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Table 1 Patient sample characteristics

From: Evaluation of a program for routine implementation of shared decision-making in cancer care: results of a stepped wedge cluster randomized trial

  Control (n = 1025) Intervention (n = 1103) Total (n = 2128)
Gender, n (%)
 Female 739 (73.3) 543 (50.3) 1282 (61.4)
 Male 265 (26.3) 536 (49.7) 801 (38.4)
 Other or not specified 4 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 4 (0.2)
Age, mean (SD)
 Years 56.3 (16.2) 57.8 (15.7) 57.0 (15.9)
Formal education, n (%)
 Low a 185 (18.6) 216 (20.2) 401 (19.4)
 Intermediate b 307 (30.8) 326 (39.5) 633 (30.7)
 High c 236 (23.7) 234 (21.8) 470 (22.7)
 Very high d 260 (26.1) 284 (26.6) 544 (26.3)
 Other 8 (0.8) 9 (0.8) 17 (0.8)
Occupational status e, n (%)
 (Self-)employed 442 (44.1) 476 (44.5) 918 (44.3)
 Retired 433 (43.2) 470 (43.9) 903 (43.6)
 Homemaker 61 (6.1) 44 (4.1) 105 (5.1)
 Other f (< 5% each) 110 (11.0) 117 (10.9) 227 (11.0)
Setting, n (%)
 Inpatient 89 (8.7) 93 (8.4) 182 (8.6)
 Outpatient 934 (91.3) 1010 (91.6) 1944 (91.4)
Global health, mean (SD)
 1 to 5, higher better 2.83 (0.85) 2.79 (0.85) 2.81 (0.85)
Distress, mean (SD)
 0 to 10, higher more 5.67 (2.48) 5.43 (2.45) 5.55 (2.47)
Diagnosis, n (%)
 Confirmed malignant neoplasm 759 (82.0) 826 (83.1) 1585 (82.6)
 Suspected malignant neoplasm 11 (1.2) 9 (0.9) 20 (1.0)
 In situ neoplasm or neoplasm of uncertain behavior 19 (2.1) 35 (3.5) 54 (2.8)
 Benign neoplasm 30 (3.2) 11 (1.1) 41 (2.1)
 Other diagnosis 107 (11.6) 113 (11.4) 220 (11.5)
Time since initial diagnosis, n (%)
 1 year or less 393 (47.9) 390 (42.0) 783 (44.8)
 1 to 5 years 279 (34.0) 370 (39.9) 649 (37.1)
 more than 5 years 148 (18.0) 168 (18.1) 316 (18.1)
Reason for visit e, g, n (%)
 Diagnostic investigation 235 (23.5) 214 (20.0) 449 (21.7)
 Initial communication of the diagnosis 165 (16.6) 158 (14.9) 323 (15.7)
 Treatment planning 278 (27.9) 249 (23.4) 527 (25.6)
 Treatment 167 (16.8) 239 (22.5) 406 (19.7)
 Treatment monitoring 254 (25.5) 338 (31.8) 592 (28.8)
 Aftercare 205 (20.6) 216 (20.3) 421 (20.4)
Decision topic e, g, n (%)
 Diagnostic procedures 314 (33.1) 296 (29.2) 610 (31.1)
 Surgery 304 (32.0) 257 (25.3) 561 (28.6)
 Chemotherapy 207 (21.8) 379 (37.3) 586 (29.8)
 Radiation therapy 69 (7.3) 101 (10.0) 170 (8.7)
 Other treatment 100 (10.5) 99 (9.8) 199 (10.1)
Surveyed in pandemic, n (%)
 No 993 (100.0) 711 (66.7) 1704 (82.8)
 Yes 0 (0.0) 355 (33.3) 355 (17.2)
  1. Notes. Frequencies not adding up to the total number of participants within groups indicate missing data; percentages are calculated for valid data within the group
  2. alow = no formal degree or graduation after less than 10 years at school
  3. bintermediate = graduation after 10 or 11 years at school
  4. chigh = graduation after more than 11 years at school
  5. dvery high = college or university degree
  6. emultiple choices possible
  7. fincluding student/trainee, sick leave, parental leave, military service, unemployed
  8. gonly categories with more than 5% of the total sample are displayed