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  1. Content type: Methodology

    Evidence for the effectiveness of psychological treatments in low- and middle-income countries is increasing. However, there is a lack of systematic approaches to guide implementation in government health syst...

    Authors: Byamah B. Mutamba, Brandon A. Kohrt, James Okello, Janet Nakigudde, Bernard Opar, Seggane Musisi, William Bazeyo and Joop de Jong

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:90

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  2. Content type: Research

    Information communication technology (ICT) is a critical enabler of integrated models of community-based primary health care; however, little is known about how existing technologies have been used to support new

    Authors: Carolyn Steele Gray, Jan Barnsley, Dominique Gagnon, Louise Belzile, Tim Kenealy, James Shaw, Nicolette Sheridan, Paul Wankah Nji and Walter P. Wodchis

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:87

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  3. Content type: Systematic review

    Improving the public’s health in different countries requires the consideration of diverse health care systems and settings. For evidence-based public health, decision-makers need to consider the transferabili...

    Authors: Tamara Schloemer and Peter Schröder-Bäck

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:88

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  4. Content type: Research

    Computerised decision support (CDS) based on trustworthy clinical guidelines is a key component of a learning healthcare system. Research shows that the effectiveness of CDS is mixed.

    Authors: Stijn Van de Velde, Ilkka Kunnamo, Pavel Roshanov, Tiina Kortteisto, Bert Aertgeerts, Per Olav Vandvik and Signe Flottorp

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:86

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  5. Content type: Research

    Behavioral health organizations are characterized by multiple organizational climates, including molar climate, which encompasses clinicians’ shared perceptions of how the work environment impacts their person...

    Authors: Nathaniel J. Williams, Mark G. Ehrhart, Gregory A. Aarons, Steven C. Marcus and Rinad S. Beidas

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:85

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  6. Content type: Research

    Systematic reviews are infrequently used by health care managers (HCMs) and policy-makers (PMs) in decision-making. HCMs and PMs co-developed and tested novel systematic review of effects formats to increase t...

    Authors: Christine Marquez, Alekhya Mascarenhas Johnson, Sabrina Jassemi, Jamie Park, Julia E. Moore, Caroline Blaine, Gertrude Bourdon, Mark Chignell, Moriah E. Ellen, Jacques Fortin, Ian D. Graham, Anne Hayes, Jemila Hamid, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Michael Hillmer, Bev Holmes…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:84

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  7. Content type: Research

    Efforts to integrate substance use disorder treatment into primary care settings are growing. Little is known about how well primary care settings can sustain treatment delivery to address substance use follow...

    Authors: Sarah B. Hunter, Allison J. Ober, Colleen M. McCullough, Erik D. Storholm, Praise O. Iyiewuare, Chau Pham and Katherine E. Watkins

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:83

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  8. Content type: Research

    The use of clinical practice guidelines envisages augmenting quality and best practice in clinical outcomes. Generic guidelines that are not adapted for local use often fail to produce these outcomes. Adaptati...

    Authors: Nyawira Mwangi, Muchai Gachago, Michael Gichangi, Stephen Gichuhi, Kibata Githeko, Atieno Jalango, Jefitha Karimurio, Joseph Kibachio, Lawrence Muthami, Nancy Ngugi, Carmichael Nduri, Patrick Nyaga, Joseph Nyamori, Alain Nazaire Mbongo Zindamoyen, Covadonga Bascaran and Allen Foster

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:81

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  9. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the original article [1] it was brought to the authors’ attention that a sentence was missing in the acknowledgement section. The full acknowledgement is included in this Correction article:

    Authors: Anna-Janina Stephan, Eva Kovacs, Amanda Phillips, Jörg Schelling, Susanne Marlene Ulrich and Eva Grill

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:82

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    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2018 13:25

  10. Content type: Research

    Implementation tools (iTools) may enhance uptake of guidelines. However, little evidence exists on their use by primary care clinicians. This study explored which iTools clinicians used and how often; how sati...

    Authors: Heather Armson, Stefanie Roder, Tom Elmslie, Sobia Khan and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:79

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  11. Content type: Research

    Normalization Process Theory (NPT) identifies, characterises and explains key mechanisms that promote and inhibit the implementation, embedding and integration of new health techniques, technologies and other ...

    Authors: Carl R. May, Amanda Cummings, Melissa Girling, Mike Bracher, Frances S. Mair, Christine M. May, Elizabeth Murray, Michelle Myall, Tim Rapley and Tracy Finch

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:80

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  12. Content type: Research

    Primary care clinics present challenges to implementing evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) for depression and anxiety, and frontline providers infrequently adopt these treatments. The current study explored...

