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  • Open Access

Correction to: Improving care at scale: process evaluation of a multi-component quality improvement intervention to reduce mortality after emergency abdominal surgery (EPOCH trial)

  • 1Email author,
  • 2,
  • 1,
  • 3,
  • 1,
  • 4,
  • 5,
  • 6 and
Implementation Science201813:148

https://doi.org/10.1186/s13012-018-0840-8

  • Received: 19 November 2018
  • Accepted: 19 November 2018
  • Published:

The original article was published in Implementation Science 2018 13:142

Correction to: Implementation Science (2018) 13:142

https://doi.org/10.1186/s13012-018-0823-9

Following the publication of this article [1], the authors reported a number of errors which are given below.

The published article contained a discrepancy in Table 3 between the PDF and HTML versions of the article. In the PDF version Table 3 was missing a row as shown below:
Table 3

Data collected for process evaluation

Aspect of process evaluation

Data collection method

Data collected and data type

Delivery to the clusters

1. Collation of registers from QuIP meetings (30 meetings in total across 93 hospitals)

2. Collation of VLE usage logs

1. Free text responses regarding the positive and negative aspects of the programme

2. Observations and interviews with key staff in the 6 ethnographic sites

Delivery at the site level – QI intervention

1. Online exit questionnaire.

1. Whether a stakeholder meeting was held (QI strategy 1)

2. run-charts were used (QI strategy 4)

5. Whether the patient pathway was segmented (QI strategy 5)

6. Whether the PDSA approach was used (QI strategy 6)

Response of the sites / individuals

1. Online exit questionnaire.

2. Ethnographic data

1. Free text responses to 2 reflective questions:

If you were to be involved in EPOCH again, a) ‘what would you continue doing’ and b) ‘what would you do differently’?

2. Observations and interviews with key staff in the 6 ethnographic sites

QuIP Quality Improvement Programme, VLE Virtual Learning Environment, NELA National Emergency Laparotomy Audit

Table 3 should in fact contain four rows as in the HTML version:
Table 3

Data collected for process evaluation

Aspect of process evaluation

Data collection method

Data collected and data type

Delivery to the clusters

1. Collation of registers from QuIP meetings (30 meetings in total across 93 hospitals)

2. Collation of VLE usage logs

1. The names, roles and hospital of each of the attendees at the QuIP cluster meetings (2 meetings per cluster)

2. The level of usage of the Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) per hospital, determined by the number of visits / views logged by any staff member from each hospital

Response of the clusters

1. Online exit questionnaire

2. Ethnographic data

1. Free text responses regarding the positive and negative aspects of the programme

2. Observations and interviews with key staff in the 6 ethnographic sites

Delivery at the site level – QI intervention

1. Online exit questionnaire

1. Whether a stakeholder meeting was held (QI strategy 1)

2. Whether a QI team was formed and professional composition of any such team (QI strategy 2)

3. Whether and how data feedback occurred (QI strategy 3)

4. Whether run-charts were used (QI strategy 4)

5. Whether the patient pathway was segmented (QI strategy 5)

6. Whether the PDSA approach was used (QI strategy 6)

Response of the sites / individuals

1. Online exit questionnaire

2. Ethnographic data

1. Free text responses to 2 reflective questions:

If you were to be involved in EPOCH again, a) ‘what would you continue doing’ and b) ‘what would you do differently’?

2. Observations and interviews with key staff in the 6 ethnographic sites

QuIP Quality Improvement Programme, VLE Virtual Learning Environment, NELA National Emergency Laparotomy Audit

Furthermore, Fig. 4 was condensed upon submission, which resulted in half the data lines losing their legends in both the HTML and PDF version. Figure 4 originally appeared as follows:
Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Clinical processes focussed on by hospital teams during EPOCH. Legend: CT, computer-aided tomography; WHO, World Health Organization; VTE, venous thrombo-embolism

The correct version of Fig. 4 is:
Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Clinical processes focussed on by hospital teams during EPOCH. Legend: CT, computer-aided tomography; WHO, World Health Organization; VTE, venous thrombo-embolism

Furthermore, the names of several members of the EPOCH trial group were not processed correctly and should have been processed as follows (Given Name, Family Name):
  • Mike Bradburn

  • Fiona McMenemie

  • Jason Cupitt

  • Robert Thompson

  • Nick Harper

  • Simon Sleight

  • Belinda Cornforth

The authors also noticed they submitted an incorrect list of authors and the correct list is shown below:

