Skip to main content

Table 1 Population and health system characteristics

From: Effects of the EQUIP quasi-experimental study testing a collaborative quality improvement approach for maternal and newborn health care in Tanzania and Uganda

  Tanzania Uganda
  Tandahimba (intervention district) Newala (comparison district) Mayuge (intervention district) Namayingo (comparison district)
Population 227,514 205,492 412,500 233,000
Socio-economic characteristics of household
Possession of mobile phone 48% 47% 70% 64%
Possession of tin/tile roof 53% 43% 74% 39%
House with electricity 3% 1% 3% 1%
Financing per capita spent on health per year, according to district reports 7 USD 12 USD 6 USDa
Governance and leadership Good continuity, some vision, increasingly bottom-up planning, good collaboration with partners Interruption in leadership, clear vision, strong team spirit, bottom-up planning and good collaboration with partners Interruption in leadership, clear vision, good team spirit, bottom-up planning New team, some involvement of communities,
Human resources
% of posts filled 39% 43% 61% 47%
In-service training courses Family planning, HIV, PMTCT and district management 1 course in emergency obstetric care Family planning, HIV, PMTCT and district management Life-saving skills, Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) and Kangaroo Mother Care Not assessed
Total number of nurses per 1000 population 0.97 0.79 0.70 0.53
Total number of prescribers per 1000 population 0.51 0.31 0.10 0.10
Drugs and supplies at facilitiesb 1st round/6th round 1st round/6th round 1st round/6th round 1st round/6th round
Oxytocin 39%/93% 56%/90% 24%/57% 9%/25%
Syphilis test 67%/18% 54%/10% 56%/33% 63%/33%
Injectable ampicillin 9%/10% 0%/6% 21%/17% 5%/15%
MG-sulphate 21%/30% 70%/46% 3%/0% 0%/0%
Clamp/umbilical ties 78%/97% 64%/82% 29%/57% 9%/65%
Resuscitation device/Ambu bag 30%/100% 48%/55% 32/43% 18%/65%
Health information use for planning HMIS, no other sources HMIS, no other sources HMIS EQUIP data and other survey information used  
Delivery system infrastructure
Hospital/primary facilities 1 hospital, 33 primary facilities (1 private) 1 hospital, 29 primary facilities (no private) 1 hospital, 41 primary facilities (8 private without MNC-services) No hospital, 20 primary facilities
Basic infrastructurec     
Electricity available 57% 43% 32% 10%
Running water available 72% 96% 54% 46%
Referral
Ambulances/referral system
1 ambulance: formal referral system established shortly before the end of project 2 ambulances/formal referral system established 1 ambulance in poor condition 1 ambulance in poor condition
Phone/communication with referral facility for last referral 41% 49% 18% 25%
  1. aWindisch et al. National and district expenditure, p112 (ref [43])
  2. bInformation presents availability of the respective equipment and supply at the day of the health facility survey. 1st round of health facility survey took place from November 2011 to February 2012 and the sixth round from January to April 2014
  3. cRelates to an average spanning over the six rounds of data collection as no variation was observed