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Implementation Science

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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Laboratory testing is an important clinical act with a valuable role in screening, diagnosis, management and monitoring of diseases or therapies. However, inappropriate laboratory test ordering is frequent, bu...

    Authors: Nicolas Delvaux, An De Sutter, Stijn Van de Velde, Dirk Ramaekers, Steffen Fieuws and Bert Aertgeerts

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:147

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    The effectiveness of many interventions to promote health and prevent disease has been well established. The imperative has therefore shifted from amassing evidence about efficacy to scale-up to maximise popul...

    Authors: Kathleen P. Conte, Sisse Groen, Victoria Loblay, Amanda Green, Andrew Milat, Lina Persson, Christine Innes-Hughes, Jo Mitchell, Sarah Thackway, Mandy Williams and Penelope Hawe

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:146

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  3. Content type: Systematic review

    A range of evidence informs decision-making on innovation in health care, including formal research findings, local data and professional opinion. However, cultural and organisational factors often prevent the...

    Authors: Simon Turner, Danielle D’Lima, Emma Hudson, Stephen Morris, Jessica Sheringham, Nick Swart and Naomi J. Fulop

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:145

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  4. Content type: Research

    Although the importance of evaluating implementation fidelity is acknowledged, little is known about heterogeneity in fidelity over time. This study aims to generate insight into the heterogeneity in implement...

    Authors: Femke Hoekstra, Marjolein A. G. van Offenbeek, Rienk Dekker, Florentina J. Hettinga, Trynke Hoekstra, Lucas H. V. van der Woude and Cees P. van der Schans

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:143

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  5. Content type: Systematic review

    Care bundles are a set of three to five evidence-informed practices performed collectively and reliably to improve the quality of care. Care bundles are used widely across healthcare settings with the aim of p...

    Authors: Jacqueline F. Lavallée, Trish A. Gray, Jo Dumville, Wanda Russell and Nicky Cullum

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:142

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  6. Content type: Research

    In 2011, Manitoba implemented a province-wide program of physician detailing and free sampling for generic atorvastatin to increase use of this generic statin. We examined the impact of this unique combined pr...

    Authors: Heather C. Worthington, Lucy Cheng, Sumit R. Majumdar, Steven G. Morgan, Colette B. Raymond, Stephen B. Soumerai and Michael R. Law

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:141

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  7. Content type: Systematic review

    One of the key strategies to successful implementation of effective health-related interventions is targeting improvements in stakeholder engagement. The discrete choice experiment (DCE) is a stated preference...

    Authors: Ramzi G. Salloum, Elizabeth A. Shenkman, Jordan J. Louviere and David A. Chambers

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:140

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  8. Content type: Systematic review

    While an extensive array of existing evidence-based practices (EBPs) have the potential to improve patient outcomes, little is known about how to implement EBPs on a larger scale. Therefore, we sought to ident...

    Authors: Ali Ben Charif, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Annie LeBlanc, Léa Langlois, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong, Christopher M. Williams, Roxanne Lépine and France Légaré

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:139

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  9. Content type: Research

    The recent growth in organized efforts to advance dissemination and implementation (D & I) science suggests a rapidly expanding community focused on the adoption and sustainment of evidence-based practices (EB...

    Authors: Doyanne Darnell, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Abigail Melvin, Jonathan Chi, Aaron R. Lyon and Cara C. Lewis

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:137

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  10. Content type: Research

    Implementation strategies are imperative for the successful adoption and sustainability of complex evidence-based public health practices. Creating a learning collaborative is one strategy that was part of a r...

    Authors: Carla L. DeSisto, Cameron Estrich, Charlan D. Kroelinger, David A. Goodman, Ellen Pliska, Christine N. Mackie, Lisa F. Waddell and Kristin M. Rankin

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:138

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Overdoses due to non-medical use of prescription opioids and other opiates have become the leading cause of accidental deaths in the USA. Buprenorphine and extended-release naltrexone are key evidence-based ph...

    Authors: Todd Molfenter, Hannah K. Knudsen, Randy Brown, Nora Jacobson, Julie Horst, Mark Van Etten, Jee-Seon Kim, Eric Haram, Elizabeth Collier, Sanford Starr, Alexander Toy and Lynn Madden

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:135

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  12. Content type: Research

    Guideline implementation tools (GI tools) can improve clinician behavior and patient outcomes. Analyses of guidelines published before 2010 found that many did not offer GI tools. Since 2010 standards, framewo...

