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  1. Content type: Research

    A community-based intervention known as Safe Motherhood Action Groups (SMAGs) was implemented to increase coverage of maternal and neonatal health (MNH) services among the poorest and most remote populations i...

    Authors: Choolwe Jacobs, Charles Michelo and Mosa Moshabela

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:74

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  2. Content type: Research

    Audit and feedback has been shown to be instrumental in improving quality of care, particularly in outpatient settings. The mental model individuals and organizations hold regarding audit and feedback can mode...

    Authors: Sylvia J. Hysong, Kristen Smitham, Richard SoRelle, Amber Amspoker, Ashley M. Hughes and Paul Haidet

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:73

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  3. Content type: Methodology

    The fields of implementation and improvement sciences have experienced rapid growth in recent years. However, research that seeks to inform health care change may have difficulty translating core components of...

    Authors: Erika L. Crable, Dea Biancarelli, Allan J. Walkey, Caitlin G. Allen, Enola K. Proctor and Mari-Lynn Drainoni

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:71

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  4. Content type: Research

    Community health worker (CHW)-delivered support visits to children living with HIV and their caregivers significantly reduced odds of virological failure among the children in the ZENITH trial conducted in Zim...

    Authors: Chido Dziva Chikwari, Victoria Simms, Joanna Busza, Ethel Dauya, Tsitsi Bandason, Prosper Chonzi, Shungu Munyati, Hilda Mujuru and Rashida A. Ferrand

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:70

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Identifying scalable strategies for assessing fidelity is a key challenge in implementation science. However, for psychosocial interventions, the existing, reliable ways to test treatment fidelity quality are ...

    Authors: Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Luana Marques, Torrey A. Creed, Cassidy A. Gutner, Robert DeRubeis, Paul G. Barnett, Eric Kuhn, Michael Suvak, Jason Owen, Dawne Vogt, Booil Jo, Sonja Schoenwald, Clara Johnson, Kera Mallard, Matthew Beristianos and Heidi La Bash

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:69

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  6. Content type: Methodology

    Tailored implementation approaches are touted as more likely to support the integration of evidence-based practices. However, to our knowledge, few methodologies for tailoring implementations exist. This manus...

    Authors: Cara C. Lewis, Kelli Scott and Brigid R. Marriott

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:68

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    A considerable proportion of interventions provided to patients lacks evidence of their effectiveness. This implies that patients may receive ineffective, unnecessary, or even harmful care. Thus, in addition t...

    Authors: Henna Hasson, Per Nilsen, Hanna Augustsson and Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:67

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    The Centers for Disease Control (2018) estimates that 1 in 59 children has autism spectrum disorder, and the annual cost of ASD in the U.S. is estimated to be $236 billion. Evidence-based interventions have be...

    Authors: Lauren Brookman-Frazee and Aubyn C. Stahmer

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:66

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  9. Content type: Research

    National diabetes audits in the UK show room for improvement in the quality of care delivered to people with type 2 diabetes in primary care. Systematic reviews of quality improvement interventions show that s...

    Authors: Justin Presseau, Joan Mackintosh, Gillian Hawthorne, Jill J. Francis, Marie Johnston, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Nick Steen, Tom Coulthard, Heather Brown, Eileen Kaner, Marko Elovainio and Falko F. Sniehotta

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:65

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  10. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the original article [1] it was brought to our attention that author Laura Hidalgo Armas was incorrectly included as Laura Hildago Armas.

    Authors: Robin W. M. Vernooij, Laura Martínez García, Ivan Dario Florez, Laura Hidalgo Armas, Michiel H. F. Poorthuis, Melissa Brouwers and Pablo Alonso-Coello

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:64

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    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2017 12:120

  11. Content type: Research

    Nurse managers have a pivotal role in fostering unit climates supportive of implementing evidence-based practices (EBPs) in care delivery. EBP leadership behaviors and competencies of nurse managers and their ...

    Authors: Clayton J. Shuman, Xuefeng Liu, Michelle L. Aebersold, Dana Tschannen, Jane Banaszak-Holl and Marita G. Titler

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:62

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  12. Content type: Research

    Current knowledge translation (KT) training initiatives are primarily focused on preparing researchers to conduct KT research rather than on teaching KT practice to end users. Furthermore, training initiatives...

