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Table 2 Clinical and demographic characteristics of study participants

From: A complex intervention to improve implementation of World Health Organization guidelines for diagnosis of severe illness in low-income settings: a quasi-experimental study from Uganda

Patient characteristic
n (%)a
Pre-intervention period
n = 1633
Intervention period
n = 4126
P value
Male sexb 669 (41.1) 1755 (42.6) 0.31
Median age, yearsc (IQR) 38 (24–55) 37 (23–58) 0.95
HIV-seropositived 116 (20.7) 279 (14.8) 0.001
Admitting diagnosise
 Malaria 527 (34.1) 1451 (37.0) 0.05
 Peptic ulcer disease 161 (10.1) 445 (11.3) 0.33
 Severe hypertension 125 (8.1) 265 (6.8) 0.08
 Diabetic crisis 58 (3.8) 188 (4.8) 0.09
 Anemia 75 (4.9) 156 (4.0) 0.14
 Pneumonia/LRTI 72 (4.7) 168 (4.3) 0.53
 CHF 61 (4.0) 136 (3.5) 0.39
 Urinary tract infection 54 (3.5) 195 (5.0) 0.02
 Otherf 413 (26.7) 924 (23.4) 0.02
Median length of stay, days (IQR) 3 (2–6) 3 (2–6) 0.06
  1. Abbreviations: CHF congestive heart failure, IQR interquartile range, LRTI lower respiratory tract infection
  2. aUnless otherwise specified
  3. bMissing in 12 patients
  4. cMissing in 42 patients
  5. dAssessed based on chart documentation of known history of HIV infection and/or results of rapid diagnostic or laboratory testing; missing in 3308 patients
  6. eMissing in 285 patients
  7. fIncludes gastroenteritis, pelvic inflammatory disease, tuberculosis, and asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Admitting diagnosis determined by admitting clinician