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Table 1 Evidence synthesis phase

From: Enhancing the Behaviour Change Wheel with synthesis, stakeholder involvement and decision-making: a case example using the ‘Enhancing the Quality of Psychological Interventions Delivered by Telephone’ (EQUITy) research programme

  Ideal Possible compromises Worked example
Evidence collection Mixed-methods meta-synthesis based on published papers • Rapid primary data collection
• Rapid reviews
• 5 primary qualitative studies
• 1 rapid review
• 1 literature mapping exercise
Personnel Widest possible grouping of fully trained stakeholders design and conduct the mixed-methods meta-synthesis • Multidisciplinary research team
• Behavioural scientists plus practitioners
• Face-to-face meeting of multidisciplinary research team (N = 16) including behavioural scientists, academics, psychologists, mental health practitioners and the patient and public involvement lead
Input Recommendations based on mixed-methods meta-synthesis Accessible summaries of the key findings and recommendations for intervention development from individual studies Two weeks prior to face-to-face meeting, the full programme team (N = 27) received:
• Two slides for a 5-min presentation
• Single-page summaries of the key findings and recommendations for each of the 7 studies and comments invited.
Identify key domains to be included in intervention Already present in mixed-method synthesis conclusions Use COM-B to structure people’s identification of key domains, which can be completed by:
• Individuals
• Small group
• Facilitated large group discussions
Face-to-face meeting attendees used post-it notes to categorise intervention domains into the six COM-B areas:
• Individually
• In small groups mixed by experience/expertise
• In facilitated large group discussion
Cross-validation Experts cross-check evidence synthesis phase with knowledge and experience Experts cross-check evidence synthesis phase with knowledge and experience Identification of potential barriers/enablers to behaviour change identified via a scoping search of previously published literature conducted by PB and KL