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Table 3 Baseline characteristics of sampled hospitals in campaign and non-campaign states

From: Does a quality improvement campaign accelerate take-up of new evidence? A ten-state cluster-randomized controlled trial of the IHI’s Project JOINTS

  Campaign states (n = 5) Non-campaign states (n = 5)  
Number of hospitals n = 78 n = 95 p
Respondents per hospital (mean, range) 2.33 (1, 6) 2.45 (1, 6)  
  Mean (S.D.)  
Medicare hip/knee replacement procedure volume (2009) 250.1 (130.7) 270.4 (188.9) 0.42
  N (%)  
Ownership 0.66
 Nonprofit 67 (85.7) 76 (80.0)  
 For profit 6 (7.8) 11 (11.6)  
 Public 5 (6.5) 8 (8.4)  
Part of hospital system/chain 55 (71.4) 68 (71.6) 0.98
Teaching status
 Member of Council of Teaching Hospitals (COTH) 6 (7.8) 14 (14.7) 0.23
 Residency program 26 (33.8) 44 (46.3) 0.12
Located outside an MSA 16 (20.8) 12 (12.6) 0.21
  Mean (S.D.)  
Number of beds 270.5 (168.5) 280.5 (185.1) 0.72
Hospital quality and safety culturea
 Management support for patient safety 77.4 (24.3) 78.1 (24.5) 0.85
 Teamwork across units 67.3 (27.0) 68.6 (26.5) 0.76
 Handoffs and transitions 54.4 (31.2) 55.2 (32.4) 0.86
  1. aQuestions adapted from prior surveys of quality and patient safety culture [24]