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Table 5 Hierarchical linear model analyses of EBPAS total scale and subscales

From: The organizational social context of mental health services and clinician attitudes toward evidence-based practice: a United States national study

Predictor Regression Weights and (Chi Square Values a)
  Total Appeal Requirements Openness Divergence
Intercept 36.45*** 11.17 *** 10.77 ** 8.19 ** 18.16 ***
Organizational Level
 Rigid Culture 0.01 −0.05 0.03 −0.01 −0.04
 Proficient Culture 0.23 * 0.04 0.07 0.07 −0.07 *
 Resistant Culture 0.12 0.04 0.05 0.03 −0.05
 Stressful Climate −0.03 0.02 −0.04 * 0.02 0.02
 Engaged Climate 0.21 0.15 ** −0.07 0.05 −0.08
 Functional Climate −0.14 −0.06 −0.04 −0.02 0.02
Type of agency (reference group = public) (13.62***) (10.75**) (5.49) (13.34**) (4.44)
 For Profit −4.79 −2.30 * −1.47 *** −2.35 −1.19 ***
 Non Profit 1.04 0.06 0.24 0.43 −0.34 *
Service Structure (reference group = separate child division) (1.78) (<0.00) (<0.00) (<0.00) (<0.00)
 Child and Adult 0.19 0.17 0.16 −0.24 −0.04
 Child Only −0.23 −0.01 0.02 −0.20 0.05
Individual Level      
 Female 0.81 0.09 0.59 ** −0.22 −0.30
 Education Level 0.10 0.38 ** −0.22 0.09 0.13
 Years Experience −0.18 *** −0.05 *** −0.04 ** −0.06 *** 0.05 ***
Rigid Culture 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.02
Proficient Culture 0.13 *** 0.04 ** 0.04 *** 0.06 *** −0.00
Resistant Culture 0.05 0.03 0.05 ** 0.04 *** 0.07 ***
Stressful Climate 0.05 * 0.03 *** −0.00 0.04 *** 0.02 *
Engaged Climate 0.19 *** 0.09 *** 0.02 0.10 *** 0.01
Functional Climate 0.10 *** 0.05 *** 0.05 *** 0.04 ** 0.04 **
Race/Ethnicity (reference group - Caucasian) (177.94***) (148.17***) (118.66***) (107.83***) (117.24***)
 African American −2.94 *** −1.50 *** −0.66 * 0.07 0.86 **
 Asian 1.68 0.48 0.50 0.59 −0.04
 Hispanic −0.97 −0.91 ** −0.55 0.27 −0.40
 Native American 4.22 0.72 0.76 2.63 −0.04
 Other Race −2.72 ** −0.97 * −0.88 0.023 0.68
Major (reference group = psychology) (40.63 ***) (23.78***) (16.82**) (30.73***) (13.83*)
 Education −0.01 0.14 −0.06 0.17 0.20
 Medical −0.41 −1.38 * 0.45 −0.13 −0.62
 Nursing −0.89 −1.14 −1.00 −0.68 −2.09 ***
 Social Work 1.77 ** 0.47 * 0.36 0.79 *** −0.18
 Other −0.59 −0.05 −0.09 −0.027 0.17
ICC (unconditional) 0.06*** 0.05*** 0.04*** 0.05** 0.02
Eta squared 0.15*** 0.13** 0.13*** 0.13** 0.11
Organizational Variance Explained by Climate and Culture 8.2% 35.9% 6.0% 2.8% 85.8%
Organizational Variance Explained by Full Model 28.4% 51.8% 8.7% 42.0% 88.4%
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001.
  2. Note: a Chi Square for each categorical variable calculated as difference in deviance statistics between models with and without parameters representing contrasts between categories that define the variable.