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  1. Research

    Implementation science for ambulatory care safety: a novel method to develop context-sensitive interventions to reduce quality gaps in monitoring high-risk patients

    Missed evidence-based monitoring in high-risk conditions (e.g., cancer) leads to delayed diagnosis. Current technological solutions fail to close this safety gap. In response, we aim to demonstrate a novel met...

    Kathryn M. McDonald, George Su, Sarah Lisker, Emily S. Patterson and Urmimala Sarkar

    Implementation Science 2017 12:79

    Published on: 24 June 2017

  2. Systematic review

    Pediatric eMental healthcare technologies: a systematic review of implementation foci in research studies, and government and organizational documents

    Researchers, healthcare planners, and policymakers convey a sense of urgency in using eMental healthcare technologies to improve pediatric mental healthcare availability and access. Yet, different stakeholders...

    Nicole D. Gehring, Patrick McGrath, Lori Wozney, Amir Soleimani, Kathryn Bennett, Lisa Hartling, Anna Huguet, Michele P. Dyson and Amanda S. Newton

    Implementation Science 2017 12:76

    Published on: 21 June 2017

  3. Methodology

    A guide to using the Theoretical Domains Framework of behaviour change to investigate implementation problems

    Implementing new practices requires changes in the behaviour of relevant actors, and this is facilitated by understanding of the determinants of current and desired behaviours. The Theoretical Domains Framewor...

    Lou Atkins, Jill Francis, Rafat Islam, Denise O’Connor, Andrea Patey, Noah Ivers, Robbie Foy, Eilidh M. Duncan, Heather Colquhoun, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Rebecca Lawton and Susan Michie

    Implementation Science 2017 12:77

    Published on: 21 June 2017

  4. Research

    Predicting evidence-based treatment sustainment: results from a longitudinal study of the Adolescent-Community Reinforcement Approach

    Implementation support models are increasingly being used to enhance the delivery of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) in routine care settings. Little is known about the extent to which these models lead to co...

    Sarah B. Hunter, Bing Han, Mary E. Slaughter, Susan H. Godley and Bryan R. Garner

    Implementation Science 2017 12:75

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  5. Systematic review

    Health professionals’ views on the barriers and enablers to evidence-based practice for acute stroke care: a systematic review

    Adoption of contemporary evidence-based guidelines for acute stroke management is often delayed due to a range of key enablers and barriers. Recent reviews on such barriers focus mainly on specific acute strok...

    Leonard Baatiema, Michael E. Otim, George Mnatzaganian, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Judith Coombes and Shawn Somerset

    Implementation Science 2017 12:74

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  6. Research

    The effectiveness of a de-implementation strategy to reduce low-value blood management techniques in primary hip and knee arthroplasty: a pragmatic cluster-randomized controlled trial

    Perioperative autologous blood salvage and preoperative erythropoietin are not (cost) effective to reduce allogeneic transfusion in primary hip and knee arthroplasty, but are still used. This study aimed to ev...

    Veronique M. A. Voorn, Perla J. Marang-van de Mheen, Anja van der Hout, Stefanie N. Hofstede, Cynthia So-Osman, M. Elske van den Akker-van Marle, Ad A. Kaptein, Theo Stijnen, Ankie W. M. M. Koopman-van Gemert, Albert Dahan, Thea P. M. M. Vliet Vlieland, Rob G. H. H. Nelissen and Leti van Bodegom-Vos

    Implementation Science 2017 12:72

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  7. Research

    Improving the appropriateness of antipsychotic prescribing in nursing homes: a mixed-methods process evaluation of an academic detailing intervention

    In 2014, nursing home administration and government officials were facing increasing public and media scrutiny around the variation of antipsychotic medication (APM) prescribing across Ontario nursing homes. I...

