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Table 1 Setting, sample, and characteristics of the innovation being assessed

From: Psychometric properties of implementation measures for public health and community settings and mapping of constructs against the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research: a systematic review

Measure Country Setting Characteristics of the innovation being assessed Sample size Response rate Gender and profession of participants (Standard 1.8)a
Adopter Characteristics Scale [43] USA Schools in Texas (number not reported) Adoption and use of a classroom educational programme for tobacco prevention n = 131 54 % Second grade teachers
Awareness and Concern Instrument [51] USA School districts in North Carolina with at least two junior high or middle schools (n = 21) Awareness, concern, and interest in adopting and implementing tobacco prevention the curricula n = 917 Not reported Central office administrators
Principals Teachers
Health Teaching Self-Efficacy (HTSE) Scale [47] USA Schools in the Region IV district of the Texas Education Agency (number not reported) Ability to implement health teaching in the classroom n = 31 Not reported Junior high teachers Senior high teachers
Index of Inter-professional Team Collaboration-Expanded School Mental Health (IITC-ESMH) [50] USA Schools across the USA (number not reported) Level of inter-professional collaboration occurring to implement learning support and mental health promotion strategies in schools n = 436 Not reported Female = 88 %
School-employed mental health workers (e.g. school counsellors)
Community-based mental health workers (e.g. clinical psychologists)
School nurses
McKinney-Vento Act Implementation Scale (MVAIS) [40] USA Illinois Association of School Social Workers annual conference Perceived knowledge and awareness regarding implementation of the McKinney-Vento Act n = 201 40 % Female = 92 %
School social workers
Organisational Climate Instrument [51] USA School districts in North Carolina with at least two junior high or middle schools (n = 21) Perceptions regarding the organisational climate in schools adopting tobacco prevention curricula n = 910 Not reported Central office administrators
Perceived Attributes of the Healthy Schools Approach Scale [42] Canada Schools in Quebec (n = 107) Perceived attributes of a health promoting school initiative n = 141 28 % Female = 62 %
School health promotion delegates
Policy Characteristics Scale [52] Belgium Flemish secondary schools, including community schools, and subsidised public and private schools (n = 37) Perceptions of a new teacher evaluation policy n = 347 82 % Female = 58 %
Role-Efficacy Belief Instrument (REBI) [45] USA Schools in a state recently mandating sexuality education (number not reported) Role-efficacy related to the successful implementation of a mandated sexuality curriculum n = 123 Not reported Female = 67 %
County-level curriculum coordinators
Rogers’s Adoption Questionnaire [51] USA School districts in North Carolina with at least two junior high or middle schools (n = 21) Perceptions regarding the characteristics of three different tobacco prevention curricula n = 251 Not reported Central office administrators
School Wellness Policy Instrument (WPI) [48] USA Public elementary schools in Mississippi (n = 30) Acceptance and implementation of nutrition competencies as part of a school wellness policy n = 947 34 % Teachers
School-level Environment Questionnaire—South Africa (SLEQ-SA) [38] South Africa Secondary schools in the Limpopo Province (n = 54) Perceptions of the school-level environment with regard to the implementation of outcomes-based education n = 403 Not reported Teachers
School Success Profile—Learning Organisation (SSP-LO) Measure [39] USA Public middle schools in North Carolina (n = 11) Perceptions of organisational learning as part of an evaluation of the effectiveness and sustainability of the School Success Profile Intervention Package n = 766 80 % Teachers
Teacher assistants
Other employees (e.g. cafeteria workers)
School Readiness for Reforms—Leader Questionnaire (SRR-LQ) [41] USA Elementary, middle, and high schools in nine districts from South-west Florida (n = 169) Perceptions regarding school readiness for the implementation of reforms including standards-based testing n = 167 99 % Leaders from elementary schools (e.g. principals, assistant principals, curriculum specialists)
Leaders from high schools
Leaders from middle schools
School-wide Universal Behaviour Sustainability Index—School Teams (SUBSIST) [46, 49] USA Elementary, middle, and secondary public schools in Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, and Oregon who were implementing school-wide positive behaviour support (n = 14) Evaluation of school capacity to sustain school-wide positive behaviour support n = 25 Not reported Internal school team leaders
External district coaches
Teacher Receptivity Measure [44] USA Elementary schools in Texas (number not reported) Views towards the implementation of the smoke-free class of 2000 teaching kit n = 216 79 % First grade teachers
Intention to Adopt Mobile Commerce Questionnaire [54, 55] Kazakhstan Private institutions of higher learning in Almaty and Astana (n = 3) Intention to adopt mobile commerce n = 345 51 % Female = 50 %
University students
