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  1. In order to increase the chances of success in new interventions in healthcare, it is generally recommended to tailor the intervention to the target setting and the target professionals. Nonetheless, pre-inter...

    Authors: Isabelle Vedel, Matthieu De Stampa, Howard Bergman, Joel Ankri, Bernard Cassou, François Blanchard and Liette Lapointe

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:21

    Content type: Methodology

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  2. In Canada, federal, provincial, and territorial governments are developing an ambitious project to implement an interoperable electronic health record (EHR). Benefits for patients, healthcare professionals, or...

    Authors: Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Nicola Shaw, Claude Sicotte, Luc Mathieu, Yvan Leduc, Julie Duplantie, James Maclean and France Légaré

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:20

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Diabetes affects over 20 million Americans, resulting in substantial morbidity, mortality, and costs. While medications are the cornerstone of secondary prevention, many evidence-based therapies are underutili...

    Authors: Alicen Spaulding, A Mark Fendrick, William H Herman, James G Stevenson, Dean G Smith, Michael E Chernew, Dawn M Parsons, Keith Bruhnsen and Allison B Rosen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:19

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. In October 2006, the Chief Medical Officer (CMO) of England asked Professor Sir John Tooke to chair a High Level Group on Clinical Effectiveness in response to the chapter 'Waste not, want not' in the CMOs 200...

    Authors: Martin P Eccles, David Armstrong, Richard Baker, Kevin Cleary, Huw Davies, Stephen Davies, Paul Glasziou, Irene Ilott, Ann-Louise Kinmonth, Gillian Leng, Stuart Logan, Theresa Marteau, Susan Michie, Hugh Rogers, Jo Rycroft-Malone and Bonnie Sibbald

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:18

    Content type: Editorial

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  5. Implementation of evidence-based mental health assessment and intervention in community public health practice is a high priority for multiple stakeholders. Academic-community partnerships can assist in the im...

    Authors: Laurie A Lindamer, Barry Lebowitz, Richard L Hough, Piedad Garcia, Alfredo Aguirre, Maureen C Halpain, Colin Depp and Dilip V Jeste

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:17

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Hyperglycaemia, fever, and swallowing dysfunction are poorly managed in the admission phase of acute stroke, and patient outcomes are compromised. Use of evidence-based guidelines could improve care but have n...

    Authors: Sandy Middleton, Christopher Levi, Jeanette Ward, Jeremy Grimshaw, Rhonda Griffiths, Catherine D'Este, Simeon Dale, N Wah Cheung, Clare Quinn, Malcolm Evans and Dominique Cadilhac

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:16

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Those attempting to implement changes in health care settings often find that intervention efforts do not progress as expected. Unexpected outcomes are often attributed to variation and/or error in implementat...

    Authors: Michelle E Jordan, Holly J Lanham, Benjamin F Crabtree, Paul A Nutting, William L Miller, Kurt C Stange and Reuben R McDaniel Jr

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:15

    Content type: Debate

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  8. While the evidence suggests that the way physicians provide information to patients is crucial in helping patients decide upon a course of action, the field of knowledge translation and exchange (KTE) is silen...

    Authors: France Légaré, Moira Stewart, Dominick Frosch, Jeremy Grimshaw, Michel Labrecque, Martine Magnan, Mathieu Ouimet, Michel Rousseau, Dawn Stacey, Trudy van der Weijden and Glyn Elwyn

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:14

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. In the experience of health professionals, it appears that interacting with peers in the workplace fosters learning and information sharing. Informal groups and networks present good opportunities for informat...

    Authors: Linda C Li, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Camilla Nielsen, Maria Judd, Peter C Coyte and Ian D Graham

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:11

    Content type: Debate

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  10. The potential barriers and facilitators to change should guide the choice of implementation strategy. Implementation researchers believe that existing methods for the evaluation of potential barriers and facil...

    Authors: Debby van Helvoort-Postulart, Trudy van der Weijden, Benedict GC Dellaert, Mascha de Kok, Maarten F von Meyenfeldt and Carmen D Dirksen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:10

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) is a unique quality improvement program designed to connect health services researchers to Veterans Health Administration (VHA) management and operations, as...

    Authors: Thomas J Craig and Robert Petzel

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:8

    Content type: Debate

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  12. Disparities in health and healthcare are extensively documented across clinical conditions, settings, and dimensions of healthcare quality. In particular, studies show that ethnic minorities and persons with l...

    Authors: Lisa A Cooper, Debra L Roter, Lee R Bone, Susan M Larson, Edgar R Miller III, Michael S Barr, Kathryn A Carson and David M Levine

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:7

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. The use of guidelines in general practice is not optimal. Although evidence-based methods to improve guideline adherence are available, variation in physician adherence to general practice guidelines remains r...

    Authors: Jasper Trietsch, Trudy van der Weijden, Wim Verstappen, Rob Janknegt, Paul Muijrers, Ron Winkens, Ben van Steenkiste, Richard Grol and Job Metsemakers

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:6

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. There are challenges to timely adoption of, and ongoing adherence to, evidence-based practices known to improve patient care in the intensive care unit (ICU). Quality improvement initiatives using a collaborat...

