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Table 3 Comparison of conclusion between previous review and review update

From: Individual determinants of research utilization by nurses: a systematic review update

Category Individual Characteristic Conclusion
   Previous Review (Estabrooks et al ., 2003 Review Update
Beliefs and Attitudes Attitude towards research Positive attitude associated with more research use Positive attitude associated with more research use (in general and with instrumental and overall research utilization)
  All other determinants No conclusion - Too few studies No conclusion - Too few studies
Involvement in Research Activities Variety of determinants No conclusion - Too few studies No conclusion - Too few studies
  Reading practices Equivocal Equivocal
Information Seeking Attending conferences/in-services No conclusion - Too few studies Conference and/or in-service attendance associated with more research use
  All other determinants No conclusion - Too few studies No conclusion - Too few studies
Education Type of Degree Equivocal Bachelors versus diploma - no effect on research use
    Graduate versus bachelors/diploma - increased research use for graduate degree
  Completion of research classes No conclusion - Too few studies No association with research use
  All other determinants No conclusion - Too few studies No conclusion - Too few studies
Professional Characteristics Years as an RN No association with research use No association with research use
  Current role Leadership role associated with more research use Leadership role associated with more research use
  Clinical specialty No association with research use Working in critical care areas (compared to general wards) associated with more research use
  Job satisfaction No conclusion - Too few studies Higher levels of job satisfaction associated with more research use
  All other determinants No conclusion - Too few studies No conclusion - Too few studies
Socio-Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors Age No association with research use No association with research use
  All other determinants No conclusion - Too few studies No conclusion - Too few studies