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  1. Systematic review

    Effective strategies for scaling up evidence-based practices in primary care: a systematic review

    While an extensive array of existing evidence-based practices (EBPs) have the potential to improve patient outcomes, little is known about how to implement EBPs on a larger scale. Therefore, we sought to ident...

    Ali Ben Charif, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Annie LeBlanc, Léa Langlois, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong, Christopher M. Williams, Roxanne Lépine and France Légaré

    Implementation Science 2017 12:139

    Published on: 22 November 2017

  2. Research

    A content analysis of dissemination and implementation science resource initiatives: what types of resources do they offer to advance the field?

    The recent growth in organized efforts to advance dissemination and implementation (D & I) science suggests a rapidly expanding community focused on the adoption and sustainment of evidence-based practices (EB...

    Doyanne Darnell, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Abigail Melvin, Jonathan Chi, Aaron R. Lyon and Cara C. Lewis

    Implementation Science 2017 12:137

    Published on: 21 November 2017

  3. Research

    Using a multi-state Learning Community as an implementation strategy for immediate postpartum long-acting reversible contraception

    Implementation strategies are imperative for the successful adoption and sustainability of complex evidence-based public health practices. Creating a learning collaborative is one strategy that was part of a r...

    Carla L. DeSisto, Cameron Estrich, Charlan D. Kroelinger, David A. Goodman, Ellen Pliska, Christine N. Mackie, Lisa F. Waddell and Kristin M. Rankin

    Implementation Science 2017 12:138

    Published on: 21 November 2017

  4. Study protocol

    Test of a workforce development intervention to expand opioid use disorder treatment pharmacotherapy prescribers: protocol for a cluster randomized trial

    Overdoses due to non-medical use of prescription opioids and other opiates have become the leading cause of accidental deaths in the USA. Buprenorphine and extended-release naltrexone are key evidence-based ph...

    Todd Molfenter, Hannah K. Knudsen, Randy Brown, Nora Jacobson, Julie Horst, Mark Van Etten, Jee-Seon Kim, Eric Haram, Elizabeth Collier, Sanford Starr, Alexander Toy and Lynn Madden

    Implementation Science 2017 12:135

    Published on: 15 November 2017

  5. Research

    Number and type of guideline implementation tools varies by guideline, clinical condition, country of origin, and type of developer organization: content analysis of guidelines

    Guideline implementation tools (GI tools) can improve clinician behavior and patient outcomes. Analyses of guidelines published before 2010 found that many did not offer GI tools. Since 2010 standards, framewo...

    Laurel Liang, Jhoni Abi Safi and Anna R. Gagliardi

    Implementation Science 2017 12:136

    Published on: 15 November 2017

  6. Methodology

    Utilization of the Behavior Change Wheel framework to develop a model to improve cardiometabolic screening for people with severe mental illness

    Individuals with severe mental illness (e.g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) die 10–25 years earlier than the general population, primarily from premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Contributing factors a...

    Christina Mangurian, Grace C. Niu, Dean Schillinger, John W. Newcomer, James Dilley and Margaret A. Handley

    Implementation Science 2017 12:134

    Published on: 14 November 2017

  7. Systematic review

    Exploring the factors affecting the implementation of tobacco and substance use interventions within a secondary school setting: a systematic review

    The aim of this mixed-methods, systematic literature review was to develop an understanding of the factors affecting the implementation of tobacco and substance use intervention programmes in the secondary sch...

    Gillian Waller, Tracy Finch, Emma L. Giles and Dorothy Newbury-Birch

    Implementation Science 2017 12:130

    Published on: 14 November 2017

  8. Systematic review

    The effectiveness of research implementation strategies for promoting evidence-informed policy and management decisions in healthcare: a systematic review

    It is widely acknowledged that health policy and management decisions rarely reflect research evidence. Therefore, it is important to determine how to improve evidence-informed decision-making. The primary aim...

    Mitchell N. Sarkies, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Elizabeth H. Skinner, Romi Haas, Haylee Lane and Terry P. Haines

    Implementation Science 2017 12:132

    Published on: 14 November 2017

  9. Study protocol

    Addressing challenges in scaling up TB and HIV treatment integration in rural primary healthcare clinics in South Africa (SUTHI): a cluster randomized controlled trial protocol

    A large and compelling clinical evidence base has shown that integrated TB and HIV services leads to reduction in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- and tuberculosis (TB)-associated mortality and morbidity. D...

