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Table 3 Conceptual frameworks (models, theories) noted in relevant KB documents

From: Knowledge brokering for healthy aging: a scoping review of potential approaches

Author, (year), [jurisdiction] KB conceptual framework, model, or theory (adopted, developed, or referenced) Context
Conklin, (2013, Canada) [26, 27] Adopted: the “linkage and exchange” model (CHSRF 2003) and the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARIHS) framework (Kitson 1998; Kitson 2008). Also notes Ward (2009a) models as descriptive of KB roles Health services delivery: communities of practice
Dobbins, (2009, Canada) [18, 28, 29] Adopted: linkage and exchange model (CHSRF 2003; Lomas 2007) along with the framework for dissemination and utilization of research evidence for health care policy and practice (Dobbins 2002). Public health
Gerrish (2011, England) [30] References: linkage and exchange model (CHSRF 2003) and Ward (2009a) models Healthcare
Goering (2003, Canada) [31] Developed: A linkage and exchange framework that conceptualizes four tiers (inter-organizational relationship, interactive research projects, dissemination, and policy reform). Draws on Huberman 1994, Lomas 2000, Lavis 2002. Public health: policy
Henderson (2011, Australia) [32] Developed: the Community Navigators Model drawing on Lay cultural health worker model (Henderson et al. 2010), Community health worker approach (Lewin et al. 2007). Healthcare, public health
Urquhart (2011, Canada) [17] References and adopts: the CHSRF (2003) linkage and exchange model Healthcare, health services
Wahabi (2011, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) [33] References: the Knowledge to Action framework (Graham 2007) as the basis for developing KB skills. Healthcare
Armstrong (2013, Australia) [34] Developed: KT logic model based on Bowen and Zwi (2005): Knowledge Translation for Local Government (KT4LG). A process model designed to guide a KT intervention with KB as coordinator. Public health
CHSRF (2003, Canada) [14] Developed: linkage and exchange model. The basis of the model is in knowledge management and the spreading of ideas leading to innovations. KB are intermediaries—linking and promoting exchange. Healthcare
Catello (2015, Canada) [35] References: linkage and exchange models (Lomas 2007, Ward 2009, Lavis 2013) as well as capacity development (Dobbins 2009, Robeson 2008, and Ward 2009). Healthcare
Hammami (2013, Canada) [36] Developed: a new exploratory framework based on KBs’ knowledge transfer activities: acquisition of new knowledge, integration of new knowledge, adaption of research results, dissemination of research, creating links between researchers and users. Multiple KT models were considered Health services delivery
Lemire (2013, Canada) [25] Developed: a process framework to guide dynamic KT approaches. KB role (called intermediaries) is considered central to the KT process. Conceptual basis for KB is not explicitly described. Public health
MacDermid (2009, Canada) [37] References: KB intervention description based on linkage and exchange (CHSRF 2003; Lomas 2007) Healthcare
Ward (2009, England) [15] References: three frameworks from Oldham and McLean (1997) to describe the functions of brokering:
(1) The knowledge system framework (creation, diffusion, and use of knowledge); (2) transactional framework (interface between “creators” and “users” of knowledge); (3) social change framework (enhancing access to knowledge or capacity building)
Ward (2012, England) [22, 38] Developed: based on sociological frameworks of diffusion and innovation (van de Ven 1999; Rogers 2003) a single conceptual framework of knowledge exchange (with KB as central component) with five loosely defined components: (i) problem identification and communication, (ii) analysis of context, (iii) knowledge development and selection, (iv) knowledge exchange activities/interventions, (v) knowledge use Healthcare: mental health