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Table 1 Taxonomy of self-management components

From: Characterizing patient-oriented tools that could be packaged with guidelines to promote self-management and guideline adoption: a meta-review

Domaina Componentb Examples
Information that provides patients with knowledge about their condition and an understanding of how to manage it
Condition Information and evidence about the condition, prognosis, what to expect, and its management
Activities of daily living Information and advice on how to undertake generic activities such as hygiene, dressing, preparing meals, transportation
Lifestyle advice Information and guidance on lifestyle behaviours that support disease management
Information or tools to prompt action for actively managing the condition and enhancing quality of life
Support for condition Reminders, diaries, or other prompts to support adherence to medication or recommended lifestyle behaviours
Action plans for condition Guidance specific to medical condition, providing signs of worsening condition, how to self-adjust treatment, and response if deterioration continues
Monitoring Self-evaluation tools to log and monitor physiological measures for personal assessment and to share with clinicians
Psychological strategies Mechanisms for problem-solving, goal-setting, reframing, relaxation
Information or mechanisms that lead to interaction and engagement
Communication with clinicians Guidance and prompts to facilitate communication with health care professionals
Available resources Links to or contact details for organizations that offer information, psycho-social support, or financial aid
Social support Links to or contact details for organizations that offer support, mentoring, or socializing
  1. aFrom Grande et al. [20]
  2. bAdapted from Taylor et al. [31]: patient medical care and equipment were removed from the original framework as these cannot be packaged in or with guidelines