Skip to main content

Table 2 Baseline characteristics for GPs in the intervention and control group

From: Effectiveness of a tailored implementation programme to improve recognition, diagnosis and treatment of anxiety and depression in general practice: a cluster randomised controlled trial

Variables Intervention group Control group pvalue
General practitioners n= 23 n= 23
Demographic characteristics
 Mean (SD) age (years) 49.5 (9.6) 47.7 (9.1) 0.511
 Male (%) 65.2 43.5 0.139
 Clinical experience, mean no. of years (SD) 18.4 (10.2) 16.4 (9.3) 0.500
 Employment status (% ≥0.5 FTE) 95.7 100 0.312
 Trainer status (% yes) 60.9 34.8 0.077
Interest and attitudes towards depressive and anxiety disorders
 Special interest in patients with anxiety and depressive disorders (% yes) 47.8 52.2 0.768
 DAQ mean score (SD)
  Treatment attitudes 42.9 (5.6) 45.8 (8.3) 0.173
  Professional unease 45.4 (8.2) 44.5 (7.4) 0.708
  Depression malleability 38.4 (10.8) 41.8 (11.1) 0.302
  Depression identification 47.6 (8.8) 45.7 (13.1) 0.560
 REASONa mean score (SD)
  Professional comfort with and competence in care of mental health problems 3.1 (0.4) 3.2 (0.5) 0.432
  GPs’ concerns about problems with the health care system for treatment of anxiety and depression 4.5 (0.8) 4.3 (0.8) 0.641
Mean (SD) number of hours professional training on depression last year 2.8 (2.2) 3.4 (2.1) 0.408
Mean (SD) number of hours professional training on anxiety last year 2.0 (1.5) 2.5 (1.9) 0.290
Barriers to provision of health careb (% score 4, 5 or 6)
 Perceived time limitations 65.2 60.9 0.760
 Perceived lack of knowledge and skills for the recognition of anxiety and depressive disorders 13.0 13.0 1.000
 Perceived lack of knowledge and skills for treatment of anxiety and depressive disorders 8.7 17.4 0.381
Barriers to implementation of guidelinesc
 Barriers for implementation of depression and anxiety guidelines, mean score (SD) 34.0 (4.3) 33.8 (4.0) 0.859
Collaboration with professionals in mental health services (% yes)
 Mental health nurse in primary care 56.5 59.1 0.862
 Primary care psychologist 13.0 21.7 0.437
 Social workers 21.7 43.5 0.116
 Specialist mental health worker 4.4 9.1 0.524
Levels of burnout (UBOS-C, %)
 Emotional exhaustion 0.038*
  Low level 39.1 69.6  
  Moderate level 61 30  
  High level - -  
 Depersonalisation 0.361
  Low level 17.4 21.7  
  Moderate level 65.2 73.9  
  High level 17.4 4.4  
 Personal accomplishment 0.741
  Low level 17.4 26.1  
  Moderate level 47.8 39.1  
  High level 34.8 34.8  
  1. FTE full-time equivalent, DAQ Depression Attitude Questionnaire, UBOS-C Utrecht Burn-Out Scale for the Contractual professions.
  2. *p value <0.05.
  3. aREASON questionnaire: GPs’ attitudes to their role in the management of anxiety and depressive disorders.
  4. bBased on a questionnaire developed at the Scientific Institute for Quality of Health Care.
  5. cThe barriers and facilitators assessment instrument.