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  1. There is increasing evidence that clinical guidelines can lead to improvements in clinical care. However, they are not self-implementing. While educational outreach visits may improve prescribing behaviour, th...

    Authors: Martin P Eccles, Ian N Steen, Paula M Whitty and Lesley Hall
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:23
  2. Laboratory services have a central role in supporting screening, diagnosis, and management of patients. The increase in chronic disease management in primary care for conditions such as diabetes mellitus requi...

    Authors: Robbie Foy, Gillian Hawthorne, Ian Gibb, Martin P Eccles, Nick Steen, Susan Hrisos, Trevor White, Bernard L Croal and Jeremy M Grimshaw
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:22
  3. Achieving evidence-based practice in health care is integral to the drive for quality improvement in the National Health Service in the UK. Encapsulated within this policy agenda are challenges inherent in lea...

    Authors: Sharon Hamilton, Susan McLaren and Anne Mulhall
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:21
  4. The Research-Based Education and Quality Improvement (ReBEQI) European partnership aims to establish a framework and provide practical tools for the selection, implementation, and evaluation of quality improve...

    Authors: Elie A Akl, Shaun Treweek, Robbie Foy, Jill Francis and Andrew D Oxman
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:19
  5. There are many examples of physicians using treatments inappropriately, despite clear evidence about the circumstances under which the benefits of such treatments outweigh their harms. When such over- or under...

    Authors: Jamie C Brehaut, Roy Poses, Kaveh G Shojania, Alison Lott, Malcolm Man-Son-Hing, Elise Bassin and Jeremy Grimshaw
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:18
  6. Policies and procedures (P&Ps) have been suggested as one possible strategy for moving research evidence into practice among nursing staff in hospitals. Research in the area of P&Ps is limited, however. This p...

    Authors: Janet E Squires, Donna Moralejo and Sandra M LeFort
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:17
  7. Clinical interventions based on collaborative models require effective communication between primary care providers (PCPs) and collaborative support teams. Despite growing interest in collaborative care, we ha...

    Authors: Steven K Dobscha, Ruth Q Leibowitz, Jennifer A Flores, Melanie Doak and Martha S Gerrity
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:16
  8. There has been considerable interest recently in developing and evaluating interventions to increase research use by clinicians. However, most work has focused on medical practices; and nursing is not well rep...

    Authors: David S Thompson, Carole A Estabrooks, Shannon Scott-Findlay, Katherine Moore and Lars Wallin
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:15
  9. Monitoring and Messaging Devices (MMDs) are telehealth systems used by patients in their homes, and are designed to promote patient self-management, patient education, and clinical monitoring and follow-up act...

    Authors: Faith P Hopp, Mary M Hogan, Peter A Woodbridge and Julie C Lowery
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:14
  10. The Competing Values Framework (CVF) has been widely used in health services research to assess organizational culture as a predictor of quality improvement implementation, employee and patient satisfaction, a...

    Authors: Christian D Helfrich, Yu-Fang Li, David C Mohr, Mark Meterko and Anne E Sales
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:13
  11. Routine oral examination (ROE) refers to periodic monitoring of the general and oral health status of patients. In most developed Western countries a decreasing prevalence of oral diseases underpins the need f...

    Authors: Theodorus G Mettes, Wil JM van der Sanden, Michel Wensing, Richard PTM Grol and Alphons JM Plasschaert
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:12
  12. Assessing the quality of primary care is becoming a priority in national healthcare agendas. Audit and feedback on healthcare quality performance indicators can help improve the quality of care provided. In so...

    Authors: Paul J Nietert, Andrea M Wessell, Ruth G Jenkins, Chris Feifer, Lynne S Nemeth and Steven M Ornstein
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:11
  13. Evaluations of interventions to improve implementation of guidelines have failed to produce a clear pattern of results favouring a particular method. While implementation depends on clinicians and managers cha...

    Authors: Susan Michie, Stephen Pilling, Philippa Garety, Paula Whitty, Martin P Eccles, Marie Johnston and Jemma Simmons
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:8
  14. Following the introduction of a computerised diabetes register in part of the northeast of England, care initially improved but then plateaued. We therefore enhanced the existing diabetes register to address t...

