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Table 2 Map of facilitation processes and activities to internal absorptive capacity meta-routines

From: Why (we think) facilitation works: insights from organizational learning theory

Internal absorptive capacity meta-routines [9] Facilitation processes and activitiesa [1, 46]
Facilitating variation Encourages critical assessment of current practice that leads to identification of performance gap(s)
Introduces new ideas (i.e., research and associated knowledge that may address performance gaps)
Enhances staff receptivity to change
Identifies resources needed to support change
Motivates and encourages others to make a change
Supports the development of new competencies/skills among staff
Managing internal selection regimes Assists in establishing common goals
Enables implementation of evidence into practice
Enables research use
Attends to the process of achieving goals
Provides feedback about research use
Sharing knowledge and superior practices across the organization Establishes effective (internal) communication channels
Promotes a culture for change
Creates a supportive (local) climate
Creates a vision that embraces evidence-based practice
Reflecting, updating, and replicating (retention) Tailors facilitation activities to local needs and circumstances
Provides ongoing support and resources to achieve goals
Facilitates trialable initiatives
Maintains change momentum
Supports the development of new competencies/skills among staff
Supports a goal-oriented dynamic process that promotes learning through critical reflection
Managing adaptive tension (continuous progression) Creates a vision that embraces evidence-based practice
Promotes a culture for change
Creates a supportive (local) climate
Empowers staff
  1. aFor primary sources, see Additional file 1: Table S2a