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Table 1 Required and recommended criteria for pragmatic measures

From: Provider REport of Sustainment Scale (PRESS): development and validation of a brief measure of inner context sustainment

Glasgow and Riley criteria

Provider REport of Sustainment Scale (PRESS)

Important to stakeholders

Items and constructs were reviewed by practitioners, supervisors, and other researchers before data collection

Burden is low for both respondents and staff

Measure is freely available and takes less than 5 min to complete


Easy to score and interpret

Sensitive to change

Items are phrased to be sensitive to change and valid across the spectrum of sustainment

Broadly applicable

Can be used across different settings and EBPs

Use for benchmark, has norms to interpret, or addresses public health goals

Informs sustainment of a practice in specific settings so that norms can be developed and addresses public health

Unlikely to cause harm

No sensitive information collected

Psychometrically strong

Rasch Measurement Theory and Classical Test Theory support reliability and validity

Related to theory or model

Covers constructs of EPIS model and existing constructs and definitions of sustainment