Perceived Attributes of eHealth Innovations Questionnaire [53] USA Education providers including community colleges, state colleges and universities from across the United States (n = 12) Perceived attributes of a technological innovation for health education n = 193 84 % Male = 53 %
Perceived Usefulness and Ease of Use Scale [56] USA Business school at Boston University Evaluation of usefulness and ease of use of two computer programmes n = 40 93 % MBA students
Post-adoption Information Systems Usage Measure [59] USA University in the United States Post-adoption perceptions of a self-service, web-based student information system n = 1008 Not reported Females = 53 %
University students
Social Influence on Innovation Adoption Scale [60] Australia University of South Australia Attitudes towards adopting advanced features of email software n = 275 15 % Female = 64 %
Academic staff
Professional staff
Tertiary Students Readiness for Online Learning (TSROL) Scale [57, 58] Australia Metropolitan university in Australia Readiness to adopt an online approach to teaching and learning n = 254 52 % Female = 65 %
University students
Facilitators of Practice Change Scale [63] Australia Australian community pharmacies (n = 735) Facilitators of practice change with regard to the implementation of cognitive pharmaceutical services in community pharmacies n = 1303 Not reported Proprietor pharmacists
Employee pharmacists
Pharmacy assistants (including technicians)
Leeds Attitude Towards Concordance (LATCon) Scale [62] Finland Finnish community pharmacies (number not reported) Attitudes towards the implementation of a new counselling model based on concordance and mutual decision-making between pharmacists and patients n = 376 51 % Community pharmacists
Perceived Barriers to the Provision of Pharmaceutical Care Questionnaire [61] China Community pharmacies in Xian, China (number not reported) Attitudes and barriers to the implementation of pharmaceutical care n = 101 78 % Female = 82 %
Prescription checking staff
Quality assurance staff
Staff managers
Police/correctional facilities
Perceptions of Organisational Readiness for Change [65] USA Juvenile justice offices (n = 12) Perceptions of organisational readiness to implement an innovation consisting of screening, assessment, and referral strategies n = 231 Not reported Female = 58 %
Front-line supervisors
Receptivity to Organisational Change Questionnaire [64] USA Districts I and II of the Hillsborough County, Florida Sheriff’s Office (n = 2) Attitudes regarding an agency-wide shift towards community-oriented policing n = 204 98 % Patrol deputies
Other sworn employees
Nursing homes
Intervention Process Measure (IPM) [67] Denmark Elderly care centres (n = 2) Assessment of employee perceptions related to the implementation of self-managed teams n = 163 81 % Female = 93 %
Healthcare assistants
Other health educated staff
Staff with no healthcare education
Staff Attitudes to Nutritional Nursing (SANN) Care Scale [66] Sweden Residential units in a municipality of southern Sweden (n = 8) Attitudes of nursing staff towards the implementation of nutritional nursing care n = 176 95 % Registered nurses
Nurse aids
Whole communities/multiple settings
4-E Telemeter [70, 71] Netherlands Education-related settings from 39 countries including elementary, secondary, university, vocational, and company training settings (number not reported) Likelihood of using telecommunications-related technological innovations in learning-related settings n = 550 Not reported Instructors
Educational support unit members
Technical support unit members
Attitudes Towards Asthma Care Mobile Service Adoption Scale [94] Taiwan General community Attitudes and behavioura towards the adoption of a asthma care mobile service n = 229 57 % Male = 63 %
Intention to Adopt Multimedia Messaging Service Scale [69] Taiwan General community Attitudes towards and intention to adopt multimedia messaging services n = 112 Not reported Male = 55 %
Electronics or IT sector employees
Education sector employees
Financial services, entertainment, media, government, health care, and law office employees
Systems of Care Implementation Survey (SOCIS) [68, 72] USA Education settings, mental health services, family assistance organisations, child welfare services, juvenile justice services and medical services from 225 counties across the USA (number not reported) Level of implementation of factors contributing to effective children’s systems of care n = 910 42 % Female = 72 %
Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SoCQ) [73, 74] USA Elementary schools and higher education institutions in the USA (number not reported) Concerns about innovations including team teaching in elementary schools and using instructional modules in colleges n = 830 Not reported Public school teachers
College professors
Teacher assistants
Other employees (e.g. cafeteria workers)
Telepsychotherapy Acceptance Questionnaire [75] Canada First nations communities in Quebec (n = 32) Attitudes and perceptions of adoption and referral to telepsychotherapy delivered via videoconference n = 205 77 % Female = 70 %
Community elders/natural helpers
Social assistants/social workers
Nurses/school nurses
Social interveners
Community health representatives
Other workplaces/organisations
Adoption of Customer Relationship Management Technology Scale [88] USA A national buying cooperative for hardware and variety businesses in the USA Facilitators to adopting customer relationship management technology n = 386 48 % Owner-operators of hardware and variety businesses