EPOCH Trial Group:

Abdel Omer; Abhiram Sharma; Abigail Patrick; Adam Paul; Adam Wolverson; Adrian Fawcett; Adrian Jennings; Ajaya Mull; Ajit Abraham; Ajit Sivasankaranand; Alan Girling; Alan Morrison; Alastair Ankers; Alastair Rose; Alexandra Scott; Alexandra Williams; Alison Hool; Alison Pickford; Alistair Roy; Alistair Steel; Alister Myers; Almas Rehman; Amanda McCairn; Amanda Stevens; Amir Rafi; Amira Girgis; Amit Shukla; Ana Alegria; Andreas Brodbeck; Andreou Prematie; Andrew Brennan; Andrew Burtenshaw; Andrew Claxton; Andrew Lindner; Andrew Miller; Andrew Thorniley; Andrew White; Andy Thacker; Anil Hermandes; Anita Jhamatt; Anita Sugavanam; Anitha Holtham; Anjay Talwar; Ann Thomson; Anne Scase; Anthony Gordon; Anthony Parsons; Arnab Bhowmick; Arnth Engel; Ash Prabhudesai; Ashok Raj; Asif Jah; Avninder Chana; Ayan Banerjea; Ayodele Obideyi; Babu Muthuswamy; Bala Maiya; Banwari Agarwal; Barclay Tofte; Belinda Cornforth; Beth Hale; Biju Aravind; Brenda Stacey; Brennan Kahan; Britta O'Carroll-Kuehn; Bruce Gibson; Carl Waldmann; Carmen Correia; Carol Mcarthur; Carol Peden; Carolyn Tarrant; Carolyn Way; Catherine Farrow; Catherine Harden; Catherine Jardine; Catherine Pitman; Catherine Rimmer; Charles Cartwright; Charles Knowles; Chitre Vivek; Chloe Rochester; Chris Coldwell; Chris Dawson; Chris Homer; Chris Lewis; Chris Nutt; Chris Thorn; Chris Wilson; Christine Boyd; Christine Bronder; Christopher Macklin; Clare Stapleton; Colin Pow; Craig Lyness; Craig Morris; Dale Vimalchandran; Damian Laba; Dan Broad; Dan Broad; Dan Freshwater-Turner; Daniel Conway ; Daren Subar; Dave Murray; David Bottomley; David Browell; David Cromwell; David Gerrard; David Humes; David Inglis; David Kocman; David Melville; David Monk; David Murray; David Pogson; David Riddington; David Saunders; David Stanley; Davina Ross-Anderson; Dawn Hales; Dean Millican; Debbie Shaw; Denzil May; Dewi Williams; Dhiraj Ali; Diane Monkhouse; Diane Murray; Dileep Lobo; Dipankar Mukherjee; Dolores Mateo; Dom Hurford; Dominic Sebastian; Donna Doyle; Duncan Wells; Edward Curtis; Edward Lams; Edyta Niebrzegowska; Elizabeth Hall; Elizabeth Harwood; Emanuel Cirstea; Emma Brennan; Emma Davis; Emma Durant; Emma Leno; Erin Mcilveen; Essam El-Damatty; Esther Cook; Ewen Griffiths; Ewen Harrison; Fabian Cook; Faisal Baig; Fan Yang; Fanus Dreyer; Fenella Welsh; Ferdinand Adams; Fiona McMenemie; Flavia Menezes; Flora Bailey; Fran Haigh; Frances Mosley; Francesca Rubulotta; Frankie Dorman; Gabriele Marangoni; Gail Stark; Gail Williams; Gareth Ackland; Gareth Moncaster; Gary Minto; Gavin Bryce; Geoff Watson; Georgia Knight; Gerry Richardson; Gethin Williams; Gill Tierney; Gillian O'Connell; Giovanni Brescia; Glen Arnold; Glenn Robert ; Gordon Forbes; Gordon Milne; Graham Martin; Graham Wilson; Grainne O’Dwyer; Grant Sanders; Greg Lawton; Gudrun Kunst; Guy Finch; Guy Nash; Guy Rousseau; Hamish Noble; Hannah Smith; Harjeet Narula; Hazel Stuart; Heather Pratt; Helen Agostini; Helen Black; Helen Howes; Helen Langton; Helen Porter; Helen Reed; Helena Stafford; Hitesh Patel; Huw Davis; Iain Anderson; Iain Christie; Ian Clement; Ilona Raulusaite; Inga Misane; Ingeborg Welters; Isabella Karat; Jack Carmichael; Jack