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Table 1 Percentage of systematic reviews and stakeholder documents corroborating occurrence of CFIR-based implementation determinants

From: Meta-review of implementation determinants for policies promoting healthy diet and physically active lifestyle: application of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research

Policy implementation determinants: CFIR domains and categories of determinants Total: % (number of reviews/documents supporting the determinant
in all k = 42 reviews/documents)
Reviews vs. stakeholder documents comparisons Diet vs. PA/SB comparisons (reviews and stakeholder documents) Diet, PA, SB policies in schools: % (number of reviews/documents supporting the determinant in k = 10 reviews/documents)
Reviews: % (number of reviews supporting the determinant in k = 25 reviews) Stakeholder documents: % (number of documents supporting the determinant in k = 17 documents) Diet: % (number of reviews/documents supporting the determinant
in k = 12 reviews/documents)
PA/SB: % (number of reviews/documents supporting the determinant in k = 9 reviews/documents)
Domain: Policy characteristic
Intervention source 2 % (1 out of 42) 4 % (1 out of 25) 0 0 0 0
Evidence strengths 33 % (14 out of 42) 24 % (6 out of 25) 47 % (8 out of 17) 42 % (5 out of 12) 0 0
Relative advantage 21 % (9 out of 42) 28 % (7 out of 25) 12 % (2 out of 17) 8 % (1 out of 12) 22 % (2 out of 9) 30 % (3 out of 10)
Adaptability 24 % (10 out of 42) 24 % (6 out of 25) 24 % (4 out of 17) 8 % (1 out of 12) 11 % (1 out of 9) 20 % (2 out of 10)
Triability 2 % (1 out of 42) 4 % (1 out of 25) 0 0 0 0
Complexity 33 % (14 out of 42) 56 % (14 out of 25) 0 33 % (4 out of 12) 78 % (7 out of 9) 70 % (7 out of 10)
Quality (design, package) 17 % (7 out of 42) 28 % (7 out of 25) 0 25 % (3 out of 12) 11 % (1 out of 9) 30 % (3 out of 10)
Cost 76 % (32 out of 43) 76 % (19 out of 25) 77 % (13 out of 17) 83 % (10 out of 12) 67 % (6 out of 9) 70 % (7 out of 10)
Mean % across determinants from policy characteristic domain 26 % 30 % 20 % 25 % 24 % 28 %
Domain: Outer setting
Target groups’ needs and resources 55 % (23 out of 42) 48 % (12 out of 25) 65 % (11 out of 17) 33 % (4 out of 12) 44 % (4 out of 9) 60 % (6 out of 10)
Networking with other organizations 69 % (29 out of 42) 64 % (16 out of 25) 77 % (13 out of 17) 75 % (9 out of 12) 56 % (5 out of 9) 60 % (6 out of 10)
Peer pressure 10 % (4 out of 42) 16 % (4 out of 25) 0 17 % (2 out of 12) 11 % (1 out of 9) 0
External policies 71 % (30 out of 42) 64 % (16 out of 25) 82 % (14 out of 17) 83 % (10 out of 12) 56 % (5 out of 9) 60 % (6 out of 10)
Mean % across determinants from outer setting domain 51 % 48 % 56 % 52 % 42 % 45 %
Domain: Inner setting
Structural character 67 % (28 out of 42) 68 % (17 out of 25) 65 % (11 out of 17) 58 % (7 out of 12) 78 % (7 out of 9) 90 % (9 out of 10)
Networks, communication 52 % (22 out of 42) 40 % (10 out of 25) 71 % (12 out of 17) 50 % (6 out of 12) 44 % (4 out of 9) 40 % (4 out of 10)
Culture, norms, values 60 %* (25 out of 42) 64 % (16 out of 25) 53 % (9 out of 17) 58 % (7 out of 12) 33 % (3 out of 9) 60 % (6 out of 10)
Implementation climate 74 % (31 out of 42) 80 % (20 out of 25) 65 % (11 out of 17) 67 % (8 out of 12) 78 % (7 out of 9) 80 % (8 out of 10)
Readiness for implementation 74 % (31 out of 42) 72 % (18 out of 25) 77 % (13 out of 17) 67 % (8 out of 12) 44 % (4 out of 9) 80 % (8 out of 10)
Mean % across determinants from inner setting domain 65 % 65 % 66 % 60 % 56 % 70 %
Domain: Individual characteristics
Knowledge, beliefs 76 % (32 out of 42) 84 % (21 out of 25) 65 % (11 out of 17) 83 % (10 out of 12) 89 % (8 out of 9) 90 % (9 out of 10)
Self-efficacy 26 % (11 out of 42) 44 % (11 out of 25) 0 17 % (2 out of 12) 33 % (3 out of 9) 70 % (7 out of 10)
Stage of change/enthusiasm 38 % (16 out of 42) 56 % (14 out of 25) 12 % (2 out of 17) 33 % (4 out of 12) 67 % (6 out of 9) 70 % (7 out of 10)
Identification with organization 5 % (2 out of 42) 8 % (2 out of 25) 0 8 % (1 out of 12) 0 0
Motivation, values, capacity 60 %* (25 out of 42) 72 % (18 out of 25) 41 % (7 out of 17) 42 % (5 out of 12) 78 % (7 out of 9) 70 % (7 out of 10)
Mean % across determinants from individual characteristics domain 41 % 53 % 24 % 37 % 53 % 60 %
Domain: Implementation process
Planning 26 % (11 out of 42) 24 % (6 out of 25) 29 % (5 out of 17) 17 % (2 out of 12) 33 % (3 out of 9) 10 % (1 out of 10)
Engaging leaders, external agents, champions 55 % (23 out of 42) 64 % (16 out of 25) 41 % (7 out of 17) 42 % (5 out of 12) 56 % (5 out of 9) 80 % (8 out of 10)
Executing plans 12 % (5 out of 42) 16 % (4 out of 25) 6 % (1 out of 17) 8 % (1 out of 12) 11 % (1 out of 9) 10 % (1 out of 10)
Reflecting and evaluating 50 % (21 out of 42) 40 % (10 out of 25) 65 % (11 out of 17) 42 % (5 out of 12) 44 % (4 out of 9) 40 % (4 out of 10)
Mean % across determinants from implementation process domain 36 % 36 % 35 % 27 % 36 % 35 %
  1. Note: PA physical activity, SB sedentary behavior, CFIR Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research. %—the percentage of the reviews/stakeholder documents that reported the occurrence of respective CFIR-based domain/category of implementation determinants. Total—reviews/stakeholder documents (k = 42) addressing implementation determinants for healthy diet, PA/SB policies. Reviews—reviews (k = 25) addressing implementation determinants for healthy diet, PA/SB policies. Stakeholder—stakeholder documents (k = 17) addressing implementation determinants for healthy diet, PA/SB policies. Diet—reviews/stakeholder documents (k = 12) addressing implementation of healthy diet policies across various populations/settings. PA/SB—reviews/stakeholder documents (k = 9) addressing implementation of PA/SB policies across various populations/settings. Schools—reviews/documents (k = 10) addressing implementation of healthy diet or PA/SB policies for school settings. The percentages of implementation determinants that were corroborated in ≥ 50.0% up to 59.9% of reviews/stakeholder documents (considered preliminarily supported) are italicized. The percentages of implementation determinants corroborated in ≥ 60% of analyzed reviews/stakeholder documents (considered strongly supported) are in bold font. *in the case where between 55.5 and 59.99% of reviews/stakeholder documents supported the occurrence of a determinant, they were rounded to 60%; however, they were not considered an indication of strong support because the actual values were lower than 60.0%