    Authors: Joseph Mignogna, Lindsey Ann Martin, Juliette Harik, Natalie E. Hundt, Michael Kauth, Aanand D. Naik, Kristen Sorocco, Justin Benzer and Jeffrey Cully

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:76

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  13. Content type: Research

    Sustaining evidence-based interventions (EBIs) is an ongoing challenge for dissemination and implementation science in public health and social services. Characterizing the relationship among human resource ca...

    Authors: Virginia R. McKay, Lee D. Hoffer, Todd B. Combs and M. Margaret Dolcini

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:77

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  14. Content type: Short report

    Organizational change initiatives in health care frequently achieve only partial implementation success. Understanding an organizational readiness for change (ORC) may be a way to develop more effective and ef...

    Authors: Marie Höjriis Storkholm, Pamela Mazzocato, Mesfin Kassaye Tessma and Carl Savage

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:78

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  15. Content type: Research

    A community-based intervention known as Safe Motherhood Action Groups (SMAGs) was implemented to increase coverage of maternal and neonatal health (MNH) services among the poorest and most remote populations i...

    Authors: Choolwe Jacobs, Charles Michelo and Mosa Moshabela

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:74

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  16. Content type: Research

    The uptake and use of clinical guidelines is often insufficient to change clinical behaviour and reduce variation in practice. As a consequence of diverse organisational contexts, the simple provision of guide...

    Authors: Amy Grove, Aileen Clarke and Graeme Currie

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:75

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  17. Content type: Research

    Audit and feedback has been shown to be instrumental in improving quality of care, particularly in outpatient settings. The mental model individuals and organizations hold regarding audit and feedback can mode...

    Authors: Sylvia J. Hysong, Kristen Smitham, Richard SoRelle, Amber Amspoker, Ashley M. Hughes and Paul Haidet

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:73

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  18. Content type: Methodology

    The fields of implementation and improvement sciences have experienced rapid growth in recent years. However, research that seeks to inform health care change may have difficulty translating core components of...

    Authors: Erika L. Crable, Dea Biancarelli, Allan J. Walkey, Caitlin G. Allen, Enola K. Proctor and Mari-Lynn Drainoni

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:71

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  19. Content type: Research

    Community health worker (CHW)-delivered support visits to children living with HIV and their caregivers significantly reduced odds of virological failure among the children in the ZENITH trial conducted in Zim...

    Authors: Chido Dziva Chikwari, Victoria Simms, Joanna Busza, Ethel Dauya, Tsitsi Bandason, Prosper Chonzi, Shungu Munyati, Hilda Mujuru and Rashida A. Ferrand

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:70

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Identifying scalable strategies for assessing fidelity is a key challenge in implementation science. However, for psychosocial interventions, the existing, reliable ways to test treatment fidelity quality are ...

    Authors: Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Luana Marques, Torrey A. Creed, Cassidy A. Gutner, Robert DeRubeis, Paul G. Barnett, Eric Kuhn, Michael Suvak, Jason Owen, Dawne Vogt, Booil Jo, Sonja Schoenwald, Clara Johnson, Kera Mallard, Matthew Beristianos and Heidi La Bash

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:69

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  21. Content type: Methodology

    Tailored implementation approaches are touted as more likely to support the integration of evidence-based practices. However, to our knowledge, few methodologies for tailoring implementations exist. This manus...

    Authors: Cara C. Lewis, Kelli Scott and Brigid R. Marriott

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:68

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    A considerable proportion of interventions provided to patients lacks evidence of their effectiveness. This implies that patients may receive ineffective, unnecessary, or even harmful care. Thus, in addition t...

    Authors: Henna Hasson, Per Nilsen, Hanna Augustsson and Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:67

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    The Centers for Disease Control (2018) estimates that 1 in 59 children has autism spectrum disorder, and the annual cost of ASD in the U.S. is estimated to be $236 billion. Evidence-based interventions have be...

    Authors: Lauren Brookman-Frazee and Aubyn C. Stahmer

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:66

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  24. Content type: Research

    National diabetes audits in the UK show room for improvement in the quality of care delivered to people with type 2 diabetes in primary care. Systematic reviews of quality improvement interventions show that s...

    Authors: Justin Presseau, Joan Mackintosh, Gillian Hawthorne, Jill J. Francis, Marie Johnston, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Nick Steen, Tom Coulthard, Heather Brown, Eileen Kaner, Marko Elovainio and Falko F. Sniehotta

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:65

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  25. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the original article [1] it was brought to our attention that author Laura Hidalgo Armas was incorrectly included as Laura Hildago Armas.

