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Table 5 Predicting behavioural simulation and intention by psychological theory: correlation and multiple regression analyses

From: Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: identifying factors predictive of lumbar spine x-ray for low back pain in UK primary care practice

   Behavioural simulation Behavioural intention
Theory Predictive Constructs r Beta R2(adj) df F r Beta R2(adj) df F
Theory of Planned Intention 0.313*** 0.182**         
Behaviour PBC direct -0.143* 0.018         
  PBC power 0.315*** 0.236** .116 3, 282 13.4***      
  Attitude direct       -0.180** -0.088    
  Attitude indirect       0.361*** 0.013    
  Subjective Norm       0.149** -0.003    
  PBC direct       -0.320*** -0.068    
  PBC power       0.487*** 0.090*** .250 5, 282 20.1***
Social Cognitive Risk perception 0.286*** 0.204**     0.392*** 0.226***    
Theory Outcome expectancies 0.139* -0.023     0.350*** 0.210**    
  Self efficacy 0.301*** 0.245***     0.336*** 0.197**    
  Generalised self efficacy -0.036 -0.001 .121 4, 272 10.5*** -0.035 0.022 .215 4, 271 19.8***
Implementation intention   .135* .135* .015 1, 275 5.1*      
Operant Learning Theory Anticipated consequences 0.286*** 0.253***     0.392*** 0.238***    
  Evidence of habitual behaviour 0.184** 0.080 .081 2, 287 13.7*** 0.470*** 0.371*** .263 2, 286 52.3***
Common sense Identity of condition -0.043 -0.029     0.043 0.081    
Self regulation model Timeline acute 0.079 -0.029     0.097 0.000    
  Timeline cyclical 0.010 0.006     -0.020 -0.050    
  Control - by treatment -0.187* -0.115     -0.217** -0.160**    
  Control - by patient -0.121* -0.004     -0.282** -0.089    
  Control - by doctor -0.140* -0.024     -0.315** -0.107    
  Cause - stress -0.104 -0.051     -0.119* -0.190    
  Cause - family problems -0.096 -0.097     -0.080 0.084    
  Cause - poor prior medical care 0.039 0.100     -0.033 0.011    
  Cause - patient's own behaviour 0.040 0.074     -0.048 0.017    
  Cause - ageing 0.145*** 0.145*     0.073 0.062    
  Cause - bad luck 0.053 0.071     -0.010 -0.044    
  Cause - overwork -0.032 -0.080     0.046 0.052    
  Consequence -0.080 -0.063     -0.061 -0.015    
  Emotional Response -0.184*** -0.117     0.187** -0.001    
  Coherence 0.089 -0.060 .036 16,268 1.7 -0.249** -0.142** .113 16,265 3.2***
Precaution Adoption Process   -0.09 -0.09 .005 1, 296 2.5 -0.17** -0.17** 0.026 1, 294 8.3**
Knowledge   -.091 -.091 .005 1, 292 0.1 -.163** -.148** .023 1, 292 8.0**
  1. *p = or <0.05; ** p = or <0.01; ***p = or <0.001.
  2. r = Pearson product moment correlation coefficient; Beta = standardised regression coefficients.