    Authors: Laurel Liang, Jhoni Abi Safi and Anna R. Gagliardi

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:136

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  13. Content type: Methodology

    Individuals with severe mental illness (e.g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) die 10–25 years earlier than the general population, primarily from premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Contributing factors a...

    Authors: Christina Mangurian, Grace C. Niu, Dean Schillinger, John W. Newcomer, James Dilley and Margaret A. Handley

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:134

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  14. Content type: Research

    Leadership style and specific organizational climates have emerged as critical mechanisms to implement targeted practices in organizations. Drawing from relevant theories, we propose that climate for implement...

    Authors: Erick G. Guerrero, Karissa Fenwick and Yinfei Kong

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:133

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  15. Content type: Systematic review

    The aim of this mixed-methods, systematic literature review was to develop an understanding of the factors affecting the implementation of tobacco and substance use intervention programmes in the secondary sch...

    Authors: Gillian Waller, Tracy Finch, Emma L. Giles and Dorothy Newbury-Birch

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:130

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  16. Content type: Systematic review

    It is widely acknowledged that health policy and management decisions rarely reflect research evidence. Therefore, it is important to determine how to improve evidence-informed decision-making. The primary aim...

    Authors: Mitchell N. Sarkies, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Elizabeth H. Skinner, Romi Haas, Haylee Lane and Terry P. Haines

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:132

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  17. Content type: Commentary

    Implementing research findings into healthcare practice and policy is a complex process occurring in diverse contexts; it invariably depends on changing human behaviour in many parts of an intricate implementa...

    Authors: Susan Michie and Marie Johnston

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:131

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    A large and compelling clinical evidence base has shown that integrated TB and HIV services leads to reduction in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- and tuberculosis (TB)-associated mortality and morbidity. D...

    Authors: Kogieleum Naidoo, Santhanalakshmi Gengiah, Nonhlanhla Yende-Zuma, Nesri Padayatchi, Pierre Barker, Andrew Nunn, Priashni Subrayen and Salim S. Abdool Karim

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:129

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  19. Content type: Research

    Organizational readiness to change healthcare practice is a major determinant of successful implementation of evidence-based interventions. However, we lack of comprehensive, valid, and reliable instruments to...

    Authors: Gonzalo Grandes, Paola Bully, Catalina Martinez and Marie-Pierre Gagnon

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:128

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    The Enhancing Mental and Physical health of Women through Engagement and Retention or EMPOWER program represents a partnership with the US Department of Veterans Health Administration (VA) Health Service Resea...

    Authors: Alison B. Hamilton, Melissa M. Farmer, Tannaz Moin, Erin P. Finley, Ariel J. Lang, Sabine M. Oishi, Alexis K. Huynh, Jessica Zuchowski, Sally G. Haskell and Bevanne Bean-Mayberry

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:127

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  21. Content type: Research

    To improve management of severely ill hospitalized patients in low-income settings, the World Health Organization (WHO) established a triage tool called “Quick Check” to provide clinicians with a rapid, standa...

    Authors: Matthew J. Cummings, Elijah Goldberg, Savio Mwaka, Olive Kabajaasi, Eric Vittinghoff, Adithya Cattamanchi, Achilles Katamba, Nathan Kenya-Mugisha, Shevin T. Jacob and J. Lucian Davis

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:126

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  22. Content type: Debate

    Strategies are central to the National Institutes of Health’s definition of implementation research as “the study of strategies to integrate evidence-based interventions into specific settings.” Multiple schol...

    Authors: Jennifer Leeman, Sarah A. Birken, Byron J. Powell, Catherine Rohweder and Christopher M. Shea

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:125

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  23. Content type: Short report

    Theories provide a synthesizing architecture for implementation science. The underuse, superficial use, and misuse of theories pose a substantial scientific challenge for implementation science and may relate ...

    Authors: Sarah A. Birken, Byron J. Powell, Christopher M. Shea, Emily R. Haines, M. Alexis Kirk, Jennifer Leeman, Catherine Rohweder, Laura Damschroder and Justin Presseau

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:124

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Adapting promising health care interventions to local settings is a critical component in the dissemination and implementation process. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) rural transitions nurse program ...

    Authors: Chelsea Leonard, Emily Lawrence, Marina McCreight, Brandi Lippmann, Lynette Kelley, Ashlea Mayberry, Amy Ladebue, Heather Gilmartin, Murray J. Côté, Jacqueline Jones, Borsika A. Rabin, P. Michael Ho and Robert Burke

    Citation: Implementation Science 2017 12:123

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