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Table 1 Participant demographics for School Implementation Leadership Scale (SILS) general (N = 219), specific (N = 222), and combined (N = 441) samples

From: Leading the charge in the education sector: development and validation of the School Implementation Leadership Scale (SILS)

Participant information General
Freq (%)
Specific
Freq (%)
Combined
Freq (%)
Age
 18 to 24 years old 7 (3.2) 14 (6.3) 21 (4.8)
 25 to 34 years old 65 (29.8) 64 (29.0) 129 (29.4)
 35 to 44 years old 58 (26.6) 63 (28.5) 121 (27.6)
 45 to 54 years old 56 (25.7) 47 (21.3) 103 (23.5)
 55 to 64 years old 31 (14.2) 30 (13.6) 61 (13.9)
 65 to 74 years old 1 (0.5) 3 (1.4) 4 (0.9)
 Total 218 (100.0) 221 (100.0) 439 (100.0)
Gender
 Male 27 (12.4) 19 (8.6) 46 (10.5)
 Female 190 (87.2) 201 (91.4) 391 (89.3)
 Other 1 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.2)
 Total 218 (100.0) 220 (100.0) 438 (100.0)
Race
 American Indian or Alaskan Native 7 (3.2) 1 (0.5) 8 (1.8)
 Asian 1 (0.5) 5 (2.3) 6 (1.4)
 Black or African American 14 (6.5) 8 (3.7) 22 (5.1)
 Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 0 (0.0) 1 (0.5) 1 (0.2)
 White or Caucasian 179 (82.5) 184 (85.2) 363 (83.8)
 Multiracial 11 (5.1) 10 (4.6) 21 (4.8)
 Other 5 (2.3) 7 (3.2) 12 (2.8)
 Total 217 (100.0) 216 (100.0) 433 (100.0)
Ethnicity
 Latino/Hispanic 14 (6.4) 17 (7.7) 31 (7.1)
 Non-Latino/Hispanic 204 (93.6) 203 (92.3) 407 (92.9)
 Total 218 (100.0) 220 (100.0) 438 (100.0)
Highest degree earned
 Bachelors 72 (33.0) 68 (30.9) 140 (32.0)
 Masters 145 (66.5) 152 (69.1) 297 (67.8)
 Doctoral 1 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.2)
 Total 218 (100.0) 220 (100.0) 438 (100.0)
Grade
 K–2nd 92 (42.0) 99 (44.6) 191 (43.3)
 3rd–5th and other 127 (58.0) 123 (55.4) 250 (56.7)
 Total 219 (100.0) 222 (100.0) 441 (100.0)
  PBIS T1
N, Mean ± sd
PATHS
N, Mean ± sd
COMBINED
N, Mean ± sd
Years in current role 218, 11.9 ± 6.9 220, 11.3 ± 7.1 438, 11.6 ± 7.0
Years at current school 218, 7.0 ± 6.1 220, 6.9 ± 5.9 438, 6.9 ± 6.0