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Measuring constructs from the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research in the context of increasing colorectal cancer screening at community health centers

Background

The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) is a comprehensive meta-framework widely applied to implementation related studies. Yet, few have used validated measures to operationalize constructs in CFIR in real-life settings. In this study, we operationalized selected CFIR constructs in an assessment to identify factors influencing implementation of evidence-based practices for increasing colorectal cancer screening in Community Health Centers (CHC).

Methods

We selected 16 constructs from all five domains of CFIR. Measures were developed and tested in a cross-sectional survey with CHCs' clinical staff and leaders respectively. We performed a separate confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for measures with three or more items, computed inter-item consistency (Cronbach's alpha), inter-rater reliability (ICC) and agreement (rWG(J)) statistics, and assessed construct validity via inter-correlations among constructs at individual and organizational levels.

Results

A total of 277 individuals and 59 CHC clinics were included in the analysis. CFA showed satisfactory structural validity (CFI>0.90, TLI>0.90, SRMR<0.08, RMSEA<0.08); all measures showed reasonable reliability (alpha>0.70). The ICCs (>0.1) and rWG(J) (>0.75) suggest it appropriate to aggregate individual responses by computing clinic means. Results also suggest good construct validity at both individual and clinic levels. Inner setting and process-related constructs are correlated with most variables across domains; correlations between outer setting and intervention characteristics and other domains vary more noticeably by construct.

Implications

Our study is one of the first to quantitatively measure constructs from all five domains of CFIR and demonstrate their psychometric properties. We depicted their inter-correlations at multiple levels, which set the foundation for establishing predictive models, causal pathways and developing interventions that target these factors. These findings could contribute to further development of the CFIR.

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Correspondence to Shuting Liang.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Liang, S., Kegler, M., Carvalho, M. et al. Measuring constructs from the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research in the context of increasing colorectal cancer screening at community health centers. Implementation Sci 10, A10 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-5908-10-S1-A10

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Keywords

  • Construct Validity
  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis
  • Clinical Staff
  • Causal Pathway
  • Colorectal Cancer Screening