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Table 1 Overview of core concept articles for the PARIHS framework

From: A critical synthesis of literature on the promoting action on research implementation in health services (PARIHS) framework

Author Year Journal Method Sample Focus of paper
Kitson 1998 Qual Health Care Conceptual Not applicable Original paper proposing the framework (later named PARIHS) in which core elements are defined.
Harvey 2002 J Adv Nurs Concept analysis 95 articles and books published 1985 - 1998, identified from Medline, Cinahl, Pyschlit or Sociofile. Explore maturity of the concept of facilitation as part of on-going development/refinement of PARIHS.
McCormack 2002 J Adv Nurs Concept analysis Review of literature included 'seminal texts' and papers identified through Medline, Cinahl, Psychlit and Sociofile (search methods and details unclear). Identify 'meaning, characteristics and consequences of practice contexts' as it relates to implementation. Part of on-going development/refinement of PARIHS.
Rycroft-Malone 2002 Qual Saf Health Care Conceptual Not applicable Original authors present theoretical refinements to PARIHS framework, based on the concept analyses
Rycroft-Malone 2004 J Adv Nurs Debate Not applicable '...aims to move on the debate...about the nature of evidence, describe the characteristics of evidence, and consider how different sources of evidence contribute to patient care.' Framed as a debate but part of on-going development/refinement of PARIHS.
Kitson 2008 Implement Sci Conceptual Not applicable Provides a summary of the team's 'conceptual and theoretical thinking' and future directions for PARIHS, including items to operationalize PARIHS elements in the Appendix.