    L. Desveaux, M. Saragosa, J. Rogers, L. Bevan, H. Loshak, A. Moser, S. Feldman, L. Regier, L. Jeffs and N. M. Ivers

    Implementation Science 2017 12:71

    Published on: 26 May 2017

  8. Research

    Providing online weight management in Primary Care: a mixed methods process evaluation of healthcare practitioners’ experiences of using and supporting patients using POWeR+

    An online weight management intervention (POWeR+) combined with a small amount of primary care healthcare practitioner support is effective in helping patients to lose weight, but little is known about how pra...

    Emily Smith, Katherine Bradbury, Lisa Scott, Mary Steele, Paul Little and Lucy Yardley

    Implementation Science 2017 12:69

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  9. Study protocol

    Electronic audit and feedback intervention with action implementation toolbox to improve pain management in intensive care: protocol for a laboratory experiment and cluster randomised trial

    Audit and feedback is often used as a strategy to improve quality of care, however, its effects are variable and often marginal. In order to learn how to design and deliver effective feedback, we need to under...

    Wouter T. Gude, Marie-José Roos-Blom, Sabine N. van der Veer, Evert de Jonge, Niels Peek, Dave A. Dongelmans and Nicolette F. de Keizer

    Implementation Science 2017 12:68

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  10. Research

    Non-participants in policy efforts to promote evidence-based practices in a large behavioral health system

    System-wide training initiatives to support and implement evidence-based practices (EBPs) in behavioral health systems have become increasingly widespread. Understanding more about organizations who do not par...

    Rebecca E. Stewart, Danielle R. Adams, David S. Mandell, Gayatri Nangia, Lauren Shaffer, Arthur C. Evans, Ronnie Rubin, Shawna Weaver, Trevor R. Hadley and Rinad S. Beidas

    Implementation Science 2017 12:70

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  11. Research

    Implementation of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery: a strategy to transform surgical care across a health system

    Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs have been shown to have a positive impact on outcome. The ERAS care system includes an evidence-based guideline, an implementation program, and an interactive au...

    Leah M. Gramlich, Caroline E. Sheppard, Tracy Wasylak, Loreen E. Gilmour, Olle Ljungqvist, Carlota Basualdo-Hammond and Gregg Nelson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:67

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  12. Research

    Data for Improvement and Clinical Excellence: a report of an interrupted time series trial of feedback in home care

    There is substantial evidence about the effectiveness of audit with feedback, but none that we know have been conducted in home care settings. The primary purpose of the Data for Improvement and Clinical Excel...

    Kimberly D. Fraser, Anne E. Sales, Melba Andrea B. Baylon, Corinne Schalm and John J. Miklavcic

    Implementation Science 2017 12:66

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  13. Study protocol

    Combining alcohol interventions with tobacco addictions treatment in primary care—the COMBAT study: a pragmatic cluster randomized trial

    Tobacco and alcohol use present multiplicative risk for aerodigestive cancers. Reducing alcohol consumption improves smoking cessation outcomes and reduces cancer risk. Risky alcohol consumption and smoking ar...

    Nadia Minian, Dolly Baliunas, Laurie Zawertailo, Aliya Noormohamed, Norman Giesbrecht, Christian S. Hendershot, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov and Peter L. Selby

    Implementation Science 2017 12:65

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  14. Debate

    Organizational theory for dissemination and implementation research

    Even under optimal internal organizational conditions, implementation can be undermined by changes in organizations’ external environments, such as fluctuations in funding, adjustments in contracting practices...

    Sarah A. Birken, Alicia C. Bunger, Byron J. Powell, Kea Turner, Alecia S. Clary, Stacey L. Klaman, Yan Yu, Daniel J. Whitaker, Shannon R. Self, Whitney L. Rostad, Jenelle R. Shanley Chatham, M. Alexis Kirk, Christopher M. Shea, Emily Haines and Bryan J. Weiner

    Implementation Science 2017 12:62

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  15. Research

    Are general and strategic measures of organizational context and leadership associated with knowledge and attitudes toward evidence-based practices in public behavioral health settings? A cross-sectional observational study

    Examining the role of modifiable barriers and facilitators is a necessary step toward developing effective implementation strategies. This study examines whether both general (organizational culture, organizat...

