes a high disease burden globally and numerous challenges in treatment, particularly in developing countries such as China. The National Chest Pain Centers Program (NCPCP) was launch...

    Authors: Shuduo Zhou, Junxiong Ma, Xuejie Dong, Na Li, Yuqi Duan, Zongbin Wang, Liqun Gao, Lu Han, Shu Tu, Zhisheng Liang, Fangjing Liu, Kenneth A. LaBresh, Sidney C. Smith Jr, Yinzi Jin and Zhi-Jie Zheng
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:36
  32. Audit and feedback aims to improve patient care by comparing healthcare performance against explicit standards. It is used to monitor and improve patient care, including through National Clinical Audit (NCA) p...

    Authors: Alexandra Wright-Hughes, Thomas A. Willis, Stephanie Wilson, Ana Weller, Fabiana Lorencatto, Mohamed Althaf, Valentine Seymour, Amanda J. Farrin, Jillian Francis, Jamie Brehaut, Noah Ivers, Sarah L. Alderson, Benjamin C. Brown, Richard G. Feltbower, Chris P. Gale, Simon J. Stanworth…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:34
  33. Medication errors are likely common in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In neonatal hospital care where the population with severe illness has a high mortality rate, around 14.9% of drug prescriptions...

    Authors: Timothy Tuti, Jalemba Aluvaala, Lucas Malla, Grace Irimu, George Mbevi, John Wainaina, Livingstone Mumelo, Kefa Wairoto, Dolphine Mochache, Christiane Hagel, Michuki Maina and Mike English
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:32
  34. We developed a colorectal cancer risk prediction tool (‘CRISP’) to provide individualised risk-based advice for colorectal cancer screening. Using known environmental, behavioural, and familial risk factors, C...

    Authors: Shakira Milton, Jon D. Emery, Jane Rinaldi, Joanne Kinder, Adrian Bickerstaffe, Sibel Saya, Mark A. Jenkins and Jennifer McIntosh
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:31
  35. Behavior change interventions that aim to improve rational antibiotic use in prescribers and users have been widely conducted in both high- and LMICs. However, currently, no review has systematically examined ...

    Authors: Shishi Wu, Elias Tannous, Victoria Haldane, Moriah E. Ellen and Xiaolin Wei
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:30
  36. Economic evaluations of the implementation of health-related evidence-based interventions (EBIs) are conducted infrequently and, when performed, often use a limited set of quantitative methods to estimate the ...

    Authors: Meghan C. O’Leary, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Leah Frerichs, Jennifer Leeman, Daniel S. Reuland and Stephanie B. Wheeler
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:27
  37. Evidence, in multiple forms, is a foundation of implementation science. For public health and clinical practice, evidence includes the following: type 1 evidence on etiology and burden; type 2 evidence on effe...

    Authors: Ross C. Brownson, Rachel C. Shelton, Elvin H. Geng and Russell E. Glasgow
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:26
  38. Despite the potential for Early Care and Education (ECE) settings to promote healthy habits, a gap exists between current practices and evidence-based practices (EBPs) for obesity prevention in childhood.

    Authors: Taren Swindle, Julie M. Rutledge, James P. Selig, Jacob Painter, Dong Zhang, Janna Martin, Susan L. Johnson, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Daniel Almirall, Tracey Barnett-McElwee and Geoff M. Curran
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:25
  39. Accumulating evidence suggests that interventions to de-implement low-value services are urgently needed. While medical societies and educational campaigns such as Choosing Wisely have developed several guidel...

    Authors: Amir Alishahi Tabriz, Kea Turner, Alecia Clary, Young-Rock Hong, Oliver T. Nguyen, Grace Wei, Rebecca B. Carlson and Sarah A. Birken
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:24
  40. There is limited research on prevention of mental ill-health of school personnel and the systematic management of school work environments. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of implementing...

    Authors: Anna Toropova, Christina Björklund, Gunnar Bergström, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Kjerstin Stigmar, Charlotte Wåhlin, Irene Jensen and Lydia Kwak
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:23
  41. The aim of this trial was to assess the effectiveness of quality improvement collaboratives to implement large-scale change in the National Health Service (NHS) in the UK, specifically for improving outcomes i...

    Authors: Ashley Brian Scrimshire, Alison Booth, Caroline Fairhurst, Elizabeth Coleman, Ajay Malviya, Alwyn Kotze, Chris Tiplady, David Tate, Annie Laverty, Gillian Davis, Win Tadd, Belen Corbacho, David J. Torgerson, Catriona McDaid and Mike Reed
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:22
  42. Computerized clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) are a promising knowledge translation tool, but often fail to meaningfully influence the outcomes they target. Low CDSS provider uptake is a potential con...

    Authors: Andrew Kouri, Janet Yamada, Jeffrey Lam Shin Cheung, Stijn Van de Velde and Samir Gupta
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:21
  43. Implementation facilitation is an effective strategy to support the implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs), but our understanding of multilevel strategies and the mechanisms of change within the “bl...

    Authors: David J. Kolko, Elizabeth A. McGuier, Renee Turchi, Eileen Thompson, Satish Iyengar, Shawna N. Smith, Kimberly Hoagwood, Celeste Liebrecht, Ian M. Bennett, Byron J. Powell, Kelly Kelleher, Maria Silva and Amy M. Kilbourne
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:20
  44. Normalisation Process Theory (NPT) is frequently used to inform qualitative research that aims to explain and evaluate processes that shape late-stage translation of innovations in the organisation and deliver...

    Authors: Carl R. May, Bianca Albers, Mike Bracher, Tracy L. Finch, Anthony Gilbert, Melissa Girling, Kathryn Greenwood, Anne MacFarlane, Frances S. Mair, Christine M. May, Elizabeth Murray, Sebastian Potthoff and Tim Rapley
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:19
  45. Many Indigenous communities across the USA and Canada experience a disproportionate burden of health disparities. Effective programs and interventions are essential to build protective skills for different age...

    Authors: Lea Sacca, Ross Shegog, Belinda Hernandez, Melissa Peskin, Stephanie Craig Rushing, Cornelia Jessen, Travis Lane and Christine Markham
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:18
  46. Audit and feedback (A&F) that shows how health professionals compare to those of their peers, can be an effective intervention to reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescribing among family physicians. However, the...

    Authors: Jennifer Shuldiner, Kevin L. Schwartz, Bradley J. Langford and Noah M. Ivers
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:17

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