Parry Jones; Jagdeep Singh; James Bromilow; James Brown; James Burrow; James Harris; James Kirby-Bott; James Limb; Jamie Greenwood; Jan Hanousek; Jane Blazeby; Janindra Warusavitarne; Jason Cupitt; Jay Gokhale; Jay Susarla; Jennifer Edwards; Jennifer Spimpolo; Jenny McLachan; Jenny Ritzema; Jenny Wright; Jens Full; Jeremy Marwick; Jessica Thrush; Jigna Modha; John Abercrombie; John Corson; John Griffith; John Hopper; John Mackinnon; John Tansley; John Wells; Jonathan Mccullough; Jonathan Paddle; Jonathon Barker; Jonathon Mole; Jonny Wilkinson; Jose Lourtie; Josef Watfah; Joseph Silsby; Jost Mullenheim; Julian Bion; Julian Sonksen; Julian Stone; Julie Colley; Julie Furneval; Julie Wakeford; Julie Wollaston; Justin Kirk-Bayley; Justin Waring; Justin Woods; Jyrki Karvonen; Kaighan Lynne; Kamal Aryal; Karan Verma; Karen Burns; Karen Simeson; Karl Blenk; Karl Blenk; Karthik Surendran; Karvonen Jyrki; Kate Carey; Kate Rivett; Kate Wong; Katherine Allen; Kathryn Cain; Kathryn Gill; Katie Cooke; Keiarash Jovestani; Kenneth Adegoke; Kerwei Tan; Kevin Rooney; Kevin Sim; Khaled Razouk; Kim Jemmet; Kirosh Shankar; Kirsty Baillie; Kirsty Everingham; Krishnamurthy Somasekar; Kumar Panikkar; Lampros Liasis; Laura Fitton; Laura Graham; Laura Perrin-Brown; Laura Rooney; Lawrence Wilson; Lee Baldwin; Leilani Cabreros; Liam Hudson; Linda Graham; Linden Baxter; Lindsay Bailey; Lorna Burrows; Louise Bell; Lynn Stewart; Lynn Taylor; Lynsey Kightly; Magdy Khater; Magen Schwarz; Maitra Ishaan; Majed Al Shama; Makvana Sonia; Malcolm Sim; Malcolm Watters; Mallikarjunappa Satisha; Manab Mohanty; Mandeep Phull; Mansoor Akhtar; Mansoor Sange; Marcus Wood; Maria Bews-Hair; Maria Lawson; Marion Obichere; Mark Blunt; Mark Cartmell; Mark Coleman; Mark Edwards; Mark Henwood; Mark Munro; Mark Pulletz; Mark Snazelle; Mark Watson; Mark Wilkinson; Marta Campbell; Marta Januszewska; Martin Leuwer; Martin Northey; Martin Stotz; Martyn Cain; Massimo Varcada; Matt Gardner; Matt Outram; Matthew Gaughan; Matthew Tutton; Maurizio Cecconi; Megan Griffiths; Meghna Sharma; Melanie Tan; Michael Chadwick; Michael Crabtree; Michael Gillies; Michael Karlikowski; Michael Machesney; Michael Martin; Michael Protopapas; Mike Bradburn; Mike Gay; Mike Grocott; Miqdad Asaria; Monty Mythen; Nabil El-Masry; Nabua Gerstina; Nada Hadi; Nandita Divekar; Nat Natarajan; Natalie Dickinson; Nathan Borgeaud; Nathan Pushpa; Nazar Abdul; Nazzia Mirza; Neil Cruickshank; Neil Flint; Neil Kukreja; Neil Smith; Nicholas Watson; Nick Bunker; Nick Harper; Nick Mason; Nick Watson; Nicola Cook; Nicola Lythell; Nicola Radford; Nicola Stanix; Nicole Robin; Nigel Hollister; Nigel Suggett; Niko Van De Velde; Nikolaos Makris; Obioha Ukoumunne; Olga Tucker; Oliver Hill; Oliver Zuzan; Oluremi Odejinmi; Omar Faiz; Otto Mohr; Paddy Collins; Panna Patel; Pasupathy Raju; Paul Harrison; Paul Hayden; Paul Mclaren; Paul Noble; Paul O'Loughlin; Paul Ziprin; Pedro Cunha; Peeyush Kumar; Peter Alexander; Peter Chan; Peter Davies; Peter Fitzgerald; Peter Holt; Peter Lamb; Peter Richardson; Phil Dodd; Phil Hopkins; Phillippa Pemberton; Phoebe Bodger; Pieter Bothma; Piroska Toth-Tarsoly; Preeti Kuduvalli; Qamar Iqbal; Rachael Craven; Rachel Bartlett; Rachel