    Authors: Damon C Scales, Katie Dainty, Brigette Hales, Ruxandra Pinto, Robert A Fowler, Neill KJ Adhikari and Merrick Zwarenstein

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:5

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Enhanced relapse prevention (ERP) is a psychological intervention delivered by mental health professionals to help individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) recognise and manage early warning signs for mania and ...

    Authors: Eleanor Pontin, Sarah Peters, Fiona Lobban, Anne Rogers and Richard K Morriss

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:4

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Despite important improvements in available prevention and treatment, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Not all high-risk patients and patients with CVD have h...

    Authors: Michel Wensing, Sabine Ludt, Stephen Campbell, Jan van Lieshout, Eckhard Volbracht and Richard Grol

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:3

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Patient complexity is not incorporated into quality of care comparisons for glycemic control. We developed a method to adjust hemoglobin A1c levels for patient characteristics that reflect complexity, and exam...

    Authors: Monika M Safford, Michael Brimacombe, Quanwu Zhang, Mangala Rajan, Minge Xie, Wesley Thompson, John Kolassa, Miriam Maney and Leonard Pogach

    Citation: Implementation Science 2009 4:2

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Little is known about effective strategies for disseminating and implementing complex clinical innovations across large healthcare systems. This paper describes processes undertaken and tools developed by the ...

    Authors: Jeffrey L Smith, John W Williams Jr, Richard R Owen, Lisa V Rubenstein and Edmund Chaney

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:59

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In the setting of coronary angiography, generic consent forms permit highly variable communication between patients and physicians. Even with the existence of multiple risk models, clinicians have been unable ...

    Authors: Carole Decker, Suzanne V Arnold, Olawale Olabiyi, Homaa Ahmad, Elizabeth Gialde, Jamie Luark, Lisa Riggs, Terry DeJaynes, Gabriel E Soto and John A Spertus

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:58

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Decision support technologies (DSTs, also known as decision aids) help patients and professionals take part in collaborative decision-making processes. Trials have shown favorable impacts on patient knowledge,...

    Authors: Glyn Elwyn, France Légaré, Trudy van der Weijden, Adrian Edwards and Carl May

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:57

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Previous efforts to produce case descriptions have typically not focused on the organizations that produce research evidence and support its use. External evaluations of such organizations have typically not b...

    Authors: John N Lavis, Ray Moynihan, Andrew D Oxman and Elizabeth J Paulsen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:56

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Only a small number of previous efforts to describe the experiences of organizations that produce clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), undertake health technology assessments (HTAs), or directly support the us...

    Authors: John N Lavis, Andrew D Oxman, Ray Moynihan and Elizabeth J Paulsen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:55

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Previous surveys of organizations that support the development of evidence-informed health policies have focused on organizations that produce clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) or undertake health technology...

    Authors: John N Lavis, Elizabeth J Paulsen, Andrew D Oxman and Ray Moynihan

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:54

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Organizations have been established in many countries and internationally to support the use of research evidence by producing clinical practice guidelines, undertaking health technology assessments, and/or di...

    Authors: John N Lavis, Andrew D Oxman, Ray Moynihan and Elizabeth J Paulsen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:53

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Foot ulcers are a significant problem for people with diabetes. Comprehensive assessments of risk factors associated with diabetic foot ulcer are recommended in clinical guidelines to decrease complications su...

    Authors: Wendy A Gifford, Barbara Davies, Ian D Graham, Nancy Lefebre, Ann Tourangeau and Kirsten Woodend

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:51

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. The results of randomised controlled trials can be usefully illuminated by studies of the processes by which they achieve their effects. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) offers a framework for conducting ...

    Authors: Jillian J Francis, Martin P Eccles, Marie Johnston, Paula Whitty, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Eileen FS Kaner, Liz Smith and Anne Walker

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:50

    Content type: Research article

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  27. It has been argued that science and society are in the midst of a far-reaching renegotiation of the social contract between science and society, with society becoming a far more active partner in the creation ...

    Authors: Carole A Estabrooks, Linda Derksen, Connie Winther, John N Lavis, Shannon D Scott, Lars Wallin and Joanne Profetto-McGrath

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:49

    Content type: Research article

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  28. There are a growing number of dietary treatment options to choose from for the management of many chronic diseases. Shared decision making represents a promising approach to improve the quality of the decision...

    Authors: Sophie Desroches, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sylvie Tapp and France Légaré

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:48

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. The study examined the extent to which components based on a modified version of the theory of planned behavior explained employee participation in a new clinical office program designed to reduce patient wait...

    Authors: David C Mohr, Carol VanDeusen Lukas and Mark Meterko

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:47

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In 2004 a UK charity, The Health Foundation, established the 'Engaging with Quality Initiative' to explore and evaluate the benefits of engaging clinicians in quality improvement in healthcare. Eight projects ...