    Authors: Martin P Eccles, Paula M Whitty, Chris Speed, Ian N Steen, Alessandra Vanoli, Gillian C Hawthorne, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Linda J Wood and David McDowell
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:6
  15. Despite recent high-quality evidence for their cost-effectiveness, thiazides are underused for controlling hypertension. The goal of this study was to design and test a practice-based intervention aimed at inc...

    Authors: Carol M Ashton, Myrna M Khan, Michael L Johnson, Annette Walder, Elizabeth Stanberry, Rebecca J Beyth, Tracie C Collins, Howard S Gordon, Paul Haidet, Barbara Kimmel, Anna Kolpakchi, Lee B Lu, Aanand D Naik, Laura A Petersen, Hardeep Singh and Nelda P Wray
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:5
  16. Physicians in Canadian emergency departments (EDs) annually treat 185,000 alert and stable trauma victims who are at risk for cervical spine (C-spine) injury. However, only 0.9% of these patients have suffered...

    Authors: Ian G Stiell, Jeremy Grimshaw, George A Wells, Doug Coyle, Howard J Lesiuk, Brian H Rowe, Robert J Brison, Michael John Schull, Jacques Lee and Catherine M Clement
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:4
  17. Evidence-based practice (EBP) is an expected approach to improving the quality of patient care and service delivery in health care systems internationally that is yet to be realized. Given the current evidence...

    Authors: Cheryl B Stetler, Judith Ritchie, Joanne Rycroft-Malone, Alyce Schultz and Martin Charns
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:3
  18. The public sector delivery of male circumcision in the only public sector hospital in Soweto, South Africa was examined to gauge local capacity to deliver this procedure as an intervention for prevention of HI...

    Authors: Guy de Bruyn, Martin D Smith, Glenda E Gray, James A McIntyre, Russell Wesson, Gary Dos Passos and Neil A Martinson
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:2
  19. Canadian funding agencies are no longer content to support research that solely advances scientific knowledge, and key directives are now in place to promote research transfer to policy- and decision-makers. T...

    Authors: Mandi S Newton, Carole A Estabrooks, Peter Norton, Judy M Birdsell, Adeniyi J Adewale and Richard Thornley
    Citation: Implementation Science 2007 2:1
  20. There are increasing numbers of randomised trials and systematic reviews examining the efficacy of interventions designed to bring about a change in clinical practice. The findings of this research are being u...

    Authors: Sharon Hakkennes and Sally Green
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:29
  21. Implementation research is the scientific study of methods to promote the systematic uptake of clinical research findings into routine clinical practice. Several interventions have been shown to be effective i...

    Authors: Martin P Eccles, Susan Hrisos, Jill Francis, Eileen F Kaner, Heather O Dickinson, Fiona Beyer and Marie Johnston
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:28
  22. This paper outlines the principal characteristics of a learning organisation and the organisational features that define it. It then compares these features with the organisational conditions that currently ob...

    Authors: Rod Sheaff and David Pilgrim
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:27
  23. Disease self-management programs have been a popular approach to reducing morbidity and mortality from chronic disease. Replicating an evidence-based disease management program successfully requires practition...

    Authors: Karen M Perrin, Somer Goad Burke, Danielle O'Connor, Gary Walby, Claire Shippey, Seraphine Pitt, Robert J McDermott and Melinda S Forthofer
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:26
  24. Diabetes is a common disease with self-management a key aspect of care. Large prospective trials have shown that maintaining glycated hemoglobin less than 7% greatly reduces complications but translating this ...

    Authors: Mary Margaret Huizinga, Ayumi Shintani, Stephanie Michon, Anne Brown, Kathleen Wolff, Laurie Shackleford, Elaine Boswell King, Rebecca Pratt Gregory, Dianne Davis, Renee Stiles, Tebeb Gebretsadik, Kong Chen, Russell Rothman, James W Pichert, David Schlundt and Tom A Elasy
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:24
  25. Facilitation has been identified in the literature as a potentially key component of successful implementation. It has not, however, either been well-defined or well-studied. Significant questions remain about...

    Authors: Cheryl B Stetler, Marcia W Legro, Joanne Rycroft-Malone, Candice Bowman, Geoffrey Curran, Marylou Guihan, Hildi Hagedorn, Sandra Pineros and Carolyn M Wallace
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:23
  26. This paper describes the process used to develop an integrated set of culturally sensitive, evidence-based counselling tools (job aids) by using qualitative participatory research. The aim of the intervention ...

