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Table 3 Views about emerging development of supports for EIDM

From: Barriers, facilitators and views about next steps to implementing supports for evidence-informed decision-making in health systems: a qualitative study

Support for evidence-informed decision-making Number of interview participants (n)a
Total (n  = 57) Organizationb Province Occupation
PCP (n  = 9) Hospital (n  = 32) RHA (n  = 16) Ontario (n  = 29) Quebec (n  = 28) Senior manager (n  = 33) Knowledge broker (n  = 11) Library manager (n  = 13)
Facilitating pull efforts 25 4 14 7 8 17 11 6 8
-Implement accessible and efficient systems to support the use of research in decision-makingc 14 4 6 4 6 8 9 2 3
-Implement technical infrastructure to support research use and to ensure no restrictions are placed on staff’s access to online resources that contain relevant research evidence 12 1 10 1 4 8 3 3 6
-Provide easy access to journals and scientific literature either through bulk purchasing of subscriptions or promoting open-access resourcesd 10 1 6 3 2 8 4 1 5
Climate for research use 19 2 14 3 8 11 13 3 3
-Develop and implement an infrastructure or positions where the accountability for encouraging knowledge use liese 13 0 10 3 5 8 7 3 3
Pull efforts 16 2 10 4 8 8 7 7 2
-Enable training and continuing education that focus on finding and using research evidence in decision-making 8 1 6 1 3 5 5 1 2
-Ensure decision-making processes promote the use of research in decision-making 7 1 5 1 4 3 3 3 1
Linkage and exchange efforts 14 3 7 4 6 8 8 2 4
-Establish formal and informal ties to researchers and knowledge brokers outside the organization who can assist in integrating evidence into decision-makingf 13 3 6 4 5 8 8 2 3
Push efforts 14 0 10 4 3 11 5 3 6
-Use a knowledge intelligence service that scans the literature and distributes research evidence throughout the organizationg 11 0 7 4 2 9 4 1 6
Research production efforts 9 2 6 1 3 6 5 4 0
Evaluation of efforts to link research to action 7 1 3 3 2 5 3 3 1
  1. aPercentage of total number of participants (font style used): 0% of participants (bold); 1% to 32% of participants (italic); 33% to 66% of participants (regular i.e. not bold and not italic); 67% to 99% of participants (bold and italic); 100% of participants (regular and underlined).
  2. b PCP primary care practice, RHA regional health authority.
  3. cThe main two sub-elements that were mentioned within the category of ‘Implement accessible and efficient systems to support the use of research in decision-making’ were: decision support tools (n = 8) and documentation and reporting tools (n = 8).
  4. dThe main sub-element that was mentioned within the category of ‘Provide easy access to journals and scientific literature’ was: electronic-based resources i.e. bibliographic databases (n = 6).
  5. eThe main sub-element that was mentioned within the category of ‘Develop and implement an infrastructure or positions where the accountability for encouraging knowledge use lies’ was: department or section dedicated to KT (n = 5).
  6. fThe main sub-element that was mentioned within the category of ‘Establish formal and informal ties to researchers and knowledge brokers’ was: being part of group outside the institution (n = 9).
  7. gThe main sub-element that was mentioned within the category of ‘Use a knowledge intelligence…’ was: information monitoring services (n = 7).