    Authors: Jamie S. Park, Julia E. Moore, Radha Sayal, Bev J. Holmes, Gayle Scarrow, Ian D. Graham, Lianne Jeffs, Caitlyn Timmings, Shusmita Rashid, Alekhya Mascarenhas Johnson and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:63

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    It is widely acknowledged that health policy and practice do not always reflect current research evidence. Whether knowledge transfer from research to practice is more successful when specific implementation a...

    Authors: Mitchell N. Sarkies, Jennifer White, Meg E. Morris, Nicholas F. Taylor, Cylie Williams, Lisa O’Brien, Jenny Martin, Anne Bardoel, Anne E. Holland, Leeanne Carey, Elizabeth H. Skinner, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Kellie Grant, Kathleen Philip and Terry P. Haines

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:60

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  14. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the original article [1] it was brought to our attention that author Elizabeth McGhee Hassrick was erroneously included as Elizabeth McGee Hassrick. The correct spelling of the author’s na...

    Authors: Aubyn C. Stahmer, Jessica Suhrheinrich, Patricia L. Schetter and Elizabeth McGhee Hassrick

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:59

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    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2018 13:3

  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Successful implementation of new clinical programs depends on effectively establishing, reorganizing, or enhancing team structures and processes to coordinate the work of individuals who are interdependent in ...

    Authors: Virginia Wang, Kelli Allen, Courtney H. Van Houtven, Cynthia Coffman, Nina Sperber, Elizabeth P. Mahanna, Cathleen Colón-Emeric, Helen Hoenig, George L. Jackson, Teresa M. Damush, Erika Price and Susan N. Hastings

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:58

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  16. Content type: Research

    Improving healthcare providers’ communication about HPV vaccination is critical to increasing uptake. We previously demonstrated that training providers to use presumptive announcements to introduce HPV vaccin...

    Authors: Teri L. Malo, Megan E. Hall, Noel T. Brewer, Christine R. Lathren and Melissa B. Gilkey

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:57

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  17. Content type: Research

    Patient and public involvement (PPI) is recognized as a key component of clinical practice guideline development with important implications for guideline implementability. The impact of PPI on guidelines, how...

    Authors: Melissa J. Armstrong, C. Daniel Mullins, Gary S. Gronseth and Anna R. Gagliardi

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:55

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  18. Content type: Correction

    Following the publication of the original article [1], it was brought to our attention that the letter ‘l’ was unfortunately omitted from the word ‘health’ in the article’s title.

    Authors: Andrea C. Tricco, Wasifa Zarin, Patricia Rios, Vera Nincic, Paul A. Khan, Marco Ghassemi, Sanober Diaz, Ba’ Pham, Sharon E. Straus and Etienne V. Langlois

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:56

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    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2018 13:31

  19. Content type: Research

    This study aimed to identify barriers and enablers for dentists managing non-cavitated proximal caries lesions using non- or micro-invasive (NI/MI) approaches rather than invasive and restorative methods in Ne...

    Authors: F. Schwendicke, L. A. Foster Page, L. A. Smith, M. Fontana, W. M. Thomson and S. R. Baker

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:54

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Evidence-based medicines, technologies, and protocols exist to prevent many of the annual 300,000 maternal, 2.7 million neonatal, and 9 million child deaths, but they are not being effectively implemented and ...

    Authors: Sheela Maru, Isha Nirola, Aradhana Thapa, Poshan Thapa, Lal Kunwar, Wan-Ju Wu, Scott Halliday, David Citrin, Ryan Schwarz, Indira Basnett, Naresh KC, Khem Karki, Pushpa Chaudhari and Duncan Maru

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:53

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Shared decision-making (SDM) has become increasingly important in health care. However, despite scientific evidence, effective implementation strategies, and a prominent position on the health policy agenda, S...

    Authors: Isabelle Scholl, Pola Hahlweg, Anja Lindig, Carsten Bokemeyer, Anja Coym, Henning Hanken, Volkmar Müller, Ralf Smeets, Isabell Witzel, Levente Kriston and Martin Härter

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:51

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  22. Content type: Research

    Scientists and practitioners alike need reliable, valid measures of contextual factors that influence implementation. Yet, few existing measures demonstrate reliability or validity. To meet this need, we devel...

    Authors: Maria E. Fernandez, Timothy J. Walker, Bryan J. Weiner, William A. Calo, Shuting Liang, Betsy Risendal, Daniela B. Friedman, Shin Ping Tu, Rebecca S. Williams, Sara Jacobs, Alison K. Herrmann and Michelle C. Kegler

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:52

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  23. Content type: Research

    Operating room (OR) crises are high-acuity events requiring rapid, coordinated management. Medical judgment and decision-making can be compromised in stressful situations, and clinicians may not experience a c...

