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Table 4 Comparison of the intervention and control groups at T0 and at T1

From: Pilot study evaluating the effects of an intervention to enhance culturally appropriate hypertension education among healthcare providers in a primary care setting

One-way ANOVA for the four scales
  Intervention Control    
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) df F p-value
Scale one T0 19.000 (4.348) 17.647 (2.914) 48 1.323 0.256
Scale one T1 20.156 (3.602) 17.765 (3.501) 48 4.980 0.030*
Scale two T0 7.625 (1.548) 7.714 (1.541) 42 0.066 0.798
Scale two T1 8.037 (1.018) 7.643 (1.277) 42 0.446 0.508
Scale three T0 11.13 (2.581) 10.833 (1.992) 37 0.196 0.661
Scale three T1 9.783 (2.696) 9.417 (2.811) 40 0.116 0.735
Scale four T0 21.371 (3.398) 18.538 (3.356) 41 6.953 0.012
Scale four T1 21.296 (3.801) 19.461 (2.846) 42 1.568 0.218
  1. Scale one. Attitude towards culturally appropriate care (5 = not at all important, 25 = extremely important)
  2. Scale two. Experienced barriers towards culturally appropriate healthcare in general (4 = never barriers, 16 = always barriers)
  3. Scale three. Experienced barriers towards culturally appropriate cardiovascular care and education (4 = no barriers, 16 = big barriers)
  4. Scale four. Self-reported actions in delivering culturally appropriate care (7 = no actions, 28 = always actions)
  5. *After correction for variable 'scale four T0' on confounding effects for the relationship between the intervention and variable 'scale one T1', a significant (p = 0.013) effect remains for the intervention on 'scale one T1'