    Authors: Robin W. M. Vernooij, Laura Martínez García, Ivan Dario Florez, Laura Hidalgo Armas, Michiel H. F. Poorthuis, Melissa Brouwers and Pablo Alonso-Coello

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:64

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    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2017 12:120

  26. Content type: Research

    Nurse managers have a pivotal role in fostering unit climates supportive of implementing evidence-based practices (EBPs) in care delivery. EBP leadership behaviors and competencies of nurse managers and their ...

    Authors: Clayton J. Shuman, Xuefeng Liu, Michelle L. Aebersold, Dana Tschannen, Jane Banaszak-Holl and Marita G. Titler

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:62

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  27. Content type: Research

    Current knowledge translation (KT) training initiatives are primarily focused on preparing researchers to conduct KT research rather than on teaching KT practice to end users. Furthermore, training initiatives...

    Authors: Jamie S. Park, Julia E. Moore, Radha Sayal, Bev J. Holmes, Gayle Scarrow, Ian D. Graham, Lianne Jeffs, Caitlyn Timmings, Shusmita Rashid, Alekhya Mascarenhas Johnson and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:63

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    It is widely acknowledged that health policy and practice do not always reflect current research evidence. Whether knowledge transfer from research to practice is more successful when specific implementation a...

    Authors: Mitchell N. Sarkies, Jennifer White, Meg E. Morris, Nicholas F. Taylor, Cylie Williams, Lisa O’Brien, Jenny Martin, Anne Bardoel, Anne E. Holland, Leeanne Carey, Elizabeth H. Skinner, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Kellie Grant, Kathleen Philip and Terry P. Haines

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:60

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  29. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the original article [1] it was brought to our attention that author Elizabeth McGhee Hassrick was erroneously included as Elizabeth McGee Hassrick. The correct spelling of the author’s na...

    Authors: Aubyn C. Stahmer, Jessica Suhrheinrich, Patricia L. Schetter and Elizabeth McGhee Hassrick

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:59

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    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2018 13:3

  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Successful implementation of new clinical programs depends on effectively establishing, reorganizing, or enhancing team structures and processes to coordinate the work of individuals who are interdependent in ...

    Authors: Virginia Wang, Kelli Allen, Courtney H. Van Houtven, Cynthia Coffman, Nina Sperber, Elizabeth P. Mahanna, Cathleen Colón-Emeric, Helen Hoenig, George L. Jackson, Teresa M. Damush, Erika Price and Susan N. Hastings

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:58

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  31. Content type: Research

    Improving healthcare providers’ communication about HPV vaccination is critical to increasing uptake. We previously demonstrated that training providers to use presumptive announcements to introduce HPV vaccin...

    Authors: Teri L. Malo, Megan E. Hall, Noel T. Brewer, Christine R. Lathren and Melissa B. Gilkey

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:57

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  32. Content type: Research

    Patient and public involvement (PPI) is recognized as a key component of clinical practice guideline development with important implications for guideline implementability. The impact of PPI on guidelines, how...

    Authors: Melissa J. Armstrong, C. Daniel Mullins, Gary S. Gronseth and Anna R. Gagliardi

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:55

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  33. Content type: Correction

    Following the publication of the original article [1], it was brought to our attention that the letter ‘l’ was unfortunately omitted from the word ‘health’ in the article’s title.

    Authors: Andrea C. Tricco, Wasifa Zarin, Patricia Rios, Vera Nincic, Paul A. Khan, Marco Ghassemi, Sanober Diaz, Ba’ Pham, Sharon E. Straus and Etienne V. Langlois

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:56

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    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2018 13:31

  34. Content type: Research

    This study aimed to identify barriers and enablers for dentists managing non-cavitated proximal caries lesions using non- or micro-invasive (NI/MI) approaches rather than invasive and restorative methods in Ne...

    Authors: F. Schwendicke, L. A. Foster Page, L. A. Smith, M. Fontana, W. M. Thomson and S. R. Baker

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:54

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Evidence-based medicines, technologies, and protocols exist to prevent many of the annual 300,000 maternal, 2.7 million neonatal, and 9 million child deaths, but they are not being effectively implemented and ...

    Authors: Sheela Maru, Isha Nirola, Aradhana Thapa, Poshan Thapa, Lal Kunwar, Wan-Ju Wu, Scott Halliday, David Citrin, Ryan Schwarz, Indira Basnett, Naresh KC, Khem Karki, Pushpa Chaudhari and Duncan Maru

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:53

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Shared decision-making (SDM) has become increasingly important in health care. However, despite scientific evidence, effective implementation strategies, and a prominent position on the health policy agenda, S...

