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Table 3 Examples of actionable messages found in article abstracts

From: Gaps between research and public health priorities in low income countries: evidence from a systematic literature review focused on Cambodia

First author, journal publication year Topic “Actionable message”
Perry, J AM Acad Psychoanal Dyn Psychiatry 2007 Injuries Clinicians should consider the possibility of trauma-related psychological distress in patients who present with undiagnosable physical complaints.
MICOL, PLoS One 2010 HIV In a high endemic area of cryptococcosis and HIV infection, serum CRAG screening and prophylaxis are two cost effective strategies to prevent AIDS associated cryptococcosis in patients with CD4+ count ≤100 cells/μl, at a short-term horizon, screening being more cost-effective but less effective than prophylaxis
Ir, Health policy, 2010 Health finance While international organisations and donors can take a leading role in innovative interventions in low-income countries, the involvement of government policy makers is necessary for their scaling-up
COUTURE Sex TRansm DIs 2011 HIV Amphetamine use was associated with incident Sexually Transmitted Infections. Venue of sex work and drug prevention should be considered in prevention programs”.
LITTRELL, Malar J, 2011 Malaria […] interventions to improve case management are urgently required, particularly in the private sector. Evidence-based interventions that target provider and consumer behaviour are needed to support uptake of diagnostic testing and treatment with full-course first-line anti-malarials.”
SASAKI, J Pediatr Nurs, 2010 Nutrition “[…] it is important to educate pregnant mothers, probably through exposure to trained midwives and media, so they may recognize the significance of Exclusive Breast Feeding (EBF) and will develop intention and plan to feed their babies, keeping in mind the benefits it may yield. Paternal involvement in breast-feeding classes may increase their awareness and consequently complement EBF practices. Finally, development of conducive working environments and policies for working mothers should be carefully explored because it could have positive influence in better care and promotion of EBF.”