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  1. Research

    Planning to be routine: habit as a mediator of the planning-behaviour relationship in healthcare professionals

    Gaps in the quality of care provided to people with type 2 diabetes are regularly identified. Healthcare professionals often have a strong intention to follow practice guidelines during consultations with peop...

    Sebastian Potthoff, Justin Presseau, Falko F. Sniehotta, Marie Johnston, Marko Elovainio and Leah Avery

    Implementation Science 2017 12:24

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  2. Research

    Pharmacists’ views and reported practices in relation to a new generic drug substitution policy in Lebanon: a mixed methods study

    Governments in both developed and developing countries have adopted generic drug substitution policies to decrease pharmaceutical expenditures and improve access to medicine. In August 2015, the Ministry of Pu...

    Fadi El-Jardali, Racha Fadlallah, Rami Z. Morsi, Nour Hemadi, Mounir Al-Gibbawi, Magda Haj, Suzan Khalil, Youssef Saklawi, Diana Jamal and Elie A. Akl

    Implementation Science 2017 12:23

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  3. Systematic review

    Understanding the performance of community health volunteers involved in the delivery of health programmes in underserved areas: a realist synthesis

    The recruitment of community health volunteers (CHVs) to support the delivery of health programmes is an established approach in underserved areas and in particular where there are health inequalities due to t...

    Gaëlle Vareilles, Jeanine Pommier, Bruno Marchal and Sumit Kane

    Implementation Science 2017 12:22

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  4. Research

    Making sense of complexity in context and implementation: the Context and Implementation of Complex Interventions (CICI) framework

    The effectiveness of complex interventions, as well as their success in reaching relevant populations, is critically influenced by their implementation in a given context. Current conceptual frameworks often f...

    Lisa M. Pfadenhauer, Ansgar Gerhardus, Kati Mozygemba, Kristin Bakke Lysdahl, Andrew Booth, Bjørn Hofmann, Philip Wahlster, Stephanie Polus, Jacob Burns, Louise Brereton and Eva Rehfuess

    Implementation Science 2017 12:21

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  5. Research

    A comparison of how behavioral health organizations utilize training to prepare for health care reform

    Under the Affordable Care Act, States have obtained Medicaid waivers to overhaul their behavioral health service systems to improve quality and reduce costs. Critical to implementation of broad service deliver...

    Victoria Stanhope, Mimi Choy-Brown, Stacey Barrenger, Jennifer Manuel, Micaela Mercado, Mary McKay and Steven C. Marcus

    Implementation Science 2017 12:19

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  6. Research

    Does access to a demand-led evidence briefing service improve uptake and use of research evidence by health service commissioners? A controlled before and after study

    The Health and Social Care Act mandated research use as a core consideration of health service commissioning arrangements in England. We undertook a controlled before and after study to evaluate whether access...

    Paul M Wilson, Kate Farley, Liz Bickerdike, Alison Booth, Duncan Chambers, Mark Lambert, Carl Thompson, Rhiannon Turner and Ian S Watt

    Implementation Science 2017 12:20

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  7. Research

    Process evaluation of a cluster-randomised trial testing a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle: a mixed-methods study

    As pressure ulcers contribute to significant patient burden and increased health care costs, their prevention is a clinical priority. Our team developed and tested a complex intervention, a pressure ulcer prev...

    Shelley Roberts, Elizabeth McInnes, Tracey Bucknall, Marianne Wallis, Merrilyn Banks and Wendy Chaboyer

    Implementation Science 2017 12:18

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  8. Research

    Evaluation of scaling-up of HPV self-collection offered by community health workers at home visits to increase screening among socially vulnerable under-screened women in Jujuy Province, Argentina

    Self-collection has been proposed as a strategy to increase cervical screening coverage among hard-to-reach women. However, evaluations of the implementation of this strategy on a large scale are scarce. This ...

    Silvina Arrossi, Melisa Paolino, Laura Thouyaret, Rosa Laudi and Alicia Campanera

    Implementation Science 2017 12:17

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  9. Study protocol

    Protocol for the analysis of a natural experiment on the impact of the Affordable Care Act on diabetes care in community health centers

    It is hypothesized that Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid expansions could substantially improve access to health insurance and healthcare services for patients at risk for diabetes mellitus (DM), with pre-DM...

    Nathalie Huguet, Heather Angier, Miguel Marino, K. John McConnell, Megan J. Hoopes, Jean P. O’Malley, Lewis A. Raynor, Sonja Likumahuwa-Ackman, Heather Holderness and Jennifer E. DeVoe

    Implementation Science 2017 12:14

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  10. Methodology

    Using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to produce actionable findings: a rapid-cycle evaluation approach to improving implementation

    Much research does not address the practical needs of stakeholders responsible for introducing health care delivery interventions into organizations working to achieve better outcomes. In this article, we pres...

    Rosalind E. Keith, Jesse C. Crosson, Ann S. O’Malley, DeAnn Cromp and Erin Fries Taylor

    Implementation Science 2017 12:15

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  11. Research

    Multi-year school-based implementation and student outcomes of an evidence-based risk reduction intervention

    Intervention effects observed in efficacy trials are rarely replicated when the interventions are broadly disseminated, underscoring the need for more information about factors influencing real-life implementa...

    Bo Wang, Bonita Stanton, Lynette Deveaux, Sonja Lunn, Glenda Rolle, Richard Adderley, Maxwell Poitier, Veronica Koci, Sharon Marshall and Perry Gomez

    Implementation Science 2017 12:16

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  12. Editorial

    Enhancing the reporting of implementation research

    In the 10 years since the inception of Implementation Science, we have witnessed a continued rise in the number of submissions received, reflecting the continued global interest in methods to enhance the uptake o...

