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Implementation Science

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Open Access

Building capacity for evidence-informed decision making in Canadian public health

Implementation Science201510(Suppl 1):A21

https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-5908-10-S1-A21

Published: 14 August 2015

Objective

Our research team partnered with three Canadian public health departments to study the impact of tailored knowledge translation and exchange (KTE) strategies on evidence-informed decision making (EIDM). We aimed to enhance public health EIDM knowledge, skills and behaviour and further facilitate organizational contexts conducive to EIDM.

Methods

We used case study methodology and tailored the intervention and analysis to each unique case (i.e. health department). An experienced Knowledge Broker supported each case through a variety of strategies: large-group training with front-line staff; one-on-one consultation with specialists, guiding them through a structured EIDM process; and advice to management on organizational policies and procedures. Data were collected prior to, during, and following the intervention via an online survey (demographic information, self-reported EIDM behaviours, and social networks) and in-person assessment (EIDM knowledge and skills).

Results

Results across the three cases revealed a significant increase in EIDM knowledge and skills at follow-up, among those who worked closely with the Knowledge Broker (2.8 points out of a possible 36 points, (95% CI 2.0 to 3.6, p < 0.001)). Similarly, staff who worked closely with the Knowledge Broker showed significant improvement in the frequency of EIDM-related behaviours (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.78, p = 0.02). Those not intensively involved, but who sought information from a peer considered an "expert", showed statistically significant improvements in EIDM behaviours (standardized beta coefficient: 0.29, p < 0.0001). Staff who were more central within the social network also showed greater improvement in EIDM behaviour at follow-up (standardized beta coefficient: 0.21, p= 0.09). These positive effects were sustained when organizational mechanisms were present.

Conclusions

EIDM knowledge, skills and behaviours improved as a result of KTE strategies tailored to the unique needs of each health department. These findings suggest effective methods for developing capacity for EIDM and provide specific support for a tailored approach.

This research was supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (FRN 101867, 126353).

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Health Evidence, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University

Copyright

© Dobbins et al. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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