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Table 1 Description of VA study hospitals

From: A before-after implementation trial of smoking cessation guidelines in hospitalized veterans

  Hospital A Hospital B Hospital C Hospital D
Patient characteristics     
   Age, mean 62.9 65.1 62.7 60.4
   Gender, % male 97 96 95 94
   Race, % white 97 80 85 86
   Income ($), mean 21,349 26,287 20,500 19,414
General medical wards     
   Annual number of admissions, n 2,988 4,388 2,701 2,806
   Total number of nursing staff 42 72 60 52
   % Registered nurses (RN)* 67 68 73 58
   Average daily census (across wards), n 29 62 33 42
   Average nursing hours per patient day 6.2 7.13 8.31 7.34
Smoking cessation services**     
   Responsible division Mental health Mental health Mental health Primary care
   No. of consults per month 50 60 65 30
   How often do new patients start program? 1/month 1/week NS 1/week
   No. of individual counseling sessions per typical course of therapy 3 NS 2 4
   Program includes group counseling Y Y N Y
   Can patients receive pharmacotherapy without enrollment in smoking cessation program? Y Y N Y
   Any use of telemedicine to provide cessation therapy? Y N Y N
  1. *Source: VHA Support Service Center. http://vssc.med.va.gov (accessed 6/13/07). Nurse staffing was estimated from local data.
  2. **Source: Office of the Assistant Deputy Undersecretary for Health for Policy and Planning. Veterans Health Administration. Smoking and Tobacco Use Cessation Report 2005. http://vaww.va.gov/haig/smoking/STUC_2005.pdf (last accessed 1 December 2006).