    Paul M. Wilson, Anne Sales, Michel Wensing, Gregory A. Aarons, Signe Flottorp, Liz Glidewell, Alison Hutchinson, Justin Presseau, Anne Rogers, Nick Sevdalis, Janet Squires and Sharon Straus

    Implementation Science 2017 12:13

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  13. Study protocol

    Integrated solutions for sustainable fall prevention in primary care, the iSOLVE project: a type 2 hybrid effectiveness-implementation design

    Despite strong evidence giving guidance for effective fall prevention interventions in community-residing older people, there is currently no clear model for engaging general medical practitioners in fall prev...

    Lindy Clemson, Lynette Mackenzie, Chris Roberts, Roslyn Poulos, Amy Tan, Meryl Lovarini, Cathie Sherrington, Judy M. Simpson, Karen Willis, Mary Lam, Anne Tiedemann, Dimity Pond, David Peiris, Sarah Hilmer, Sabrina Winona Pit, Kirsten Howard…

    Implementation Science 2017 12:12

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  14. Research

    Pathways for best practice diffusion: the structure of informal relationships in Canada’s long-term care sector

    Initiatives to accelerate the adoption and implementation of evidence-based practices benefit from an association with influential individuals and organizations. When opinion leaders advocate or adopt a best p...

    James W. Dearing, Amanda M. Beacom, Stephanie A. Chamberlain, Jingbo Meng, Whitney B. Berta, Janice M. Keefe, Janet E. Squires, Malcolm B. Doupe, Deanne Taylor, Robert Colin Reid, Heather Cook, Greta G. Cummings, Jennifer L. Baumbusch, Jennifer Knopp-Sihota, Peter G. Norton and Carole A. Estabrooks

    Implementation Science 2017 12:11

    Published on: 3 February 2017

  15. Research

    Understanding causal pathways within health systems policy evaluation through mediation analysis: an application to payment for performance (P4P) in Tanzania

    The evaluation of payment for performance (P4P) programmes has focused mainly on understanding contributions to health service coverage, without unpacking causal mechanisms. The overall aim of the paper is to ...

    Laura Anselmi, Peter Binyaruka and Josephine Borghi

    Implementation Science 2017 12:10

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  16. Study protocol

    Evaluation of the Tsima community mobilization intervention to improve engagement in HIV testing and care in South Africa: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial

    HIV transmission can be decreased substantially by reducing the burden of undiagnosed HIV infection and expanding early and consistent use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Treatment as prevention (TasP) has be...

    Sheri A. Lippman, Audrey Pettifor, Dumisani Rebombo, Aimée Julien, Ryan G. Wagner, Mi-Suk Kang Dufour, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula, Torsten B. Neilands, Rhian Twine, Ann Gottert, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Stephen M. Tollman, Ian Sanne, Dean Peacock and Kathleen Kahn

    Implementation Science 2017 12:9

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  17. Research

    Impact of a tailored program on the implementation of evidence-based recommendations for multimorbid patients with polypharmacy in primary care practices—results of a cluster-randomized controlled trial

    Multimorbid patients receiving polypharmacy represent a growing population at high risk for negative health outcomes. Tailoring is an approach of systematic intervention development taking account of previousl...

    Cornelia Jäger, Tobias Freund, Jost Steinhäuser, Christian Stock, Johannes Krisam, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Michel Wensing and Joachim Szecsenyi

    Implementation Science 2017 12:8

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  18. Research

    Multi-strategic intervention to enhance implementation of healthy canteen policy: a randomised controlled trial

    Internationally, governments have implemented school-based nutrition policies to restrict the availability of unhealthy foods from sale. The aim of the trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multi-strategi...

    Luke Wolfenden, Nicole Nathan, Lisa M. Janssen, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Tessa Delaney, Christopher M. Williams, Colin Bell, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Libby Campbell, Christophe Lecathelinais, Chris Oldmeadow, Megan Freund and Sze Lin Yoong

    Implementation Science 2017 12:6

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  19. Research

    Process evaluation of the data-driven quality improvement in primary care (DQIP) trial: active and less active ingredients of a multi-component complex intervention to reduce high-risk primary care prescribing

    Two to 4% of emergency hospital admissions are caused by preventable adverse drug events. The estimated costs of such avoidable admissions in England were £530 million in 2015. The data-driven quality improvem...

    Aileen Grant, Tobias Dreischulte and Bruce Guthrie

    Implementation Science 2017 12:4

    Published on: 7 January 2017

  20. Systematic review

    Combined use of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) and the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF): a systematic review

    Over 60 implementation frameworks exist. Using multiple frameworks may help researchers to address multiple study purposes, levels, and degrees of theoretical heritage and operationalizability; however, using ...

    Sarah A. Birken, Byron J. Powell, Justin Presseau, M. Alexis Kirk, Fabiana Lorencatto, Natalie J. Gould, Christopher M. Shea, Bryan J. Weiner, Jill J. Francis, Yan Yu, Emily Haines and Laura J. Damschroder

    Implementation Science 2017 12:2

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  21. Systematic review

    Behavior change interventions and policies influencing primary healthcare professionals’ practice—an overview of reviews

    There is a plethora of interventions and policies aimed at changing practice habits of primary healthcare professionals, but it is unclear which are the most appropriate, sustainable, and effective. We aimed t...

    Bhupendrasinh F. Chauhan, Maya Jeyaraman, Amrinder Singh Mann, Justin Lys, Becky Skidmore, Kathryn M. Sibley, Ahmed Abou-Setta and Ryan Zarychanksi

    Implementation Science 2017 12:3

    Published on: 5 January 2017

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