    Kogieleum Naidoo, Santhanalakshmi Gengiah, Nonhlanhla Yende-Zuma, Nesri Padayatchi, Pierre Barker, Andrew Nunn, Priashni Subrayen and Salim S. Abdool Karim

    Implementation Science 2017 12:129

    Published on: 13 November 2017

  10. Research

    Validity and reliability of the Spanish version of the Organizational Readiness for Knowledge Translation (OR4KT) questionnaire

    Organizational readiness to change healthcare practice is a major determinant of successful implementation of evidence-based interventions. However, we lack of comprehensive, valid, and reliable instruments to...

    Gonzalo Grandes, Paola Bully, Catalina Martinez and Marie-Pierre Gagnon

    Implementation Science 2017 12:128

    Published on: 10 November 2017

  11. Study protocol

    Enhancing Mental and Physical Health of Women through Engagement and Retention (EMPOWER): a protocol for a program of research

    The Enhancing Mental and Physical health of Women through Engagement and Retention or EMPOWER program represents a partnership with the US Department of Veterans Health Administration (VA) Health Service Resea...

    Alison B. Hamilton, Melissa M. Farmer, Tannaz Moin, Erin P. Finley, Ariel J. Lang, Sabine M. Oishi, Alexis K. Huynh, Jessica Zuchowski, Sally G. Haskell and Bevanne Bean-Mayberry

    Implementation Science 2017 12:127

    Published on: 7 November 2017

  12. Research

    A complex intervention to improve implementation of World Health Organization guidelines for diagnosis of severe illness in low-income settings: a quasi-experimental study from Uganda

    To improve management of severely ill hospitalized patients in low-income settings, the World Health Organization (WHO) established a triage tool called “Quick Check” to provide clinicians with a rapid, standa...

    Matthew J. Cummings, Elijah Goldberg, Savio Mwaka, Olive Kabajaasi, Eric Vittinghoff, Adithya Cattamanchi, Achilles Katamba, Nathan Kenya-Mugisha, Shevin T. Jacob and J. Lucian Davis

    Implementation Science 2017 12:126

    Published on: 6 November 2017

  13. Debate

    Beyond “implementation strategies”: classifying the full range of strategies used in implementation science and practice

    Strategies are central to the National Institutes of Health’s definition of implementation research as “the study of strategies to integrate evidence-based interventions into specific settings.” Multiple schol...

    Jennifer Leeman, Sarah A. Birken, Byron J. Powell, Catherine Rohweder and Christopher M. Shea

    Implementation Science 2017 12:125

    Published on: 3 November 2017

  14. Short report

    Criteria for selecting implementation science theories and frameworks: results from an international survey

    Theories provide a synthesizing architecture for implementation science. The underuse, superficial use, and misuse of theories pose a substantial scientific challenge for implementation science and may relate ...

    Sarah A. Birken, Byron J. Powell, Christopher M. Shea, Emily R. Haines, M. Alexis Kirk, Jennifer Leeman, Catherine Rohweder, Laura Damschroder and Justin Presseau

    Implementation Science 2017 12:124

    Published on: 30 October 2017

  15. Study protocol

    Implementation and dissemination of a transition of care program for rural veterans: a controlled before and after study

    Adapting promising health care interventions to local settings is a critical component in the dissemination and implementation process. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) rural transitions nurse program ...

    Chelsea Leonard, Emily Lawrence, Marina McCreight, Brandi Lippmann, Lynette Kelley, Ashlea Mayberry, Amy Ladebue, Heather Gilmartin, Murray J. Côté, Jacqueline Jones, Borsika A. Rabin, P. Michael Ho and Robert Burke

    Implementation Science 2017 12:123

    Published on: 23 October 2017

  16. Study protocol

    The Human Behaviour-Change Project: harnessing the power of artificial intelligence and machine learning for evidence synthesis and interpretation

    Behaviour change is key to addressing both the challenges facing human health and wellbeing and to promoting the uptake of research findings in health policy and practice. We need to make better use of the vas...

