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Implementation Science

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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Vital signs are the primary indicator of physiological status and for determining the need for urgent clinical treatment. Yet, if physiological signs of deterioration are missed, misinterpreted or mismanaged, ...

    Authors: Tracey K. Bucknall, Gill Harvey, Julie Considine, Imogen Mitchell, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Ian D. Graham, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Jennifer Watts and Alison M. Hutchinson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:85

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Blood for transfusion is a frequently used clinical intervention, and is also a costly and limited resource with risks. Many transfusions are given to stable and non-bleeding patients despite no clear evidence...

    Authors: Suzanne Hartley, Robbie Foy, Rebecca E. A. Walwyn, Robert Cicero, Amanda J. Farrin, Jill J. Francis, Fabiana Lorencatto, Natalie J. Gould, John Grant-Casey, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Liz Glidewell, Susan Michie, Stephen Morris and Simon J. Stanworth

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:84

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Evidence-based decision-making and practice are pivotal in public health. However, barriers do persist and they relate to evidence properties, organisations and contexts. To address these major knowledge trans...

    Authors: Linda Cambon, Audrey Petit, Valery Ridde, Christian Dagenais, Marion Porcherie, Jeanine Pommier, Chrisine Ferron, Laetitia Minary and François Alla

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:83

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) impact patients’ lives through prolonged hospitalization, morbidity, and death, resulting in significant costs to both health systems and society. Central line-associate...

    Authors: Ann Scheck McAlearney, Jennifer L. Hefner, Cynthia J. Sieck, Daniel M. Walker, Alison M. Aldrich, Lindsey N. Sova, Alice A. Gaughan, Caitlin M. Slevin, Courtney Hebert, Erinn Hade, Jacalyn Buck, Michele Grove and Timothy R. Huerta

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:82

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    A large proportion of the US population has limited access to mental health treatments because insurance providers limit the utilization of mental health services in ways that are more restrictive than for phy...

    Authors: Jonathan Purtle, Félice Lê-Scherban, Paul Shattuck, Enola K. Proctor and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:81

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  6. Content type: Short report

    Using opinion leaders to accelerate the dissemination of evidence-based public health practices is a promising strategy for closing the gap between evidence and practice. Network interventions (using social ne...

    Authors: Thomas A. Odeny, Maya Petersen, Charles T. Muga, Jayne Lewis-Kulzer, Elizabeth A. Bukusi and Elvin H. Geng

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:80

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  7. Content type: Research

    Missed evidence-based monitoring in high-risk conditions (e.g., cancer) leads to delayed diagnosis. Current technological solutions fail to close this safety gap. In response, we aim to demonstrate a novel met...

    Authors: Kathryn M. McDonald, George Su, Sarah Lisker, Emily S. Patterson and Urmimala Sarkar

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:79

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  8. Content type: Debate

    The vision of transforming health systems into learning health systems (LHSs) that rapidly and continuously transform knowledge into improved health outcomes at lower cost is generating increased interest in gove...

    Authors: Lysanne Lessard, Wojtek Michalowski, Michael Fung-Kee-Fung, Lori Jones and Agnes Grudniewicz

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:78

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  9. Content type: Systematic review

    Researchers, healthcare planners, and policymakers convey a sense of urgency in using eMental healthcare technologies to improve pediatric mental healthcare availability and access. Yet, different stakeholders...

    Authors: Nicole D. Gehring, Patrick McGrath, Lori Wozney, Amir Soleimani, Kathryn Bennett, Lisa Hartling, Anna Huguet, Michele P. Dyson and Amanda S. Newton

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:76

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  10. Content type: Methodology

    Implementing new practices requires changes in the behaviour of relevant actors, and this is facilitated by understanding of the determinants of current and desired behaviours. The Theoretical Domains Framewor...

    Authors: Lou Atkins, Jill Francis, Rafat Islam, Denise O’Connor, Andrea Patey, Noah Ivers, Robbie Foy, Eilidh M. Duncan, Heather Colquhoun, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Rebecca Lawton and Susan Michie

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:77

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  11. Content type: Research

    Implementation support models are increasingly being used to enhance the delivery of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) in routine care settings. Little is known about the extent to which these models lead to co...

    Authors: Sarah B. Hunter, Bing Han, Mary E. Slaughter, Susan H. Godley and Bryan R. Garner

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:75

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  12. Content type: Systematic review

    Adoption of contemporary evidence-based guidelines for acute stroke management is often delayed due to a range of key enablers and barriers. Recent reviews on such barriers focus mainly on specific acute strok...

    Authors: Leonard Baatiema, Michael E. Otim, George Mnatzaganian, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Judith Coombes and Shawn Somerset

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:74

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  13. Content type: Short report

    Training is a core component in the implementation of empirically supported treatments, especially in the case of psychosocial interventions targeting mental illness. However, common forms of training are rela...

