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Table 4 Critical appraisal of eligible studies

From: Health professionals’ views on the barriers and enablers to evidence-based practice for acute stroke care: a systematic review

  Appraisal questions for survey O’Rourke (2013) [66] William (2013) [69] Van Der Weijden (2004) [67] Grady (2014) [64] Hargis (2015) [65] Chan (2005) [63] Slot (2009) [67]
1 Did the study address a clearly focused question/issue? Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
2 Is the research method (study design) appropriate for answering the research question? Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
3 Is the method of selection of the subjects (employees, teams, divisions, organisations) clearly described? U Y Y Y Y N Y
4 Could the way the sample was obtained introduce (selection) bias? N N N N U N N
5 Was the sample of subjects representative with regard to the population to which the findings will be referred? N N N Y N N Y
6 Was the sample size based on pre-study considerations of statistical power? N Y Y N N N N
7 Was a satisfactory response rate achieved? Y N N N Y Y Y
8 Are the measurements (questionnaires) likely to be valid and reliable? N Y N Y N N N
9 Was the statistical significance assessed? N N N Y N N N
10 Are confidence intervals given for the main results? N N Y N N N N
11 Could there be confounding factors that haven’t been accounted for? N N N N N N U
12 Can the results be applied to your organisation? N U U N N N Y
  Yes (Y), Can’t Tell (U) and NO (N)        
  Critical Appraisal Questions for Qualitative Studies Meurer (2011) [60] Purvis (2014) [62] Stecksén (2013) [61]     
1 Is there a congruity between the stated philosophical perspective and the research methodology? N N N     
2 Is there a congruity between the research methodology and the research question or objectives? Y Y Y     
3 Is there a congruity between the research methodology and the methods used to collect the data? Y Y Y     
4 Is there a congruity between the research methodology and the representation and analysis of data? Y Y Y     
5 Is there a congruity between the research methodology and the interpretation of results? Y Y Y     
6 Is there a statement locating the researcher culturally or theoretically? Y Y N     
7 Is the influence of the researcher on the research and vice versa addressed? U Y U     
8 Are participants, and their voices, adequately represented? Y Y N     
9 Is the research ethical according to current criteria or, for recent studies, is there evidence of ethical approval by an appropriate body? Y Y Y     
10 Do the conclusions drawn in the research report flow from the analysis, or interpretation, of the data? Y Y Y     
  Yes (Y) No (N) Unclear (U) Not Applicable (NA)