    Authors: Sebalda C Leshabari, Peggy Koniz-Booher, Anne N Åstrøm, Marina M de Paoli and Karen M Moland
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:22
  27. Case management has emerged as a promising alternative approach to supplement traditional one-on-one sessions between patients and doctors for improving the quality of care in chronic diseases such as coronary...

    Authors: Jun Ma, Ky-Van Lee, Kathy Berra and Randall S Stafford
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:21
  28. Health services and population health innovations advance when knowledge transfer and exchange (KTE) occurs among researchers, practitioners, policy-makers and consumers using high-quality evidence. However, f...

    Authors: Cameron D Norman and Tim Huerta
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:20
  29. A randomised trial of a multifaceted intervention for improving adherence to clinical practice guidelines for the pharmacological management of hypertension and hypercholesterolemia increased prescribing of th...

    Authors: Atle Fretheim, Kari Håvelsrud and Andrew D Oxman
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:19
  30. Telehealth, as other information and communication technologies (ICTs) introduced to support the delivery of health care services, is considered as a means to answer many of the imperatives currently challengi...

    Authors: Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Julie Duplantie, Jean-Paul Fortin and Réjean Landry
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:18
  31. Effective interventions prepare patients for making values-sensitive health decisions by helping them become informed and clarifying their values for each of the options. However, patient decision support inte...

    Authors: Dawn Stacey, Marie-Pascale Pomey, Annette M O'Connor and Ian D Graham
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:17
  32. Shared decision-making is advocated because of its potential to improve the quality of the decision-making process for patients and ultimately, patient outcomes. However, current evidence suggests that shared ...

    Authors: Karine Gravel, France Légaré and Ian D Graham
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:16
  33. Despite the availability of clinical guidelines for the management of low back pain (LBP), there continues to be wide variation in general practitioners' (GPs') referral rates for lumbar spine x-ray (LSX). Thi...

    Authors: Rachel Baker, Jan Lecouturier and Senga Bond
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:15
  34. A substantial number of valid outcome measures have been developed to measure health in adult musculoskeletal and childhood disability. Regrettably, national initiatives have merely resulted in changes in atti...

    Authors: Joy C MacDermid, Patty Solomon, Mary Law, Dianne Russell and Paul Stratford
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:14
  35. The Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) Project has been investigating the implementation of evidence-based mental health practices (Assertive Community Treatment, Family Psychoeducation, Integrated Dual Diagnosis Trea...

    Authors: Jennifer L Magnabosco
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:13
  36. Although numerous therapies have been shown to be beneficial in the prevention of myocardial infarction and/or death in patients with coronary disease, these therapies are under-used and this gap contributes t...

    Authors: Finlay A McAlister, Miriam Fradette, Michelle Graham, Sumit R Majumdar, William A Ghali, Randall Williams, Ross T Tsuyuki, James McMeekin, Jeremy Grimshaw and Merril L Knudtson
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:11
  37. The optimal management of croup – a common respiratory illness in young children – is well established. In particular, treatment with corticosteroids has been shown to significantly reduce the rate and duratio...

    Authors: David W Johnson, William Craig, Rollin Brant, Craig Mitton, Larry Svenson and Terry P Klassen
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:10
  38. Evaluating the impact of recommendations based upon health technology assessment (HTA) represents a challenge for both HTA agencies and healthcare policy-makers. Using a psychosocial theoretical framework, thi...

    Authors: Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Emília Sánchez and Joan MV Pons
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:8
  39. For people with dementia, care should include an explanation of the diagnosis to individuals and their carers, and information about the likely prognosis and possible packages of care. However, this is neither...

    Authors: Martin P Eccles, Robbie Foy, Claire H Bamford, Julian C Hughes, Marie Johnston, Paula M Whitty, Nick Steen and Jeremy G Grimshaw
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:7
  40. A key element of the United Kingdom (UK) health policy reform in relation to chronic disease management is the introduction of a national programme seeking to promote self-care from within the National Health ...

    Authors: Victoria Lee, Anne Kennedy and Anne Rogers
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:6
  41. The Improved Clinical Effectiveness through Behavioural Research Group (ICEBeRG) authors assert that a key weakness in implementation research is the unknown applicability of a given intervention outside its o...

    Authors: Onil Bhattacharyya, Scott Reeves, Susan Garfinkel and Merrick Zwarenstein
    Citation: Implementation Science 2006 1:5

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