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Table 3 Desired skills of graduates of the master’s program, scores 1 (crucial) and 2 (very important) aggregated

From: Teaching implementation science in a new Master of Science Program in Germany: a survey of stakeholder expectations

Group National experts (n = 18) Teaching staff (n = 12) Enrolled students (n = 12) Prospective students (n = 41) ∑/4 Differences between the lowest and the highest in percentage points
Expected skill
A. Health services research and health care systems
 A1 Knowledge of key concepts 100 100 91.7 97.6 97.3 8.3
 A2 Identification of relevant themes 94.4 100 91.7 97.4b 95.8 8.3
 A3 Knowledge of structures of German health care system 94.4 100 91.7 92.7 94.7 8.3
 A4 Knowledge of outcome parameters 100 91.7 91.7 95a 94.6 8.3
 A5 Knowledge of central players of the German health care system 88.9 100 83.3 90.2 90.6 16.7
 A6 Knowledge of in- and out-patient care structures 88.9 91.7 91.7 90.2 90.6 2.8
 A7 Knowledge of perspectives of different actors in health care 82.4a 100 91.7 87.5a 90.4 17.6
 A8 Knowledge of challenges in the German health care systems 88.9 91.7 83.3 87.8 87.9 8.4
 A9 Ideas for the future developments in German health care 83.3 75 91.7 90a 85.0 16.7
 A10 Challenges of interprofessional collaboration 72.2 91.7 75 90a 82.2 19.5
 A11 Basic knowledge in epidemiology 77.8 75 66.7 76.9b 74.1 11.1
 A12 Knowledge in health economics 77.8 75 66.7 75a 73.6 11.1
 A13 Knowledge in organizational development 61.1 66.7 66.7 64.1b 64.6 5.6
 A14 Knowledge in business administration 66.7 58.3 66.7 61 63.1 8.4
Average of all items above 84.6 10.7
B. Implementation Science
 B1 Knowledge of implementation strategies 100 91.7 75 95.1 90.4 25
 B2 Knowledge of enablers and barriers in implementation 94.1a 91.7 83.3 87.5a 89.1 10.8
 B3 Knowledge of evidence-based practice 88.9 100b 83.3 82.1b 88.5 17.9
 B4 Knowledge of quality management in health care 83.3 90.9a 72.7a 82.9 82.4 18.2
 B5 Ability to develop an evaluation plan 83.3 83.3 90.9a 70a 81.8 20.9
 B6 Oral presentation skills for a public audience 83.3 83.3 83.3 73.2 80.7 10.1
 B7 Expertise in evaluation of implementation plans 83.3 83.3 75 74.4b 79.0 8.9
 B8 Work experience at health care providers 77.8 75 83.3 67.5a 75.9 15.8
Average of all items above 83.4 15.9
C. Research methods
 C1 Selection of appropriate research designs 88.9 100b 83.3 90a 90.5 16.7
 C2 Evaluation of applied research methods 88.9 100 63.6a 90a 85.6 36.4
 C3 Experience in handling different data source and routine data 88.9 81.8a 91.7 77.5a 84.9 14.2
 C4 Experience in planning a research study 83.3 81.8a 83.3 85.4 83.4 3.6
 C5 Knowledge of data sources in health reporting 77.8 100 83.3 64.1b 81.3 35.9
 C6 Practical experience in quantitative surveys and descriptive analysis 66.7 83.3 81.8a 67.5a 74.8 16.6
 C7 Knowledge of data sources for quality assessment 83.3 75 75 58.5 72.9 24.8
 C8 Evaluation of study protocols 77.8 50 58.3 82.5a 67.1 32.5
 C9 Experience in conducting qualitative interviews 66.7 58.3 83.3 60a 67.1 25.0
Average of all items above 78.6 22.8
D. Generic academic skills
 D1 Literature search 94.4 100a 75 85.4 88.7 25.0
 D2 Knowledge of criteria for scientific integrity and fidelity 83.3 90.9a 83.3 87.8 86.3 7.6
 D3 Project organization 94.4 66.7 100 82.9 86.0 33.3
 D4 Oral presentations for an academic audience 100 83.3 66.7 82.5a 83.1 33.3
 D5 Summary/review of English research literature 83.3 90.9a 66.7 90a 82.7 24.2
 D6 Summary/Review of German research literature 88.9 90b 54.5a 90.2 80.9 35.7
 D7 Ability to identify conflicts of interest 83.3 90.9a 66.7 77.5a 79.6 24.2
 D8 Ability to write an academic report 83.3 90.9a 63.6a 73.2 77.7 27.3
 D9 Knowledge of ethical and legal research guidelines 88.9 63.6a 75 82.9 77.6 25.3
 D10 Proficiency in English 88.9 75 50 73.2 71.7 38.9
 D11 Moderation of group discussions 61.1 33.3 45.5a 41.5 45.3 27.8
Average of all items above 78.1 27.5
  1. aOne missing value
  2. bTwo missing values