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  1. Medication errors are likely common in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In neonatal hospital care where the population with severe illness has a high mortality rate, around 14.9% of drug prescriptions...

    Authors: Timothy Tuti, Jalemba Aluvaala, Lucas Malla, Grace Irimu, George Mbevi, John Wainaina, Livingstone Mumelo, Kefa Wairoto, Dolphine Mochache, Christiane Hagel, Michuki Maina and Mike English
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:32
  2. We developed a colorectal cancer risk prediction tool (‘CRISP’) to provide individualised risk-based advice for colorectal cancer screening. Using known environmental, behavioural, and familial risk factors, C...

    Authors: Shakira Milton, Jon D. Emery, Jane Rinaldi, Joanne Kinder, Adrian Bickerstaffe, Sibel Saya, Mark A. Jenkins and Jennifer McIntosh
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:31
  3. Behavior change interventions that aim to improve rational antibiotic use in prescribers and users have been widely conducted in both high- and LMICs. However, currently, no review has systematically examined ...

    Authors: Shishi Wu, Elias Tannous, Victoria Haldane, Moriah E. Ellen and Xiaolin Wei
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:30
  4. Economic evaluations of the implementation of health-related evidence-based interventions (EBIs) are conducted infrequently and, when performed, often use a limited set of quantitative methods to estimate the ...

    Authors: Meghan C. O’Leary, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Leah Frerichs, Jennifer Leeman, Daniel S. Reuland and Stephanie B. Wheeler
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:27
  5. Evidence, in multiple forms, is a foundation of implementation science. For public health and clinical practice, evidence includes the following: type 1 evidence on etiology and burden; type 2 evidence on effe...

    Authors: Ross C. Brownson, Rachel C. Shelton, Elvin H. Geng and Russell E. Glasgow
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:26
  6. Despite the potential for Early Care and Education (ECE) settings to promote healthy habits, a gap exists between current practices and evidence-based practices (EBPs) for obesity prevention in childhood.

    Authors: Taren Swindle, Julie M. Rutledge, James P. Selig, Jacob Painter, Dong Zhang, Janna Martin, Susan L. Johnson, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Daniel Almirall, Tracey Barnett-McElwee and Geoff M. Curran
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:25
  7. Accumulating evidence suggests that interventions to de-implement low-value services are urgently needed. While medical societies and educational campaigns such as Choosing Wisely have developed several guidel...

    Authors: Amir Alishahi Tabriz, Kea Turner, Alecia Clary, Young-Rock Hong, Oliver T. Nguyen, Grace Wei, Rebecca B. Carlson and Sarah A. Birken
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:24
  8. There is limited research on prevention of mental ill-health of school personnel and the systematic management of school work environments. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of implementing...

    Authors: Anna Toropova, Christina Björklund, Gunnar Bergström, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Kjerstin Stigmar, Charlotte Wåhlin, Irene Jensen and Lydia Kwak
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:23
  9. The aim of this trial was to assess the effectiveness of quality improvement collaboratives to implement large-scale change in the National Health Service (NHS) in the UK, specifically for improving outcomes i...

    Authors: Ashley Brian Scrimshire, Alison Booth, Caroline Fairhurst, Elizabeth Coleman, Ajay Malviya, Alwyn Kotze, Chris Tiplady, David Tate, Annie Laverty, Gillian Davis, Win Tadd, Belen Corbacho, David J. Torgerson, Catriona McDaid and Mike Reed
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:22
  10. Computerized clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) are a promising knowledge translation tool, but often fail to meaningfully influence the outcomes they target. Low CDSS provider uptake is a potential con...

    Authors: Andrew Kouri, Janet Yamada, Jeffrey Lam Shin Cheung, Stijn Van de Velde and Samir Gupta
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:21
  11. Implementation facilitation is an effective strategy to support the implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs), but our understanding of multilevel strategies and the mechanisms of change within the “bl...

    Authors: David J. Kolko, Elizabeth A. McGuier, Renee Turchi, Eileen Thompson, Satish Iyengar, Shawna N. Smith, Kimberly Hoagwood, Celeste Liebrecht, Ian M. Bennett, Byron J. Powell, Kelly Kelleher, Maria Silva and Amy M. Kilbourne
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:20
  12. Normalisation Process Theory (NPT) is frequently used to inform qualitative research that aims to explain and evaluate processes that shape late-stage translation of innovations in the organisation and deliver...