    Authors: Shehnaz Alidina, Sara N. Goldhaber-Fiebert, Alexander A. Hannenberg, David L. Hepner, Sara J. Singer, Bridget A. Neville, James R. Sachetta, Stuart R. Lipsitz and William R. Berry

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:50

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Much of the cancer burden in the USA is preventable, through application of existing knowledge. State-level funders and public health practitioners are in ideal positions to affect programs and policies relate...

    Authors: Margaret Padek, Peg Allen, Paul C. Erwin, Melissa Franco, Ross A. Hammond, Benjamin Heuberger, Matt Kasman, Doug A. Luke, Stephanie Mazzucca, Sarah Moreland-Russell and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:49

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  25. Content type: Research

    The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) develops tools to support implementation of evidence-based interventions for school health. To advance understanding of factors influencing the use of ...

    Authors: Jennifer Leeman, Jean L. Wiecha, Maihan Vu, Jonathan L. Blitstein, Sallie Allgood, Sarah Lee and Caitlin Merlo

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:48

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  26. Content type: Systematic review

    Although most respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are due to viral infections, they cause the majority of antibiotic (Abx) prescriptions in primary care. This systematic review summarises the evidence on the e...

    Authors: Anna Köchling, Christin Löffler, Stefan Reinsch, Anne Hornung, Femke Böhmer, Attila Altiner and Jean-François Chenot

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:47

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  27. Content type: Introduction

    Authors: Cara C. Lewis, Cameo Stanick, Aaron Lyon, Doyanne Darnell, Jill Locke, Ajeng Puspitasari, Brigid R. Marriott, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Madeline Larson, Carrie Jackson, Jordan Thayer, Callie Walsh Bailey, Rebecca Lengnick-Hall, Shannon Dorsey and Sara J. Landes

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13(Suppl 2):30

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  28. Content type: Research

    Understanding program leader perspectives on the sustainment of evidence-based practice (EBP) in community mental health settings is essential to improving implementation. To date, however, much of the literat...

    Authors: Adriana Rodriguez, Anna S. Lau, Blanche Wright, Jennifer Regan and Lauren Brookman-Frazee

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:44

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  29. Content type: Research

    The national guideline for use of the vaccine targeting oncogenic strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is an evidence-based practice that is poorly implemented in primary care. Recommendations include com...

    Authors: Jane M. Garbutt, Sherry Dodd, Emily Walling, Amanda A. Lee, Katharine Kulka and Rebecca Lobb

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:45

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  30. Content type: Research

    Despite the existence of proven solutions to improve maternal health, innovative approaches are still necessary to support the implementation of programs and policies in real-world settings. To address this ch...

    Authors: Jacqueline E. Alcalde-Rabanal, Victor M. Becerril-Montekio and Etienne V. Langlois

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:41

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  31. Content type: Research

    This study assessed whether a theoretically conceptualised tailored intervention centred on multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) increased clinician referral behaviours in line with clinical practice guideline recom...

    Authors: Bernadette Brown, Jane Young, David P. Smith, Andrew B. Kneebone, Andrew J. Brooks, Sam Egger, Miranda Xhilaga, Amanda Dominello, Dianne L. O’Connell and Mary Haines

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:43

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  32. Content type: Research

    The World Health Organization recommends that nations implement evidence-based nutritional guidelines and policies in settings such as schools and childcare services to improve public health nutrition. Underst...

    Authors: Hopin Lee, Alix Hall, Nicole Nathan, Kathryn L. Reilly, Kirsty Seward, Christopher M. Williams, Serene Yoong, Meghan Finch, John Wiggers and Luke Wolfenden

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:42

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  33. Content type: Systematic review

    Shared decision-making (SDM) is poorly implemented in routine care, despite being promoted by health policies. No reviews have solely focused on an in-depth synthesis of the literature around organizational- a...

    Authors: Isabelle Scholl, Allison LaRussa, Pola Hahlweg, Sarah Kobrin and Glyn Elwyn

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:40

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  34. Content type: Research

    Numerous studies emphasize the importance of context in implementation. Successful implementation across the health care system depends on conditions and requirements that are often presented to health profess...

    Authors: Sara Fokdal Lehn, Jette Thuesen, Gitte Bunkenborg, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler and Morten Hulvej Rod

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:38

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    The U.S. opioid epidemic has been driven by the high volume of opioids prescribed by healthcare providers. U.S. states have recently enacted four types of laws designed to curb high-risk prescribing practices,...