    Authors: Isabelle Scholl, Pola Hahlweg, Anja Lindig, Carsten Bokemeyer, Anja Coym, Henning Hanken, Volkmar Müller, Ralf Smeets, Isabell Witzel, Levente Kriston and Martin Härter

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:51

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  37. Content type: Research

    Scientists and practitioners alike need reliable, valid measures of contextual factors that influence implementation. Yet, few existing measures demonstrate reliability or validity. To meet this need, we devel...

    Authors: Maria E. Fernandez, Timothy J. Walker, Bryan J. Weiner, William A. Calo, Shuting Liang, Betsy Risendal, Daniela B. Friedman, Shin Ping Tu, Rebecca S. Williams, Sara Jacobs, Alison K. Herrmann and Michelle C. Kegler

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:52

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  38. Content type: Research

    Operating room (OR) crises are high-acuity events requiring rapid, coordinated management. Medical judgment and decision-making can be compromised in stressful situations, and clinicians may not experience a c...

    Authors: Shehnaz Alidina, Sara N. Goldhaber-Fiebert, Alexander A. Hannenberg, David L. Hepner, Sara J. Singer, Bridget A. Neville, James R. Sachetta, Stuart R. Lipsitz and William R. Berry

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:50

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Much of the cancer burden in the USA is preventable, through application of existing knowledge. State-level funders and public health practitioners are in ideal positions to affect programs and policies relate...

    Authors: Margaret Padek, Peg Allen, Paul C. Erwin, Melissa Franco, Ross A. Hammond, Benjamin Heuberger, Matt Kasman, Doug A. Luke, Stephanie Mazzucca, Sarah Moreland-Russell and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:49

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  40. Content type: Research

    The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) develops tools to support implementation of evidence-based interventions for school health. To advance understanding of factors influencing the use of ...

    Authors: Jennifer Leeman, Jean L. Wiecha, Maihan Vu, Jonathan L. Blitstein, Sallie Allgood, Sarah Lee and Caitlin Merlo

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:48

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  41. Content type: Systematic review

    Although most respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are due to viral infections, they cause the majority of antibiotic (Abx) prescriptions in primary care. This systematic review summarises the evidence on the e...

    Authors: Anna Köchling, Christin Löffler, Stefan Reinsch, Anne Hornung, Femke Böhmer, Attila Altiner and Jean-François Chenot

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:47

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  42. Content type: Introduction

    Authors: Cara C. Lewis, Cameo Stanick, Aaron Lyon, Doyanne Darnell, Jill Locke, Ajeng Puspitasari, Brigid R. Marriott, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Madeline Larson, Carrie Jackson, Jordan Thayer, Callie Walsh Bailey, Rebecca Lengnick-Hall, Shannon Dorsey and Sara J. Landes

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13(Suppl 2):30

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  43. Content type: Research

    Understanding program leader perspectives on the sustainment of evidence-based practice (EBP) in community mental health settings is essential to improving implementation. To date, however, much of the literat...

    Authors: Adriana Rodriguez, Anna S. Lau, Blanche Wright, Jennifer Regan and Lauren Brookman-Frazee

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:44

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  44. Content type: Research

    The national guideline for use of the vaccine targeting oncogenic strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is an evidence-based practice that is poorly implemented in primary care. Recommendations include com...

    Authors: Jane M. Garbutt, Sherry Dodd, Emily Walling, Amanda A. Lee, Katharine Kulka and Rebecca Lobb

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:45

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  45. Content type: Research

    Despite the existence of proven solutions to improve maternal health, innovative approaches are still necessary to support the implementation of programs and policies in real-world settings. To address this ch...

    Authors: Jacqueline E. Alcalde-Rabanal, Victor M. Becerril-Montekio and Etienne V. Langlois

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:41

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  46. Content type: Research

    This study assessed whether a theoretically conceptualised tailored intervention centred on multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) increased clinician referral behaviours in line with clinical practice guideline recom...

    Authors: Bernadette Brown, Jane Young, David P. Smith, Andrew B. Kneebone, Andrew J. Brooks, Sam Egger, Miranda Xhilaga, Amanda Dominello, Dianne L. O’Connell and Mary Haines

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:43

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  47. Content type: Research

    The World Health Organization recommends that nations implement evidence-based nutritional guidelines and policies in settings such as schools and childcare services to improve public health nutrition. Underst...

    Authors: Hopin Lee, Alix Hall, Nicole Nathan, Kathryn L. Reilly, Kirsty Seward, Christopher M. Williams, Serene Yoong, Meghan Finch, John Wiggers and Luke Wolfenden

    Citation: Implementation Science 2018 13:42

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