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Table 2 Background characteristics for PVCs, patients and RNs

From: Effects of computer reminders on complications of peripheral venous catheters and nurses’ adherence to a guideline in paediatric care—a cluster randomised study

  Intervention Control
PVCs Baseline (n = 626) Post-intervention (n = 618) Baseline (n = 724) Post-intervention (n = 674)
 Median for PVC days (range) 2 (1–14) 2 (1–12) 2 (1–12) 3 (1–14)
 Mean, PVC days (standard error)* 2.6 (0.1) 2.7 (0.1) 2.8 (0.1) 2.9 (0.1)
 Size, n (%)
  26G 142 (22.8) 121 (19.6) 234 (32.4) 240 (35.6)
  24G 307 (49.3) 338 (54.7) 365 (50.5) 296 (43.9)
  22G 154 (24.7) 151 (24.4) 109 (15.1) 115 (17.1)
  20G 20(3.2) 6 (1.0) 13 (1.8) 19 (2.8)
  18G 2 (0.3) 1 (0.1) 4 (0.6)
  17G 1 (0.1)
  Missing 3 (0.5) 1 (0.2)
 Site, n (%)
  Hand 229 (36.8) 228 (37.0) 269 (37.2) 254 (37.7)
  Wrist 21 (3.4) 23 (3.7) 24 (3.3) 18 (2.7)
  Forearm 17 (2.7) 22 (3.6) 16 (2.2) 19 (2.8)
  Bend of the arm 208 (33.4) 222 (36.0) 217 (30.0) 187 (27.7)
  Upper part of the arm 1 (0.2)
  Toe 1 (0.1)
  Foot 92 (14.8) 63 (10.2) 121 (16.7) 110 (16.3)
  Ankle 20 (3.2) 23 (3.7) 20 (2.8) 10 (1.5)
  Lower part of the leg 3 (0.5) 4 (0.6)
  Groin 2 (0.3) 4 (0.6)
  Neck 1 (0.2)
  Head 32 (5.1) 31 (5.0) 55 (7.6) 71 (10.5)
  Missing 3 (0.5) 1 (0.2)
Patients/unique admissions Baseline (n = 475) Post-intervention (n = 466) Baseline (n = 564) Post-intervention (n = 500)
 Median age, years (range) 3.0 (0–19) 3.5 (0–25) 2.0 (0–19) 1.5 (0–19)
 Female, n (%) 226 (47.6) 201 (43.1) 253 (44.9) 209 (41.8)
 Male, n (%) 249 (52.4) 265 (56.9) 311 (55.1) 291 (58.2)
 Acute admission, n (%) 340 (71.6) 331 (71.0) 394 (69.9) 331 (66.2)
 Median length of stay, days (range) 5 (1–100) 5 (1–100) 4 (1–95) 4 (1–255)
RNs Baseline (n = 108) Post-intervention (n = 106) Baseline (n = 104) Post-intervention (n = 102)
 Median age, years (range) 36 (23–59) 36 (22–61) 35 (24–62) 35 (24–62)
 Female, n (%) 102 (94.4) 100 (97.1 ) 102 (99.0) 100 (98.0)
 Median years since nursing certificate (range) 9.0 (1–40) 7.0 (0–40) 7.0 (1–42) 6.0 (0–39)
 Median years at current unit (range) 3.1 (0–32) 2.7 (0–15) 3.7 (0–40) 2.0 (0–25)
 Employment     
  Full-time, n (%) 64 (60.9) 72 (70.6) 58 (55.8) 48 (48.0)
  Part-time, n (%) 41 (39.0) 30 (29.4) 46 (44.2) 52 (51.0)
 Educational level     
  Basic, n (%) 53 (52.0) 56 (54.0) 62 (59.6) 67 (66.0)
  Advanced, n (%) 49 (48.0) 47 (46.0) 42 (40.4) 34 (34.0)
 Awareness of the CPGs, n (%) 74 (68.5) 72 (67.9) 61 (58.7) 79 (77.5)
  1. *Test of difference in the mean PVC days from baseline to post-intervention between the groups, p = 0.88