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Table 4 Dissemination determinants constructs, suggested definition, frequency of construct across frameworks, and other names in the literature

From: A scoping review of frameworks in empirical studies and a review of dissemination frameworks

Determinant constructs Suggested definition Total frequency Other names in the literature
Source of knowledge The individual or unit that delivers the information. 10 Type of source, originator of the message or knowledge, decision-makers, intervention agents, interventionists
Medium of communication The means (form) by which the information is shared. 9 Type of communication channel, medium of communication, knowledge broker
Content of communication The content of the message sharing the information. 14 Type of message content, format, information, innovation
Audience Person or group receiving the information. 10 Type of user/audience/recipient/decision-maker
Type of innovation The type or characteristics and value added of the innovation that is being communicated. 3 Type of innovation
Complexity of the innovation The degree of complexity of an innovation being communicated. 4 Complexity of the innovation
Timing of information The speed and distance of the spread of the information. 5 Timing of information spread
Urgency of the innovation The urgency related to the innovation; how immediate is the need to disseminate the information about this innovation. 6 Urgency of the innovation
Triability of an innovation The degree to which an innovation can be implemented on a limited basis. 3 Trialability of the innovation
Observability of the results The degree to which the uptake of the innovation yields observable results. 2 Observability of the innovation’s results
Salience of the innovation The relevance of the innovation to the audience. 14 Salience, evidence of need and demand, relative advantage of the innovation
Users’ perceived attitude towards the innovation A more general concept than the salience of innovation, related to the audience’s perception of the process of innovation development (research) and the receptivity of the innovation. 14 Users’ attitude towards research and the innovation
Compatibility of the innovation with the setting The degree to which an innovation is consistent with the context. 4 Compatibility of the innovation with the setting
Context Settings in which communications are received and potential adoption occurs. 13 Context
Interpersonal networks Large umbrella term that includes the relationship between the audience members, its structure, and its quality. 12 Influence, quality of relationships, interpersonal channels, trustworthiness, linkage mechanisms
Opinion leaders and change agents Opinion leadership is the degree to which an individual is able to influence other individual’s attitudes. Change agent is an individual who influences a client’s innovation decisions in a certain direction and speed. 8 Champions, opinion leaders, and change agents
Capacity Necessary skills to engage and act on the innovation. 3 Necessary skills