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Table 5 Study characteristics associated with implementation strategies and outcomes for nurses and non-nurses (N = 61)

From: Implementation strategies for infection prevention and control promotion for nurses in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

  Number of studies (n) Percentage of studies (%) Number of studies with strategy/outcome focused on nurses (n) Percentage of studies with strategy/outcome focused on nurses (%) Number of studies with strategy/outcome focused on patients or overall health system (n) Percentage of studies with strategy/outcome focused on patients or overall health system (%)
Implementation strategies
 Education 59 96.7 58 95.1 1 1.6
 Quality management 39 63.9 21 34.4 18 29.5
 Plan 33 54.1 12 19.7 21 34.4
 Restructure 32 52.5 7 11.5 25 41.0
 Finance 8 13.1 2 3.3 6 9.8
 Policy 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Implementation EBP outcomes
 Penetration 22 36.0 4 6.5 18 29.5
 Feasibility 13 21.3 6 9.8 7 11.5
 Adoption 5 8.2 1 1.6 4 6.6
 Sustainability 5 8.2 2 3.3 3 4.9
 Acceptability 4 6.6 3 4.9 1 1.6
 Fidelity 3 4.9 2 3.3 1 1.6
 Appropriateness 1 1.6 1 1.6 0 0.0
 Cost 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
 No EBP outcome 21 34.4 na na na na
Implementation strategy outcomes
 Penetration 44 72.1 34 55.7 7 11.5
 Feasibility 28 45.9 6 9.8 22 36.1
 Acceptability 18 29.5 13 21.3 5 8.2
 Adoption 5 8.2 2 3.3 3 4.9
 Sustainability 3 4.9 3 4.9 0 0.0
 Appropriateness 2 3.3 2 3.3 0 0.0
 Cost 2 3.3 2 3.3 0 0.0
 Fidelity 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
 No strategy outcome 3 4.9 na na na na