    Authors: Carl R. May, Bianca Albers, Mike Bracher, Tracy L. Finch, Anthony Gilbert, Melissa Girling, Kathryn Greenwood, Anne MacFarlane, Frances S. Mair, Christine M. May, Elizabeth Murray, Sebastian Potthoff and Tim Rapley
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:19
  13. Many Indigenous communities across the USA and Canada experience a disproportionate burden of health disparities. Effective programs and interventions are essential to build protective skills for different age...

    Authors: Lea Sacca, Ross Shegog, Belinda Hernandez, Melissa Peskin, Stephanie Craig Rushing, Cornelia Jessen, Travis Lane and Christine Markham
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:18
  14. Audit and feedback (A&F) that shows how health professionals compare to those of their peers, can be an effective intervention to reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescribing among family physicians. However, the...

    Authors: Jennifer Shuldiner, Kevin L. Schwartz, Bradley J. Langford and Noah M. Ivers
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:17
  15. Implementation outcomes research spans an exciting mix of fields, disciplines, and geographical space. Although the number of studies that cite the 2011 taxonomy has expanded considerably, the problem of harmo...

    Authors: Rebecca Lengnick-Hall, Donald R. Gerke, Enola K. Proctor, Alicia C. Bunger, Rebecca J. Phillips, Jared K. Martin and Julia C. Swanson
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:16
  16. Implementation of antenatal clinical guideline recommendations for addressing maternal alcohol consumption is sub-optimal. There is a complete absence of evidence of the cost and cost-effectiveness of deliveri...

    Authors: Zoe Szewczyk, Penny Reeves, Melanie Kingsland, Emma Doherty, Elizabeth Elliott, Luke Wolfenden, Tracey W. Tsang, Adrian Dunlop, Andrew Searles and John Wiggers
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:14
  17. There is increasing attention being given to opportunities and approaches to advance health equity using implementation science. To reduce disparities in health, it is crucial that an equity lens is integrated...

    Authors: Andrew D. Kerkhoff, Erica Farrand, Carina Marquez, Adithya Cattamanchi and Margaret A. Handley
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:13

    The Debate to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2021 16:28

  18. Despite a strong evidence base and clinical guidelines specifically recommending against prolonged post-procedural antimicrobial use, studies indicate that the practice is common following cardiac device proce...

    Authors: Westyn Branch-Elliman, Rebecca Lamkin, Marlena Shin, Hillary J. Mull, Isabella Epshtein, Samuel Golenbock, Marin L. Schweizer, Kathryn Colborn, Jessica Rove, Judith M. Strymish, Dimitri Drekonja, Maria C. Rodriguez-Barradas, Teena Huan Xu and A. Rani Elwy
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:12
  19. Implementation research may play an important role in reducing research waste by identifying strategies that support translation of evidence into practice. Implementation of healthcare interventions is influen...

    Authors: Marlena Klaic, Suzanne Kapp, Peter Hudson, Wendy Chapman, Linda Denehy, David Story and Jill J. Francis
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:10
  20. Implementing evidence-based recommendations is challenging in UK primary care, especially given system pressures and multiple guideline recommendations competing for attention. Implementation packages that can...

    Authors: Liz Glidewell, Cheryl Hunter, Vicky Ward, Rosemary R. C. McEachan, Rebecca Lawton, Thomas A. Willis, Suzanne Hartley, Michelle Collinson, Michael Holland, Amanda J. Farrin and Robbie Foy
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:9
  21. The challenges of implementing evidence-based innovations (EBIs) are widely recognized among practitioners and researchers. Context, broadly defined as everything outside the EBI, includes the dynamic and dive...

    Authors: Laura J. Damschroder, Caitlin M. Reardon, Marilla A. Opra Widerquist and Julie Lowery
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:7
  22. There is recognition that the overuse of procedures, testing, and medications constitutes low-value care which strains the healthcare system and, in some circumstances, can cause unnecessary stress and harm fo...

    Authors: Gillian Parker, Nida Shahid, Tim Rappon, Monika Kastner, Karen Born and Whitney Berta
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:6
  23. Population-level health promotion is often conceived as a tension between “top-down” and “bottom-up” strategy and action. We report behind-the-scenes insights from Australia’s largest ever investment in the “t...