    Authors: Emma E. McGinty, Elizabeth A. Stuart, G. Caleb Alexander, Colleen L. Barry, Mark C. Bicket and Lainie Rutkow

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:37

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  36. Content type: Systematic review

    Translation of evidence-based interventions into hospital systems can provide immediate and substantial benefits to patient care and outcomes, but successful implementation is often not achieved. Existing lite...

    Authors: Liesbeth Geerligs, Nicole M. Rankin, Heather L. Shepherd and Phyllis Butow

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:36

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    The American College of Surgeons mandates universal screening for alcohol misuse and delivery of an intervention for those screening positive as a requirement for certification as a level 1 trauma center. Thou...

    Authors: Michael J. Mello, Sara J. Becker, Julie Bromberg, Janette Baird, Mark R. Zonfrillo and Anthony Spirito

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:35

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  38. Content type: Research

    Poor dissemination of research findings may hamper the reach and impact of scientific discoveries. One key emerging platform for research dissemination is social media, including Twitter. While Twitter and oth...

    Authors: Caitlin G. Allen, Brittany Andersen, David A. Chambers, Jacob Groshek and Megan C. Roberts

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:34

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  39. Content type: Research

    Audit and feedback aims to guide health professionals in improving aspects of their practice that need it most. Evidence suggests that feedback fails to increase accuracy of professional perceptions about clin...

    Authors: Wouter T. Gude, Marie-José Roos-Blom, Sabine N. van der Veer, Dave A. Dongelmans, Evert de Jonge, Jill J. Francis, Niels Peek and Nicolette F. de Keizer

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:33

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  40. Content type: Methodology

    Interpreting evaluations of complex interventions can be difficult without sufficient description of key intervention content. We aimed to develop an implementation package for primary care which could be deli...

    Authors: Liz Glidewell, Thomas A. Willis, Duncan Petty, Rebecca Lawton, Rosemary R. C. McEachan, Emma Ingleson, Peter Heudtlass, Andrew Davies, Tony Jamieson, Cheryl Hunter, Suzanne Hartley, Kara Gray-Burrows, Susan Clamp, Paul Carder, Sarah Alderson, Amanda J. Farrin…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:32

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  41. Content type: Research

    It is unclear how to engage a wide range of knowledge users in research. We aimed to map the evidence on engaging knowledge users with an emphasis on policy-makers, health system managers, and policy analysts ...

    Authors: Andrea C. Tricco, Wasifa Zarin, Patricia Rios, Vera Nincic, Paul A. Khan, Marco Ghassemi, Sanober Diaz, Ba’ Pham, Sharon E. Straus and Etienne V. Langlois

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:31

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:56

  42. Content type: Systematic review

    Developed countries, such as the USA, have achieved significant decreases in cervical cancer burden since the introduction of Pap smear-based programs in the 1960s. Due to implementation barriers and limited r...

    Authors: Lauren G. Johnson, Allison Armstrong, Caroline M. Joyce, Anne M. Teitelman and Alison M. Buttenheim

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:28

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  43. Content type: Correction

    The authors would like to correct errors in the original article [1] that may have lead readers to misinterpret the scope, evidence base and target population of VHA Handbook 1004.03 “Life-Sustaining Treatment...

    Authors: Anne E. Sales, Mary Ersek, Orna K. Intrator, Cari Levy, Joan G. Carpenter, Robert Hogikyan, Helen C. Kales, Zach Landis-Lewis, Tobie Olsan, Susan C. Miller, Marcos Montagnini, Vyjeyanthi S. Periyakoil and Sheri Reder

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:29

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    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2016 11:132

  44. Content type: Methodology

    It is challenging to interpret the results of multifaceted interventions due to complex program theories that are difficult to measure in a quantifiable manner. The aims of this paper were, first, to develop a...

    Authors: Linnea Ferm, Charlotte Diana Nørregaard Rasmussen and Marie Birk Jørgensen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:26

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  45. Content type: Research

    Although the management of patients presenting with vertigo and dizziness in primary care has been reported to be inefficient, little is known about the primary care providers’ (PCPs) perspectives, needs, and ...

    Authors: Anna-Janina Stephan, Eva Kovacs, Amanda Phillips, Jörg Schelling, Susanne Marlene Ulrich and Eva Grill

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:25

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2018 13:82

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