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Table 3 Features of included interventions

From: Public target interventions to reduce the inappropriate use of medicines or medical procedures: a systematic review

First author, year Gov’t support Policy Professional target Public target Multilingual
Letters to doctors Educational meetings (academic detailing) Written materials Clinical practice guidelines Prescribing feedback Physician financial incentives TV Video Newsletters/mails Poster Radio Press conferences Newspapers or advertisements (including bill boards, bus signs) Websites Informational written materials (including pamphlets/brochures) Education meetings Mascots School program (including peer-education) Family and friends Decision-aid/enabling tools Other mass media campaign activities  
Belongia, 2001 Yes   X X X X       X      X X       NR
Belongia, 2005 Yes   X X X X    X   X X X X X X X X X     X Yes
Bernier, 2014 Yes   X X X X    X   X X X X X X X X      X NR
Cebotarenco, 2008 No          X   X    X   X X   X X   X NR
Finkelstein, 2001 Yes    X X X X     X      X X        NR
Finkelstein, 2008 Yes    X X X X     X      X X X   X X   X NR
Formoso, 2013 Yes   X       X    X X   X X X        NR
Fuertes, 2010 Yes         X        X         NR
Gonzales, 2004 Yes     X X      X X     X X     X    Yes
Gonzales, 2005 Yes     X X      X X     X X     X    Yes
Gonzales, 2008 Yes   X          X X   X X X       X Yes
Hennessy, 2002 Yes    X        X      X X X       NR
Kliemann, 2016 Yes X                       NA
Lambert, 2007 Yes         X    X X   X   X   X     X NR
Lee, 2017 No                 X X       Yes
Mainous, 2009 No             X   X   X        Yes
McNuty, 2010 Yes   X   X X       X    X   X        NR
Perz, 2002 Yes    X X X    X   X X    X   X X      X NR
Sabuncu, 2009 Yes   X X X X    X   X X X X X X X X      X NR
Santa-Ana-Tellez, 2013 Yes X                       NA
Santa-Ana-Tellez, 2015 Yes X                       NA
Taylor, 2005 Yes          X        X        NR
Trepka, 2001 Yes   X X X X       X    X   X X       NR
Wirtz, 2013 Yes X                       NA
Wutzke, 2007 Yes   X X X   X   X    X X X X X X X      X NR
Beshears, 2013 Yes           X              NR
O’Malley, 2006 No    X     X    X   X X X X        X NR
Sedjo, 2009 No    X        X       X        NR
Vallès, 2003 No                 X X       NR
Hasak, 2018 No                X X        NR
Lawrence, 2019 No          X        X      X   NR
Maughan, 2016 No                 X      X   NR
Rose, 2016 No                 X        NR
Spoth, 2008 No                X     X X    NR
Spoth, 2013 No                X     X X    NR
Eden, 2014 No                 X      X   Yes
Fraser, 1997 Yes                 X X    X    Yes
Hassani, 2016 No                  X       NR
Montgomery, 2007 No                X       X   NR
Navaee, 2015 No                 X X    X    NR
Sharifirad, 2013 No                 X X    X    NR
Shorten, 2005 No                 X      X   NR
Valiani, 2014 No                 X X    X    NR
  1. NR not reported