Coping with Organisational Change Scale [83] USA International organisations including Australian banks, a Scandinavian shipping company, a United Kingdom oil company, a US university and a Korean manufacturing company (n = 6) Ability to cope with organisational change including reorganisation and downsizing, managerial changes, mergers and acquisitions, and business divestments n = 514 71 % Male = 91 %
Middle and upper-level managers
Data Mining Readiness Index (DMRI) [80] Malaysia Telecommunication organisations (number not reported) Readiness to adopt data mining technologies n = 106 43 % Telecommunications employees
Group Innovation Inventory (GII) [78, 91] USA High-technology companies, primarily in the aerospace and electronics industries (number not reported) Attitudes towards innovation within groups developing new component-testing programmes, systems-level integration projects, engineering audit procedures, and failure analyses n = 244 Not reported Managers/supervisors
Intention to Adopt Electronic Data Interchange Questionnaire [79] Canada Purchasing Managers’ Association of Canada (PMAC) Intention to adopt electronic data interchange n = 337 58 % Senior purchasing managers
Organisational Change Questionnaire-Climate of Change, Processes, and Readiness (OCQ-C, P, R) [77] Belgium Belgian organisations from sectors including information technology, petrochemicals, telecommunications, consumer products, finance, insurance, consultancy, healthcare, and government services (n = 42) Attitudes towards recently announced, large-scale change including downsizing, reengineering, total quality management, culture change, and technological innovation n = 1358 Not reported Male = 64 %
Organisational Learning Capacity Scale (OLCS) [76] USA Human service organisations from a Southern United States city (n = 5) Organisational readiness for change towards primary prevention, strength-based approach, empowerment, and changing community conditions n = 125 50 % Female = 79 %
Organisational Capacity Measure-Chronic Disease Prevention and Healthy Lifestyle Promotion [81] Canada Public health organisations in Canada including government departments, regional health authorities, public health units, and other professional and non-government organisations (n = 216) Organisational capacity in public health systems to develop, adopt, or implement chronic disease prevention and healthy lifestyle programmes n = 216 Not reported Senior/middle managers
Service providers
Professional staff
Organisational Environment and Processes Scale [89] USA Fortune 1000 companies (manufacturing firms, service organisations) and large government agencies (n = 710) Perceptions of structures and processes related to the adoption of an administrative innovation (Total Quality Management) by Information Systems departments in organisations n = 123 17 % Senior Information
Systems Executives
Perceived Characteristics of Innovating (PCI) Scale [87] Canada Utility companies, resource-based companies, government departments and a natural grains pool (n = 7) Perceptions regarding the adoption of personal work stations n = 540 68 % Executive and middle management
First-line supervisors
Non-management professionals
Technical and clerical staff
Perceived Strategic Value and Adoption of eCommerce Scale [90] Ghana Small and medium-sized enterprises (200 employees or less) (n = 107) Perceived strategic value of adopting eCommerce n = 107 54 % Owners/managers
Perceived eReadiness Model (PERM) Questionnaire [85, 86] South Africa Business organisations in South Africa (n = 875) Readiness to adopt eCommerce n = 150 19 % Chief Executive Officers
Managing directors
General managers
Directors of finance, IT, eCommerce
and marketing
Readiness for Organisational Change Measure [82] USA Government organisation responsible for developing fielding information systems for the Department of Defence Readiness for a new organisation structure that clarified lines of authority and eliminated duplicate functions n = 264 53 % Male = 59 %
Computer analysts and programmers
Technology Acceptance Model 2 (TAM2) Scale [96] United States Manufacturing firm, financial services firm, accounting services firm, international investment banking firm (n = 4) Perceived usefulness and ease of use of a new software system n = 156 78 % Manufacturing floor supervisors
Financial services workers
Accounting services workers
Investment banking workers
Total Quality Management (TQM) and Culture Survey [92] USA Manufacturing firm, non-profit service agency, university (n = 3) Perceived organisational culture and implementation of total quality management practices n = 886 95 % Manufacturing firm employees
Non-profit service agency employees
Government employees
Service agency employees
Educational institute employees
Worksite Health Promotion Capacity Instrument (WHPCI) [84] Germany Information and communication technology companies in Germany (n = 522) Willingness and capacity to implement worksite health promotion activities n = 522 21 % Managing director/board of directors
Division head/senior department head
Department head
Human resources manager/director
Assistant to executive management
  1. a Standard 1.8—Describe the composition of the sample from which validity evidence is obtained, including relevant sociodemographic characteristics [25]