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Table 3 Framework and model characteristics

From: A scoping review of de-implementation frameworks and models

Author Model name De-implementation terms used Relationship between constructs Socio-ecological framework (SEF)
Determinants models
 Amankwah-Amoah, 2017 [51] Framework of technology obsolescence Abandon; obsolescence; Terminate Linear Organization; system
 Cuttler et al., 2005 [39] Framework for physician decisions to discontinue ongoing medications Discontinuation; termination Linear Intrapersonal; interpersonal
 Gupta et al., 2019 [40] Cost (culture, oversight, systems change, training) framework Abandon; de-adoption; disinvestment No relationship indicated Intrapersonal; Interpersonal; organization; system
 Harris et al., 2017b & Harris et al., 2018 [43, 45] Taxonomy for evaluation and explication of disinvestment project De-adopt; de-implement; defund; discontinue; disinvestment; obsolescence No relationship indicated Intrapersonal; interpersonal; organization; system
 Kirkpatrick et al., 1999 [26] Process model for termination of public goods Dismantle; retrenchment; termination Linear System; policy
 Norton et al., 2019 [58] Continuum of factors influencing de-implementation process De-implementation; discontinue No relationship indicated Intrapersonal; interpersonal; organization; community; system
 Padek et al., 2018 [47] Conceptual framework for mis-implementation De-adoption; deimplementation; discontinuation; termination Nested Intrapersonal; interpersonal; organization; community; system; policy
 Skolarus et al., 2018 [48] Conceptual model for deimplementation of low value prostate cancer care De-implementation; discontinue Linear Intrapersonal; interpersonal; organization; system
Evaluation frameworks
 Harris et al., 2017b & Harris et al., 2018 [44, 45] Framework for evaluation and explication of disinvestment projects De-adopt; de-implement; defund; discontinue; disinvestment; obsolescence Linear Intrapersonal; organization; system
 Goodwin, 2013 [40] Pbma (program budgeting and marginal analysis) evaluation framework Discontinue; disinvestment No relationship indicated Organization
 Prasad, 2014 [23] Potential considerations in prioritizing the testing of unproven medical practice Abandonment; deimplementation No relationship indicated System
Process models
 Bain et al., 2008 [52] Medication use process framework Discontinuation Linear; cyclical/feedback Intrapersonal; interpersonal; system
 Davidson et al., 2017 [54] Virtuous cycle of deimplementation Abandon; deimplementation Cyclical/feedback Intrapersonal; organization
 Grimshaw et al., 2020 [41] Choosing wisely deimplementation framework De-implementation Linear Intrapersonal; interpersonal; organization, system
 Helfrich et al., 2018 [37] Model for de-implementation strategies De-implementation; discontinue; obsolete Linear Intrapersonal
 Herald et al., 2019 [55] Obsolescence management framework Obsolescence; reassess Linear System
 Hyun-Ju et al., 2016 [56] Health technology reassessment process in Korea Discontinue; disinvestment; obsolescence; reassessment Linear Organization; system
 McKay et al., 2017 [46] Implementation framework with EBI de-adoption as a distinct stage Abandonment; de-adoption; de-implementation; discontinuation; disinvestment Linear Interpersonal; organization
 Niven et al., 2015 [57] Synthesis model for the process of de-adoption De-adoption; discontinue Cyclical, feedback Interpersonal; organization
 Scott et al., 2013 [59] Tool for identifying and discontinuing potentially inappropriate drugs Discontinuation Linear Interpersonal
 Soril et al., 2020 [60] Health technology reassessment model De-adoption; decreased use; disinvestment; obsolescence; reassess Linear Interpersonal; organization; system
 Voorn et al., 2018 [50] Grol 2005 implementation model Abandonment; de-adoption; decrease use; deimplementation; disinvestment Linear, feedback Intrapersonal; interpersonal
Theoretical frameworks
 Bauer, 2014 [53] Analytical framework for the explanation of policy dismantling Abandonment; deregulation; dismantle; retrenchment; termination Linear Intrapersonal; system; policy
 Harris et al., 2017a & Harris et al., 2018 [29, 45] Conceptual framework of potential settings and methods to integrate disinvestment into health service systems and processes De-adopt; de-implement; defund; discontinue; disinvestment; obsolescence Linear Organization; system
 Harris et al., 2017c & Harris et al., 2018 [44, 45] Framework for an organization-wide approach to disinvestment in the local healthcare setting De-adopt; de-implement; defund; discontinue; disinvestment; obsolescence Nested; linear Interpersonal; intrapersonal; organization
 Tangpong et al., 2015 [49] Path-dependent pattern of retrenchment and corporate turnaround Retrenchment Linear, feedback Organization