    Authors: Eileen Goldberg, Kathleen Conte, Victoria Loblay, Sisse Groen, Lina Persson, Christine Innes-Hughes, Jo Mitchell, Andrew Milat, Mandy Williams, Amanda Green and Penelope Hawe
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:5
  24. Task-sharing is a promising strategy to expand mental healthcare in low-resource settings, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Research on how to best implement task-sharing mental health i...

    Authors: PhuongThao D. Le, Evan L. Eschliman, Margaux M. Grivel, Jeffrey Tang, Young G. Cho, Xinyu Yang, Charisse Tay, Tingyu Li, Judith Bass and Lawrence H. Yang
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:4
  25. Despite the important upstream impact policy has on population health outcomes, few studies in implementation science in health have examined implementation processes and strategies used to translate state and...

    Authors: Erika L. Crable, Allyn Benintendi, David K. Jones, Alexander Y. Walley, Jacqueline Milton Hicks and Mari-Lynn Drainoni
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:3
  26. Although multiple systematic reviews indicate that various determinants (barriers and facilitators) occur in the implementation processes of policies promoting healthy diet, physical activity (PA), and sedenta...

    Authors: Karolina Lobczowska, Anna Banik, Katarzyna Brukalo, Sarah Forberger, Thomas Kubiak, Piotr Romaniuk, Marie Scheidmeir, Daniel A. Scheller, Juergen M. Steinacker, Janine Wendt, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Marleen P. M. Bekker, Hajo Zeeb and Aleksandra Luszczynska
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:2
  27. An application-oriented implementation framework designed for clinicians and based on the Diffusion of Innovations theory included 81 implementation strategies with suggested timing for use within four impleme...

    Authors: Laura Cullen, Kirsten Hanrahan, Stephanie W. Edmonds, Heather Schacht Reisinger and Michele Wagner
    Citation: Implementation Science 2022 17:1
  28. Shared decision-making (SDM) is preferred by many patients in cancer care. However, despite scientific evidence and promotion by health policy makers, SDM implementation in routine health care lags behind. Thi...

    Authors: Isabelle Scholl, Pola Hahlweg, Anja Lindig, Wiebke Frerichs, Jördis Zill, Hannah Cords, Carsten Bokemeyer, Anja Coym, Barbara Schmalfeldt, Ralf Smeets, Tobias Vollkommer, Isabell Witzel, Martin Härter and Levente Kriston
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:106
  29. Stroke survivors often encounter occupational therapy practitioners in rehabilitation practice settings. Occupational therapy researchers have recently begun to examine the implementation strategies that promo...

    Authors: J. Edward Murrell, Janell L. Pisegna and Lisa A. Juckett
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:105
  30. This editorial provides a comprehensive consolidated overview of the scope and expectations of Implementation Science and Implementation Science Communications. We remain most interested in rigorous empirical stu...

    Authors: Michel Wensing, Anne Sales, Paul Wilson, Rebecca Armstrong, Roman Kislov, Nicole M. Rankin, Rohit Ramaswamy and Dong ( Roman) Xu
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:103
  31. Practice guidelines can reduce variations in nursing practice and improve patient care. However, implementation of guidelines is complex and inconsistent in practice. It is unclear which strategies are effecti...

    Authors: Christine E. Cassidy, Margaret B. Harrison, Christina Godfrey, Vera Nincic, Paul A. Khan, Patricia Oakley, Amanda Ross-White, Hilary Grantmyre and Ian D. Graham
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:102
  32. The Early Care and Education (ECE) setting plays an important role in the promotion of a healthy lifestyle in young children. SuperFIT is a comprehensive, integrated intervention approach designed to promote h...

    Authors: Ilona van de Kolk, Sanne Gerards, Anke Verhees, Stef Kremers and Jessica Gubbels
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:101
  33. Reduction or elimination of inappropriate, ineffective, or potentially harmful healthcare services and public health programs can help to ensure limited resources are used effectively. Frameworks and models (F...

    Authors: Callie Walsh-Bailey, Edward Tsai, Rachel G. Tabak, Alexandra B. Morshed, Wynne E. Norton, Virginia R. McKay, Ross C. Brownson and Sheyna Gifford
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:100
  34. Alcohol screening and brief intervention (SBI) is recommended to be implemented in primary care settings to intervene against hazardous/harmful drinking. However, studies showed that the uptake rate was low in...

