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Table 2 The refined framework based on results of the open and closed sort tasks

From: Validation of the theoretical domains framework for use in behaviour change and implementation research

Domain (definition1) Constructs
1. Knowledge Knowledge (including knowledge of condition /scientific rationale)
(An awareness of the existence of something) Procedural knowledge
  Knowledge of task environment
2. Skills Skills
(An ability or proficiency acquired through practice) Skills development
  Competence
  Ability
  Interpersonal skills
  Practice
  Skill assessment
3. Social/Professional Role and Identity Professional identity
(A coherent set of behaviours and displayed personal qualities of an individual in a social or work setting) Professional role
  Social identity
  Identity
  Professional boundaries
  Professional confidence
  Group identity
  Leadership
  Organisational commitment
4. Beliefs about Capabilities Self-confidence
(Acceptance of the truth, reality, or validity about an ability, talent, or facility that a person can put to constructive use) Perceived competence
  Self-efficacy
  Perceived behavioural control
  Beliefs
  Self-esteem
  Empowerment
  Professional confidence
5. Optimism Optimism
(The confidence that things will happen for the best or that desired goals will be attained) Pessimism
  Unrealistic optimism
  Identity
6. Beliefs about Consequences Beliefs
(Acceptance of the truth, reality, or validity about outcomes of a behaviour in a given situation) Outcome expectancies
  Characteristics of outcome expectancies
  Anticipated regret
  Consequents
7. Reinforcement Rewards (proximal / distal, valued / not valued, probable / improbable)
(Increasing the probability of a response by arranging a dependent relationship, or contingency, between the response and a given stimulus) Incentives
  Punishment
  Consequents
  Reinforcement
  Contingencies
  Sanctions
8. Intentions Stability of intentions
(A conscious decision to perform a behaviour or a resolve to act in a certain way) Stages of change model
  Transtheoretical model and stages of change
9. Goals Goals (distal / proximal)
(Mental representations of outcomes or end states that an individual wants to achieve) Goal priority
  Goal / target setting
  Goals (autonomous / controlled)
  Action planning
  Implementation intention
10. Memory, Attention and Decision Processes Memory
(The ability to retain information, focus selectively on aspects of the environment and choose between two or more alternatives) Attention
  Attention control
  Decision making
  Cognitive overload / tiredness
11. Environmental Context and Resources Environmental stressors
(Any circumstance of a person's situation or environment that discourages or encourages the development of skills and abilities, independence, social competence, and adaptive behaviour) Resources / material resources
  Organisational culture /climate
  Salient events / critical incidents
  Person x environment interaction
  Barriers and facilitators
12. Social influences Social pressure
(Those interpersonal processes that can cause individuals to change their thoughts, feelings, or behaviours) Social norms
  Group conformity
  Social comparisons
  Group norms
  Social support
  Power
  Intergroup conflict
  Alienation
  Group identity
  Modelling
13. Emotion Fear
(A complex reaction pattern, involving experiential, behavioural, and physiological elements, by which the individual attempts to deal with a personally significant matter or event) Anxiety
  Affect
  Stress
  Depression
  Positive / negative affect
  Burn-out
14. Behavioural Regulation Self-monitoring
(Anything aimed at managing or changing objectively observed or measured actions) Breaking habit
  Action planning
  1. 1All definitions are based on definitions from the American Psychological Associations’ Dictionary of Psychology [36].