    Authors: Meredith R. Boyd, Cara C. Lewis, Kelli Scott, Anne Krendl and Aaron R. Lyon

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:73

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  14. Content type: Research

    Perioperative autologous blood salvage and preoperative erythropoietin are not (cost) effective to reduce allogeneic transfusion in primary hip and knee arthroplasty, but are still used. This study aimed to ev...

    Authors: Veronique M. A. Voorn, Perla J. Marang-van de Mheen, Anja van der Hout, Stefanie N. Hofstede, Cynthia So-Osman, M. Elske van den Akker-van Marle, Ad A. Kaptein, Theo Stijnen, Ankie W. M. M. Koopman-van Gemert, Albert Dahan, Thea P. M. M. Vliet Vlieland, Rob G. H. H. Nelissen and Leti van Bodegom-Vos

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:72

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  15. Content type: Research

    In 2014, nursing home administration and government officials were facing increasing public and media scrutiny around the variation of antipsychotic medication (APM) prescribing across Ontario nursing homes. I...

    Authors: L. Desveaux, M. Saragosa, J. Rogers, L. Bevan, H. Loshak, A. Moser, S. Feldman, L. Regier, L. Jeffs and N. M. Ivers

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:71

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  16. Content type: Research

    An online weight management intervention (POWeR+) combined with a small amount of primary care healthcare practitioner support is effective in helping patients to lose weight, but little is known about how pra...

    Authors: Emily Smith, Katherine Bradbury, Lisa Scott, Mary Steele, Paul Little and Lucy Yardley

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:69

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Audit and feedback is often used as a strategy to improve quality of care, however, its effects are variable and often marginal. In order to learn how to design and deliver effective feedback, we need to under...

    Authors: Wouter T. Gude, Marie-José Roos-Blom, Sabine N. van der Veer, Evert de Jonge, Niels Peek, Dave A. Dongelmans and Nicolette F. de Keizer

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:68

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  18. Content type: Research

    System-wide training initiatives to support and implement evidence-based practices (EBPs) in behavioral health systems have become increasingly widespread. Understanding more about organizations who do not par...

    Authors: Rebecca E. Stewart, Danielle R. Adams, David S. Mandell, Gayatri Nangia, Lauren Shaffer, Arthur C. Evans, Ronnie Rubin, Shawna Weaver, Trevor R. Hadley and Rinad S. Beidas

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:70

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  19. Content type: Research

    Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs have been shown to have a positive impact on outcome. The ERAS care system includes an evidence-based guideline, an implementation program, and an interactive au...

    Authors: Leah M. Gramlich, Caroline E. Sheppard, Tracy Wasylak, Loreen E. Gilmour, Olle Ljungqvist, Carlota Basualdo-Hammond and Gregg Nelson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:67

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  20. Content type: Research

    There is substantial evidence about the effectiveness of audit with feedback, but none that we know have been conducted in home care settings. The primary purpose of the Data for Improvement and Clinical Excel...

    Authors: Kimberly D. Fraser, Anne E. Sales, Melba Andrea B. Baylon, Corinne Schalm and John J. Miklavcic

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:66

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Tobacco and alcohol use present multiplicative risk for aerodigestive cancers. Reducing alcohol consumption improves smoking cessation outcomes and reduces cancer risk. Risky alcohol consumption and smoking ar...

    Authors: Nadia Minian, Dolly Baliunas, Laurie Zawertailo, Aliya Noormohamed, Norman Giesbrecht, Christian S. Hendershot, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov and Peter L. Selby

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:65

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  22. Content type: Research

    In the UK, responsibility for many public health functions was transferred in 2013 from the National Health Service (NHS) to local government; a very different political context and one without the NHS history...

    Authors: Lou Atkins, Michael P. Kelly, Clare Littleford, Gillian Leng and Susan Michie

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:63

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  23. Content type: Debate

    Even under optimal internal organizational conditions, implementation can be undermined by changes in organizations’ external environments, such as fluctuations in funding, adjustments in contracting practices...

    Authors: Sarah A. Birken, Alicia C. Bunger, Byron J. Powell, Kea Turner, Alecia S. Clary, Stacey L. Klaman, Yan Yu, Daniel J. Whitaker, Shannon R. Self, Whitney L. Rostad, Jenelle R. Shanley Chatham, M. Alexis Kirk, Christopher M. Shea, Emily Haines and Bryan J. Weiner

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:62

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  24. Content type: Research

    Examining the role of modifiable barriers and facilitators is a necessary step toward developing effective implementation strategies. This study examines whether both general (organizational culture, organizat...

    Authors: Byron J. Powell, David S. Mandell, Trevor R. Hadley, Ronnie M. Rubin, Arthur C. Evans, Matthew O. Hurford and Rinad S. Beidas

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:64

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  25. Content type: Systematic review

    Audit and feedback is a common intervention for supporting clinical behaviour change. Increasingly, health data are available in electronic format. Yet, little is known regarding if and how electronic audit an...

    Authors: Timothy Tuti, Jacinta Nzinga, Martin Njoroge, Benjamin Brown, Niels Peek, Mike English, Chris Paton and Sabine N van der Veer

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:61

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