    Byron J. Powell, David S. Mandell, Trevor R. Hadley, Ronnie M. Rubin, Arthur C. Evans, Matthew O. Hurford and Rinad S. Beidas

    Implementation Science 2017 12:64

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  16. Systematic review

    A systematic review of electronic audit and feedback: intervention effectiveness and use of behaviour change theory

    Audit and feedback is a common intervention for supporting clinical behaviour change. Increasingly, health data are available in electronic format. Yet, little is known regarding if and how electronic audit an...

    Timothy Tuti, Jacinta Nzinga, Martin Njoroge, Benjamin Brown, Niels Peek, Mike English, Chris Paton and Sabine N van der Veer

    Implementation Science 2017 12:61

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  17. Research

    The association between implementation strategy use and the uptake of hepatitis C treatment in a national sample

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a common and highly morbid illness. New medications that have much higher cure rates have become the new evidence-based practice in the field. Understanding the implementation of the...

    Shari S. Rogal, Vera Yakovchenko, Thomas J. Waltz, Byron J. Powell, JoAnn E. Kirchner, Enola K. Proctor, Rachel Gonzalez, Angela Park, David Ross, Timothy R. Morgan, Maggie Chartier and Matthew J. Chinman

    Implementation Science 2017 12:60

    Published on: 11 May 2017

  18. Study protocol

    A methodological protocol for selecting and quantifying low-value prescribing practices in routinely collected data: an Australian case study

    Growing imperatives for safety, quality and responsible resource allocation have prompted renewed efforts to identify and quantify harmful or wasteful (low-value) medical practices such as test ordering, proce...

    Jonathan Brett, Adam G. Elshaug, R. Sacha Bhatia, Kelsey Chalmers, Tim Badgery-Parker and Sallie-Anne Pearson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:58

    Published on: 3 May 2017

  19. Study protocol

    Provision of peer specialist services in VA patient aligned care teams: protocol for testing a cluster randomized implementation trial

    Over 1100 Veterans work in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) as peer specialists (PSs). PSs are Veterans with formal training who provide support to other Veterans with similar diagnoses, primarily in m...

    Matthew Chinman, Karin Daniels, Jeff Smith, Sharon McCarthy, Deborah Medoff, Amanda Peeples and Richard Goldberg

    Implementation Science 2017 12:57

    Published on: 2 May 2017

  20. Study protocol

    Effectiveness of an intervention for improving drug prescription in primary care patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy: study protocol of a cluster randomized clinical trial (Multi-PAP project)

    Multimorbidity is associated with negative effects both on people’s health and on healthcare systems. A key problem linked to multimorbidity is polypharmacy, which in turn is associated with increased risk of ...

    Alexandra Prados-Torres, Isabel del Cura-González, Daniel Prados-Torres, Juan A. López-Rodríguez, Francisca Leiva-Fernández, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Fernando López-Verde, Luis A. Gimeno-Feliu, Esperanza Escortell-Mayor, Victoria Pico-Soler, Teresa Sanz-Cuesta, Mª Josefa Bujalance-Zafra, Mariel Morey-Montalvo, José Ramón Boxó-Cifuentes, Beatriz Poblador-Plou, José Manuel Fernández-Arquero…

    Implementation Science 2017 12:54

    Published on: 27 April 2017

  21. Research

    Teaching implementation science in a new Master of Science Program in Germany: a survey of stakeholder expectations

    Implementation science in healthcare is an evolving discipline in German-speaking countries. In 2015, the Medical Faculty of the University of Heidelberg, Germany, implemented a two-year full-time Master of Sc...

    Charlotte Ullrich, Cornelia Mahler, Johanna Forstner, Joachim Szecsenyi and Michel Wensing

    Implementation Science 2017 12:55

    Published on: 27 April 2017

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