    Authors: Bryony Soper, Martin Buxton, Stephen Hanney, Wija Oortwijn, Amanda Scoggins, Nick Steel and Tom Ling

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:46

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  31. Patient information has been viewed as a key component of self-management. However, little attention has been given to methods of dissemination or implementation of effective information strategies. Previous p...

    Authors: Joanne Protheroe, Anne Rogers, Anne P Kennedy, Wendy Macdonald and Victoria Lee

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:44

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In the last decades, a sustained increment of Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) production in the world has been accompanied by a growing concern about their quality. Many studies related to quality assessmen...

    Authors: María Eugenia Esandi, Zulma Ortiz, Evelina Chapman, Marcelo García Dieguez, Raúl Mejía and Ricardo Bernztein

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:43

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Most quality improvement programs in diabetes care incorporate aspects of clinician education, performance feedback, patient education, care management, and diabetes care teams to support primary care physicia...

    Authors: Liesbeth Borgermans, Geert Goderis, Carine Van Den Broeke, Chantal Mathieu, Bert Aertgeerts, Geert Verbeke, An Carbonez, Anna Ivanova, Richard Grol and Jan Heyrman

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:42

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. There is an emerging knowledge base on the effectiveness of strategies to close the knowledge-practice gap. However, less is known about how attributes of an innovation and other contextual and situational fac...

    Authors: Shannon D Scott, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Nandini Karunamuni, Raphaël Bize and Wendy Rodgers

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:41

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Few individuals with depression treated in the primary care setting receive care consistent with clinical treatment guidelines. Interventions based on the chronic care model (CCM) have been promoted to address...

    Authors: Rachel Mosher Henke, Ann F Chou, Johann C Chanin, Amanda B Zides and Sarah Hudson Scholle

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:40

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In the past two decades, scientific publications in Iran have considerably increased their medical science content, and the number of articles published in ISI journals has doubled between 1997 and 2001. The a...

    Authors: Saharnaz Nedjat, Reza Majdzadeh, Jaleh Gholami, Sima Nedjat, Katayoun Maleki, Mostafa Qorbani, Mostafa Shokoohi and Mahnaz Ashoorkhani

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:39

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Evidence shows that the standard process for obtaining informed consent in clinical trials can be inadequate, with study participants frequently not understanding even basic information fundamental to giving i...

    Authors: Jamie C Brehaut, Alison Lott, Dean A Fergusson, Kaveh G Shojania, Jonathan Kimmelman and Raphael Saginur

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:38

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. In an effort to ensure that all physicians have access to valid and reliable evidence on drug effectiveness, the Italian Drug Agency sponsored a free-access e-learning system, based on Clinical Evidence, called E...

    Authors: Lorenzo Moja, Ivan Moschetti, Michela Cinquini, Valeria Sala, Anna Compagnoni, Piergiorgio Duca, Christian Deligant, Roberto Manfrini, Luca Clivio, Roberto Satolli, Antonio Addis, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Pietro Dri and Alessandro Liberati

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:37

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. There is an important gap between the implications of clinical research evidence and the routine clinical practice of healthcare professionals. Because individual decisions are often central to adoption of a c...

    Authors: Gaston Godin, Ariane Bélanger-Gravel, Martin Eccles and Jeremy Grimshaw

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:36

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  40. The development and implementation of an evidence-based approach to health workforce planning is a necessary step to achieve access to best practice chronic disease management. In its absence, the widely repor...

    Authors: Leonie Segal, Kim Dalziel and Tom Bolton

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:35

    Content type: Debate

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  41. Incorporating shared medical appointments (SMAs) or group visits into clinical practice to improve care and increase efficiency has become a popular intervention, but the processes to implement and sustain the...

    Authors: Susan R Kirsh, Renée H Lawrence and David C Aron

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:34

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Implementing clinical training in a complex health care system is challenging. This report describes two successive trainings programs in one Veterans Affairs healthcare network and the lessons we drew from th...

    Authors: Greer Sullivan, Dean Blevins and Michael R Kauth

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:33

    Content type: Debate

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  43. We sought to determine whether a multi-modal intervention, which included mailing a patient reminder with a colon cancer decision aid to patients and system changes allowing direct access to scheduling screeni...

    Authors: Carmen L Lewis, Alison T Brenner, Jennifer M Griffith and Michael P Pignone

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:32

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Organizational context plays a central role in shaping the use of research by healthcare professionals. The largest group of professionals employed in healthcare organizations is nurses, putting them in a posi...

    Authors: Carole A Estabrooks, Shannon Scott, Janet E Squires, Bonnie Stevens, Linda O'Brien-Pallas, Judy Watt-Watson, Joanne Profetto-McGrath, Kathy McGilton, Karen Golden-Biddle, Janice Lander, Gail Donner, Geertje Boschma, Charles K Humphrey and Jack Williams

    Citation: Implementation Science 2008 3:31

    Content type: Research article

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