    Susan Michie, James Thomas, Marie Johnston, Pol Mac Aonghusa, John Shawe-Taylor, Michael P. Kelly, Léa A. Deleris, Ailbhe N. Finnerty, Marta M. Marques, Emma Norris, Alison O’Mara-Eves and Robert West

    Implementation Science 2017 12:121

    Published on: 18 October 2017

  17. Study protocol

    Enhancing evidence-based diabetes and chronic disease control among local health departments: a multi-phase dissemination study with a stepped-wedge cluster randomized trial component

    The rates of diabetes and prediabetes in the USA are growing, significantly impacting the quality and length of life of those diagnosed and financially burdening society. Premature death and disability can be ...

    Renee G. Parks, Rachel G. Tabak, Peg Allen, Elizabeth A. Baker, Katherine A. Stamatakis, Allison R. Poehler, Yan Yan, Marshall H. Chin, Jenine K. Harris, Maureen Dobbins and Ross C. Brownson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:122

    Published on: 18 October 2017

  18. Research

    Updated clinical guidelines experience major reporting limitations

    The Checklist for the Reporting of Updated Guidelines (CheckUp) was recently developed. However, so far, no systematic assessment of the reporting of updated clinical guidelines (CGs) exists. We aimed to exami...

    Robin W.M. Vernooij, Laura Martínez García, Ivan Dario Florez, Laura Hildago Armas, Michiel H.F. Poorthuis, Melissa Brouwers and Pablo Alonso-Coello

    Implementation Science 2017 12:120

    Published on: 12 October 2017

  19. Systematic review

    Organizational participatory research: a systematic mixed studies review exposing its extra benefits and the key factors associated with them

    In health, organizational participatory research (OPR) refers to health organization members participating in research decisions, with university researchers, throughout a study. This non-academic partner cont...

    Paula L. Bush, Pierre Pluye, Christine Loignon, Vera Granikov, Michael T. Wright, Jean-François Pelletier, Gillian Bartlett-Esquilant, Ann C. Macaulay, Jeannie Haggerty, Sharon Parry and Carol Repchinsky

    Implementation Science 2017 12:119

    Published on: 10 October 2017

  20. Short report

    Toward criteria for pragmatic measurement in implementation research and practice: a stakeholder-driven approach using concept mapping

    Advancing implementation research and practice requires valid and reliable measures of implementation determinants, mechanisms, processes, strategies, and outcomes. However, researchers and implementation stak...

    Byron J. Powell, Cameo F. Stanick, Heather M. Halko, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Bryan J. Weiner, Melanie A. Barwick, Laura J. Damschroder, Michel Wensing, Luke Wolfenden and Cara C. Lewis

    Implementation Science 2017 12:118

    Published on: 3 October 2017

  21. Research

    Advancing the literature on designing audit and feedback interventions: identifying theory-informed hypotheses

    Audit and feedback (A&F) is a common strategy for helping health providers to implement evidence into practice. Despite being extensively studied, health care A&F interventions remain variably effective, with ...

    Heather L. Colquhoun, Kelly Carroll, Kevin W. Eva, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Noah Ivers, Susan Michie, Anne Sales and Jamie C. Brehaut

    Implementation Science 2017 12:117

    Published on: 29 September 2017

  22. Study protocol

    Structural analysis of health-relevant policy-making information exchange networks in Canada

    Health systems worldwide struggle to identify, adopt, and implement in a timely and system-wide manner the best—evidence-informed—policy-level practices. Yet, there is still only limited evidence about individ...

    Damien Contandriopoulos, François Benoît, Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Annie Carrier, Nancy Carter, Raisa Deber, Arnaud Duhoux, Trisha Greenhalgh, Catherine Larouche, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Adrian Levy, Ruth Martin-Misener, Katerina Maximova, Kimberlyn McGrail, Candace Nykiforuk, Noralou Roos…

    Implementation Science 2017 12:116

    Published on: 20 September 2017

  23. Research

    Development of a complex intervention to promote appropriate prescribing and medication intensification in poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus in Irish general practice

    Poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can be seen as failure to meet recommended targets for management of key risk factors including glycaemic control, blood pressure and lipids. Poor control of r...

    Mark E. Murphy, Molly Byrne, Atieh Zarabzadeh, Derek Corrigan, Tom Fahey and Susan M. Smith

    Implementation Science 2017 12:115

    Published on: 16 September 2017

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