Evley; Rai Kuldip; Raj Patel; Rajesh Dumpala; Rajpal Dhingsa; Rakhee Visavadia; Raman Guruswamy; Ramani Moonesinghe; Rame Sunthareswaran; Ramesh Rajagopal; Ranjit Ganepola; Raoul Benlloch; Ravi Mahajan; Razeen Mahroof; Rich Gibbs; Richard Hartopp; Richard Haslop; Richard Howard-Griffin; Richard Lilford; Richard Morgan; Richard Pugh; Richard Stevenson; Richard Wharton; Ricky Lewis; Rob Chambers; Robert DeBrunner; Robert Shawcross; Robert Sutcliffe; Roger Townsend; Roshan Lal; Rovan D'souza; Rowena Felipe; Roy Fernandes; Rupert Pearse; Ruth Griffin; Ruth Thomas; Sally Kerry; Sally Roth; Sam Andrews; Sam Waddy; Samer Doughan; Sami Farhat; Sami Ijaz; Sandeep Varma; Sanjay Wijeykoon; Sanjiv Patel; Sara Pick; Sarada Gurung; Sarah Beavis; Sarah Bowery; Sarah Buckley; Sarah Downey; Saravanna Sagadai; Satish Singh; Savvas Papagrigoriadis; Sean Cope; Sean McAfee; Sean Mcmullan; Sean Tighe; Senthil Nadarajavan; Sergei Vaganov; Shameem Sarfi; Sharon Drake; Sheshagiri Bengeri; Shrisha Shenoy; Shubha Vashisht; Sian Bhardwaj; Sid Riddington; Simon Bailey; Simon Fletcher; Simon Gibson; Simon Harris; Simon Hester; Simon Howell; Simon Parrington; Simon Sleight; Simon Smart; Simon Walker; Singh Gursevak; Somi Desikan; Sophie Noblett; Stacy Hodges; Stas Janokowski; Stefan Pulsa; Stelios Chatzimichail; Stella Vig; Stephanie Bell; Stephanie Brown; Stephen Baxter; Stephen Brett; Stephen Harris; Stephen Lake; Steve Fletcher; Steve Hutchinson; Steven Henderson; Stewart Prestwich; Stuart Mercer; Sudha Garg; Surjait Singh; Susan Dowling; Susan Jain; Susan Moug; Susan Tyson; Susie Baker; Syed Iftikhar; Tabitha Tanqueray; Taj Saran; Tamas Szakmany; Tamsin Rope; Tamzin Cuming; Tanuja Shah; Tariq Hussein; Tezas Stergios; Therese Murray; Thomas Evans; Thomas Medici; Thomas Parker; Tim Campbell-Smith; Tim Geary; Tim Harvard; Tim Stephens; Tim White; Tom Abbott; Tom Edwards; Tom Morgan-Jones; Tom Owen; Tomas Jovaisa; Una McNelis; Valerie Hilton; Vamsi Velchuru; Vanessa Linnett; Vanessa Tucker; Veena Naik; Verity Calder; Victoria Banks; Vishal Patil; Vivek Chitre; Vlad Kushakovsky; Wael Khalaf; Wayne Wrathall; Will Brady; Xavier Escofet; Yasser Mohsen; Ying Hu; Zakaulla Belagodu.

Notes

Declarations

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine Research Group, WHRI, c/o Adult Critical Care Unit, The Royal London Hospital, London, E11BB, UK
(2)
Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
(3)
Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
(4)
Warwick Clinical Trials Unit, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
(5)
SAPPHIRE Group, Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
(6)
THIS Institute (The Healthcare Improvement Studies Institute), University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

Reference

  1. Stephens TJ, et al. Improving care at scale: process evaluation of a multi-component quality improvement intervention to reduce mortality after emergency abdominal surgery (EPOCH trial). Implement Sci. 2018;13:142. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13012-018-0823-9.View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© The Author(s). 2019

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