    Authors: Paul Shing-fong Chan, Yuan Fang, Martin Chi-sang Wong, Junjie Huang, Zixin Wang and Eng Kiong Yeoh
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:99
  35. This debate paper asserts that implementation science needs to incorporate a key concept from entrepreneurship—market demand—and demonstrates how assessing an innovation’s potential market viability might adva...

    Authors: Enola K. Proctor, Emre Toker, Rachel Tabak, Virginia R. McKay, Cole Hooley and Bradley Evanoff
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:98
  36. Authors: Anne E. Sales, Douglas P. Barnaby and Victor Cattani Rentes
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:97

    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2020 15:84

  37. In regions with weak healthcare systems, critical shortages of the healthcare workforce, and increasing prevalence of dual disease burdens, there is an urgent need for the implementation of proven effective in...

    Authors: Angela A. Aifah, Oluwatosin Odubela, Ashlin Rakhra, Deborah Onakomaiya, Jiyuan Hu, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, David A. Oladele, Aina Olufemi Odusola, Ifeoma Idigbe, Adesola Z. Musa, Ayodeji Akere, Bamidele Tayo, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Juliet Iwelunmor and Oliver Ezechi
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:96
  38. To successfully reduce the negative impacts of stroke, high-quality health and care practices are needed across the entire stroke care pathway. These practices are not always shared across organisations. Quali...

    Authors: Hayley J. Lowther, Joanna Harrison, James E. Hill, Nicola J. Gaskins, Kimberly C. Lazo, Andrew J. Clegg, Louise A. Connell, Hilary Garrett, Josephine M. E. Gibson, Catherine E. Lightbody and Caroline L. Watkins
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:95
  39. Innovative medical technologies are commonly associated with positive expectations. At the time of their introduction into care, there is often little evidence available regarding their benefits and harms. Acc...

    Authors: Marie Dreger, Helene Eckhardt, Susanne Felgner, Hanna Ermann, Hendrikje Lantzsch, Tanja Rombey, Reinhard Busse, Cornelia Henschke and Dimitra Panteli
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:94

    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2022 17:8

  40. Alignment (i.e., the process of creating fit between elements of the inner and outer context of an organization or system) in conjunction with implementation of an evidence-based intervention (EBI) has been id...

    Authors: Robert Lundmark, Henna Hasson, Anne Richter, Ermine Khachatryan, Amanda Åkesson and Leif Eriksson
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:93
  41. The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged health systems worldwide since 2020. At the frontline of the pandemic, healthcare workers are at high risk of exposure. Compliance with infection prevention and control (IP...

    Authors: Marcus Tolentino Silva, Tais Freire Galvao, Evelina Chapman, Everton Nunes da Silva and Jorge Otávio Maia Barreto
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:92
  42. Whole-of-community interventions hold promise in addressing childhood obesity. The COMPACT Stakeholder-driven Community Diffusion theory posits that stakeholders’ knowledge of childhood obesity prevention effo...

    Authors: Ariella R. Korn, Julia Appel, Ross A. Hammond, Erin Hennessy, Louise C. Mâsse, Aviva Must and Christina D. Economos
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:91
  43. Serious illness conversations (SICs) are an evidence-based approach to eliciting patients’ values, goals, and care preferences that improve patient outcomes. However, most patients with cancer die without a do...

    Authors: Samuel U. Takvorian, Justin Bekelman, Rinad S. Beidas, Robert Schnoll, Alicia B. W. Clifton, Tasnim Salam, Peter Gabriel, E. Paul Wileyto, Callie A. Scott, David A. Asch, Alison M. Buttenheim, Katharine A. Rendle, Krisda Chaiyachati, Rachel C. Shelton, Sue Ware, Corey Chivers…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:90
  44. Insights from behavioral economics, or how individuals’ decisions and behaviors are shaped by finite cognitive resources (e.g., time, attention) and mental heuristics, have been underutilized in efforts to inc...

    Authors: Rinad S. Beidas, Brian K. Ahmedani, Kristin A. Linn, Steven C. Marcus, Christina Johnson, Melissa Maye, Joslyn Westphal, Leslie Wright, Arne L. Beck, Alison M. Buttenheim, Matthew F. Daley, Molly Davis, Marisa E. Elias, Shari Jager-Hyman, Katelin Hoskins, Adina Lieberman…
    Citation: Implementation Science 2021 16:89

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